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COVID-19 Drug Discovery and Development Why Diverse Strategies Are Critical – Technology Networks

By daniellenierenberg

There is no silver bullet at the moment, and there might never be, said World Health Organization Director-General Tedros Adhanom at a virtual press conference at the beginning of August. While it was this bleak sound bite that made the headlines, Tedros also had words of praise for the progress made towards identifying treatments that aid the recovery of COVID-19 patients with the most serious forms of the disease.Research towards treatments for COVID-19 has been developing at a phenomenal speed, even though it feels as though solutions cant come soon enough; the widespread transmission of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has had significant health, economic and social impacts across the globe, and as of September 8th more than 27 million cases and 890,000 deaths have been recorded in 188 countries.

Research groups across the world have set about identifying drugs for the treatment of COVID-19, by screening both novel and existing drugs for their ability to alleviate symptoms and stem viral replication. Here, we provide an update on ongoing global efforts to develop and test drugs for the treatment of COVID-19 and explore the range of strategies being employed.

COVID-19 is a disease which can leave you with anything between a mild sniffle to an unpleasant combination of high fever, heavy fatigue, and lung inflammation and damage. The drivers of clinical symptoms can be roughly divided into two categories: the virus itself and the hyperinflammatory response to the virus that occurs in the most severely ill people. Consequently, efforts to identify appropriate treatments are often focused on one category, and sometimes, a particular patient group or stage of disease. Given the nature of COVID-19, it is highly likely that a combination of drugs (drug cocktail) will be needed to both neutralize the virus and suppress the symptoms of COVID-19. Antiviral treatments may target viral components directly, or other cellular processes involved in viral infection or replication. To date, interventional studies for COVID-19 have attempted to achieve a wide range of goals, including:

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Meet the scientists on the frontline with coronavirus. Video credit: Sanford Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Of the ~12,000 compounds screened, 100 inhibited SARS-CoV-2 replication in mammalian cells, 21 of which did so in a dose-response fashion. Achieving a sufficiently high dose concentration to elicit antiviral effects in vivo was predicted to be practical and possible for 13 of these compounds based on EC50 values in various cell lines. The most potent of these were evaluated for antiviral activity in human induced pluripotent stems cell (iPSC)-derived pneumocyte-like cells (five candidates) and in an ex vivo lung culture system (one candidate). The latter candidate is called apilimod, a small molecule inhibitor of an enzyme (phosphoinositide 5-kinase or PIKfyve, an endosomal lipid kinase) important to the endocytic pathway in which SARS-CoV-2 travels along during its journey through the cell. Encouragingly, apilimod potently antagonized viral replication in these tissues, and the findings are in agreement with those of another research group. This month, Kang et al. published an article in PNAS, describing the potent inhibition of SARS-CoV-2 by apilimod, providing further evidence to suggest PIKfyve-inhibition as a potential strategy that could limit infection and disease pathogenesis. The authors also noted that apilimod has passed safety tests in previous clinical trials for nonviral indications.

Chanda highlights the incredible pace at which this work was produced. Typically, a project like this would take years, rather than months. He points out that by wanting to do something quickly, there were sacrifices (and not just weekends). For example, they ran with the assay and the cell lines that allowed them to produce results quickly. This is the reason we put the entire dataset out there not one/three/20 molecules, we put all 100 molecules out there. These are the ones we found because of our experimental system, but please keep testing the others because youll probably find other things that work, said Chanda.

To design multiple peptide sequences that can competitively bind to the SARS-CoV-2 receptor binding domain, the University of Michigan research group used a protein design system called EvoDesign.EvoDesign is the first de novo protein design protocol developed in our lab; it performs design simulation by combining the evolution-based information collected from protein databases and an accurate physics- and knowledge-based energy function, namely EvoEF2, for computing atomic interactions such as van der Waals forces, electrostatics, hydrogen bonding, and desolvation energies, said Huang.

Overall, these sophisticated computational tools represent a promising new avenue for the de novo development of drug discovery studies.

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Global and Asia Pacific Progenitor Cell Product Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2027 Major Manufacturers included in report NeuroNova AB, StemCells,…

By daniellenierenberg

Global Coronavirus pandemic has impacted all industries across the globe, Progenitor Cell Product market being no exception. As Global economy heads towards major recession post 2009 crisis, Cognitive Market Research has published a recent study which meticulously studies impact of this crisis on Global Progenitor Cell Product market and suggests possible measures to curtail them. This press release is a snapshot of research study and further information can be gathered by accessing complete report. To Contact Research Advisor Mail us @ [emailprotected] or call us on +1-312-376-8303.

Report is a detailed study of the Progenitor Cell Product market, which covers all the essential information required by a new market entrant as well as the existing players to gain a deeper understanding of the market. Report has been segmented into Geographical Segmentation, Key players, Key Topics Industry Value and Demand Analysis Forecast to 2027 and provides comprehensive investigation.

Global Progenitor Cell Product Market: Product analysis: Pancreatic progenitor cells, Cardiac Progenitor Cells, Intermediate progenitor cells, Neural progenitor cells (NPCs), Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), Others

Global Progenitor Cell Product Market: Application analysis: Medical care, Hospital, Laboratory

Major Market Players with an in-depth analysis: NeuroNova AB, StemCells, ReNeuron Limited, Asterias Biotherapeutics, Thermo Fisher Scientific, STEMCELL Technologies, Axol Bio, R&D Systems, Lonza, ATCC, Irvine Scientific, CDI

Any query? Enquire Here For Discount (COVID-19 Impact Analysis Updated Sample): Click Here>Download Sample Report of Progenitor Cell Product Market Report 2020 (Coronavirus Impact Analysis on Progenitor Cell Product Market)

The research comprises primary information about the products. Similarly, it includes supply-demand statistics, and segments that constrain the growth of an industry. It also includes raw materials used and manufacturing process of Progenitor Cell Product market. Additionally, report provides market drivers and challenges & opportunities for overall market in the particular provincial sections.

The report gives detailed account on each segment which helps to understand market more effectively. The company profiling of key players include: business overview, product description, research and development investment, key development, business strategy, and SWOT analysis. It also involves sales revenue of each division and geographical coverage for two consecutive years.

Request Free Sample Copy of Progenitor Cell Product Market Research [emailprotected] https://cognitivemarketresearch.com/pharma-%26-healthcare/progenitor-cell-product-market-report#download_report

The industry intelligence study of the Progenitor Cell Product market covers the estimation size of the market each in phrases of value (Mn/Bn USD) and volume (x units). Further, report consists of Porters Five Forces and BCG matrix as well as product life cycle to help you in taking wise decisions. Additionally, this report covers the inside and out factual examination and the market elements and requests which give an entire situation of the business.

Regional Analysis for Progenitor Cell Product Market:North America (United States, Canada)Europe (Germany, Spain, France, UK, Russia, and Italy)Asia-Pacific (China, Japan, India, Australia, and South Korea)Latin America (Brazil, Mexico, etc.)The Middle East and Africa (GCC and South Africa)

Get A Free Sample of Progenitor Cell Product Market Report: https://cognitivemarketresearch.com/pharma-%26-healthcare/progenitor-cell-product-market-report#download_report

About Us:Cognitive Market Research is one of the finest and most efficient Market Research and Consulting firm. The company strives to provide research studies which include syndicate research, customized research, round the clock assistance service, monthly subscription services, and consulting services to our clients. We focus on making sure that based on our reports, our clients are enabled to make most vital business decisions in easiest and yet effective way. Hence, we are committed to delivering them outcomes from market intelligence studies which are based on relevant and fact-based research across the global market.Contact Us: +1-312-376-8303Email: [emailprotected]Web: https://www.cognitivemarketresearch.com/

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Global and Asia Pacific Progenitor Cell Product Market to Witness Huge Growth by 2027 Major Manufacturers included in report NeuroNova AB, StemCells,...

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Market Growth of Global Stem Cells to Remain Sluggish through 2020 2030 – The News Brok

By daniellenierenberg

The success of approved stem cell therapies has caused a surge in interest of biopharma developers in this field; many innovator companies are currently progressing proprietary leads across different phases of clinical development, with cautious optimism

Roots Analysis has announced the addition of Global Stem Cells Market: Focus on Clinical Therapies, 20202030 (Based on Source (Allogeneic, Autologous); Origin (Adult, Embryonic); Type (Hematopoietic, Mesenchymal, Progenitor); Lineage (Amniotic Fluid, Adipose Tissue, Bone Marrow, Cardiosphere, Chondrocytes, Corneal Tissue, Cord Blood, Dental Pulp, Neural Tissue Placenta, Peripheral Blood, Stromal Cells); and Potency (Multipotent, Pluripotent)) report to its list of offerings.

There is a growing body of evidence supporting the vast applicability and superiority of treatment outcomes of stem cell therapies, compared to conventional treatment options. In fact, the unmet needs within this domain have spurred the establishment of many start-ups in recent years.

To order this 500+ page report, which features 185+ figures and 220+ tables, please visit this link

Over 280 stem cell therapies are under development, most of which are allogeneic productsMore than 50% of the pipeline candidates are in the mid to late phase trials (phase II and above), and allogenic therapies (majority of which are derived from the bone marrow) make up 65% of the pipeline.

70% of pipeline candidates are based on mesenchymal stem cellsIt is worth highlighting that the abovementioned therapies are designed to treat musculoskeletal (22%), neurological (21%) and cardiovascular (15%) disorders. On the other hand, hematopoietic stem cell-based products are mostly being evaluated for the treatment of oncological disorders, primarily hematological malignancies.

Close to 85% stem cell therapy developers are based in North America and Asia-Pacific regionsWithin these regions, the US, China, South Korea and Japan, have emerged as key R&D hubs for stem cell therapies. It is worth noting that majority of the initiatives in this domain are driven by small / mid-sized companies

Over 1,500 grants were awarded for stem cell research, since 2015More than 45% of the total amount was awarded under the R01 mechanism (which supports research projects). The NCI, NHLBI, NICHD, NIDDK, NIGMS and OD emerged as key organizations that have offered financial support for time periods exceeding 25 years as well.

Outsourcing has become indispensable to R&D and manufacturing activity in this domainPresently, more than 80 industry / non-industry players, based in different regions across the globe, claim to provide contract development and manufacturing services to cater to the unmet needs of therapy developers. Examples include (in alphabetical order) Bio Elpida, Cell and Gene Therapy Catapult, Cell Tech Pharmed, GenCure, KBI Biopharma, Lonza, MEDINET, Nikon CeLL innovation, Roslin Cell Therapies, WuXi Advanced Therapies and YposKesi.

North America and Asia-Pacific markets are anticipated to capture over 80% share by 2030The stem cell therapies market is anticipated to witness an annualized growth rate of over 30% during the next decade. Interestingly, the market in China / broader Asia-Pacific region is anticipated to grow at a relatively faster rate.

To request a sample copy / brochure of this report, please visit this link

The USD 8.5 billion (by 2030) financial opportunity within the stem cell therapies market has been analyzed across the following segments:

The report features inputs from eminent industry stakeholders, according to whom stem cell therapies are currently considered to be a promising alternatives for the treatment of a myriad of disease indications, with the potential to overcome challenges associated with conventional treatment options. The report includes detailed transcripts of discussions held with the following experts:

The research covers brief profiles of several companies (including those listed below); each profile features an overview of the company, financial information (if available), stem cell therapy portfolio and an informed future outlook.

