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Cardiac Stem Cell – an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

By daniellenierenberg

Cardiosphere-Derived Cells

The formation of cardiospheres from human and murine heart tissue was first described in 2004 by Messina and coworkers [16]. It was demonstrated that, when placed in adherent plates, heart explants generated a layer of fibroblast-like cells over which small, phase-bright cells migrated. These phase-bright cells were collected and transferred to nonadherent plates where they originated three-dimensional structures named cardiospheres. Cardiospheres were clonogenic and when co-cultured with rat neonatal cardiomyocytes expressed troponin I and connexin 43. Additionally, there was visual evidence that cardiospheres showed synchronous contractions with cardiomyocytes. When transplanted into infarcted hearts, these cells started to express myosin heavy chain as well as -smooth muscle actin and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule, which resulted in functional improvement. Curiously, when the expression of surface molecules was analyzed by flow cytometry, cardiospheres showed a 25% expression of c-kit. Thus, it is possible that c-kit+ cells contribute to the characteristics observed in cardiospheres, explaining the similar findings between these two cardiac progenitor/stem cell types.

However, it was only in 2007 that Marbns group described cardiosphere-derived cells (CDCs) [19]. They slightly changed Messinas protocol by placing cardiospheres in adherent plates where cells were grown in monolayers instead of three-dimensional structures. The advantage of this step was that cell expansion in monolayers was easier and faster, which would facilitate future clinical use. Flow cytometry showed that c-kit expression was still present in similar levels to those described by Messina and coworkers. Additionally, high expression levels of CD105 and CD90 were found, indicating a mesenchymal phenotype. When co-cultured with rat neonatal cardiomyocytes, CDCs presented spontaneous intracellular calcium transients and action potentials, as well as INa, IK1 and ICa,L currents. In vivo, injection of CDCs in acute myocardial infarctions (MI) prevented further ejection fraction deterioration 3 weeks after MI when compared to placebo and fibroblast injected mice. In 2009, Marbns group also reported functional benefit and reduction of infarct size in a porcine animal model after CDC injection [37], a preclinical model that prompted a phase I clinical trial (CADUCEUS, ClinicalTrials.gov, Identifier NCT00893360).

Nonetheless, the usage of cardiospheres as a source of cardiac stem cells has been refuted. Andersen and coworkers showed that even though cardiospheres can be produced from heart specimens, they do not hold cardiomyogenic potential and simply represent aggregated fibroblasts [38]. This group also found cells that expressed cardiac contractile proteins, such as myosin heavy chain and troponin T, in cardiospheres. However, the findings were attributed to the presence of contaminating heart tissue fragments in the explant-derived cell suspension. By adding a filtration step in which explant-derived cells were passed through cell strainers prior to cardiosphere formation, the presence of cells expressing cardiac contractile proteins was eliminated. In addition, this group showed that phase-bright cells were of hematopoietic origin and did not organize into spheric structures, a characteristic attributed to the fibroblast-like cells.

In response to Andersens findings, Marbns group published a revalidation of the CDC isolation method [39]. Using a strategy identical to the one described by Hsieh and colleagues [8], cardiomyocytes were irreversibly labeled with GFP after a tamoxifen pulse (see Fig. 8.1). Isolation of CDCs from these transgenic mouse hearts did not reveal the presence of GFP+ cells, refuting the possibility that cardiac differentiation of CDCs was due to the presence of contaminating myocardial tissue fragments. Additionally, they reported that cardiospheres were consistently negative for CD45, indicating that CDCs do not contain cells of hematopoietic origin. The authors also emphasized that Andersen and coworkers used different isolation protocols, which could justify the discrepancies found in results.

Even though they demonstrated that CDCs expressed myosin heavy chain after transplantation into myocardial infarctions in mice [17], indicating that cardiomyogenic differentiation was possible in vivo, an additional mechanism was proposed to explain the improvement in cardiac function. Chimenti and colleagues studied the relative roles of direct regeneration versus paracrine effects promoted by human CDCs in a mouse infarction model [40]. The paracrine hypothesis has been used frequently to explain the beneficial effects observed with several types of adult stem cells or bone marrowderived cells used in cell therapy experiments. According to this hypothesis, stem cells could act secreting signaling molecules, which may influence cardiomyocyte survival and angiogenesis and could also recruit endogenous cardiac stem cells. Chimenti and coworkers demonstrated that CDCs secrete high levels of insulin growth factor-1 (IGF-1), hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Moreover, using in vivo bioluminescence assays, the authors showed that no cells could be found in the heart 1 week after injection, even though functional improvement persisted until 3 weeks post-MI. Therefore, it seems that cell persistence is not important for functional improvement, strengthening the paracrine hypothesis. To address this issue, the authors quantified capillary density and viable myocardium analyzing the contributions of human (injected) and mouse (endogenous) cells to each of these variables 1-week post-MI [40]. They found that, for both variables, the contribution of endogenous cells was more prominent than that of injected cells. Hence, the release of factors seems to be more important than direct regeneration in the improvement of cardiac function after cell therapy with CDCs.

Recently, results of a phase I clinical trial using CDCs were published [41]. The safety of autologous intracoronary delivery of CDCs to patients 1.5 to 3 months after MI was evaluated. Cells were obtained from endomyocardial biopsies and cultured according to the protocols previously established by Eduardo Marbns group. Patients with a recent MI (less than 4 weeks) and left ventricular ejection fraction ranging from 25% to 45% were eligible for inclusion. Twelve months after cell therapy, patients treated with CDCs had a 12.3% decrease in scar size, whereas the control group had a 2.2% reduction, as measured by late enhancement after gadolinium MRI. However, no differences were detected in ejection fraction between cell-treated and control groups. It is important to note that this was a safety study; therefore, phase II double-blinded placebo-controlled clinical trials still need to be performed to access efficacy of therapy with CDCs in humans. Additionally, a more thorough cell biologic characterization of CDCs is required to understand provenience, molecular identity, and mechanism of action of these cells as potential cardioprotective agents.

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Cardiac Stem Cell - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

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Coronavirus may infect heart cells of COVID-19 patients, scientists say – Outlook India

By daniellenierenberg

Los Angeles, Jul 1 (PTI) Researchers, including those of Indian-origin, have shown that the novel coronavirus can infect lab-grown cardiac muscle cells, indicating it may be possible for the virus to directly cause heart infection in COVID-19 patients.

The study, published in the journal Cell Reports Medicine, was based on experiments conducted in lab-grown heart muscle cells which were produced from unspecialised human stem cells.

"We not only uncovered that these stem cell-derived heart cells are susceptible to infection by novel coronavirus, but that the virus can also quickly divide within the heart muscle cells," said study co-author Arun Sharma from the Cedars-Sinai Board of Governors Regenerative Medicine Institute in the US.

"Even more significant, the infected heart cells showed changes in their ability to beat after 72 hours of infection," Sharma said.

Although many COVID-19 patients experience heart problems, the scientists said the reasons for these symptoms are not entirely clear.

They said pre-existing cardiac conditions, or inflammation and oxygen deprivation that result from the infection have all been implicated.

According to the scientists, there is only limited evidence available that the novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, directly infects individual muscle cells of the heart.

The current study showed that SARS-CoV-2 can infect heart cells derived from human stem-cells and change how the genes in these cells helped make proteins.

Based on this observation, the scientists confirmed that human heart cells can be actively infected by the virus, activating innate cellular "defense mechanisms" in an effort to help clear out the virus.

Citing the limitations of the study, they said these findings are not a perfect replicate of what is happening in the human body since the research was carried out in lab-grown heart cells.

However, this knowledge may help investigators use stem cell-derived heart cells as a screening platform to identify new antiviral compounds that could alleviate viral infection of the heart, believes study co-author Clive Svendsen.

"This viral pandemic is predominately defined by respiratory symptoms, but there are also cardiac complications, including arrhythmias, heart failure and viral myocarditis," said Svendsen, director of the Regenerative Medicine Institute.

"While this could be the result of massive inflammation in response to the virus, our data suggest that the heart could also be directly affected by the virus in COVID-19," Svendsen said.

The scientists also found that treatment with an antibody protein could lock onto the human cell surface receptor ACE2 -- a known SARS-CoV-2 ''gateway'' into cells.

According to the researchers, the antibody treatment was able to blunt viral replication on the lab-grown heart cells, suggesting that the ACE2 receptor could be used by the virus to enter human heart muscle cells.

"By blocking the ACE2 protein with an antibody, the virus is not as easily able to bind to the ACE2 protein, and thus cannot easily enter the cell," Sharma said.

"This not only helps us understand the mechanisms of how this virus functions, but also suggests therapeutic approaches that could be used as a potential treatment for SARS-CoV-2 infection," he added.

In the study, the researchers also used human induced pluripotent stem cells, or iPSCs, which are a type of undifferentiated cells grown in the lab from a person''s blood or skin cells.

They said iPSCs can make any cell type found in the body, each one carrying the genetic material of the individual.

According to the scientists, tissue-specific cells created in this way are used for research, and for creating and testing potential disease treatments.

"It is plausible that direct infection of cardiac muscle cells may contribute to COVID-related heart disease," said Eduardo Marban, executive director of the Smidt Heart Institute in the US, and study co-author.

"This key experimental system could be useful to understand the differences in disease processes of related coronaviral pathogens, SARS and MERS," said Vaithilingaraja Arumugaswami, another co-author of the study from the University of California Los Angeles in the US. PTI VISVIS

Disclaimer :- This story has not been edited by Outlook staff and is auto-generated from news agency feeds. Source: PTI

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Coronavirus may infect heart cells of COVID-19 patients, scientists say - Outlook India

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Stem Cells for Cardiac Patients

By daniellenierenberg

Febrero 2013

James T. Willerson, MD

James T. Willerson, MD,Texas Heart Institute

Heart and vascular disease (or cardiovascular disease, CVD) are the leading causes of death and disability in the world, despite a large proportion of it being preventable.

In the US alone, 82.6 million Americans have some form of CVD. Someone dies from CVD every 33 seconds. More than 40,000 children are born each year with a congenital heart defect.

One of the most promising new avenues for CVD treatment is the use of adult stem cells, to help heal and regenerate damaged hearts.

How can stem cells help the heart?

Stem cells are actually part of our natural circulating rescue system. They travel out of the bone marrow and patrol the circulation system looking for areas of injury to repair. We also have resident stem cells in every organ of the body.

Our first-in-the-world stem cell research at the the Stem Cell Center of the Texas Heart Institute, and subsequent clinical trials in humans, have shown that a patient's own stem cells, harvested from their bone marrow, can help generate new heart muscle tissues and blood vessels in hearts damaged by heart attacks or severe heart failure.

Advances in Stem Cells

After years of study, we have found that when people reach their early 60s, and they begin to have health issues with their bodies, their stem cells also lose their restorative powers. Subsequent research has shown, however, that certain specific cells can be taken from the body fat or bone marrow of healthy young individuals and may be used therapeutically in older patients without adverse immunological reaction. Clinical trials are ongoing and we are constantly learning more about this.

As a result of this work, the National Heart Lung and Blood Institute has established a nationwide consortium of leading medical and research institutions, the Cardiovascular Cell Therapy Research Network (CCTRN), to carry cardiac cell therapy research forward. We are very optimistic about the future of this type of stem cell therapy.