For additional details, please visithttps://www.rootsanalysis.com/reports/view_document/stem-cells-market/296.html

or email [emailprotected]

You may also be interested in the following titles:

Contact:

Gaurav Chaudhary+1 (415) 800 3415+44 (122) 391 1091[emailprotected]

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New Scientific Data at the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 Reflect Merck’s Commitment to Advancing Cancer Research and Care – The Baytown Sun

By daniellenierenberg

KENILWORTH, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Sep 2, 2020--

Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced that new data from its broad and diverse oncology development program will be presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) Virtual Congress 2020 from Sept. 1921. Data spanning more than 15 types of cancer will be presented at the congress, with new findings from Mercks portfolio of established medicines including KEYTRUDA, Mercks anti-PD-1 therapy; LENVIMA (lenvatinib, in collaboration with Eisai); and LYNPARZA (in collaboration with AstraZeneca). Pivotal Phase 3 data evaluating KEYTRUDA in combination with chemotherapy for the first-line treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic esophageal cancer from the KEYNOTE-590 trial (Abstract #LBA8) and LYNPARZA in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) from the PROfound trial (Abstract #610O) were selected for inclusion in ESMO Presidential Symposium sessions. Additionally, new findings will be shared for three of Mercks novel investigational candidates: vibostolimab (MK-7684), an anti-TIGIT antibody; MK-4830, an antibody targeting ILT4; and MK-6482, an oral HIF-2 inhibitor.

At Merck, we are focused on further improving long-term outcomes for more patients living with cancer, and this commitment is reflected in the breadth and diversity of our oncology research program, said Dr. Roy Baynes, senior vice president and head of global clinical development, chief medical officer, Merck Research Laboratories. At the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020, we look forward to sharing important new results including survival data for KEYTRUDA in esophageal cancer and long-term findings in lung cancer, melanoma, and head and neck cancer, as well as research from our expansive pipeline.

Key data from Mercks portfolio and pipeline to be presented at ESMO include:

KEYTRUDA

KEYTRUDA Plus LENVIMA

LYNPARZA

Pipeline

Merck Investor Event

Merck will hold a virtual investor event in conjunction with the ESMO Virtual Congress 2020 on Tuesday, Sept. 22 from 89 a.m. E.T. Details will be provided at a date closer to the event at https://www.merck.com/investor-relations.

Details on Abstracts Listed Above and Additional Key Abstracts for Merck

KEYTRUDA

Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

Colorectal Cancer

Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

Esophageal Cancer

Head and Neck Cancer

Lung Cancer

Melanoma

Sarcoma

Solid Tumors

KEYTRUDA Plus LENVIMA (in collaboration with Eisai)

Lung Cancer

Melanoma

Renal Cell Carcinoma

Solid Tumors

LYNPARZA (in collaboration with AstraZeneca)

Ovarian Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Vibostolimab

Lung Cancer

MK-4830

Solid Tumors

MK-6482

Von-Hippel Lindau Disease

About KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Injection, 100 mg

KEYTRUDA is an anti-PD-1 therapy that works by increasing the ability of the bodys immune system to help detect and fight tumor cells. KEYTRUDA is a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction between PD-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, thereby activating T lymphocytes which may affect both tumor cells and healthy cells.

Merck has the industrys largest immuno-oncology clinical research program. There are currently more than 1,200 trials studying KEYTRUDA across a wide variety of cancers and treatment settings. The KEYTRUDA clinical program seeks to understand the role of KEYTRUDA across cancers and the factors that may predict a patient's likelihood of benefitting from treatment with KEYTRUDA, including exploring several different biomarkers.

Selected KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Indications

Melanoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph node(s) following complete resection.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

KEYTRUDA, in combination with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with NSCLC expressing PD-L1 [tumor proportion score (TPS) 1%] as determined by an FDA-approved test, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations, and is stage III where patients are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or metastatic.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L1 (TPS 1%) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving KEYTRUDA.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least 1 other prior line of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with platinum and fluorouracil (FU), is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent HNSCC whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 1] as determined by an FDA-approved test.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy.

Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), or who have relapsed after 3 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL), or who have relapsed after 2 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. KEYTRUDA is not recommended for treatment of patients with PMBCL who require urgent cytoreductive therapy.

Urothelial Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who are not eligible for cisplatin-containing chemotherapy and whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 10], as determined by an FDA-approved test, or in patients who are not eligible for any platinum-containing chemotherapy regardless of PD-L1 status. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-unresponsive, high-risk, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) with carcinoma in situ (CIS) with or without papillary tumors who are ineligible for or have elected not to undergo cystectomy.

Microsatellite Instability-High or Mismatch Repair Deficient Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR)

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with MSI-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Microsatellite Instability-High or Mismatch Repair Deficient Colorectal Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic MSI-H or dMMR colorectal cancer (CRC).

Gastric Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after two or more prior lines of therapy including fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy and if appropriate, HER2/neu-targeted therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Esophageal Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 10) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression after one or more prior lines of systemic therapy.

Cervical Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Renal Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA, in combination with axitinib, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Endometrial Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA, in combination with LENVIMA, is indicated for the treatment of patients with advanced endometrial carcinoma that is not MSI-H or dMMR, who have disease progression following prior systemic therapy and are not candidates for curative surgery or radiation. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trial.

Tumor Mutational Burden-High

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic tumor mutational burden-high (TMB-H) [10 mutations/megabase (mut/Mb)] solid tumors, as determined by an FDA-approved test, that have progressed following prior treatment and who have no satisfactory alternative treatment options. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with TMB-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) that is not curable by surgery or radiation.

Selected Important Safety Information for KEYTRUDA

Immune-Mediated Pneumonitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated pneumonitis, including fatal cases. Pneumonitis occurred in 3.4% (94/2799) of patients with various cancers receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 1 (0.8%), 2 (1.3%), 3 (0.9%), 4 (0.3%), and 5 (0.1%). Pneumonitis occurred in 8.2% (65/790) of NSCLC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-4 in 3.2% of patients, and occurred more frequently in patients with a history of prior thoracic radiation (17%) compared to those without (7.7%). Pneumonitis occurred in 6% (18/300) of HNSCC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-5 in 1.6% of patients, and occurred in 5.4% (15/276) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with platinum and FU as first-line therapy for advanced disease, including Grades 3-5 in 1.5% of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of pneumonitis. Evaluate suspected pneumonitis with radiographic imaging. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater pneumonitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 or recurrent Grade 2 pneumonitis.

Immune-Mediated Colitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated colitis. Colitis occurred in 1.7% (48/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.4%), 3 (1.1%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of colitis. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater colitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 or 3; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 4 colitis.

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis (KEYTRUDA) and Hepatotoxicity (KEYTRUDA in Combination With Axitinib)

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated hepatitis. Hepatitis occurred in 0.7% (19/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.4%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for changes in liver function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater hepatitis and, based on severity of liver enzyme elevations, withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Hepatotoxicity in Combination With Axitinib

KEYTRUDA in combination with axitinib can cause hepatic toxicity with higher than expected frequencies of Grades 3 and 4 ALT and AST elevations compared to KEYTRUDA alone. With the combination of KEYTRUDA and axitinib, Grades 3 and 4 increased ALT (20%) and increased AST (13%) were seen. Monitor liver enzymes before initiation of and periodically throughout treatment. Consider more frequent monitoring of liver enzymes as compared to when the drugs are administered as single agents. For elevated liver enzymes, interrupt KEYTRUDA and axitinib, and consider administering corticosteroids as needed.

Immune-Mediated Endocrinopathies

KEYTRUDA can cause adrenal insufficiency (primary and secondary), hypophysitis, thyroid disorders, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 0.8% (22/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypophysitis occurred in 0.6% (17/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.2%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypothyroidism occurred in 8.5% (237/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (6.2%) and 3 (0.1%). The incidence of new or worsening hypothyroidism was higher in 1185 patients with HNSCC (16%) receiving KEYTRUDA, as a single agent or in combination with platinum and FU, including Grade 3 (0.3%) hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurred in 3.4% (96/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.8%) and 3 (0.1%), and thyroiditis occurred in 0.6% (16/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%). Type 1 diabetes mellitus, including diabetic ketoacidosis, occurred in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, hypophysitis (including hypopituitarism), thyroid function (prior to and periodically during treatment), and hyperglycemia. For adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis, administer corticosteroids and hormone replacement as clinically indicated. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis and withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or Grade 4 adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis. Administer hormone replacement for hypothyroidism and manage hyperthyroidism with thionamides and beta-blockers as appropriate. Withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 hyperthyroidism. Administer insulin for type 1 diabetes, and withhold KEYTRUDA and administer antihyperglycemics in patients with severe hyperglycemia.

Immune-Mediated Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 0.3% (9/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.1%), and 4 (<0.1%) nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 1.7% (7/405) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy. Monitor patients for changes in renal function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater nephritis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue for Grade 3 or 4 nephritis.

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Plasma Therapy Market Overview with Detailed Analysis, Competitive landscape, Forecast to 2025 – StartupNG

By daniellenierenberg

The Plasma Therapy market research report added by Market Study Report, LLC, is an in-depth analysis of the latest trends persuading the business outlook. The report also offers a concise summary of statistics, market valuation, and profit forecast, along with elucidating paradigms of the evolving competitive environment and business strategies enforced by the behemoths of this industry.

The Plasma Therapy market report provides with a broad perspective of this business space and contains crucial insights such as current and predicted remuneration of the industry, in consort with its size and valuation over the estimated timeframe.

Request a sample Report of Plasma Therapy Market at:https://www.marketstudyreport.com/request-a-sample/2448306?utm_source=scientect.com&utm_medium=AG

The study assesses the key factors that are positively affecting the industry landscape based on revenue generated as well as market growth. Additionally, the document analyzes the current trends that define this market while evaluating the challenges & limitations as well as the growth factors of this domain.

Key aspects of Plasma Therapy market report:

Regional analysis of Plasma Therapy market:

Plasma Therapy Market Segmentation:

Product types and application scope of Plasma Therapy market:

Product landscape:

Product types:

Key factors highlighted in the report:

Application Landscape:

Application segmentation:

Details specified in the document:

Additional information enlisted in the document:

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Competitive arena of the Plasma Therapy market:

Key players in the Plasma Therapy market:

Major aspects enlisted in the report:

Report Objectives:

For More Details On this Report: https://www.marketstudyreport.com/reports/global-plasma-therapy-market-growth-status-and-outlook-2020-2025

Some of the Major Highlights of TOC covers:

Plasma Therapy Regional Market Analysis

Plasma Therapy Segment Market Analysis (by Type)

Plasma Therapy Segment Market Analysis (by Application)

Plasma Therapy Major Manufacturers Analysis

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Stem Cell Therapy Market Scope and Opportunities Analysis 2017 2025 – StartupNG

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Overview

Also called regenerative medicine, stem cell therapy encourages the reparative response of damaged, diseased, or dysfunctional tissue via the use of stem cells and their derivatives. Replacing the practice of organ transplantations, stem cell therapies have eliminated the dependence on availability of donors. Bone marrow transplant is perhaps the most commonly employed stem cell therapy.

Osteoarthritis, cerebral palsy, heart failure, multiple sclerosis and even hearing loss could be treated using stem cell therapies. Doctors have successfully performed stem cell transplants that significantly aid patients fight cancers such as leukemia and other blood-related diseases.

Know the Growth Opportunities in Emerging Markets

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Key Trends

The key factors influencing the growth of the global stem cell therapy market are increasing funds in the development of new stem lines, the advent of advanced genomic procedures used in stem cell analysis, and greater emphasis on human embryonic stem cells. As the traditional organ transplantations are associated with limitations such as infection, rejection, and immunosuppression along with high reliance on organ donors, the demand for stem cell therapy is likely to soar. The growing deployment of stem cells in the treatment of wounds and damaged skin, scarring, and grafts is another prominent catalyst of the market.

On the contrary, inadequate infrastructural facilities coupled with ethical issues related to embryonic stem cells might impede the growth of the market. However, the ongoing research for the manipulation of stem cells from cord blood cells, bone marrow, and skin for the treatment of ailments including cardiovascular and diabetes will open up new doors for the advancement of the market.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Market Potential

A number of new studies, research projects, and development of novel therapies have come forth in the global market for stem cell therapy. Several of these treatments are in the pipeline, while many others have received approvals by regulatory bodies.

In March 2017, Belgian biotech company TiGenix announced that its cardiac stem cell therapy, AlloCSC-01 has successfully reached its phase I/II with positive results. Subsequently, it has been approved by the U.S. FDA. If this therapy is well- received by the market, nearly 1.9 million AMI patients could be treated through this stem cell therapy.

Another significant development is the granting of a patent to Israel-based Kadimastem Ltd. for its novel stem-cell based technology to be used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other similar conditions of the nervous system. The companys technology used for producing supporting cells in the central nervous system, taken from human stem cells such as myelin-producing cells is also covered in the patent.

The regional analysis covers:

Order this Report TOC for Detailed Statistics

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Regional Outlook

The global market for stem cell therapy can be segmented into Asia Pacific, North America, Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East and Africa. North America emerged as the leading regional market, triggered by the rising incidence of chronic health conditions and government support. Europe also displays significant growth potential, as the benefits of this therapy are increasingly acknowledged.

Asia Pacific is slated for maximum growth, thanks to the massive patient pool, bulk of investments in stem cell therapy projects, and the increasing recognition of growth opportunities in countries such as China, Japan, and India by the leading market players.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Competitive Analysis

Several firms are adopting strategies such as mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, and partnerships, apart from product development with a view to attain a strong foothold in the global market for stem cell therapy.

Some of the major companies operating in the global market for stem cell therapy are RTI Surgical, Inc., MEDIPOST Co., Ltd., Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., NuVasive, Inc., Pharmicell Co., Ltd., Anterogen Co., Ltd., JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., and Holostem Terapie Avanzate S.r.l.

About TMR Research:

TMR Research is a premier provider of customized market research and consulting services to business entities keen on succeeding in todays supercharged economic climate. Armed with an experienced, dedicated, and dynamic team of analysts, we are redefining the way our clients conduct business by providing them with authoritative and trusted research studies in tune with the latest methodologies and market trends.

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Keio University gets OK for iPS-based heart cell transplant plan – The Japan Times

By daniellenierenberg

A health ministry panel on Thursday approved a Keio University clinical research project to transplant heart muscle cells made from induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells into heart disease patients.

The research will be carried out by a team led by Prof. Keiichi Fukuda for three people between 20 and 74 suffering from dilated cardiomyopathy, which lowers the hearts power to pump blood. The first transplant will be conducted by the end of this year at the earliest.

The team will use iPS cells made by Kyoto University from the blood of a person who has a special immunological type with less risk of rejection.

The team will transform the iPS cells into heart muscle cells and inject about 50 million of them into the heart using a special syringe. Immunosuppressive drugs will be used for about half a year, and the team will spend a year checking to see whether the treatment leads to the development of tumors and irregular heartbeat or whether it restores heart function.

In January, Osaka University conducted the worlds first transplant of heart muscle cells made from iPS cells. The heart muscle cells were made into sheets and pasted on the surface of the patients heart so that a substance they emit can help regenerate the heart muscles. The cells themselves, however, disappear quickly.

Meanwhile, Keio University has confirmed in an experiment on monkeys that cells colonize after a transplant and heart function improves.

The university expects that transplanted cells will colonize over a long period also in the upcoming clinical research project.

According to the team, there are about 25,000 dilated cardiomyopathy patients in Japan.

A startup led by Fukuda is planning a clinical trial aimed at commercializing the iPS-derived cells, hoping they will also be used for the treatment of other cardiac diseases.

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Keio University gets OK for iPS-based heart cell transplant plan - The Japan Times

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Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market- Industry Analysis and Forecast (2020-2027) – Galus Australis

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Marketwas valued US$ XX Mn in 2019 and is expected to reach US$ XX Mn by 2027, at a CAGR of 24.5% during a forecast period.

Market Dynamics

The Research Report gives an in-depth account of the drivers and restraints in the stem cell reconstructive market. Stem cell reconstructive surgery includes the treatment of injured or dented part of body. Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells, which divide to produce more stem cells. Growing reconstructive surgeries led by the rising number of limbs elimination and implants and accidents are boosting the growth in the stem cell reconstructive market. Additionally, rising number of aged population, number of patients suffering from chronic diseases, and unceasing development in the technology, these are factors which promoting the growth of the stem cell reconstructive market. Stem cell reconstructive is a procedure containing the use of a patients own adipose tissue to rise the fat volume in the area of reconstruction and therefore helping 3Dimentional reconstruction in patients who have experienced a trauma or in a post-surgical event such as a mastectomy or lumpectomy, brain surgery, or reconstructive surgery as a result of an accident or injury. Stem cell reconstructive surgeries are also used in plastic or cosmetic surgeries as well. Stem cell and regenerative therapies gives many opportunities for development in the practice of medicine and the possibility of an array of novel treatment options for patients experiencing a variety of symptoms and conditions. Stem cell therapy, also recognised as regenerative medicine, promotes the repair response of diseased, dysfunctional or injured tissue using stem cells or their derivatives.

The common guarantee of all the undifferentiated embryonic stem cells (ESCs), foetal, amniotic, UCB, and adult stem cell types is their indefinite self-renewal capacity and high multilineage differentiation potential that confer them a primitive and dynamic role throughout the developmental process and the lifespan in adult mammal.However, the high expenditure of stem cell reconstructive surgeries and strict regulatory approvals are restraining the market growth.

The report study has analyzed revenue impact of covid-19 pandemic on the sales revenue of market leaders, market followers and disrupters in the report and same is reflected in our analysis.

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Segment analysis

Based on Cell Type, the embryonic stem cells segment is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs), derived from the blastocyst stage of early mammalian embryos, are distinguished by their capability to distinguish into any embryonic cell type and by their ability to self-renew. Owing to their plasticity and potentially limitless capacity for self-renewal, embryonic stem cell therapies have been suggested for regenerative medicine and tissue replacement after injury or disease. Additionally, their potential in regenerative medicine, embryonic stem cells provide a possible another source of tissue/organs which serves as a possible solution to the donor shortage dilemma. Researchers have differentiated ESCs into dopamine-producing cells with the hope that these neurons could be used in the treatment of Parkinsons disease. Upsurge occurrence of cardiac and malignant diseases is promoting the segment growth. Rapid developments in this vertical contain protocols for directed differentiation, defined culture systems, demonstration of applications in drug screening, establishment of several disease models, and evaluation of therapeutic potential in treating incurable diseases.

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Regional analysis

The North American region has dominated the market with US$ XX Mn. America accounts for the largest and fastest-growing market of stem cell reconstructive because of the huge patient population and well-built healthcare sector. Americas stem cell reconstructive market is segmented into two major regions such as North America and South America. More than 80% of the market is shared by North America due to the presence of the US and Canada.

Europe accounts for the second-largest market which is followed by the Asia Pacific. Germany and UK account for the major share in the European market due to government support for research and development, well-developed technology and high healthcare expenditure have fuelled the growth of the market. This growing occurrence of cancer and diabetes in America is the main boosting factor for the growth of this market.

The objective of the report is to present a comprehensive analysis of the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market including all the stakeholders of the industry. The past and current status of the industry with forecasted market size and trends are presented in the report with the analysis of complicated data in simple language. The report covers all the aspects of the industry with a dedicated study of key players that includes market leaders, followers and new entrants. PORTER, SVOR, PESTEL analysis with the potential impact of micro-economic factors of the market has been presented in the report. External as well as internal factors that are supposed to affect the business positively or negatively have been analysed, which will give a clear futuristic view of the industry to the decision-makers.

The report also helps in understanding Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market dynamics, structure by analysing the market segments and projects the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market size. Clear representation of competitive analysis of key players by Application, price, financial position, Product portfolio, growth strategies, and regional presence in the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market make the report investors guide.Scope of the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By Sources

Allogeneic Autologouso Bone Marrowo Adipose Tissueo Blood Syngeneic OtherGlobal Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By Cell Type

Embryonic Stem Cell Adult Stem CellGlobal Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By Application

Cancer Diabetes Traumatic Skin Defect Severe Burn OtherGlobal Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By End-User

Hospitals Research Institute OthersGlobal Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By Regions

North America Europe Asia-Pacific South America Middle East and Africa (MEA)Key Players operating the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market

Osiris Therapeutics NuVasives Cytori Therapeutics Takeda (TiGenix) Cynata Celyad Medi-post Anterogen Molmed Baxter Eleveflow Mesoblast Ltd. Micronit Microfluidics TAKARA BIO INC. Tigenix Capricor Therapeutics Astellas Pharma US, Inc. Pfizer Inc. STEMCELL Technologies Inc.

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Request For View Sample Report Page : @https://www.maximizemarketresearch.com/request-sample/54688

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Maximize Market Research provides B2B and B2C market research on 20,000 high growth emerging technologies & opportunities in Chemical, Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals, Electronics & Communications, Internet of Things, Food and Beverages, Aerospace and Defense and other manufacturing sectors.

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First lab-made ‘mini-hearts’ mimic the real thing – Futurity: Research News

By daniellenierenberg

Share this Article

You are free to share this article under the Attribution 4.0 International license.

Researchers have created, for the first time, a miniature human heart model in the laboratory.

The mini-hearts are complete with all primary heart cell types and a functioning structure of chambers and vascular tissue.

The organoids are small models of the fetal heart with representative functional and structural features. They are, however, not as perfect as a human heart yet. That is something we are working toward.

These mini-hearts constitute incredibly powerful models in which to study all kinds of cardiac disorders with a degree of precision unseen before, says Aitor Aguirre, assistant professor of biomedical engineering at Michigan State Universitys Institute for Quantitative Health Science and Engineering and senior author of the study on the work on the bioRxiv preprint server. In the United States, heart disease is the leading cause of death.

The researchers created the human heart organoids, or hHOs for short,by way of a novel stem cell framework that mimics the embryonic and fetal developmental environments.

Organoidsmeaning resembling an organare self-assembling 3D cell constructs that recapitulate organ properties and structure to a significant extent, says first author Yonatan Israeli, a graduate student in Aguirres lab.

The innovation deploys a bioengineering process that uses induced pluripotent stem cellsadult cells from a patient to trigger embryonic-like heart development in a dishgenerating a functional mini-heart after a few weeks. The stem cells are obtained from consenting adults and therefore free of ethical concerns.

This process allows the stem cells to develop, basically as they would in an embryo, into the various cell types and structures present in the heart, Aguirre says. We give the cells the instructions and they know what they have to do when all the appropriate conditions are met.

Because the organoids followed the natural cardiac embryonic development process, the researchers studied, in real time, the natural growth of an actual fetal human heart.

This technology allows for the creation of numerous hHOs simultaneously with relative ease, contrasting with existing tissue engineering approaches that are expensive, labor intensive and not readily scalable.

One of the primary issues facing the study of fetal heart development and congenital heart defects is access to a developing heart. Researchers have been confined to the use of mammalian models, donated fetal remains, and in vitro cell research to approximate function and development.

Now we can have the best of both worlds, a precise human model to study these diseasesa tiny human heartwithout using fetal material or violating ethical principles. This constitutes a great step forward, Aguirre says.

Whats next? For Aguirre, the process is twofold. First, the heart organoid represents an unprecedented look into the nuts and bolts of how a fetal heart develops.