Building New Organs and Reversing Disease

Another area of great promise is the emerging field of regenerative medicine. Dr. Doris Taylor recently joined the Texas Heart Institute as Director of Regenerative Medicine Research. Through her pioneering work, we now have the capability to deplete animal and human hearts of all of their cellular structure and regenerate the "decellularized" scaffolds into healthy organs by the infusion of stem cells. These methods also work on other organs in the body. Many believe that these "bioartificial" organs are the early steps toward our ability to grow new organs for people using their own adult stem cells. We are optimistic that the technology will allow us to begin safe clinical trials in humans within only a few years.

In sum, many advances in stem cells, genetics, and regenerative medicine hold great promise and these fields are advancing rapidly. The next decade or more will undoubtedly be a golden age for progress. We are determined to push the field forward until heart and vascular disease are a thing of the past and our children have a more heart-healthy future ahead of them.

James T. Willerson, MD, is a living legend in cardiovascular medicine. He is the President and Medical Director of the Texas Heart Institute, and the immediate past President of the University of Texas Health Science Center in Houston. Dr. Willerson is a native Texan; he attend UT Austin, Baylor College of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, and trained at Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston. Dr. Willerson has received numerous honors and awards, including the Gold Heart Award, the highest award from the American Heart Association. He has been elected a Fellow in the Royal Society of Medicine of the UK, and made an Honorary Member of the Societies of Cardiology in Peru, Spain, Greece, Venezuela, and Chile. Dr. Willerson is currently President of the International Academy of Cardiovascular Sciences. There is also a swimming scholarship named for him at UT Austin.

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Heart repair, cardiac regeneration and stem cells …

By daniellenierenberg

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality worldwide according to the World Health Organization, mainly due to the occurrence of coronary heart disease and stroke but also to congenital diseases. Because of the phenomenon of population aging and unhealthy ways of life which contribute to ...

Cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of mortality worldwide according to the World Health Organization, mainly due to the occurrence of coronary heart disease and stroke but also to congenital diseases. Because of the phenomenon of population aging and unhealthy ways of life which contribute to increased risk factors, the number of death from cardiovascular diseases is expected to rise in the near future. So far the heart has been considered to be an organ composed of terminally differentiated cells and not capable of self-regeneration. However recent decisive advancements in this field of research provided evidence that cardiac tissues have the potential for a limited self-renewal. This novel concept thus expands the possibilities for cell-based therapies in the heart to replace dead cardiac muscle cells, since not only exogenous cells could be transplanted but also endogenous progenitor cells could be re-activated. The latest improvements in stem cell bioengineering enable scientists to produce cardiomyocytes from the differentiation of embryonic stem cell lines, but also from adult (animal and human) cells via the so-called induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). The iPSC technology offers the unique opportunity to create cellular models of human adult diseases such as inherited arrhythmia, which proves useful for toxicity studies and drug design. Moreover many of these embryonic or adult cell lines could be considered as candidates for transplantation, provided they would be successful in surviving, migrating, differentiating, distributing, and aligning after engraftment, fundamental properties which still remain huge challenges according to recent studies. Indeed while human embryonic stem cell-derived cardiac myocytes are not yet satisfactory for regeneration of the myocardium in terms of safety and efficacy, the production of sufficient quantities of adult iPSC-derived cardiomyocytes would require immense costs. An alternative promising approach is the use of autologous bone marrow stem cells that can be injected in patients via intra-coronary or intra-myocardial delivery. More clinical trials will be necessary to determine whether this method provides real improvements in ischaemic heart disease. The scope of this Research Topic is to propose a platform of exchange and discussion for scientists interested in the utilisation of stem and progenitor cells for cardiac repair. Our emphasis will range from physiological aspects to bioengineering and clinical applications. Hence we aim at bringing ideas of collaboration and improvements, preliminary results and new perspectives, in order to start answering the following questions: 1)What would be the ideal cell type for therapy? 2)Are we ready yet for cell transplantation? 3)Can we make progress in the maturation of cardiomyocytes derived from stem cells? 4)Cell therapy or engineered heart tissue? For which disease?

Important Note: All contributions to this Research Topic must be within the scope of the section and journal to which they are submitted, as defined in their mission statements. Frontiers reserves the right to guide an out-of-scope manuscript to a more suitable section or journal at any stage of peer review.

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Interim Analysis of Recardio’s Phase II Clinical Trial to Be Presented at the 2020 Congress of the European Society of Cardiology – PRNewswire

By daniellenierenberg

SAN FRANCISCO, June 29, 2020 /PRNewswire/ --Entitled "Randomized, Double Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Safety and Efficacy Study of Dutogliptin in Combination with Filgrastim in Early Recovery Post-Myocardial Infarction: rationale, design and first interim analysis", the presentation provides an initial insight into patient outcomes of the trial that is currently ongoing in multiple centers. Patients included in this trial experienced a severe form of Myocardial Infarction known as STEMI. Soon after the initial intervention to re-establish adequate blood flow to the coronary arteries, patients begin a two-week treatment with Recardio's dutogliptin, a small molecule that enables sustained homing of mobilised stem cells to the site of cardiac injury. By releasing paracrine factors, stem cells have been shown to have significant repair and regenerative effects that improve healing and recovery of cardiac function after the infarction.

More information about the clinical program is available by visiting the "clinicaltrials.gov" website at the following link:https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03486080

About Recardio

Recardio Inc. is a clinical-stage life science company focusing ontherapies for cardiovascular, oncology and infectious diseases. The company is located in San Francisco, California, and hasoperations in the USA and Europe.The company's lead drug candidate, dutogliptin, is a DPP-IV inhibitor that has demonstrated significant effects in activating various chemokines like SDF-1, a protein that is critical for cardiac regeneration. In addition to its current Phase 2 cardiovascular clinical program, Recardio will fully develop the therapeutic platform as a regenerative medication for patients with various cardiovascular diseases including acute myocardial infarction and chronic heart failure, with the potential of improving heart function, quality of life and survival.

For more information, visit:http://www.recardio.eu/or contact[emailprotected]

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Interim Analysis of Recardio's Phase II Clinical Trial to Be Presented at the 2020 Congress of the European Society of Cardiology - PRNewswire

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FDA Approves Merck’s KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) for First-Line Treatment of Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic MSI-H or dMMR Colorectal Cancer -…

By daniellenierenberg

KENILWORTH, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved KEYTRUDA, Mercks anti-PD-1 therapy, as monotherapy for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) colorectal cancer. The approval is based on results from the Phase 3 KEYNOTE-177 trial, in which KEYTRUDA significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 40% (HR=0.60 [95% CI, 0.45-0.80; p=0.0004]) compared with chemotherapy, the current standard of care. In the study, treatment with KEYTRUDA also more than doubled median progression-free survival (PFS) compared with chemotherapy (16.5 months [95% CI, 5.4-32.4] versus 8.2 months [95% CI, 6.1-10.2]).

Todays approval has the potential to change the treatment paradigm for the first-line treatment of patients with MSI-H colorectal cancer, based on the important findings from KEYNOTE-177 that showed KEYTRUDA monotherapy demonstrated superior progression-free survival compared to standard of care chemotherapy, said Dr. Roy Baynes, senior vice president and head of global clinical development, chief medical officer, Merck Research Laboratories. Our commitment to pursuing biomarker research continues to help us bring new treatments to patients, particularly for those who have few available options.

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur with KEYTRUDA, including pneumonitis, colitis, hepatitis, endocrinopathies, nephritis and renal dysfunction, severe skin reactions, solid organ transplant rejection, and complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Based on the severity of the adverse reaction, KEYTRUDA should be withheld or discontinued and corticosteroids administered if appropriate. KEYTRUDA can also cause severe or life-threatening infusion-related reactions. Based on its mechanism of action, KEYTRUDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. For more information, see Selected Important Safety Information below.

This approval was granted less than one month following the submission of a new supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA), which was reviewed under the FDAs Real-Time Oncology Review (RTOR) pilot program. This review also was conducted under Project Orbis, an initiative of the FDA Oncology Center of Excellence that provides a framework for concurrent submission and review of oncology drugs among its international partners. For this application, a modified Project Orbis was undertaken, and the FDA is collaborating with the Australian Therapeutic Goods Administration, Health Canada and Swissmedic on their ongoing review of the application.

Patients with unresectable or metastatic MSI-H colorectal cancer have historically faced poor outcomes, and until today, chemotherapy-containing regimens were the only FDA-approved first-line treatment options, said Luis A. Diaz, M.D., head of the division of Solid Tumor Oncology, Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center. In patients who were treated with KEYTRUDA and responded (n=67) in the KEYNOTE-177 trial, 43% of patients experienced a duration of response lasting two years or longer. This approval helps address the unmet need to provide a new monotherapy treatment option for patients.

Data Supporting the Approval

The approval was based on data from KEYNOTE-177 (NCT02563002), a multi-center, randomized, open-label, active-controlled trial that enrolled 307 patients with previously untreated unresectable or metastatic MSI-H or dMMR colorectal cancer. Microsatellite instability (MSI) or mismatch repair (MMR) tumor status was determined locally using polymerase chain reaction or immunohistochemistry, respectively. Patients with autoimmune disease or a medical condition that required immunosuppression were ineligible.

Patients were randomized 1:1 to receive KEYTRUDA 200 mg intravenously every three weeks or investigators choice of the following chemotherapy regimens given intravenously every two weeks:

Treatment with KEYTRUDA or chemotherapy continued until Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1-defined progression of disease as determined by the investigator or unacceptable toxicity. Patients treated with KEYTRUDA without disease progression could be treated for up to 24 months. Assessment of tumor status was performed every nine weeks. Patients randomized to chemotherapy were offered KEYTRUDA at the time of disease progression. The main efficacy outcome measure was progression-free survival (PFS) as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR) according to RECIST v1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of five target lesions per organ, and overall survival (OS). Additional efficacy outcome measures were objective response rate (ORR) and duration of response (DOR).

Patients were enrolled and randomized to KEYTRUDA (n=153) or chemotherapy (n=154). The baseline characteristics of these 307 patients were: median age of 63 years (range, 24 to 93), 47% age 65 or older; 50% male; 75% White and 16% Asian; 52% had an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) of 0, and 48% had an ECOG PS of 1; and 27% received prior adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Among the 154 patients randomized to receive chemotherapy, 143 received chemotherapy per the protocol. Of these 143 patients, 56% received mFOLFOX6, 44% received FOLFIRI, 70% received bevacizumab plus mFOLFOX6 or FOLFIRI, and 11% received cetuximab plus mFOLFOX6 or FOLFIRI. The median follow-up time was 27.6 months (range, 0.2 to 48.3 months).

In this study, KEYTRUDA monotherapy significantly reduced the risk of disease progression or death by 40% (HR=0.60 [95% CI, 0.45-0.80; p=0.0004]) and showed a median PFS of 16.5 months (95% CI, 5.4-32.4) compared with 8.2 months (95% CI, 6.1-10.2) for patients treated with chemotherapy. For PFS, in the KEYTRUDA arm, there were 82 patients (54%) with an event versus 113 patients (73%) in the chemotherapy arm. At the time of the PFS analysis, the OS data were not mature (66% of the required number of events for the OS final analysis). For patients treated with KEYTRUDA, the ORR was 44% (95% CI, 35.8-52.0), with a complete response rate of 11% and a partial response rate of 33%, and for patients treated with chemotherapy, the ORR was 33% (95% CI, 25.8-41.1), with a complete response rate of 4% and a partial response rate of 29%. Median DOR was not reached (range, 2.3+ to 41.4+) with KEYTRUDA versus 10.6 months (range, 2.8 to 37.5+) with chemotherapy. Based on 67 patients with a response in the KEYTRUDA arm and 51 patients with a response in the chemotherapy arm, 75% in the KEYTRUDA arm had a duration of response greater than or equal to 12 months versus 37% in the chemotherapy arm, and 43% in the KEYTRUDA arm had a duration of response greater than or equal to 24 months versus 18% in the chemotherapy arm.

Among the 153 patients with MSI-H or dMMR colorectal cancer treated with KEYTRUDA, the median duration of exposure to KEYTRUDA was 11.1 months (range, 1 day to 30.6 months). Adverse reactions occurring in patients with MSI-H or dMMR colorectal cancer were similar to those occurring in 2,799 patients with melanoma or non-small cell lung cancer treated with KEYTRUDA as a single agent.

About KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Injection, 100 mg

KEYTRUDA is an anti-PD-1 therapy that works by increasing the ability of the bodys immune system to help detect and fight tumor cells. KEYTRUDA is a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction between PD-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, thereby activating T lymphocytes which may affect both tumor cells and healthy cells.

Merck has the industrys largest immuno-oncology clinical research program. There are currently more than 1,200 trials studying KEYTRUDA across a wide variety of cancers and treatment settings. The KEYTRUDA clinical program seeks to understand the role of KEYTRUDA across cancers and the factors that may predict a patient's likelihood of benefitting from treatment with KEYTRUDA, including exploring several different biomarkers.

Selected KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Indications

Melanoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph node(s) following complete resection.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

KEYTRUDA, in combination with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with NSCLC expressing PD-L1 [tumor proportion score (TPS) 1%] as determined by an FDA-approved test, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations, and is stage III where patients are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or metastatic.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L1 (TPS 1%) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving KEYTRUDA.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least 1 other prior line of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with platinum and fluorouracil (FU), is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent HNSCC whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 1] as determined by an FDA-approved test.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy.

Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), or who have relapsed after 3 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL), or who have relapsed after 2 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. KEYTRUDA is not recommended for treatment of patients with PMBCL who require urgent cytoreductive therapy.

Urothelial Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who are not eligible for cisplatin-containing chemotherapy and whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 10], as determined by an FDA-approved test, or in patients who are not eligible for any platinum-containing chemotherapy regardless of PD-L1 status. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-unresponsive, high-risk, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) with carcinoma in situ (CIS) with or without papillary tumors who are ineligible for or have elected not to undergo cystectomy.

Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR)

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with MSI-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Colorectal Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic MSI-H or dMMR colorectal cancer (CRC).

Gastric Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after two or more prior lines of therapy including fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy and if appropriate, HER2/neu-targeted therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Esophageal Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 10) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression after one or more prior lines of systemic therapy.

Cervical Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Renal Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA, in combination with axitinib, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Tumor Mutational Burden-High (TMB-H)

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic tumor mutational burden-high (TMB-H) [10 mutations/megabase (mut/Mb)] solid tumors, as determined by an FDA-approved test, that have progressed following prior treatment and who have no satisfactory alternative treatment options. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with TMB-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) that is not curable by surgery or radiation.

Selected Important Safety Information for KEYTRUDA

Immune-Mediated Pneumonitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated pneumonitis, including fatal cases. Pneumonitis occurred in 3.4% (94/2799) of patients with various cancers receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 1 (0.8%), 2 (1.3%), 3 (0.9%), 4 (0.3%), and 5 (0.1%). Pneumonitis occurred in 8.2% (65/790) of NSCLC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-4 in 3.2% of patients, and occurred more frequently in patients with a history of prior thoracic radiation (17%) compared to those without (7.7%). Pneumonitis occurred in 6% (18/300) of HNSCC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-5 in 1.6% of patients, and occurred in 5.4% (15/276) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with platinum and FU as first-line therapy for advanced disease, including Grades 3-5 in 1.5% of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of pneumonitis. Evaluate suspected pneumonitis with radiographic imaging. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater pneumonitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 or recurrent Grade 2 pneumonitis.

Immune-Mediated Colitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated colitis. Colitis occurred in 1.7% (48/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.4%), 3 (1.1%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of colitis. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater colitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 or 3; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 4 colitis.

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis (KEYTRUDA) and Hepatotoxicity (KEYTRUDA in Combination With Axitinib)

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated hepatitis. Hepatitis occurred in 0.7% (19/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.4%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for changes in liver function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater hepatitis and, based on severity of liver enzyme elevations, withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Hepatotoxicity in Combination With Axitinib

KEYTRUDA in combination with axitinib can cause hepatic toxicity with higher than expected frequencies of Grades 3 and 4 ALT and AST elevations compared to KEYTRUDA alone. With the combination of KEYTRUDA and axitinib, Grades 3 and 4 increased ALT (20%) and increased AST (13%) were seen. Monitor liver enzymes before initiation of and periodically throughout treatment. Consider more frequent monitoring of liver enzymes as compared to when the drugs are administered as single agents. For elevated liver enzymes, interrupt KEYTRUDA and axitinib, and consider administering corticosteroids as needed.

Immune-Mediated Endocrinopathies

KEYTRUDA can cause adrenal insufficiency (primary and secondary), hypophysitis, thyroid disorders, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 0.8% (22/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypophysitis occurred in 0.6% (17/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.2%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypothyroidism occurred in 8.5% (237/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (6.2%) and 3 (0.1%). The incidence of new or worsening hypothyroidism was higher in 1185 patients with HNSCC (16%) receiving KEYTRUDA, as a single agent or in combination with platinum and FU, including Grade 3 (0.3%) hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurred in 3.4% (96/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.8%) and 3 (0.1%), and thyroiditis occurred in 0.6% (16/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%). Type 1 diabetes mellitus, including diabetic ketoacidosis, occurred in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, hypophysitis (including hypopituitarism), thyroid function (prior to and periodically during treatment), and hyperglycemia. For adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis, administer corticosteroids and hormone replacement as clinically indicated. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis and withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or Grade 4 adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis. Administer hormone replacement for hypothyroidism and manage hyperthyroidism with thionamides and beta-blockers as appropriate. Withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 hyperthyroidism. Administer insulin for type 1 diabetes, and withhold KEYTRUDA and administer antihyperglycemics in patients with severe hyperglycemia.

Immune-Mediated Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 0.3% (9/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.1%), and 4 (<0.1%) nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 1.7% (7/405) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy. Monitor patients for changes in renal function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater nephritis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue for Grade 3 or 4 nephritis.

Immune-Mediated Skin Reactions

Immune-mediated rashes, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) (some cases with fatal outcome), exfoliative dermatitis, and bullous pemphigoid, can occur. Monitor patients for suspected severe skin reactions and based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold or permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. For signs or symptoms of SJS or TEN, withhold KEYTRUDA and refer the patient for specialized care for assessment and treatment. If SJS or TEN is confirmed, permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Other Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur in any organ system or tissue in patients receiving KEYTRUDA and may also occur after discontinuation of treatment. For suspected immune-mediated adverse reactions, ensure adequate evaluation to confirm etiology or exclude other causes. Based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. Upon improvement to Grade 1 or less, initiate corticosteroid taper and continue to taper over at least 1 month. Based on limited data from clinical studies in patients whose immune-related adverse reactions could not be controlled with corticosteroid use, administration of other systemic immunosuppressants can be considered. Resume KEYTRUDA when the adverse reaction remains at Grade 1 or less following corticosteroid taper. Permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for any Grade 3 immune-mediated adverse reaction that recurs and for any life-threatening immune-mediated adverse reaction.

The following clinically significant immune-mediated adverse reactions occurred in less than 1% (unless otherwise indicated) of 2799 patients: arthritis (1.5%), uveitis, myositis, Guillain-Barr syndrome, myasthenia gravis, vasculitis, pancreatitis, hemolytic anemia, sarcoidosis, and encephalitis. In addition, myelitis and myocarditis were reported in other clinical trials, including classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and postmarketing use.

Treatment with KEYTRUDA may increase the risk of rejection in solid organ transplant recipients. Consider the benefit of treatment vs the risk of possible organ rejection in these patients.

Infusion-Related Reactions

KEYTRUDA can cause severe or life-threatening infusion-related reactions, including hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis, which have been reported in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions. For Grade 3 or 4 reactions, stop infusion and permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Complications of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

Immune-mediated complications, including fatal events, occurred in patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Of 23 patients with cHL who proceeded to allogeneic HSCT after KEYTRUDA, 6 (26%) developed graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (1 fatal case) and 2 (9%) developed severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) after reduced-intensity conditioning (1 fatal case). Cases of fatal hyperacute GVHD after allogeneic HSCT have also been reported in patients with lymphoma who received a PD-1 receptorblocking antibody before transplantation. Follow patients closely for early evidence of transplant-related complications such as hyperacute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), Grade 3 to 4 acute GVHD, steroid-requiring febrile syndrome, hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), and other immune-mediated adverse reactions.

In patients with a history of allogeneic HSCT, acute GVHD (including fatal GVHD) has been reported after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Patients who experienced GVHD after their transplant procedure may be at increased risk for GVHD after KEYTRUDA. Consider the benefit of KEYTRUDA vs the risk of GVHD in these patients.

Increased Mortality in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

In trials in patients with multiple myeloma, the addition of KEYTRUDA to a thalidomide analogue plus dexamethasone resulted in increased mortality. Treatment of these patients with a PD-1 or PD-L1 blocking antibody in this combination is not recommended outside of controlled trials.

Embryofetal Toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action, KEYTRUDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise women of this potential risk. In females of reproductive potential, verify pregnancy status prior to initiating KEYTRUDA and advise them to use effective contraception during treatment and for 4 months after the last dose.

Adverse Reactions

In KEYNOTE-006, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 9% of 555 patients with advanced melanoma; adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation in more than one patient were colitis (1.4%), autoimmune hepatitis (0.7%), allergic reaction (0.4%), polyneuropathy (0.4%), and cardiac failure (0.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were fatigue (28%), diarrhea (26%), rash (24%), and nausea (21%).

In KEYNOTE-002, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 12% of 357 patients with advanced melanoma; the most common (1%) were general physical health deterioration (1%), asthenia (1%), dyspnea (1%), pneumonitis (1%), and generalized edema (1%). The most common adverse reactions were fatigue (43%), pruritus (28%), rash (24%), constipation (22%), nausea (22%), diarrhea (20%), and decreased appetite (20%).

In KEYNOTE-054, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 14% of 509 patients; the most common (1%) were pneumonitis (1.4%), colitis (1.2%), and diarrhea (1%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 25% of patients receiving KEYTRUDA. The most common adverse reaction (20%) with KEYTRUDA was diarrhea (28%).

In KEYNOTE-189, when KEYTRUDA was administered with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy in metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 20% of 405 patients. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonitis (3%) and acute kidney injury (2%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were nausea (56%), fatigue (56%), constipation (35%), diarrhea (31%), decreased appetite (28%), rash (25%), vomiting (24%), cough (21%), dyspnea (21%), and pyrexia (20%).

In KEYNOTE-407, when KEYTRUDA was administered with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound in metastatic squamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 15% of 101 patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were febrile neutropenia, pneumonia, and urinary tract infection. Adverse reactions observed in KEYNOTE-407 were similar to those observed in KEYNOTE-189 with the exception that increased incidences of alopecia (47% vs 36%) and peripheral neuropathy (31% vs 25%) were observed in the KEYTRUDA and chemotherapy arm compared to the placebo and chemotherapy arm in KEYNOTE-407.