In the lab, we are currently using heart organoids to model congenital heart diseasethe most common birth defect in humans affecting nearly 1% of the newborn population, Aguirre says. With our heart organoids, we can study the origin of congenital heart disease and find ways to stop it.

And second, while the hHO is complex, it is far from perfect. For the team, improving the final organoid is another key avenue of future research.

The organoids are small models of the fetal heart with representative functional and structural features, Israeli says. They are, however, not as perfect as a human heart yet. That is something we are working toward.

The researchers are excited about the wide-ranging applicability of these miniature hearts. They enable an unprecedented ability to study many other cardiovascular-related diseasesincluding chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity and the effect of diabetes, during pregnancy, on the developing fetal heart.

Additional researchers from Michigan State and Washington University in St. Louis contributed to the work.

The American Heart Association and the National Institutes of Health funded the study.

Source: Michigan State University

Original Study DOI: 10.1101/2020.06.25.171611

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Scientists grow the first functioning mini human heart model – MSUToday

By daniellenierenberg

Michigan State University researchers have created for the first time a miniature human heart model in the laboratory, complete with all primary heart cell types and a functioning structure of chambers and vascular tissue.

Aitor Aguirre, assistant professor of biomedical engineering at MSUs Institute for Quantitative Health Science and Engineering.

These minihearts constitute incredibly powerful models in which to study all kinds of cardiac disorders with a degree of precision unseen before, said Aitor Aguirre, the studys senior author and assistant professor of biomedical engineering at MSUs Institute for Quantitative Health Science and Engineering.

This study, Generation of Heart Organoids Modeling Early Human Cardiac Development Under Defined Conditions, appears on the bioRxiv preprint server and was funded by grants from the American Heart Association and the National Institutes of Health. In the United States, heart disease is the No. 1 cause of death.

The human heart organoids, or hHOs for short, were created by way of a novel stem cell framework that mimics the embryonic and fetal developmental environments.

Organoids meaning resembling an organ are self-assembling 3D cell constructs that recapitulate organ properties and structure to a significant extent, said Yonatan Israeli, a graduate student in the Aguirre Lab and first author of the study.

The innovation deploys a bioengineering process that uses induced pluripotent stem cells adult cells from a patient to trigger embryonic-like heart development in a dish generating a functional mini heart after a few weeks. The stem cells are obtained from consenting adults and therefore free of ethical concerns.

This process allows the stem cells to develop, basically as they would in an embryo, into the various cell types and structures present in the heart, Aguirre said. We give the cells the instructions and they know what they have to do when all the appropriate conditions are met.

Because the organoids followed the natural cardiac embryonic development process, the researchers studied, in real time, the natural growth of an actual fetal human heart.

This technology allows for the creation of numerous hHOs simultaneously with relative ease, contrasting with existing tissue engineering approaches that are expensive, labor intensive and not readily scalable.

One of the primary issues facing the study of fetal heart development and congenital heart defects is access to a developing heart. Researchers have been confined to the use of mammalian models, donated fetal remains and in vitro cell research to approximate function and development.

Now we can have the best of both worlds, a precise human model to study these diseases a tiny human heart without using fetal material or violating ethical principles. This constitutes a great step forward, Aguirre said.

Whats next? For Aguirre, the process is twofold. First, the heart organoid represents an unprecedented look into the nuts and bolts of how a fetal heart develops.

In the lab, we are currently using heart organoids to model congenital heart disease the most common birth defect in humans affecting nearly 1% of the newborn population, Aguirre said. With our heart organoids, we can study the origin of congenital heart disease and find ways to stop it.

And second, while the hHO is complex, it is far from perfect. For the team, improving the final organoid is another key avenue of future research. The organoids are small models of the fetal heart with representative functional and structural features, Israeli said. They are, however, not as perfect as a human heart yet. That is something we are working toward.

Aguirre and team are excited about the wide-ranging applicability of these miniature hearts. They enable an unprecedented ability to study many other cardiovascular-related diseases from chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity to the effect of diabetes, during pregnancy, on the developing fetal heart.

Other researchers involved in this study were Aaron Wasserman, Mitchell Gabalski and Kristen Ball at MSU; and Chao Zhou, Jinyon Zhou and Guangming Ni at Washington University in St. Louis.

(Note for media: Please include a link to the original paper in online coverage: https://www.biorxiv.org/content/10.1101/2020.06.25.171611v2)

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Stem Cell Therapy Market Segmentation, Assessment and Growth Opportunities by Forecast 2025 – Scientect

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Overview

Also called regenerative medicine, stem cell therapy encourages the reparative response of damaged, diseased, or dysfunctional tissue via the use of stem cells and their derivatives. Replacing the practice of organ transplantations, stem cell therapies have eliminated the dependence on availability of donors. Bone marrow transplant is perhaps the most commonly employed stem cell therapy.

Osteoarthritis, cerebral palsy, heart failure, multiple sclerosis and even hearing loss could be treated using stem cell therapies. Doctors have successfully performed stem cell transplants that significantly aid patients fight cancers such as leukemia and other blood-related diseases.

Know the Growth Opportunities in Emerging Markets

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Key Trends

The key factors influencing the growth of the global stem cell therapy market are increasing funds in the development of new stem lines, the advent of advanced genomic procedures used in stem cell analysis, and greater emphasis on human embryonic stem cells. As the traditional organ transplantations are associated with limitations such as infection, rejection, and immunosuppression along with high reliance on organ donors, the demand for stem cell therapy is likely to soar. The growing deployment of stem cells in the treatment of wounds and damaged skin, scarring, and grafts is another prominent catalyst of the market.

On the contrary, inadequate infrastructural facilities coupled with ethical issues related to embryonic stem cells might impede the growth of the market. However, the ongoing research for the manipulation of stem cells from cord blood cells, bone marrow, and skin for the treatment of ailments including cardiovascular and diabetes will open up new doors for the advancement of the market.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Market Potential

A number of new studies, research projects, and development of novel therapies have come forth in the global market for stem cell therapy. Several of these treatments are in the pipeline, while many others have received approvals by regulatory bodies.

In March 2017, Belgian biotech company TiGenix announced that its cardiac stem cell therapy, AlloCSC-01 has successfully reached its phase I/II with positive results. Subsequently, it has been approved by the U.S. FDA. If this therapy is well- received by the market, nearly 1.9 million AMI patients could be treated through this stem cell therapy.

Another significant development is the granting of a patent to Israel-based Kadimastem Ltd. for its novel stem-cell based technology to be used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other similar conditions of the nervous system. The companys technology used for producing supporting cells in the central nervous system, taken from human stem cells such as myelin-producing cells is also covered in the patent.

The regional analysis covers:

Order this Report TOC for Detailed Statistics

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Regional Outlook

The global market for stem cell therapy can be segmented into Asia Pacific, North America, Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East and Africa. North America emerged as the leading regional market, triggered by the rising incidence of chronic health conditions and government support. Europe also displays significant growth potential, as the benefits of this therapy are increasingly acknowledged.

Asia Pacific is slated for maximum growth, thanks to the massive patient pool, bulk of investments in stem cell therapy projects, and the increasing recognition of growth opportunities in countries such as China, Japan, and India by the leading market players.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Competitive Analysis

Several firms are adopting strategies such as mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, and partnerships, apart from product development with a view to attain a strong foothold in the global market for stem cell therapy.

Some of the major companies operating in the global market for stem cell therapy are RTI Surgical, Inc., MEDIPOST Co., Ltd., Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., NuVasive, Inc., Pharmicell Co., Ltd., Anterogen Co., Ltd., JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., and Holostem Terapie Avanzate S.r.l.

About TMR Research:

TMR Research is a premier provider of customized market research and consulting services to business entities keen on succeeding in todays supercharged economic climate. Armed with an experienced, dedicated, and dynamic team of analysts, we are redefining the way our clients conduct business by providing them with authoritative and trusted research studies in tune with the latest methodologies and market trends.

Read more:
Stem Cell Therapy Market Segmentation, Assessment and Growth Opportunities by Forecast 2025 - Scientect

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ASU engineers get to the heart of organs-on-a-chip – ASU Now

By daniellenierenberg

August 17, 2020

Denver is known for its relatively mild climate and its four distinct seasons. Its also known for its temperature fluctuations over the course of a day or even hours. But what does that mean for the citys residents and for that matter, the rest of the inhabitants of the continental United States when it comes to temperature extremes?

Thats what Ashley Broadbentwanted to know. Specifically, he wanted to know how populations throughout the United States will experience heat and cold during the 21st century.

So, Broadbent, an assistant research professor in Arizona State Universitys School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, used state-of-the-art modeling tools to analyze how three key variables would affect human exposure to extreme temperatures from the beginning of this century to its end.

He and his collaborator Matei Georgescu, an associate professor in the School of Geographical Sciences and Urban Planning, concentrated on the following three key factors: climate change brought about by greenhouse gas emissions, urban development-induced impacts arising from the growth of cities, and population change in individual cities.

The paper, "The motley drivers of heat and cold exposure in 21st century U.S. cities," was published onlineAug. 17 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. It is the first study of its kind to consider population-weighted heat and cold exposure that directly and simultaneously account for greenhouse gas and urban development-induced warming.

Graphic by Alex Davis/ASU Media Relations and Strategic Communications

To describe how these three variables would affect temperatures, and in turn populations, Broadbent, Georgescu and co-author Eric Scott Krayenhoff, assistant professor at the University of Guelph, Ontario, in Canada, used a metric they dubbed person-hours, to describe humans exposure to extreme heat and cold.

Its an intuitive metric, Broadbent said. For example, when one person is exposed to one hour of an extreme temperature, that exposure equals one person-hour of exposure. Likewise, if 10 people are exposed to 10 hours of an extreme temperature, that exposure equals 100 person-hours.

I think this definition is more representative of what people experience, which is what this study is about versus a study that simply communicates temperature changes without any human element attached to it, Broadbent said.

Overall, the researchers found that the average annual heat exposure at the start of this century in the United States was about 5.2 billion person-hours. Assuming a worst-case scenario of peak global warming, population growth and urban development, the annual heat exposure would rise to 150 billion person-hours by the end of the century, a nearly 30-fold increase.

The combined effect of these three drivers will substantially increase the average heat exposure across the United States, but heat exposure is not projected to increase uniformly in all cities across the U.S., Broadbent said. There will be hot spots where heat exposure grows sharply.

To that end, the researchers defined heat thresholds based on local city definitions, something previous studies have not done. Instead, prior studies have used fixed-temperature thresholds that may be inappropriate for some cities. Afterall, a 90-degree day in Phoenix feels much different than a 90-degree day in New York City, given relative humidity differences.

Its well-known that cities have locally defined thresholds where heat and cold cause mortality and morbidity, Broadbent explained. In other words, people die at different temperatures in different cities because what is extreme in one city may be normal in another.

Importantly, areas of the United States where human exposure would increase the most is where climate change and population increase in tandem. Meanwhile, urban development has a smaller, yet not negligible effect.

According to the results of the study, the largest absolute changes in population heat exposure are projected to occur in major U.S. metropolitan regions, such as New York, Los Angeles and Atlanta.

The study also finds the largest relativechanges in person-hours related to heat exposure are projected to occur in rapidly growing cities located in the Sun Belt, including Austin, Texas; Orlando, Florida; and Atlanta.

The increase in exposure is quite large if you look at it relative to the start of the century, Broadbent said. Some cities across the Sun Belt, according to our projections, will have 90 times the number of person-hours of heat exposure. For example, cities in Texas that see substantial population growth and strong greenhouse gas-induced climate warming could be markedly affected.

One way to prepare for increased heat exposure is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions on a global scale, which would reduce the number of hours people are exposed to extreme temperatures. Other options include localized infrastructure adaptation that provides buffering effects against rising temperatures such as planting trees, providing shade and cooling areas and constructing buildings using materials that absorb less heat.