In KEYNOTE-042, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 19% of 636 patients with advanced NSCLC; the most common were pneumonitis (3%), death due to unknown cause (1.6%), and pneumonia (1.4%). The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia (7%), pneumonitis (3.9%), pulmonary embolism (2.4%), and pleural effusion (2.2%). The most common adverse reaction (20%) was fatigue (25%).

In KEYNOTE-010, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 682 patients with metastatic NSCLC; the most common was pneumonitis (1.8%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were decreased appetite (25%), fatigue (25%), dyspnea (23%), and nausea (20%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with SCLC were similar to those occurring in patients with other solid tumors who received KEYTRUDA as a single agent.

In KEYNOTE-048, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse events in 12% of 300 patients with HNSCC; the most common adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation were sepsis (1.7%) and pneumonia (1.3%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (33%), constipation (20%), and rash (20%).

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FDA Approves Merck's KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) for First-Line Treatment of Patients With Unresectable or Metastatic MSI-H or dMMR Colorectal Cancer -...

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Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market 2020-2026: Analysed By Business Growth, Development Factors, Applications, And Future Prospects – 3rd Watch News

By daniellenierenberg

Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market report provides (6 Year Forecast 2020-2026) including detailed Coronavirus (COVID-19) impact analysis on Market Size, Regional and Country-Level Market Size, Segmentation Market Growth, Market Share, Competitive Landscape, Sales Analysis and Value Chain Optimization. This Canine Stem Cell Therapy market competitive landscape offers details by topmost key manufactures (VETSTEM BIOPHARMA, Cell Therapy Sciences, Regeneus, Aratana Therapeutics, Medivet Biologics, Okyanos, Vetbiologics, VetMatrix, Magellan Stem Cells, ANIMAL CELL THERAPIES, Stemcellvet) including Company Overview, Company Total Revenue (Financials), Market Potential, Presence, Canine Stem Cell Therapy industry Sales and Revenue Generated, Market Share, Price, Production Sites and Facilities, SWOT Analysis, Product Launch. For the period 2014-2020, this study provides the Canine Stem Cell Therapy sales, revenue and market share for each player covered in this report.

Key Target Audience of Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market: Manufacturers of Canine Stem Cell Therapy, Raw material suppliers, Market research and consulting firms, Government bodies such as regulating authorities and policy makers, Organizations, forums and alliances related to Canine Stem Cell Therapy market.

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Synopsis of Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market:The non-invasive stem cell obtaining procedure, augmented possibility of accomplishing high quality cells, and lower price of therapy coupled with high success rate of positive outcomes have collectively made allogeneic stem cell therapy a preference for veterinary physicians. Moreover, allogeneic stem cell therapy is 100% safe, which further supports its demand on a global level. Pet owners are identified to prefer allogeneic stem cell therapy over autologous therapy, attributed to its relatively lower costs and comparative ease of the entire procedure.

A rapidly multiplying geriatric population; increasing prevalence of chronic ailments such as cancer and cardiac disease; growing awareness among patients; and heavy investments in clinical innovation are just some of the factors that are impacting the performance of the global healthcare industry.

Based onProduct Type, Canine Stem Cell Therapy market report displays the manufacture, profits, value, and market segment and growth rate of each type, covers:

Allogeneic Stem Cells Autologous Stem cells

Based onend users/applications, Canine Stem Cell Therapy market report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate for each application, this can be divided into:

Veterinary Hospitals Veterinary Clinics Veterinary Research Institutes

Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market: Regional analysis includes:

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The Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market Report Can Answer The Following Questions:

What are the Upstream Raw Materials And Manufacturing Equipment of Canine Stem Cell Therapy? What is the manufacturing process of Canine Stem Cell Therapy?

Who are the key manufacturers of Canine Stem Cell Therapy market? How are their operating situation (Capacity, Production, Price, Cost, Gross and Revenue)?

Economic impact on Canine Stem Cell Therapy industry and development trend of Canine Stem Cell Therapy industry.

What is the (North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Middle East, Asia, China, Japan) Production, Production Value, Consumption, Consumption Value, Import And Export of Canine Stem Cell Therapy?

What will the Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market Size and The Growth Rate be in 2026?

What are the key market trends impacting the growth of the Canine Stem Cell Therapy market?

What are the Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market Challenges to market growth?

What are the types and applications of Canine Stem Cell Therapy? What is the market share of each type and application?

What are the key factors driving the Canine Stem Cell Therapy market?

What are the Canine Stem Cell Therapy market opportunities and threats faced by the vendors in the Canine Stem Cell Therapy market?

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Canine Stem Cell Therapy Market 2020-2026: Analysed By Business Growth, Development Factors, Applications, And Future Prospects - 3rd Watch News

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Exosome Therapeutic Market Size, 2020-New Technological Change Helping Market, Application, Driver, – PharmiWeb.com

By daniellenierenberg

Pune, Maharashtra, India, June 29 2020 (Wiredrelease) Data Bridge Market Research A New Business Intelligence Report released by Data Bridge Market Research with title Global Exosome Therapeutic Market size, share, growth, Industry Trends and Forecast 2027 has abilities to raise as the most significant market worldwide as it has remained playing a remarkable role in establishing progressive impacts on the universal economy. The Global Exosome Therapeutic Market Report offers energetic visions to conclude and study the market size, market hopes, and competitive surroundings. The research is derived through primary and secondary statistics sources and it comprises both qualitative and quantitative detailing. This report has been crafted as the result of persistent efforts lead by knowledgeable forecasters, innovative analysts and brilliant researchers who indulge in detailed and diligent research on different markets, trends and emerging opportunities in the successive direction for the business needs.

Download Exclusive Sample Report (350 Pages PDF with All Related Graphs & Charts) For Free@:https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-exosome-therapeutic-market

DBMR Analyses that the Exosome Therapeutic Market is growing with a CAGR of 21.9% in the forecast period of 2019 to 2026 and expected to reach USD 31,691.52 million by 2026 from USD 6,500.00 million in 2018. Increasing prevalence of lyme disease, chronic inflammation, autoimmune disease and other chronic degenerative diseases are the factors for the market growth.

Increased number of exosome therapeutics as compared to the past few years will accelerate market growth. Companies are receiving funding for exosome therapeutic research and clinical trials. For instance, In September 2018, EXOCOBIO has raised USD 27 million in its series B funding. The company has raised USD 46 million as series a funding in April 2017. The series B funding will help the company to set up GMP-compliant exosome industrial facilities to enhance production of exosomes to commercialize in cosmetics and pharmaceutical industry.

KNOW YOUR OPTIONS IN THE FIGHT AGAINST COVID-19

The COVID-19 Pandemic has created bottlenecks across industry pipelines, sales funnels, and supply chain activities. This has created unprecedented budget pressure on company spending for industry leaders. This has increased requirement for opportunity analysis, price trend knowledge and competitive outcomes. Use the DBMR team to create new sales channels and capture new markets previously unknown. DBMR helps its clients to grow in these uncertain markets.

To Understand How COVID-19 Impact is covered in This Report. Get Sample Copy of the Report@https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-covid-19/global-exosome-therapeutic-market

The Global Exosome Therapeutic market 2020 research provides a basic overview of the industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. The Global Exosome Therapeutic Market Share analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status. Development policies and plans are discussed as well as manufacturing processes and cost structures are also analyzed. This report also states import/export consumption, supply and demand Figures, cost, price, revenue and gross margins. For each manufacturer covered, this report analyzes their Exosome Therapeutic manufacturing sites, capacity, production, ex-factory price, revenue and market share in global market.

Major Players in Global Exosome Therapeutic Market Include

evox THERAPEUTICSEXOCOBIOExopharmAEGLE TherapeuticsUnited Therapeutics CorporationCodiak BioSciencesJazz Pharmaceuticals, Inc.Boehringer Ingelheim International GmbHReNeuron Group plcCapricor TherapeuticsAvalon Globocare Corp.CREATIVE MEDICAL TECHNOLOGY HOLDINGS INC.Stem Cells Group..

Complete Report is Available (Including Full TOC, List of Tables & Figures, Graphs, and Chart)@https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/toc/?dbmr=global-exosome-therapeutic-market

New Exosome Therapeutic Market Developments in 2019

In January 2019, Codiak BioSciences has collaborated with Jazz Pharmaceuticals, Inc. to develop and commercialize exosome therapeutics to treat cancer. The collaboration will help the company to address issues which have been often implicated in solid tumors and hematological malignancies.

In October 2018, Avalon GloboCare Corp. has collaborated with Weill Cornell Medicine to form standards in cGMP-grade for human endothelial cells sourced exosome which is significant for organ regeneration and vascular health and isolation and identification of exosomes sourced from tissue for liquid biopsy and clinical use. The collaboration will help the company to lead market as exosome isolation system as will be first in the world for standardization processing of cGMP-grade exosomes for clinical studies.

In July 2018, Capricor Therapeutics has formed collaboration with the U.S. Army Institute of Surgical Research (USAISR) to discover potential for CAP-2003 (exosomes) in order to address trauma-related conditions and injuries. The collaboration will help to test CAP-2003 as a tool for preservation of life.

This research is categorized differently considering the various aspects of this market. It also evaluates the current situation and the future of the market by using the forecast horizon. The forecast is analyzed based on the volume and revenue of this market. The tools used for analyzing the Global Exosome Therapeutic Market research report include SWOT analysis.

The Global Exosome Therapeutic segments and Market Data Break Down are illuminated below:

By Type (Natural Exosomes, Hybrid Exosomes

By Source (Dendritic Cells, Mesenchymal Stem Cells, Blood, Milk, Body Fluids, Saliva, Urine Others)

By Therapy (Immunotherapy, Gene Therapy, Chemotherapy)

By Transporting Capacity (Bio Macromolecules, Small Molecules

By Application (Oncology, Neurology, Metabolic Disorders, Cardiac Disorders, Blood Disorders, Inflammatory Disorders, Gynecology Disorders, Organ Transplantation, Others)

By Route of administration (Oral, Parenteral)

By End User (Hospitals, Diagnostic Centers, Research & Academic Institutes)

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The Global Exosome Therapeutic Market in terms of investment potential in various segments of the market and illustrate the feasibility of explaining the feasibility of a new project to be successful in the near future. The core segmentation of the global market is based on product types, SMEs and large corporations. The report also collects data for each major player in the market based on current company profiles, gross margins, sales prices, sales revenue, sales volume, photos, product specifications and up-to-date contact information.

What are the strengths and weaknesses of the key vendors?

Definitively, this report will give you an unmistakable perspective on every single reality of the market without a need to allude to some other research report or an information source. Our report will give all of you the realities about the past, present, and eventual fate of the concerned Market.

Scope of the Exosome Therapeutic Market

The global exosome therapeutic market is segmented on the basis of countries into U.S., Mexico, Turkey, Hong Kong, Australia, South Korea, Argentina, Colombia, Peru, Chile, Ecuador, Venezuela, Panama, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Paraguay, Costa Rica, Puerto Rico, Nicaragua and Uruguay.

All country based analysis of the exosome therapeutic market is further analyzed based on maximum granularity into further segmentation. On the basis of type, the market is segmented into natural exosomes and hybrid exosomes. Based on source, the market is segmented into dendritic cells, mesenchymal stem cells, blood, milk, body fluids, saliva, urine and others. On the basis of therapy, the market is segmented into immunotherapy, gene therapy and chemotherapy. On the basis of transporting capacity, the market is segmented into bio macromolecules and small molecules. On the basis of application, the market is segmented into oncology, neurology, metabolic disorders, cardiac disorders, blood disorders, inflammatory disorders, gynecology disorders, organ transplantation and others. On the basis of route of administration, the market is segmented into pa oral and parenteral. On the basis of end user, the market is segmented into hospitals, diagnostic centers and research & academic institutes and others.

Some Points from Table of Content:

1 Report Overview1.1 Study Scope1.2 Key Market Segments1.3 Regulatory Scenario by Region/Country1.4 Market Investment Scenario Strategic1.5 Market Analysis by Type1.5.1 Global Exosome Therapeutic Market Share by Type (2020-2027)1.5.2 Type 11.5.3 Type 21.5.4 Other1.6 Market by Application1.6.1 Global Exosome Therapeutic Market Share by Application (2020-2027)1.6.2 Application 11.6.3 Application 21.6.4 Other1.7 Exosome Therapeutic Industry Development Trends under COVID-19 Outbreak1.7.1 Region COVID-19 Status Overview1.7.2 Influence of COVID-19 Outbreak on Exosome Therapeutic Industry Development

Global Market Growth Trends2.1 Industry Trends2.1.1 SWOT Analysis2.1.2 Porters Five Forces Analysis2.2 Potential Market and Growth Potential Analysis2.3 Industry News and Policies by Regions2.3.1 Industry News2.3.2 Industry Policies3 Value Chain of Exosome Therapeutic Market3.1 Value Chain Status3.2 Exosome Therapeutic Manufacturing Cost Structure Analysis3.2.1 Production Process Analysis3.2.2 Manufacturing Cost Structure of Exosome Therapeutic3.2.3 Labor Cost of Exosome Therapeutic3.3 Sales and Marketing Model Analysis3.4 Downstream Major Customer Analysis (by Region)

4 Players Profiles4.1 Player 14.1.1 Player 1 Basic Information4.1.2 Exosome Therapeutic Product Profiles, Application and Specification4.1.3 Player 1 Exosome Therapeutic Market Performance (2015-2020)4.1.4 Player 1 Business Overview4.2 Player 24.2.1 Player 2 Basic Information4.2.2 Exosome Therapeutic Product Profiles, Application and Specification4.2.3 Player 2 Exosome Therapeutic Market Performance (2015-2020)4.2.4 Player 2 Business Overview4.3 Player 34.3.1 Player 3 Basic Information4.3.2 Exosome Therapeutic Product Profiles, Application and Specification4.3.3 Player 3 Exosome Therapeutic Market Performance (2015-2020)4.3.4 Player 3 Business Overview4.4 Player 44.4.1 Player 4 Basic Information4.4.2 Exosome Therapeutic Product Profiles, Application and Specification4.4.3 Player 4 Exosome Therapeutic Market Performance (2015-2020)4.4.4 Player 4 Business Overview4.5 Player 54.5.1 Player 5 Basic Information4.5.2 Exosome Therapeutic Product Profiles, Application and Specification4.5.3 Player 5 Exosome Therapeutic Market Performance (2015-2020)

4.5.4 Player 5 Business Overview5 Global Exosome Therapeutic Market Analysis by Regions5.1 Global Exosome Therapeutic Sales, Revenue and Market Share by Regions5.1.1 Global Exosome Therapeutic Sales by Regions (2015-2020)5.1.2 Global Exosome Therapeutic Revenue by Regions (2015-2020)5.2 North America Exosome Therapeutic Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)5.3 Europe Exosome Therapeutic Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)5.4 Asia-Pacific Exosome Therapeutic Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)5.5 Middle East and Africa Exosome Therapeutic Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)5.6 South America Exosome Therapeutic Sales and Growth Rate (2015-2020)

11 Global Exosome Therapeutic Market Segment byTypes12 Global Exosome Therapeutic Market Segment by Applications13 Exosome Therapeutic Market Forecast by Regions (2020-2027)ContinuedComplete Report Is Available| Get Free TOC @https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/toc/?dbmr=global-exosome-therapeutic-market

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Generic Drug Market Size, Share, Growth, Industry Demand, Revenue, Competitive Outlook:-Pfizer, Teva Pharmaceutical, Lupin, Dr. Reddys Laboratories

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Exosome Therapeutic Market Size, 2020-New Technological Change Helping Market, Application, Driver, - PharmiWeb.com

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Regenerative Medicine Market Analysis Growth Demand, Key Players, Share Size, and Forecast To 2025 – 3rd Watch News

By daniellenierenberg

Regenerative Medicine Market: Snapshot

Regenerative medicine is a part of translational research in the fields of molecular biology and tissue engineering. This type of medicine involves replacing and regenerating human cells, organs, and tissues with the help of specific processes. Doing this may involve a partial or complete reengineering of human cells so that they start to function normally.

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Regenerative medicine also involves the attempts to grow tissues and organs in a laboratory environment, wherein they can be put in a body that cannot heal a particular part. Such implants are mainly preferred to be derived from the patients own tissues and cells, particularly stem cells. Looking at the promising nature of stem cells to heal and regenerative various parts of the body, this field is certainly expected to see a bright future. Doing this can help avoid opting for organ donation, thus saving costs. Some healthcare centers might showcase a shortage of organ donations, and this is where tissues regenerated using patients own cells are highly helpful.

There are several source materials from which regeneration can be facilitated. Extracellular matrix materials are commonly used source substances all over the globe. They are mainly used for reconstructive surgery, chronic wound healing, and orthopedic surgeries. In recent times, these materials have also been used in heart surgeries, specifically aimed at repairing damaged portions.

Cells derived from the umbilical cord also have the potential to be used as source material for bringing about regeneration in a patient. A vast research has also been conducted in this context. Treatment of diabetes, organ failure, and other chronic diseases is highly possible by using cord blood cells. Apart from these cells, Whartons jelly and cord lining have also been shortlisted as possible sources for mesenchymal stem cells. Extensive research has conducted to study how these cells can be used to treat lung diseases, lung injury, leukemia, liver diseases, diabetes, and immunity-based disorders, among others.

Global Regenerative Medicine Market: Overview

The global market for regenerative medicine market is expected to grow at a significant pace throughout the forecast period. The rising preference of patients for personalized medicines and the advancements in technology are estimated to accelerate the growth of the global regenerative medicine market in the next few years. As a result, this market is likely to witness a healthy growth and attract a large number of players in the next few years. The development of novel regenerative medicine is estimated to benefit the key players and supplement the markets growth in the near future.

Global Regenerative Medicine Market: Key Trends

The rising prevalence of chronic diseases and the rising focus on cell therapy products are the key factors that are estimated to fuel the growth of the global regenerative medicine market in the next few years. In addition, the increasing funding by government bodies and development of new and innovative products are anticipated to supplement the growth of the overall market in the next few years.

On the flip side, the ethical challenges in the stem cell research are likely to restrict the growth of the global regenerative medicine market throughout the forecast period. In addition, the stringent regulatory rules and regulations are predicted to impact the approvals of new products, thus hampering the growth of the overall market in the near future.

Global Regenerative Medicine Market: Market Potential

The growing demand for organ transplantation across the globe is anticipated to boost the demand for regenerative medicines in the next few years. In addition, the rapid growth in the geriatric population and the significant rise in the global healthcare expenditure is predicted to encourage the growth of the market. The presence of a strong pipeline is likely to contribute towards the markets growth in the near future.

Global Regenerative Medicine Market: Regional Outlook

In the past few years, North America led the global regenerative medicine market and is likely to remain in the topmost position throughout the forecast period. This region is expected to account for a massive share of the global market, owing to the rising prevalence of cancer, cardiac diseases, and autoimmunity. In addition, the rising demand for regenerative medicines from the U.S. and the rising government funding are some of the other key aspects that are likely to fuel the growth of the North America market in the near future.

Furthermore, Asia Pacific is expected to register a substantial growth rate in the next few years. The high growth of this region can be attributed to the availability of funding for research and the development of research centers. In addition, the increasing contribution from India, China, and Japan is likely to supplement the growth of the market in the near future.

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Global Regenerative Medicine Market: Competitive Analysis

The global market for regenerative medicines is extremely fragmented and competitive in nature, thanks to the presence of a large number of players operating in it. In order to gain a competitive edge in the global market, the key players in the market are focusing on technological developments and research and development activities. In addition, the rising number of mergers and acquisitions and collaborations is likely to benefit the prominent players in the market and encourage the overall growth in the next few years.

Some of the key players operating in the regenerative medicine market across the globe areVericel Corporation, Japan Tissue Engineering Co., Ltd., Stryker Corporation, Acelity L.P. Inc. (KCI Licensing), Organogenesis Inc., Medtronic PLC, Cook Biotech Incorporated, Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., Integra Lifesciences Corporation, and Nuvasive, Inc.A large number of players are anticipated to enter the global market throughout the forecast period.

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Regenerative Medicine Market Analysis Growth Demand, Key Players, Share Size, and Forecast To 2025 - 3rd Watch News

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Medical Professionals in the Ozarks – 417mag

By daniellenierenberg

Eustasis Psychiatric & Addiction Health

417-322-6622| 3600 S. National Ave., Springfield

Eustasis Psychiatric & Addiction Health is pleased to announce construction of their brand new site in the heart of Medical Mile, opening in July! There is expanded access to medication management, psychotherapy, testing and advanced treatment options.

Dr. Alok Jain and his wife Breanna Jain started the clinic in 2018 with the mission of providing the highest quality psychiatric care to all patients. Since then they have put together an amazing team of board-certified providers and support staff who have tirelessly served the Springfield community.

We wanted to build something really vital for our patients. A place that everyone could come, regardless of age or diagnosis, says Dr. Jain.

Dr. Alok Jain has been honored as a 417 Top Doctor every year since 2007 and is 2020's top psychiatrist. He is a board-certified psychiatrist, member of the American Psychiatric Association and has an extensive background in consultation-liaison psychiatry and psychopharmacology.

Eustasiss immediate-access site has provided patients with an unprecedented way to receive psychiatric care without delay. Their walk-in and be seen model is changing the face of psychiatry. The new location has eight providers and room for growth! They are providing the most state of the art modalities, including ADHD testing and esketamine.

It is super exciting, says Breanna Jain, CEO, PMHNP-BC. We have patients who come in all hours of the day, pediatric or adult, all payor sources. They will ask, You mean I can really be seen right now? We can proudly tell them of course! This is just the way we believe mental health should be done.

Both Dr. Jain and Breanna know that people need options in this community. Patients struggles are numerous, ranging from addiction, bipolar, ADHD, trauma, anxiety and more. The Jains like to think of Eustasis as a one-stop-shop.

There shouldnt be high levels of bureaucracy. This is what overwhelms patients. Barriers have no place when it comes to mental health, the Jains explain.

Eustasis is committed to helping patients find the optimal balance of emotions during these difficult times. They have expanded their hours and have both in person and telemedicine options available. They are always accepting new patients!