Although the average temperature in the United States will be warmer in the future, the study finds that cold exposure will increase slightly compared with the start of the century, primarily because of population growth. While there is a generaldecreasein the number of projected extreme cold events by the end of this century, the number of individuals exposed to extreme cold is projected toincrease,as population growth means that the total number of person-hours of cold exposure will go up, Broadbent said.

Cold is currently more of a national health problem than heat, but our results suggest that by the end of the century heat exposure may become a larger health problem than cold exposure, Broadbent said. However, cold exposure will not disappear completely as the climate warms. In fact, according to one of the teams simulations, Denver is projected to have more extreme cold at the end of the century compared with the beginning, according to the study.

Thats the interesting thing about climate change. We know the average temperature is going to increase, said Broadbent. But we know less about how the extremes are going to change, and often the extremes are the most important part of our daily lives.

There are several takeaway messages from this work, but one of the central ones concerns the future resiliency of our cities, Georgescu said.

The successful steps taken will require holistic thinking that embraces contributions from urban planners, engineers, social scientists and climate scientists with a long-range vision of how we want our cities to be.

"We therefore call on cities to start asking some very foundational questions regarding the projected exposure of their constituents to future environmental change," Georgescu said. "Is the work of the urban climate modeling community being integrated into their environmental adaptation plans? If so, how, and if not, why not?

This work was funded by the National Science Foundation.

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ASU engineers get to the heart of organs-on-a-chip - ASU Now

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Worldwide Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) Market Insights, Epidemiology and Forecast – 2030 – ResearchAndMarkets.com – Business Wire

By daniellenierenberg

DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Dilated Cardiomyopathy (DCM) - Market Insights, Epidemiology and Market Forecast - 2030" drug pipelines report has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

This report delivers an in-depth understanding of the Dilated Cardiomyopathy, historical and forecasted epidemiology as well as the Dilated Cardiomyopathy market trends in the United States, EU5 (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and United Kingdom), and Japan.

The Dilated Cardiomyopathy market report provides current treatment practices, emerging drugs, Dilated Cardiomyopathy market share of the individual therapies, current and forecasted Dilated Cardiomyopathy market size from 2017 to 2030 segmented by seven major markets. The report also covers current Dilated Cardiomyopathy treatment practice/algorithm, market drivers, market barriers and unmet medical needs to curate best of the opportunities and assesses underlying potential of the market.

Epidemiology

The Dilated Cardiomyopathy epidemiology division provides the insights about historical and current Dilated Cardiomyopathy patient pool and forecasted trend for each seven major countries. It helps to recognize the causes of current and forecasted trends by exploring numerous studies and views of key opinion leaders. This part of the report also provides the diagnosed patient pool and their trends along with assumptions undertaken.

The disease epidemiology covered in the report provides historical as well as forecasted Dilated Cardiomyopathy epidemiology segmented as [Total Prevalent Population of Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Total Diagnosed Population of Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Familial and non-familial cases of Dilated Cardiomyopathy, Gender-Specific Cases of Dilated Cardiomyopathy, and Total Treated Cases of Dilated Cardiomyopathy] scenario of Dilated Cardiomyopathy in the 7MM covering the United States, EU5 countries (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and United Kingdom), and Japan from 2017 to 2030.

Key Findings

Drug Chapters

Drug chapter segment of the Dilated Cardiomyopathy report encloses the detailed analysis of Dilated Cardiomyopathy marketed drugs and late stage (Phase-III and Phase-II) pipeline drugs. It also helps to understand the Dilated Cardiomyopathy clinical trial details, expressive pharmacological action, agreements and collaborations, approval and patent details, advantages and disadvantages of each included drug and the latest news and press releases.

Approved Drug

Corlanor (ivabradine): Amgen

Corlanor (ivabradine) is a hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated channel blocker that reduces the spontaneous pacemaker activity of the cardiac sinus node by selectively inhibiting the If current, resulting in heart rate reduction with no effect on ventricular repolarization and no effects on myocardial contractility.

The US FDA approval of Corlanor (ivabradine) for the treatment of stable symptomatic heart failure (HF) due to dilated cardiomyopathy in pediatric patients aged 6 months to 18 years was based on a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in 116 patients aged 6 months to less than 18 years with symptomatic DCM in sinus rhythm, NYHA/Ross class II to IV HF, and left ventricular ejection fraction 45%. The primary endpoint of the study was 20% reduction in resting heart rate from baseline without bradycardia or symptoms after an initial titration period.

Emerging Drugs

PF-07265803/ARRY-371797/ARRY-797: Pfizer

ARRY-371797 which is also known as ARRY-797 is an oral, p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitor discovered by Array scientists. Compared to other p38 MAPK inhibitors ARRY-797 has unique and differentiated properties: it is highly selective, retains exceptional potency in whole blood and possesses a favorable pharmacokinetic profile. It is currently under phase III trial for the treatment of patients affected with dilated cardiomyopathy due to a Lamin A/C gene mutation. In the year 2019, Pfizer completed the acquisition of Array Biopharma to expand its pipeline and currently this drug is in phase III pipeline drugs of Pfizer with name PF-07265803 for the treatment of patients affected by dilated cardiomyopathy.

Ixmyelocel-T: Vericel

Ixmyelocel-T is an investigational autologous expanded multicellular therapy manufactured from the patient's own bone marrow using Vericel's proprietary, highly automated, fully closed cell-processing system. This process selectively expands the population of mesenchymal stromal cells and alternatively activated macrophages, which are responsible for production of anti-inflammatory and pro-angiogenic factors known to be important for repair of damaged tissue. Ixmyelocel-T has been designated as an orphan drug by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for use in the treatment of DCM. However, currently the development of this drug is at halt because as per the recent news the company do not have current plans to initiate or fund a phase III trial for this drug at their own.

BC007: Berlin Cures GmbH

BC007 is a DNA aptamer-based compound that binds to and eliminates pathogenic autoantibodies directed against the beta-1 adrenoceptor, a receptor belonging to the large family of cell surface receptors known as G-protein coupled receptors that regulate the heart's rate and contraction strength.

Ifetroban: Cumberland Pharmaceuticals

Ifetroban is a potent and selective inhibitor of the thromboxane receptor (TPr), preventing fibrosis and an inflammatory response. It was initially developed by Bristol-Myers Squibb as an anti-platelet agent to prevent blood clots (blood thrombus), and was acquired by Cumberland in 2011. It is believed that this drug molecule is able to stop important molecular signals that mediate inflammation and fibrosis (tissue scaring) mechanisms in the heart, triggered by the loss of dystrophin protein.

Danicamtiv/MYK-491: MyoKardia

MYK-491 is an orally-administered small molecule designed to increase the number of myosin-actin cross-bridges formed during cardiac muscle contraction while having minimal impact on diastolic function. In the heart, myosin is the motor protein that binds to actin to generate the force and movement of contraction. In patients with dilated cardiomyopathy and systolic heart failure, in which the left ventricle of the heart is too distended and weak to adequately pump blood to meet the body's needs, MYK-491 is intended to increase myosin-actin engagement, thereby targeting the biomechanical defects underlying disease and improving cardiac contractility.

CAP-1002: Capricor Therapeutics

CAP-1002, Capricor's lead product candidate, is a proprietary allogeneic adult stem cell therapy for the treatment of heart disease. The product is derived from donor heart tissue. The cells are expanded in the laboratory using a specialized process and then introduced directly into a patient's heart via infusion into a coronary artery using standard cardiac catheterization techniques. CAP-1002 consists of allogeneic cardiosphere-derived cells, or CDCs, a unique population of cells that has been shown to exert potent immunomodulatory activity and alters the immune system's activity to encourage cellular regeneration.

Market Outlook

Besides treating any recognizable and reversible underlying causes, the management and treatment of DCM are in concordance with the standard heart failure guidelines. Currently, the treatment pattern of DCM is mainly dependent on pharmacological therapy, pacing therapy, surgical options, and Corlanor (ivabradine).

The pharmacological therapies consist of diuretics, inotropic agents, afterload reducing agents, beta-blockers, anticoagulation medications, anti-arrhythmia medications. The main diuretics that are prescribed for the treatment are furosemide, spironolactone, bumetanide, and metolazone. Common side effects of diuretics include dehydration and abnormalities in the blood chemistries particularly potassium loss. Inotopric agents that are prescribed for the treatment are digoxin, dobutamine, dopamine, epinephrine, norepinephrine, vasopressin, and milrinone. Some afterload reducing medications include angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) such as captopril, enalMay, lisinopril, monopril, angiotensin I blocker such as losartan. Losartan and milrinone are inotropic agents that also relax the arteries. Stronger anticoagulation drugs are warfarin, heparin, and enoxaparin; these drugs require careful monitoring with regular blood testing.

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) have shown benefit in the treatment of heart failure with reduced ejection fraction and are suggested for the patients affected with DCM. Aldosterone receptor blockade with spironolactone or eplerenone also is recommended in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) heart failure class II-IV and systolic dysfunction. Similarly, beta-blockade with carvedilol, bisoprolol, or long-acting metoprolol is recommended in all patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction without any contraindications. The addition of isosorbide dinitrate plus hydralazine also has shown to increase survival amongst those with advanced disease.

In some cases, beta-blockers allow an enlarged heart to become more normal in size. Common beta-blockers include carvedilol, metoprolol, propranolol, and atenolol. Side effects include dizziness, low heart rate, low blood pressure, and, in some cases, fluid retention, fatigue, impaired school performance, and depression. The choice of anticoagulation drugs depends on how likely it is that a blood clot will form. Less strong anticoagulation medications include aspirin and dipyridamole. Common anti-arrhythmia medications include amiodarone, procainamide, and lidocaine. Also, Corlanor (ivabradine) is an approved therapy for the treatment of 6 months to 18 years old patient affected by Dilated Cardiomyopathy.

Key Findings

According to the report, Dilated Cardiomyopathy market in the 7MM is expected to change in the study period 2017-2030. The total therapeutic market of Dilated Cardiomyopathy in seven major markets was found to be USD 244 million in 2017 which is expected to increase during the study period (2017-2030).

The United States Market Outlook

In 2017, the total market size of Dilated Cardiomyopathy therapies was estimated to be USD 142.9 million in the United States which is expected to increase in the study period (2017-2030).

EU5 Countries: Market Outlook

In 2017, the total market size of Dilated Cardiomyopathy therapies was found to be USD 74.4 million in the EU5 countries which is expected to increase in the study period (2017-2030).

Japan Market Outlook

The total market size of Dilated Cardiomyopathy therapies in Japan was found to be USD 27.1 million in 2017 which is also expected to increase during the study period (2017-2030).

Pipeline Development Activities

The drugs which are in pipeline include:

1. PF-07265803/ARRY-371797/ARRY-797: Pfizer

2. Ixmyelocel-T: Vericel

3. BC007: Berlin Cures GmbH

4. Ifetroban: Cumberland Pharmaceuticals

5. Danicamtiv/MYK-491: MyoKardia

6. CAP-1002: Capricor Therapeutics

Access and Reimbursement Scenario

The record published in United HealthCare Services, in the United States, stated that reimbursement is eligible for the CPT codes related to various genetic testing for cardiac disease. CPT code 81439 includes indications such as hereditary cardiomyopathy (e.g., hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy), genomic sequence analysis panel - must include sequencing of at least five cardiomyopathy-related genes (e.g., DSG2, MYBPC3, MYH7, PKP2, TTN). Moreover, cardiomyopathies that present primarily as neuromuscular disorders and related genetic testing are also covered in the Medical Policy.