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Medical Professionals in the Ozarks - 417mag

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FDA Approves Merck’s KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) for the Treatment of Patients with Recurrent or Metastatic Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma (cSCC) that…

By daniellenierenberg

KENILWORTH, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, announced today that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved KEYTRUDA, Mercks anti-PD-1 therapy, as monotherapy for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) that is not curable by surgery or radiation. This approval is based on data from the Phase 2 KEYNOTE-629 trial, in which KEYTRUDA demonstrated meaningful efficacy and durability of response, with an objective response rate (ORR) of 34% (95% CI, 25-44), including a complete response rate of 4% and a partial response rate of 31%. Among responding patients, 69% had ongoing responses of six months or longer. After a median follow-up time of 9.5 months, the median duration of response (DOR) had not been reached (range, 2.7 to 13.1+ months).

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma is the second most common form of skin cancer, said Dr. Jonathan Cheng, vice president, clinical research, Merck Research Laboratories. In KEYNOTE-629, treatment with KEYTRUDA resulted in clinically meaningful and durable responses. Todays approval is great news for patients with cSCC and further demonstrates our commitment to bringing new treatment options to patients with advanced, difficult-to-treat cancers.

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur with KEYTRUDA, including pneumonitis, colitis, hepatitis, endocrinopathies, nephritis and renal dysfunction, severe skin reactions, solid organ transplant rejection, and complications of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Based on the severity of the adverse reaction, KEYTRUDA should be withheld or discontinued and corticosteroids administered if appropriate. KEYTRUDA can also cause severe or life-threatening infusion-related reactions. Based on its mechanism of action, KEYTRUDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. For more information, see Selected Important Safety Information below.

Data Supporting Approval

The efficacy of KEYTRUDA was investigated in patients with recurrent or metastatic cSCC enrolled in KEYNOTE-629 (NCT03284424), a multi-center, multi-cohort, non-randomized, open-label trial. The trial excluded patients with autoimmune disease or a medical condition that required immunosuppression. The major efficacy outcome measures were ORR and DOR as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR) according to Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of five target lesions per organ.

Among the 105 patients treated, 87% received one or more prior lines of therapy and 74% received prior radiation therapy. Forty-five percent of patients had locally recurrent only cSCC, 24% had metastatic only cSCC and 31% had both locally recurrent and metastatic cSCC. The study population characteristics were: median age of 72 years (range, 29 to 95); 71% age 65 or older; 76% male; 71% White; 25% race unknown; 34% Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status (PS) of 0 and 66% ECOG PS of 1.

KEYTRUDA demonstrated an ORR of 34% (95% CI, 25-44) with a complete response rate of 4% and a partial response rate of 31%. Among the 36 responding patients, 69% had ongoing responses of six months or longer. After a median follow-up time of 9.5 months, the median DOR had not been reached (range, 2.7 to 13.1+ months).

Patients received KEYTRUDA 200 mg intravenously every three weeks until documented disease progression, unacceptable toxicity or a maximum of 24 months. Patients with initial radiographic disease progression could receive additional doses of KEYTRUDA during confirmation of progression unless disease progression was symptomatic, rapidly progressive, required urgent intervention, or occurred with a decline in performance status. Assessment of tumor status was performed every six weeks during the first year and every nine weeks during the second year.

Among the 105 patients with cSCC enrolled in KEYNOTE-629, the median duration of exposure to KEYTRUDA was 5.8 months (range, 1 day to 16.1 months). Patients with autoimmune disease or a medical condition that required systemic corticosteroids or other immunosuppressive medications were ineligible. Adverse reactions occurring in patients with cSCC were similar to those occurring in 2,799 patients with melanoma or non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) treated with KEYTRUDA as a single agent. Laboratory abnormalities (Grades 3-4) that occurred at a higher incidence included lymphopenia (11%).

About KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Injection, 100 mg

KEYTRUDA is an anti-PD-1 therapy that works by increasing the ability of the bodys immune system to help detect and fight tumor cells. KEYTRUDA is a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction between PD-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, thereby activating T lymphocytes which may affect both tumor cells and healthy cells.

Merck has the industrys largest immuno-oncology clinical research program. There are currently more than 1,200 trials studying KEYTRUDA across a wide variety of cancers and treatment settings. The KEYTRUDA clinical program seeks to understand the role of KEYTRUDA across cancers and the factors that may predict a patient's likelihood of benefitting from treatment with KEYTRUDA, including exploring several different biomarkers.

Selected KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Indications

Melanoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph node(s) following complete resection.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

KEYTRUDA, in combination with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with NSCLC expressing PD-L1 [tumor proportion score (TPS) 1%] as determined by an FDA-approved test, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations, and is stage III where patients are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or metastatic.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L1 (TPS 1%) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving KEYTRUDA.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least 1 other prior line of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with platinum and fluorouracil (FU), is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent HNSCC whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 1] as determined by an FDA-approved test.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy.

Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), or who have relapsed after 3 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL), or who have relapsed after 2 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. KEYTRUDA is not recommended for treatment of patients with PMBCL who require urgent cytoreductive therapy.

Urothelial Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who are not eligible for cisplatin-containing chemotherapy and whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 10], as determined by an FDA-approved test, or in patients who are not eligible for any platinum-containing chemotherapy regardless of PD-L1 status. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-unresponsive, high-risk, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) with carcinoma in situ (CIS) with or without papillary tumors who are ineligible for or have elected not to undergo cystectomy.

Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR)

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with MSI-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Gastric Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after two or more prior lines of therapy including fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy and if appropriate, HER2/neu-targeted therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Esophageal Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 10) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression after one or more prior lines of systemic therapy.

Cervical Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Renal Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA, in combination with axitinib, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Tumor Mutational Burden-High Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic tumor mutational burden-high (TMB-H) [10 mutations/megabase (mut/Mb)] solid tumors, as determined by an FDA-approved test, that have progressed following prior treatment and who have no satisfactory alternative treatment options.

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with TMB-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Cutaneous Squamous Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) that is not curable by surgery or radiation.

Selected Important Safety Information for KEYTRUDA

Immune-Mediated Pneumonitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated pneumonitis, including fatal cases. Pneumonitis occurred in 3.4% (94/2799) of patients with various cancers receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 1 (0.8%), 2 (1.3%), 3 (0.9%), 4 (0.3%), and 5 (0.1%). Pneumonitis occurred in 8.2% (65/790) of NSCLC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-4 in 3.2% of patients, and occurred more frequently in patients with a history of prior thoracic radiation (17%) compared to those without (7.7%). Pneumonitis occurred in 6% (18/300) of HNSCC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-5 in 1.6% of patients, and occurred in 5.4% (15/276) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with platinum and FU as first-line therapy for advanced disease, including Grades 3-5 in 1.5% of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of pneumonitis. Evaluate suspected pneumonitis with radiographic imaging. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater pneumonitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 or recurrent Grade 2 pneumonitis.

Immune-Mediated Colitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated colitis. Colitis occurred in 1.7% (48/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.4%), 3 (1.1%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of colitis. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater colitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 or 3; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 4 colitis.

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis (KEYTRUDA) and Hepatotoxicity (KEYTRUDA in Combination With Axitinib)

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated hepatitis. Hepatitis occurred in 0.7% (19/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.4%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for changes in liver function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater hepatitis and, based on severity of liver enzyme elevations, withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Hepatotoxicity in Combination With Axitinib

KEYTRUDA in combination with axitinib can cause hepatic toxicity with higher than expected frequencies of Grades 3 and 4 ALT and AST elevations compared to KEYTRUDA alone. With the combination of KEYTRUDA and axitinib, Grades 3 and 4 increased ALT (20%) and increased AST (13%) were seen. Monitor liver enzymes before initiation of and periodically throughout treatment. Consider more frequent monitoring of liver enzymes as compared to when the drugs are administered as single agents. For elevated liver enzymes, interrupt KEYTRUDA and axitinib, and consider administering corticosteroids as needed.

Immune-Mediated Endocrinopathies

KEYTRUDA can cause adrenal insufficiency (primary and secondary), hypophysitis, thyroid disorders, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 0.8% (22/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypophysitis occurred in 0.6% (17/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.2%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypothyroidism occurred in 8.5% (237/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (6.2%) and 3 (0.1%). The incidence of new or worsening hypothyroidism was higher in 1185 patients with HNSCC (16%) receiving KEYTRUDA, as a single agent or in combination with platinum and FU, including Grade 3 (0.3%) hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurred in 3.4% (96/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.8%) and 3 (0.1%), and thyroiditis occurred in 0.6% (16/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%). Type 1 diabetes mellitus, including diabetic ketoacidosis, occurred in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, hypophysitis (including hypopituitarism), thyroid function (prior to and periodically during treatment), and hyperglycemia. For adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis, administer corticosteroids and hormone replacement as clinically indicated. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis and withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or Grade 4 adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis. Administer hormone replacement for hypothyroidism and manage hyperthyroidism with thionamides and beta-blockers as appropriate. Withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 hyperthyroidism. Administer insulin for type 1 diabetes, and withhold KEYTRUDA and administer antihyperglycemics in patients with severe hyperglycemia.

Immune-Mediated Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 0.3% (9/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.1%), and 4 (<0.1%) nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 1.7% (7/405) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy. Monitor patients for changes in renal function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater nephritis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue for Grade 3 or 4 nephritis.

Immune-Mediated Skin Reactions

Immune-mediated rashes, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) (some cases with fatal outcome), exfoliative dermatitis, and bullous pemphigoid, can occur. Monitor patients for suspected severe skin reactions and based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold or permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. For signs or symptoms of SJS or TEN, withhold KEYTRUDA and refer the patient for specialized care for assessment and treatment. If SJS or TEN is confirmed, permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Other Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur in any organ system or tissue in patients receiving KEYTRUDA and may also occur after discontinuation of treatment. For suspected immune-mediated adverse reactions, ensure adequate evaluation to confirm etiology or exclude other causes. Based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. Upon improvement to Grade 1 or less, initiate corticosteroid taper and continue to taper over at least 1 month. Based on limited data from clinical studies in patients whose immune-related adverse reactions could not be controlled with corticosteroid use, administration of other systemic immunosuppressants can be considered. Resume KEYTRUDA when the adverse reaction remains at Grade 1 or less following corticosteroid taper. Permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for any Grade 3 immune-mediated adverse reaction that recurs and for any life-threatening immune-mediated adverse reaction.

The following clinically significant immune-mediated adverse reactions occurred in less than 1% (unless otherwise indicated) of 2799 patients: arthritis (1.5%), uveitis, myositis, Guillain-Barr syndrome, myasthenia gravis, vasculitis, pancreatitis, hemolytic anemia, sarcoidosis, and encephalitis. In addition, myelitis and myocarditis were reported in other clinical trials, including classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and postmarketing use.

Treatment with KEYTRUDA may increase the risk of rejection in solid organ transplant recipients. Consider the benefit of treatment vs the risk of possible organ rejection in these patients.

Infusion-Related Reactions

KEYTRUDA can cause severe or life-threatening infusion-related reactions, including hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis, which have been reported in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions. For Grade 3 or 4 reactions, stop infusion and permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Complications of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

Immune-mediated complications, including fatal events, occurred in patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Of 23 patients with cHL who proceeded to allogeneic HSCT after KEYTRUDA, 6 (26%) developed graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (1 fatal case) and 2 (9%) developed severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) after reduced-intensity conditioning (1 fatal case). Cases of fatal hyperacute GVHD after allogeneic HSCT have also been reported in patients with lymphoma who received a PD-1 receptorblocking antibody before transplantation. Follow patients closely for early evidence of transplant-related complications such as hyperacute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), Grade 3 to 4 acute GVHD, steroid-requiring febrile syndrome, hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), and other immune-mediated adverse reactions.