KOL Views

To keep up with current market trends, we take KOL's and SME's opinion working in Dilated Cardiomyopathy domain through primary research to fill the data gaps and validates our secondary research. Their opinion helps to understand and validate current and emerging therapies treatment patterns and Dilated Cardiomyopathy market trend. This will support the clients in the introduction of potential upcoming novel treatment by identifying the overall scenario of the market and the unmet needs.

Competitive Intelligence Analysis

The publisher performs Competitive and Market Intelligence analysis of the Dilated Cardiomyopathy Market by using various Competitive Intelligence tools that includes - SWOT analysis, PESTLE analysis, Porter's five forces, BCG Matrix, Market entry strategies etc. The inclusion of the analysis entirely depends upon the data availability.

Scope of the Report

Report Highlights

Companies Mentioned

For more information about this drug pipelines report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/qfjown

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Exosome Therapeutic Market (Covid 19 Impact Analysis) Data Highlighting Major Vendors, Promising Regions, Anticipated Growth Forecast To 2027 -…

By daniellenierenberg

Global Exosome Therapeutic Market By Type (Natural Exosomes, Hybrid Exosomes), Source (Dendritic Cells, Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Blood, Milk, Body Fluids, Saliva, Urine Others), Therapy (Immunotherapy, Gene Therapy, Chemotherapy), Transporting Capacity (Bio Macromolecules, Small Molecules), Application (Oncology, Neurology, Metabolic Disorders, Cardiac Disorders, Blood Disorders, Inflammatory Disorders, Gynecology Disorders, Organ Transplantation, Others), Route of administration (Oral, Parenteral), End User (Hospitals, Diagnostic Centers, Research & Academic Institutes), Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Latin America)

Exosome therapeutic market is expected to gain market growth in the forecast period of 2019 to 2026. Data Bridge Market Research analyses that the market is growing with a CAGR of 21.9% in the forecast period of 2019 to 2026 and expected to reach USD 31,691.52 million by 2026 from USD 6,500.00 million in 2018. Increasing prevalence of lyme disease, chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other chronic degenerative diseases are the factors for the market growth.

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Increased number of exosome therapeutics as compared to the past few years will accelerate the market growth. Companies are receiving funding for exosome therapeutic research and clinical trials. For instance, In September 2018, EXOCOBIO has raised USD 27 million in its series B funding. The company has raised USD 46 million as series a funding in April 2017. The series B funding will help the company to set up GMP-compliant exosome industrial facilities to enhance production of exosomes to commercialize in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry.

This exosome therapeutic market report provides details of market share, new developments, and product pipeline analysis, impact of domestic and localised market players, analyses opportunities in terms of emerging revenue pockets, changes in market regulations, product approvals, strategic decisions, product launches, geographic expansions, and technological innovations in the market. To understand the analysis and the market scenario contact us for an Analyst Brief, our team will help you create a revenue impact solution to achieve your desired goal.

Increasing demand for anti-aging therapies will also drive the market. Unmet medical needs such as very few therapeutic are approved by the regulatory authority for the treatment in comparison to the demand in global exosome therapeutics market will hamper the market growth market. Availability of various exosome isolation and purification techniques is further creates new opportunities for exosome therapeutics as they will help company in isolation and purification of exosomes from dendritic cells, mesenchymal stem cells, blood, milk, body fluids, saliva, and urine and from others sources. Such policies support exosome therapeutic market growth in the forecast period to 2019-2026.

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Exosome is an extracellular vesicle which is released from cells, particularly from stem cells. Exosome functions as vehicle for particular proteins and genetic information and other cells. Exosome plays a vital role in the rejuvenation and communication of all the cells in our body while not themselves being cells at all. Research has projected that communication between cells is significant in maintenance of healthy cellular terrain. Chronic disease, age, genetic disorders and environmental factors can affect stem cells communication with other cells and can lead to distribution in the healing process.

The growth of the global exosome therapeutic market reflects global and country-wide increase in prevalence of autoimmune disease, chronic inflammation, Lyme disease and chronic degenerative diseases, along with increasing demand for anti-aging therapies. Additionally major factors expected to contribute in growth of the global exosome therapeutic market in future are emerging therapeutic value of exosome, availability of various exosome isolation and purification techniques, technological advancements in exosome and rising healthcare infrastructure.

The major players covered in the report are evox THERAPEUTICS, EXOCOBIO, Exopharm, AEGLE Therapeutics, United Therapeutics Corporation, Codiak BioSciences, Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbH, ReNeuron Group plc, Capricor Therapeutics, Avalon Globocare Corp., CREATIVE MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS INC., Stem Cells Group among other players domestic and global. Exosome therapeutic market share data is available for Global, North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Latin America separately. DBMR analysts understand competitive strengths and provide competitive analysis for each competitor separately.

The country section of the report also provides individual market impacting factors and changes in regulation in the market domestically that impacts the current and future trends of the market. Data points such as new sales, replacement sales, country demographics, regulatory acts and import-export tariffs are some of the major pointers used to forecast the market scenario for individual countries. Also, presence and availability of global brands and their challenges faced due to large or scarce competition from local and domestic brands, impact of sales channels are considered while providing forecast analysis of the country data.

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Stem Cell Therapy Market Landscape Assessment By Type and Analysis Current Trends by Forecast To 2025 – The Daily Chronicle

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Overview

Also called regenerative medicine, stem cell therapy encourages the reparative response of damaged, diseased, or dysfunctional tissue via the use of stem cells and their derivatives. Replacing the practice of organ transplantations, stem cell therapies have eliminated the dependence on availability of donors. Bone marrow transplant is perhaps the most commonly employed stem cell therapy.

Osteoarthritis, cerebral palsy, heart failure, multiple sclerosis and even hearing loss could be treated using stem cell therapies. Doctors have successfully performed stem cell transplants that significantly aid patients fight cancers such as leukemia and other blood-related diseases.

Know the Growth Opportunities in Emerging Markets

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Key Trends

The key factors influencing the growth of the global stem cell therapy market are increasing funds in the development of new stem lines, the advent of advanced genomic procedures used in stem cell analysis, and greater emphasis on human embryonic stem cells. As the traditional organ transplantations are associated with limitations such as infection, rejection, and immunosuppression along with high reliance on organ donors, the demand for stem cell therapy is likely to soar. The growing deployment of stem cells in the treatment of wounds and damaged skin, scarring, and grafts is another prominent catalyst of the market.

On the contrary, inadequate infrastructural facilities coupled with ethical issues related to embryonic stem cells might impede the growth of the market. However, the ongoing research for the manipulation of stem cells from cord blood cells, bone marrow, and skin for the treatment of ailments including cardiovascular and diabetes will open up new doors for the advancement of the market.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Market Potential

A number of new studies, research projects, and development of novel therapies have come forth in the global market for stem cell therapy. Several of these treatments are in the pipeline, while many others have received approvals by regulatory bodies.

In March 2017, Belgian biotech company TiGenix announced that its cardiac stem cell therapy, AlloCSC-01 has successfully reached its phase I/II with positive results. Subsequently, it has been approved by the U.S. FDA. If this therapy is well- received by the market, nearly 1.9 million AMI patients could be treated through this stem cell therapy.

Another significant development is the granting of a patent to Israel-based Kadimastem Ltd. for its novel stem-cell based technology to be used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other similar conditions of the nervous system. The companys technology used for producing supporting cells in the central nervous system, taken from human stem cells such as myelin-producing cells is also covered in the patent.

The regional analysis covers:

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Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Regional Outlook

The global market for stem cell therapy can be segmented into Asia Pacific, North America, Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East and Africa. North America emerged as the leading regional market, triggered by the rising incidence of chronic health conditions and government support. Europe also displays significant growth potential, as the benefits of this therapy are increasingly acknowledged.

Asia Pacific is slated for maximum growth, thanks to the massive patient pool, bulk of investments in stem cell therapy projects, and the increasing recognition of growth opportunities in countries such as China, Japan, and India by the leading market players.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Competitive Analysis

Several firms are adopting strategies such as mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, and partnerships, apart from product development with a view to attain a strong foothold in the global market for stem cell therapy.

Some of the major companies operating in the global market for stem cell therapy are RTI Surgical, Inc., MEDIPOST Co., Ltd., Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., NuVasive, Inc., Pharmicell Co., Ltd., Anterogen Co., Ltd., JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., and Holostem Terapie Avanzate S.r.l.

About TMR Research:

TMR Research is a premier provider of customized market research and consulting services to business entities keen on succeeding in todays supercharged economic climate. Armed with an experienced, dedicated, and dynamic team of analysts, we are redefining the way our clients conduct business by providing them with authoritative and trusted research studies in tune with the latest methodologies and market trends.

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Stem Cell Therapy Market Landscape Assessment By Type and Analysis Current Trends by Forecast To 2025 - The Daily Chronicle

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bluebird bio to Present New Data from Clinical Studies of elivaldogene autotemcel (eli-cel, Lenti-D) Gene Therapy for Cerebral Adrenoleukodystrophy…

By daniellenierenberg

CAMBRIDGE, Mass.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--bluebird bio, Inc. (Nasdaq: BLUE) today announced that new data from the clinical development program for its investigational elivaldogene autotemcel (eli-cel, Lenti-D) gene therapy in patients with cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (CALD), including data from the Phase 2/3 Starbeam study (ALD-102) and available data from the Phase 3 ALD-104 study, will be presented at the 46th Annual Meeting of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT 2020), taking place virtually from August 29 - September 1, 2020.

New Cerebral Adrenoleukodystrophy (CALD) Data at EBMT 2020

Lenti-D hematopoietic stem cell gene therapy stabilizes neurologic function in boys with cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD-102 and ALD-104)Presenting Author: Dr. Jrn-Sven Khl, Department of Pediatric Oncology, Hematology and Hemostaseology, Center for Womens and Childrens Medicine, University Hospital LeipzigPoster Session & Number: Gene Therapy; ePoster O077

Additional bluebird bio data at EBMT 2020 includes encore presentations from the companys CALD, sickle cell disease (SCD), transfusion-dependent -thalassemia (TDT) and multiple myeloma programs.

Cerebral Adrenoleukodystrophy (CALD) Encore Data at EBMT 2020

Outcomes of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant in patients with cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy vary by donor cell source, conditioning regimen, and stage of cerebral disease status (ALD-103)Presenting Author: Dr. Jaap Jan Boelens, Chief, Pediatric Stem Cell Transplantation and Cellular Therapies Service, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterPoster Session & Number: Haemoglobinopathy and inborn errors; ePoster O106

Multiple Myeloma Correlative Encore Data at EBMT 2020

Markers of initial and long-term responses to idecabtagene vicleucel (ide-cel; bb2121) in the CRB-401 study in relapsed/refractory multiple myelomaPresenting Author: Dr. Ethan G. Thompson, Bristol Myers SquibbPoster Session & Number: CAR-based Cellular Therapy clinical; ePoster A089

Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Encore Data at EBMT 2020

LentiGlobin for sickle cell disease (SCD) gene therapy (GT): updated results in Group C patients from the Phase 1/2 HGB-206 studyPresenting Author: Dr. Markus Y. Mapara, Director, Adult Blood and Marrow Transplantation Program, Columbia University Medical CenterOral Session & Number: Inborn Errors; O080Date & Time: September 1, 2020; 4:35 4:42 PM CET/10:35 10:42 AM ET

Transfusion-Dependent -Thalassemia (TDT) Encore Data at EBMT 2020

Clinical outcomes following autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with LentiGlobin gene therapy in the Phase 3 Northstar-2 and Northstar-3 studies for transfusion-dependent -thalassemiaPresenting Author: Professor Franco Locatelli, Director, Department of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino GesPoster Session & Number: Gene Therapy; ePoster O074

LentiGlobin gene therapy treatment of two patients with transfusion-dependent -thalassemia (case report)Presenting Author: Dr. Mattia Algeri, Department of Pediatric Oncohematology - Transplantation Unit and Cell Therapies, Ospedale Pediatrico Bambino GesPoster Session & Number: Haemoglobinopathy and inborn errors; ePoster A328

Cross Indication Encore Data at EBMT 2020

Safety of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation with gene addition therapy for transfusion-dependent -thalassemia, sickle cell disease, and cerebral adrenoleukodystrophyPresenting Author: Dr. Evangelia Yannaki, Director, Gene and Cell Therapy Center, Hematology Department, George Papanicolaou HospitalPoster Session & Number: Gene Therapy; ePoster O078

Abstracts outlining bluebird bios accepted data at EBMT 2020 are available on the Annual Meeting website. On August 29, 2020, at 12:30 PM CET/6:30 AM ET, the embargo will lift for ePosters and oral presentations accepted for EBMT 2020. Presentations will be available for virtual viewing throughout the duration of the live meeting and content will be accessible online following the close of the meeting until November 1, 2020.

About elivaldogene autotemcel (eli-cel, Lenti-D gene therapy)In July 2020, the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) granted an accelerated assessment to eli-cel gene therapy for cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy (CALD). bluebird bio is currently on track to submit the Marketing Authorization Application (MAA) in the EU for eli-cel for CALD by year-end 2020, and the Biologics License Application (BLA) in the U.S. in mid-2021.

bluebird bio is currently enrolling patients for a Phase 3 study (ALD-104) designed to assess the efficacy and safety of eli-cel after myeloablative conditioning using busulfan and fludarabine in patients with CALD. Contact clinicaltrials@bluebirdbio.com for more information and a list of study sites.

Additionally, bluebird bio is conducting a long-term safety and efficacy follow-up study (LTF-304) for patients who have been treated with eli-cel for CALD and completed two years of follow-up in bluebird bio-sponsored studies.

The Phase 2/3 Starbeam study (ALD-102) has completed enrollment. For more information about the ALD-102 study visit: http://www.bluebirdbio.com/our-science/clinical-trials or clinicaltrials.gov and use identifier NCT01896102.

Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a rare, X-linked metabolic disorder that is estimated to affect one in 21,000 male newborns worldwide. Approximately 40 percent of boys with ALD will develop CALD, the most severe form of ALD. CALD is a progressive neurogenerative disease that involves breakdown of myelin, the protective sheath of the nerve cells in the brain that are responsible for thinking and muscle control. Symptoms of CALD usually occur in early childhood and progress rapidly, if untreated, leading to severe loss of neurologic function, and eventual death, in most patients.

The European Medicines Agency (EMA) accepted eli-cel gene therapy for the treatment of CALD into its Priorities Medicines scheme (PRIME) in July 2018, and previously granted Orphan Medicinal Product designation to eli-cel.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted eli-cel Orphan Drug status, Rare Pediatric Disease designation, and Breakthrough Therapy designation for the treatment of CALD.

Eli-cel is not approved for any indication in any geography.

About idecabtagene vicleucel (ide-cel; bb2121)Ide-cel is a B-cell maturation antigen (BCMA)-directed genetically modified autologous chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell immunotherapy. The ide-cel CAR is comprised of a murine extracellular single-chain variable fragment (scFv) specific for recognizing BCMA, attached to a human CD8 hinge and transmembrane domain fused to the T cell cytoplasmic signaling domains of CD137 4-1BB and CD3- chain, in tandem. Ide-cel recognizes and binds to BCMA on the surface of multiple myeloma cells leading to CAR T cell proliferation, cytokine secretion, and subsequent cytolytic killing of BCMA-expressing cells.

In addition to the pivotal KarMMa trial evaluating ide-cel in patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma, bluebird bio and Bristol Myers Squibbs broad clinical development program for ide-cel includes clinical studies (KarMMa-2, KarMMa-3, KarMMa-4) in earlier lines of treatment for patients with multiple myeloma, including newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. For more information visit clinicaltrials.gov.

In July 2020, Bristol Myers Squibb (BMS) and bluebird bio submitted the Biologics License Application for ide-cel to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of adult patients with multiple myeloma who have received at least three prior therapies, including an immunomodulatory agent, a proteasome inhibitor and an anti-CD38 antibody. Ide-cel is the first CAR T cell therapy submitted for regulatory review to target BCMA and for multiple myeloma.

Ide-cel was granted Breakthrough Therapy Designation (BTD) by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and PRIority Medicines (PRIME) designation, as well as Accelerated Assessment status, by the European Medicines Agency for relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma.

Ide-cel is being developed as part of a Co-Development, Co-Promotion and Profit Share Agreement between BMS and bluebird bio.

Ide-cel is not approved for any indication in any geography.

About LentiGlobin for Sickle Cell DiseaseLentiGlobin for sickle cell disease (SCD) is an investigational gene therapy being studied as a potential treatment for SCD. bluebird bios clinical development program for LentiGlobin for SCD includes the ongoing Phase 1/2 HGB-206 study and the ongoing Phase 3 HGB-210 study.

bluebird bio is conducting a long-term safety and efficacy follow-up study (LTF-303) for people who have participated in bluebird bio-sponsored clinical studies of betibeglogene autotemcel and LentiGlobin for SCD. For more information visit: https://www.bluebirdbio.com/our-science/clinical-trials or clinicaltrials.gov and use identifier NCT02633943 for LTF-303.

SCD is a serious, progressive and debilitating genetic disease caused by a mutation in the -globin gene that leads to the production of abnormal sickle hemoglobin (HbS). HbS causes red blood cells (RBCs) to become sickled and fragile, resulting in chronic hemolytic anemia, vasculopathy and painful vaso-occlusive crises (VOCs). For adults and children living with SCD, this means painful crises and other life-altering or life-threatening acute complicationssuch as acute chest syndrome (ACS), stroke and infections. If patients survive the acute complications, vasculopathy and end-organ damage, resulting complications can lead to pulmonary hypertension, renal failure and early death; in the U.S. the median age of death for someone with sickle cell disease is 43 - 46 years.

LentiGlobin for SCD received Orphan Medicinal Product designation from the European Commission for the treatment of SCD.

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted Orphan Drug status and Regenerative Medicine Advanced Therapy (RMAT) designation and rare pediatric disease designation for LentiGlobin for the treatment of SCD.

bluebird bio reached general agreement with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that the clinical data package required to support a Biologics Licensing Application (BLA) submission for LentiGlobin for SCD will be based on data from a portion of patients in the HGB-206 study Group C that have already been treated. The planned submission will be based on an analysis using complete resolution of severe vaso-occlusive events (VOEs) as the primary endpoint with at least 18 months of follow-up post-treatment with LentiGlobin for SCD. Globin response will be used as a key secondary endpoint.

bluebird bio anticipates additional guidance from the FDA regarding the commercial manufacturing process, including suspension lentiviral vector. bluebird bio announced in a May 11, 2020 press release it plans to seek an accelerated approval and expects to submit the U.S. BLA for SCD in the second half of 2021.

LentiGlobin for SCD is investigational and has not been approved in any geography.

About betibeglogene autotemcel (beti-cel; formerly LentiGlobin gene therapy for -thalassemia)The European Commission granted conditional marketing authorization (CMA) for betibeglogene autotemcel, marketed as ZYNTEGLO gene therapy, for patients 12 years and older with transfusion-dependent -thalassemia (TDT) who do not have a 0/0 genotype, for whom hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) transplantation is appropriate, but a human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched related HSC donor is not available. On April 28, 2020, the European Medicines Agency (EMA) renewed the CMA for ZYNTEGLO, supported by data from 32 patients treated with ZYNTEGLO, including three patients with up to five years of follow-up.

In the HGB-207 clinical study supporting the conditional marketing approval of ZYNTEGLO, the primary endpoint was transfusion independence (TI) by Month 24, defined as a weighted average Hb 9 g/Dl without any RBC transfusions for a continuous period of 12 months at any time during the study after infusion of ZYNTEGLO. Ten patients were evaluable for assessment of TI. Of these, 9/10 (90.0%, 95% CI 55.5-99.7%) achieved TI at last follow-up. Among these nine patients, the median (min, max) weighted average Hb during TI was 12.22 (11.4, 12.8) g/dLl.

TDT is a severe genetic disease caused by mutations in the -globin gene that result in reduced or significantly reduced hemoglobin (Hb). In order to survive, people with TDT maintain Hb levels through lifelong chronic blood transfusions. These transfusions carry the risk of progressive multi-organ damage due to unavoidable iron overload.

Beti-cel adds functional copies of a modified form of the -globin gene (A-T87Q-globin gene) into a patients own hematopoietic (blood) stem cells (HSCs). Once a patient has the A-T87Q-globin gene, they have the potential to produce HbAT87Q, which is gene therapy-derived hemoglobin, at levels that may eliminate or significantly reduce the need for transfusions.

Non-serious adverse events (AEs) observed during the clinical studies that were attributed to betibeglogene autotemcel included abdominal pain, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, neutropenia, hot flush, dyspnoea, pain in extremity, and non-cardiac chest pain. Two serious adverse events (SAE) of thrombocytopenia were considered possibly related to beti-cel.

Additional AEs observed in clinical studies were consistent with the known side effects of HSC collection and bone marrow ablation with busulfan, including SAEs of veno-occlusive disease.

The CMA for beti-cel is valid in the 27 member states of the EU as well as UK, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. For details, please see the Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC).

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted beti-cel Orphan Drug status and Breakthrough Therapy designation for the treatment of TDT. Beti-cel is not approved in the United States.

Beti-cel continues to be evaluated in the ongoing Phase 3 Northstar-2 and Northstar-3 studies. For more information about the ongoing clinical studies, visit http://www.northstarclinicalstudies.com or clinicaltrials.gov and use identifier NCT02906202 for Northstar-2 (HGB-207), NCT03207009 for Northstar-3 (HGB-212).

About bluebird bio, Inc.bluebird bio is pioneering gene therapy with purpose. From our Cambridge, Mass., headquarters, were developing gene therapies for severe genetic diseases and cancer, with the goal that people facing potentially fatal conditions with limited treatment options can live their lives fully. Beyond our labs, were working to positively disrupt the healthcare system to create access, transparency and education so that gene therapy can become available to all those who can benefit.

bluebird bio is a human company powered by human stories. Were putting our care and expertise to work across a spectrum of disorders including cerebral adrenoleukodystrophy, sickle cell disease, -thalassemia and multiple myeloma, using three gene therapy technologies: gene addition, cell therapy and (megaTAL-enabled) gene editing.

bluebird bio has additional nests in Seattle, Wash.; Durham, N.C.; and Zug, Switzerland. For more information, visit bluebirdbio.com.

Follow bluebird bio on social media: @bluebirdbio, LinkedIn, Instagram and YouTube.

Lenti-D and bluebird bio are trademarks of bluebird bio, Inc.

Forward-Looking StatementsThis release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, including statements regarding the companys financial condition, results of operations, as well as statements regarding the plans for regulatory submissions for beti-cel (marketed as ZYTENGLO in the European Union), eli-cel, ide-cel, and LentiGlobin for SCD, including anticipated endpoints to support regulatory submissions and timing expectations; the companys expectations regarding the potential for the suspension manufacturing process for lentiviral vector; its expectations for commercialization efforts for ZYNTEGLO in Europe; as well as the companys intentions regarding the timing for providing further updates on the development and commercialization of ZYNTEGLO and the companys product candidates. Any forward-looking statements are based on managements current expectations of future events and are subject to a number of risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially and adversely from those set forth in or implied by such forward-looking statements. These risks and uncertainties include, but are not limited to, the risks that the COVID-19 pandemic and resulting economic conditions will have a greater impact on the companys operations and plans than anticipated; that our amended collaboration with BMS will not continue or be successful; that preliminary positive efficacy and safety results from our prior and ongoing clinical trials will not continue or be repeated in our ongoing or future clinical trials; the risk that our plans for submitting a BLA for LentiGlobin for SCD may be delayed if the FDA does not accept our comparability plans for the use of the suspension manufacturing process for lentiviral vector; the risk that the submission of BLA for ide-cel is not accepted for filing by the FDA or approved in the timeline we expect, or at all; the risk of cessation or delay of any of the ongoing or planned clinical studies and/or our development of our product candidates, including due to delays from the COVID-19 pandemics impact on healthcare systems; the risk that the current or planned clinical trials of our product candidates will be insufficient to support regulatory submissions or marketing approval in the United States and European Union; the risk that regulatory authorities will require additional information regarding our product candidates, resulting in delay to our anticipated timelines for regulatory submissions, including our applications for marketing approval; the risk that we will encounter challenges in the commercial launch of ZYNTEGLO in the European Union, including in managing our complex supply chain for the delivery of drug product, in the adoption of value-based payment models, or in obtaining sufficient coverage or reimbursement for our products; and the risk that any one or more of our product candidates, will not be successfully developed, approved or commercialized. For a discussion of other risks and uncertainties, and other important factors, any of which could cause our actual results to differ from those contained in the forward-looking statements, see the section entitled Risk Factors in our most recent Form 10-K, as well as discussions of potential risks, uncertainties, and other important factors in our subsequent filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. All information in this press release is as of the date of the release, and bluebird bio undertakes no duty to update this information unless required by law.

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bluebird bio to Present New Data from Clinical Studies of elivaldogene autotemcel (eli-cel, Lenti-D) Gene Therapy for Cerebral Adrenoleukodystrophy...

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Re: Management of post-acute covid-19 in primary care – The BMJ

By daniellenierenberg

Dear EditorExcellent review and so needed and well-timedThe only issue that did not get the attention it needs are the neuropsychiatric symptoms of mild COVID-19. This is important for medical professionals to know, to avoid labeling the patients' problems as psychiatric and even hysterical as some recently did in a major newspaper here in Belgium.There are two sides to the mental sequelae of mild COVID.a) the consequences of the impact of going through a global pandemic, of lockdown, of COVID patients in their immediate environment, of the fear of infection or infecting others, of losing their job, and finally of their own infection.b) the mental symptoms of an organic disorder.In the subject literature about COIVD-19 (and MERS, SARS and other infections) several mechanisms are mentioned.-A direct neurotropic impact of the virus, especially, but not only via ACE2, both in neurons and glial cells, especially targeting the brain stem which plays a role in emotions. and brought there, among other things, via the direct connection of the olfactory bulb.-Inflammatory and immune reactions that result in cognitive and psychiatric symptoms:(the "misty brain" cited by many patients)-Reactions of the autonomic nervous system, eg cardiac arrhythmias can also be very scary.-Alteration of the gas exchange -oxygen nd carbon dioxide- due to damage to the alveoli resulting in a suboptimal pH.These results in mental symptoms of an organic disorder: memory problems, word finding disorders, confusion, major sleeping problems, insecure motor skills, anorexia, etc. and of course very often chronic fatigue, muscle weakness and anxiety.Of course, fear or anger of the patient are amplified when the doctor labels this as purely psychological, while the patient who has never been ill before, clearly experiences its not.

Because we have only known the disease for six months and we still know so little about it, it is therefore better to take the experiences of the patients seriously, instead of brushing them off as purely psychological or psychiatric.

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Re: Management of post-acute covid-19 in primary care - The BMJ

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RT-PCR is the most reliable test in the covid diagnosis: Dr A. Velumani, CEO, Thyrocare Technologies Ltd. – ETHealthworld.com

By daniellenierenberg

Shahid Akhter, editor, ETHealthworld, spoke to. Dr A. Velumani, Promoter, Chairman, Managing Director and Chief Executive Officer, Thyrocare Technologies, to know more about the challenges and opportunities associated with Covid diagnostics business.

Covid-19 : ChallengesBecause of the lockdown, the existing non-covid healthcare and diagnostics business collapsed. It collapsed to 2% suddenly within a week and it didn't allow it to resume for three months.Multiple advisory's multiple tests, whom to test and whom not to, along with plenty of show cause notice because a lot of administrators wanted to under-report positivity and some probably wanted the professional gains, so a lot of time they took in the review. These were the challenges but there were a lot of opportunities as well.

Covid-19: LearningsIn my opinion, Lockdown is not the solution, repeating lockdowns, having every different strict guideline for every different state is not the solution. It won't help to reduce. Secondly, Rapid antigen kits are useless, it doesn't solve anything so we've learned the RT-PCR is the most reliable one in the covid diagnosis.Covid-19: Government's InitiativeAlso, the government labs have contributed significantly which wasn't expected, we were all thinking it is just the private labs who are truly scaling up but government labs too scaled up and contributed more in more than 50% of the testing.

Covid-19: Immunity and antibodyImmunity matters, I don't think lockdown can stop Covid. It is the antibodies that can stop the Covid and India is blessed as only 30% tests are there per million whereas in the US there are 600 tests per million. The antibody power is important to be seen as well if not then there is a problem.

Covid-19: Towards a new normalWork from home will continue, even in healthcare, it is just 17% which is working from home. Also, there will be two different religions in healthcare that will be Covid and Non-Covid so that infection will not pass on to one covid patient to another and non-covid will not move to covid hospitals. The spending on hygiene needs to be high because the general population is scared, medical doctors are scared and the patients are scared.

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RT-PCR is the most reliable test in the covid diagnosis: Dr A. Velumani, CEO, Thyrocare Technologies Ltd. - ETHealthworld.com

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UC Davis researchers find a way to help stem cells work …

By daniellenierenberg

Blocking an enzyme linked with inflammation makes it possible for stem cells to repair damaged heart tissue, new research from UC Davis Health scientists shows.

Researchers Phung Thai (left) and Padmini Sirish were part of a research team seeking stem cell solutions to heart failure care.

The enzyme soluble epoxide hydrolase, or sEH is a known factor in lung and joint disease. Now, it is a focus of heart-disease researchers as well.

The authors expect their work will lead to a new and powerful class of compounds that overcome the cell death and muscle thickening associated with heart failure a common outcome of a heart attack or long-term cardiovascular disease.

The study, conducted in mice, is published in Stem Cells Translational Medicine. The work was led by cardiologist Nipavan Chiamvimonvat.

The science of using stem cell treatments for heart disease has been full of promise but little progress, Chiamvimonvat said. The inflammation that accompanies heart disease is simply not conducive to stem cell survival.

Prior studies show that stem cells transplanted to the heart experience significant attrition in a very short period of time.

We think weve found a way to quiet that inflammatory environment, giving stem cells a chance to survive and do the healing work we know they can do, said lead author and cardiovascular medicine researcher Padmini Sirish.

Heart failure occurs when the heart no longer pumps blood efficiently, reducing oxygen throughout the body. Survival is around 45-60% five years after diagnosis. It affects approximately 5.7 million people in the U.S., with annual costs of nearly $30 billion. By 2030, it could affect as many as 9 million people at a cost of nearly $80 billion.

Chiamvimonvat often treats patients with heart failure and has been frustrated by the lack of effective medications for the disease, especially when it progresses to later stages. The best current therapies for end-stage heart failure are surgical heart transplants or mechanical heart pumps.

She expects her outcome will lead to a two-part treatment for end-stage heart failure that combines an sEH-blocking compound with stem cell transplantation.

Chiamvimonvat and her team tested that theory in mice using cardiac muscle cells known as cardiomyocytes, which were derived from human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs). A hiPSC is a cell taken from any human tissue (usually skin or blood) and genetically modified to behave like an embryonic stem cell. They have the ability to form all cell types.

This research was led by cardiologist Nipavan Chiamvimonvat.

The specific sEH inhibitor used in the study TPPU was selected based on the work of co-author and cancer researcher Bruce Hammock, whose lab has provided detailed studies of nearly a dozen of the enzyme inhibitors.

The researchers studied six groups of mice with induced heart attacks. A group treated with a combination of the inhibitor and hiPSCs had the best outcomes in terms of increased engraftment and survival of transplanted stem cells. That group also had less heart muscle thickening and improved cardiac function.

Taken together, our data suggests that conditioning hiPSC cardiomyocytes with sEH inhibitors may help the cells to better survive the harsh conditions in the muscle damaged by a heart attack, Hammock said.

Chiamvimonvat and her team will next test the process in a larger research animal model to provide more insights into the beneficial role of TPPU. She also wants to test the process with additional heart diseases, including atrial fibrillation. Her ultimate goal, in collaboration with Hammock, is to launch human clinical trials to test the safety of the treatment.

It is my dream as a clinician and scientist to take the problems I see in the clinic to the lab for solutions that benefit our patients, Chiamvimonvat said. It is only possible because of the incredible strength of our team and the extraordinarily collaborative nature of research at UC Davis.

Additional co-authors were Phung Thai, Jun Yang, Xiao-Dong Zhang, Lu Ren, Ning Li, Valeriy Timofeyev, Kin Sing Lee, Carol Nader, Douglas Rowland, Sergey Yechikov, Svetlana Ganaga, J. Nilas Young and Deborah Lieu, all from UC Davis.

Their work was funded by the American Heart Association, Harold S. Geneen Charitable Trust. Rosenfeld Heart Foundation, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and the National Institutes of Health (grants T32HL86350, F32HL149288, K99R00ES024806, R35ES030443, P42ES04699, IR35 ES0443-1, P01AG051443, R01DC015135, R56HL138392, R01HL085727, R01HL085844, R01HL137228 and S10RR033106).

The study, titled Suppression of Inflammation and Fibrosis using Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Inhibitors Enhances Cardiac Stem Cell-Based Therapy, is available online.

More information about UC Davis Health, including its cardiovascular medicine and stem cell programs, is at health.ucdavis.edu.

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Covid-19 patients with heart problems more likely to die: Study – ETHealthworld.com

By daniellenierenberg

London: In a major study, researchers have found that Covid-19 patients with cardiovascular comorbidities or risk factors are more likely to develop heart complications while hospitalised, and more likely to die from the virus.

According to the study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, it is crucial for clinicians working with cardiovascular patients to understand the clinical presentation and risk factors for Covid-19 infection in this group.

"For most people, the Novel Coronavirus Disease 2019 (Covid-19) causes mild illness, however, it can generate severe pneumonia and lead to death in others," said study authors from the Magna Graecia University in Italy.

At the time they were admitted to the hospital, 12.89 per cent of the patients had cardiovascular comorbidities, 36.08 per cent had hypertension and 19.45 per cent had diabetes.

The findings showed that cardiovascular complications were documented during the hospital stay of 14.09 per cent of Covid-19 patients.

According to the researchers, the most common of these complications were arrhythmias or palpitations; significant numbers of patients also had myocardial injury.

Myocardial injury is considered acute if there is a rise and fall of cardiac troponin concentrations exceeding biological and analytical variation.

When the researchers analysed the data, they found that pre-existing cardiovascular comorbidities or risk factors were significant predictors of cardiovascular complications, but age and gender were not.

The study showed that both age and pre-existing cardiovascular comorbidities or risk factors were significant predictors of death.

"Cardiovascular complications are frequent among Covid-19 patients and might contribute to adverse clinical events and mortality," the study author concluded.

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