In patients with a history of allogeneic HSCT, acute GVHD (including fatal GVHD) has been reported after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Patients who experienced GVHD after their transplant procedure may be at increased risk for GVHD after KEYTRUDA. Consider the benefit of KEYTRUDA vs the risk of GVHD in these patients.

Increased Mortality in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

In trials in patients with multiple myeloma, the addition of KEYTRUDA to a thalidomide analogue plus dexamethasone resulted in increased mortality. Treatment of these patients with a PD-1 or PD-L1 blocking antibody in this combination is not recommended outside of controlled trials.

Embryofetal Toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action, KEYTRUDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise women of this potential risk. In females of reproductive potential, verify pregnancy status prior to initiating KEYTRUDA and advise them to use effective contraception during treatment and for 4 months after the last dose.

Adverse Reactions

In KEYNOTE-006, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 9% of 555 patients with advanced melanoma; adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation in more than one patient were colitis (1.4%), autoimmune hepatitis (0.7%), allergic reaction (0.4%), polyneuropathy (0.4%), and cardiac failure (0.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were fatigue (28%), diarrhea (26%), rash (24%), and nausea (21%).

In KEYNOTE-002, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 12% of 357 patients with advanced melanoma; the most common (1%) were general physical health deterioration (1%), asthenia (1%), dyspnea (1%), pneumonitis (1%), and generalized edema (1%). The most common adverse reactions were fatigue (43%), pruritus (28%), rash (24%), constipation (22%), nausea (22%), diarrhea (20%), and decreased appetite (20%).

In KEYNOTE-054, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 14% of 509 patients; the most common (1%) were pneumonitis (1.4%), colitis (1.2%), and diarrhea (1%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 25% of patients receiving KEYTRUDA. The most common adverse reaction (20%) with KEYTRUDA was diarrhea (28%).

In KEYNOTE-189, when KEYTRUDA was administered with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy in metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 20% of 405 patients. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonitis (3%) and acute kidney injury (2%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were nausea (56%), fatigue (56%), constipation (35%), diarrhea (31%), decreased appetite (28%), rash (25%), vomiting (24%), cough (21%), dyspnea (21%), and pyrexia (20%).

In KEYNOTE-407, when KEYTRUDA was administered with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound in metastatic squamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 15% of 101 patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were febrile neutropenia, pneumonia, and urinary tract infection. Adverse reactions observed in KEYNOTE-407 were similar to those observed in KEYNOTE-189 with the exception that increased incidences of alopecia (47% vs 36%) and peripheral neuropathy (31% vs 25%) were observed in the KEYTRUDA and chemotherapy arm compared to the placebo and chemotherapy arm in KEYNOTE-407.

In KEYNOTE-042, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 19% of 636 patients with advanced NSCLC; the most common were pneumonitis (3%), death due to unknown cause (1.6%), and pneumonia (1.4%). The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia (7%), pneumonitis (3.9%), pulmonary embolism (2.4%), and pleural effusion (2.2%). The most common adverse reaction (20%) was fatigue (25%).

In KEYNOTE-010, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 682 patients with metastatic NSCLC; the most common was pneumonitis (1.8%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were decreased appetite (25%), fatigue (25%), dyspnea (23%), and nausea (20%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with SCLC were similar to those occurring in patients with other solid tumors who received KEYTRUDA as a single agent.

In KEYNOTE-048, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse events in 12% of 300 patients with HNSCC; the most common adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation were sepsis (1.7%) and pneumonia (1.3%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (33%), constipation (20%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-048, when KEYTRUDA was administered in combination with platinum (cisplatin or carboplatin) and FU chemotherapy, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 16% of 276 patients with HNSCC. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonia (2.5%), pneumonitis (1.8%), and septic shock (1.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were nausea (51%), fatigue (49%), constipation (37%), vomiting (32%), mucosal inflammation (31%), diarrhea (29%), decreased appetite (29%), stomatitis (26%), and cough (22%).

In KEYNOTE-012, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 17% of 192 patients with HNSCC. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 45% of patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia, dyspnea, confusional state, vomiting, pleural effusion, and respiratory failure. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue, decreased appetite, and dyspnea. Adverse reactions occurring in patients with HNSCC were generally similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy, with the exception of increased incidences of facial edema and new or worsening hypothyroidism.

In KEYNOTE-087, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 5% of 210 patients with cHL. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 16% of patients; those 1% included pneumonia, pneumonitis, pyrexia, dyspnea, GVHD, and herpes zoster. Two patients died from causes other than disease progression; 1 from GVHD after subsequent allogeneic HSCT and 1 from septic shock. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (26%), pyrexia (24%), cough (24%), musculoskeletal pain (21%), diarrhea (20%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-170, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 53 patients with PMBCL. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 26% of patients and included arrhythmia (4%), cardiac tamponade (2%), myocardial infarction (2%), pericardial effusion (2%), and pericarditis (2%). Six (11%) patients died within 30 days of start of treatment. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were musculoskeletal pain (30%), upper respiratory tract infection and pyrexia (28% each), cough (26%), fatigue (23%), and dyspnea (21%).

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Insight on the Growth of Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Growth with Challenges, Standardization, Competitive Market Share and Top Players…

By daniellenierenberg

The Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market globally is a standout amongst the most emergent and astoundingly approved sectors. This worldwide market has been developing at a higher pace with the development of imaginative frameworks and a developing end-client tendency.

Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market reports deliver insight and expert analysis into key consumer trends and behaviour in marketplace, in addition to an overview of the market data and key brands. Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market reports provides all data with easily digestible information to guide every businessmans future innovation and move business forward.

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The worldwide Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market is an enlarging field for top market players,

The key players covered in this studyRegeneusMesoblastPluristem Therapeutics IncU.S. STEM CELL, INC.Brainstorm Cell TherapeuticsTigenixMed cell Europe

Market segment by Type, the product can be split intoEmbryonic Stem CellResident Cardiac Stem CellsUmbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells

Market segment by Application, split intoNeurodegenerative DisordersAutoimmune DiseasesCardiovascular Diseases

Market segment by Regions/Countries, this report coversUnited StatesEuropeChinaJapanSoutheast AsiaIndiaCentral & South America

The study objectives of this report are:To analyze global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies status, future forecast, growth opportunity, key market and key players.To present the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies development in United States, Europe and China.To strategically profile the key players and comprehensively analyze their development plan and strategies.To define, describe and forecast the market by product type, market and key regions.

In this study, the years considered to estimate the market size of Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies are as follows:History Year: 2014-2018Base Year: 2018Estimated Year: 2019Forecast Year 2019 to 2025For the data information by region, company, type and application, 2018 is considered as the base year. Whenever data information was unavailable for the base year, the prior year has been considered.

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This Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies report begins with a basic overview of the market. The analysis highlights the opportunity and Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies industry trends that are impacted the market that is global. Players around various regions and analysis of each industry dimensions are covered under this report. The analysis also contains a crucial Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies insight regarding the things which are driving and affecting the earnings of the market. The Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies report comprises sections together side landscape which clarifies actions such as venture and acquisitions and mergers.

The Report offers SWOT examination and venture return investigation, and other aspects such as the principle locale, economic situations with benefit, generation, request, limit, supply, and market development rate and figure.

Quantifiable data:-

Geographically, this report studies the top producers and consumers, focuses on product capacity, production, value, consumption, market share and growth opportunity in these key regions, covering North America, Europe, China, Japan, Southeast Asia, India

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Research objectives and Reason to procure this report:-

Finally, the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market provides a total research decision and also sector feasibility of investment in new projects will be assessed. Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies industry is a source of means and guidance for organizations and individuals interested in their market earnings.

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Insight on the Growth of Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Growth with Challenges, Standardization, Competitive Market Share and Top Players...

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Trending: Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies 2020: Global Size, Supply-Demand, Product Type and End User Analysis To 2026 – Weekly Wall

By daniellenierenberg

LOS ANGELES, United States: QY Research has recently published a report, titled Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size, Status and Forecast 2020-2026. The market research report is a brilliant, complete, and much-needed resource for companies, stakeholders, and investors interested in the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market. It informs readers about key trends and opportunities in the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market along with critical market dynamics expected to impact the global market growth. It offers a range of market analysis studies, including production and consumption, sales, industry value chain, competitive landscape, regional growth, and price. On the whole, it comes out as an intelligent resource that companies can use to gain a competitive advantage in the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market.

Key companies operating in the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market include , Regeneus, Mesoblast, Pluristem Therapeutics Inc, US STEM CELL, INC., Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics, Tigenix, Med cell Europe, Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies

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Segmental Analysis

Both developed and emerging regions are deeply studied by the authors of the report. The regional analysis section of the report offers a comprehensive analysis of the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market on the basis of region. Each region is exhaustively researched about so that players can use the analysis to tap into unexplored markets and plan powerful strategies to gain a foothold in lucrative markets.

Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Segment By Type:

, Embryonic Stem Cell, Resident Cardiac Stem Cells, Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies

Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Segment By Application:

, Neurodegenerative Disorders, Autoimmune Diseases, Cardiovascular Diseases

Competitive Landscape

Competitor analysis is one of the best sections of the report that compares the progress of leading players based on crucial parameters, including market share, new developments, global reach, local competition, price, and production. From the nature of competition to future changes in the vendor landscape, the report provides in-depth analysis of the competition in the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market.

Key companies operating in the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market include , Regeneus, Mesoblast, Pluristem Therapeutics Inc, US STEM CELL, INC., Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics, Tigenix, Med cell Europe, Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies

Key questions answered in the report:

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TOC

1 Report Overview1.1 Study Scope1.2 Key Market Segments1.3 Players Covered: Ranking by Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Revenue1.4 Market by Type1.4.1 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size Growth Rate by Type: 2020 VS 20261.4.2 Embryonic Stem Cell1.4.3 Resident Cardiac Stem Cells1.4.4 Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells1.5 Market by Application1.5.1 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Share by Application: 2020 VS 20261.5.2 Neurodegenerative Disorders1.5.3 Autoimmune Diseases1.5.4 Cardiovascular Diseases1.6 Study Objectives1.7 Years Considered 2 Global Growth Trends2.1 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Perspective (2015-2026)2.2 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Growth Trends by Regions2.2.1 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Regions: 2015 VS 2020 VS 20262.2.2 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Historic Market Share by Regions (2015-2020)2.2.3 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Forecasted Market Size by Regions (2021-2026)2.3 Industry Trends and Growth Strategy2.3.1 Market Top Trends2.3.2 Market Drivers2.3.3 Market Challenges2.3.4 Porters Five Forces Analysis2.3.5 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Growth Strategy2.3.6 Primary Interviews with Key Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Players (Opinion Leaders) 3 Competition Landscape by Key Players3.1 Global Top Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Players by Market Size3.1.1 Global Top Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Players by Revenue (2015-2020)3.1.2 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Revenue Market Share by Players (2015-2020)3.1.3 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Share by Company Type (Tier 1, Tier 2 and Tier 3)3.2 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Concentration Ratio3.2.1 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Concentration Ratio (CR5 and HHI)3.2.2 Global Top 10 and Top 5 Companies by Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Revenue in 20193.3 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Key Players Head office and Area Served3.4 Key Players Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Product Solution and Service3.5 Date of Enter into Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market3.6 Mergers & Acquisitions, Expansion Plans 4 Market Size by Type (2015-2026)4.1 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Historic Market Size by Type (2015-2020)4.2 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Forecasted Market Size by Type (2021-2026) 5 Market Size by Application (2015-2026)5.1 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Application (2015-2020)5.2 Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Forecasted Market Size by Application (2021-2026) 6 North America6.1 North America Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size (2015-2020)6.2 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Key Players in North America (2019-2020)6.3 North America Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Type (2015-2020)6.4 North America Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Application (2015-2020) 7 Europe7.1 Europe Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size (2015-2020)7.2 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Key Players in Europe (2019-2020)7.3 Europe Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Type (2015-2020)7.4 Europe Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Application (2015-2020) 8 China8.1 China Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size (2015-2020)8.2 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Key Players in China (2019-2020)8.3 China Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Type (2015-2020)8.4 China Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Application (2015-2020) 9 Japan9.1 Japan Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size (2015-2020)9.2 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Key Players in Japan (2019-2020)9.3 Japan Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Type (2015-2020)9.4 Japan Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Application (2015-2020) 10 Southeast Asia10.1 Southeast Asia Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size (2015-2020)10.2 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Key Players in Southeast Asia (2019-2020)10.3 Southeast Asia Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Type (2015-2020)10.4 Southeast Asia Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Application (2015-2020) 11 India11.1 India Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size (2015-2020)11.2 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Key Players in India (2019-2020)11.3 India Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Type (2015-2020)11.4 India Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Application (2015-2020) 12 Central & South America12.1 Central & South America Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size (2015-2020)12.2 Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Key Players in Central & South America (2019-2020)12.3 Central & South America Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Type (2015-2020)12.4 Central & South America Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Application (2015-2020) 13 Key Players Profiles13.1 Regeneus13.1.1 Regeneus Company Details13.1.2 Regeneus Business Overview13.1.3 Regeneus Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Introduction13.1.4 Regeneus Revenue in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Business (2015-2020))13.1.5 Regeneus Recent Development13.2 Mesoblast13.2.1 Mesoblast Company Details13.2.2 Mesoblast Business Overview13.2.3 Mesoblast Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Introduction13.2.4 Mesoblast Revenue in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Business (2015-2020)13.2.5 Mesoblast Recent Development13.3 Pluristem Therapeutics Inc13.3.1 Pluristem Therapeutics Inc Company Details13.3.2 Pluristem Therapeutics Inc Business Overview13.3.3 Pluristem Therapeutics Inc Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Introduction13.3.4 Pluristem Therapeutics Inc Revenue in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Business (2015-2020)13.3.5 Pluristem Therapeutics Inc Recent Development13.4 US STEM CELL, INC.13.4.1 US STEM CELL, INC. Company Details13.4.2 US STEM CELL, INC. Business Overview13.4.3 US STEM CELL, INC. Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Introduction13.4.4 US STEM CELL, INC. Revenue in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Business (2015-2020)13.4.5 US STEM CELL, INC. Recent Development13.5 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics13.5.1 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Company Details13.5.2 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Business Overview13.5.3 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Introduction13.5.4 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Revenue in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Business (2015-2020)13.5.5 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics Recent Development13.6 Tigenix13.6.1 Tigenix Company Details13.6.2 Tigenix Business Overview13.6.3 Tigenix Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Introduction13.6.4 Tigenix Revenue in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Business (2015-2020)13.6.5 Tigenix Recent Development13.7 Med cell Europe13.7.1 Med cell Europe Company Details13.7.2 Med cell Europe Business Overview13.7.3 Med cell Europe Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Introduction13.7.4 Med cell Europe Revenue in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Business (2015-2020)13.7.5 Med cell Europe Recent Development 14 Analysts Viewpoints/Conclusions 15 Appendix15.1 Research Methodology15.1.1 Methodology/Research Approach15.1.2 Data Source15.2 Disclaimer15.3 Author Details

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Trending: Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies 2020: Global Size, Supply-Demand, Product Type and End User Analysis To 2026 - Weekly Wall

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Scientists Find This Relatively Harmless Virus Can Attack and Damage Human Heart – International Business Times, Singapore Edition

By daniellenierenberg

The world is increasingly becoming aware of the various kinds of damages that the SARS-CoV-2 can cause. However, researchers from Virginia Tech have found that the relatively harmless Adenovirus can cause heart conditions, which can be as life-threatening as the one induced by COVID-19.

According to the first-of-its-kind study, adenovirus can hamper the electrical signaling pathways between cells in the heart and also impair the ability of the cell to make new communication channels. The scientists exposed heart cells to the virus and learned of the potent effects it had on them.

"This is the first time we're putting this human virus on human heart cells to see what it does in the context of infected heart muscle cells. That's the real power of this," James Smyth, lead author of the study, said.

Adenoviruses belong to a class of common viruses that cause infections in the lining of the lungs, eyes, nervous system, and urinary tract. They often give rise to coughs, fever, pink eye, and sore throats, among others. While it generally affects children, all are prone to it.

The communication between heart muscles takes place through channels called gap junctions. They are formed by proteins known as connexins. Creating a bridge between two cells, gap junctions leads to the sharing of electrical signals that aid in the rhythmic contraction of the heart muscle cells. However, gap junctions can also alert neighboring cells about viral attacks.

Through the study, the researchers intended to demonstrate that the virus hijacks gap junctions, and when it does, it can decrease the production of connexin43(a component of a gap function). This in turn interrupts the electrical system that enables regular functioning of the heart, leading to arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat), and in extreme cases, cardiac death.

The researchers designed a diagnostic technique that employed pluripotent stem cell derived-cardiomyocytes, which are skin cells that have been made to convert to heart cells. The adenovirus was then applied to the cardiomyocytes and the resulting interactions were observed.

As expected, the virus hijacked the gap junctions in order to facilitate its own replication. However, the scientists also observed something that they had not anticipated. It was noted that two distinct processes were being carried out by the virus and that it inflicted dual damage to the cell's capacity to communicate with their neighbors. "Firstly, it was rapidly closing existing channels, and secondly it was shutting down the cells' ability to make new ones," explained Patrick Calhoun, co-author of the study.

Another aspect that caught the eye of the authors was the manner in which the virus prevented the creation of connexin43 and the formation of gap junctions. A protein pathway that is conventionally associated with the making of fresh connexin, was instead made to suppress its production by the virus. "We might learn something very new about the molecular biology there that's causing that switch," Smyth said

Smyth admits that the research is bound by the limitations of extending the results to a living heart while the experiment was conducted in vitro. However, highlighting the potential value of the findings, he asserted, "Fundamental studies provide the footing for the translational research that discovers therapeutics and diagnostic methods that improve people's health."

Going beyond the sheer understanding of viral infection, the research, Calhoun emphasized, can generate new therapeutic interventions for diseased hearts. "We're essentially learning from adenovirus to find the most efficient ways to stop, rather than cause, arrhythmias," he stressed.

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Rapid Unit Sales of Amniotic Fluid Stem Cell Therapy to Account for Incremental Revenues in the Global Market through the COVID 19 Crisis Period -…

By daniellenierenberg

Stem cells are biological cells which have the ability to distinguish into specialized cells, which are capable of cell division through mitosis. Amniotic fluid stem cells are a collective mixture of stem cells obtained from amniotic tissues and fluid. Amniotic fluid is clear, slightly yellowish liquid which surrounds the fetus during pregnancy and is discarded as medical waste during caesarean section deliveries. Amniotic fluid is a source of valuable biological material which includes stem cells which can be potentially used in cell therapy and regenerative therapies. Amniotic fluid stem cells can be developed into a different type of tissues such as cartilage, skin, cardiac nerves, bone, and muscles. Amniotic fluid stem cells are able to find the damaged joint caused by rheumatoid arthritis and differentiate tissues which are damaged. Medical conditions where no drug is able to lessen the symptoms and begin the healing process are the major target for amniotic fluid stem cell therapy. Amniotic fluid stem cells therapy is a solution to those patients who do not want to undergo surgery. Amniotic fluid has a high concentration of stem cells, cytokines, proteins and other important components. Amniotic fluid stem cell therapy is safe and effective treatment which contain growth factor helps to stimulate tissue growth, naturally reduce inflammation. Amniotic fluid also contains hyaluronic acid which acts as a lubricant and promotes cartilage growth.

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With increasing technological advancement in the healthcare, amniotic fluid stem cell therapy has more advantage over the other therapy. Amniotic fluid stem cell therapy eliminates the chances of surgery and organs are regenerated, without causing any damage. These are some of the factors driving the growth of amniotic fluid stem cell therapy market over the forecast period. Increasing prevalence of chronic diseases which can be treated with the amniotic fluid stem cell therapy propel the market growth for amniotic fluid stem cell therapy, globally. Increasing funding by the government in research and development of stem cell therapy may drive the amniotic fluid stem cell therapy market growth. But, high procedure cost, difficulties in collecting the amniotic fluid and lack of reimbursement policies hinder the growth of amniotic fluid stem cell therapy market.

The global amniotic fluid stem cell therapy market is segmented on basis of treatment, application, end user and geography:

Some of the key players operating in global amniotic fluid stem cell therapy market are Stem Shot, Provia Laboratories LLC, Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc. Mesoblast Ltd., Roslin Cells, Regeneus Ltd. etc. among others.

Rapid technological advancement in healthcare, and favorable results of the amniotic fluid stem cells therapy will increase the market for amniotic fluid stem cell therapy over the forecast period. Increasing public-private investment for stem cells in managing disease and improving healthcare infrastructure are expected to propel the growth of the amniotic fluid stem cell therapy market.

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However, on the basis of geography, global Amniotic Fluid Stem Cell Therapy Market is segmented into six key regionsviz. North America, Latin America, Europe, Asia Pacific Excluding China, China and Middle East & Africa. North America captured the largest shares in global Amniotic Fluid Stem Cell Therapy Market and is projected to continue over the forecast period owing to technological advancement in the healthcare and growing awareness among the population towards the new research and development in the stem cell therapy. Europe is expected to account for the second largest revenue share in the amniotic fluid stem cell therapy market. The Asia Pacific is anticipated to have rapid growth in near future owing to increasing healthcare set up and improving healthcare expenditure. Latin America and the Middle East and Africa account for slow growth in the market of amniotic fluid stem cell therapy due to lack of medical facilities and technical knowledge.

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Rapid Unit Sales of Amniotic Fluid Stem Cell Therapy to Account for Incremental Revenues in the Global Market through the COVID 19 Crisis Period -...

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Biomedicals big year: Grants fund research on skin, heart cells, cancer and more – Binghamton University

By daniellenierenberg

By Chris Kocher

June 18, 2020

The Thomas J. Watson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences Department of Biomedical Engineering has earned nearly $4 million in grants from 201820 (as of March 2020). Associate Professor Sha Jin alone received three grants totaling $1.2 million for her diabetes research. Funding agencies include the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation and the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

Guy German

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR

RESEARCH TOPIC: HUMAN SKIN

THE GOAL: Understanding how different factors can cause the mechanical properties of our skin to change. The human body has many barriers, and skin is arguably the most important, protecting us from the external environment. When skin becomes broken or ruptured, that barrier is lost. It can be caused by surgical incisions, penetrating trauma, diseases that cause lesions and chapping from cold environments. German explores how bacteria can degrade integrity; the effects of chronological- and photo-aging; and how to create bio-inspired materials that control crack propagation and the movement of fluids on their surfaces.

Tracy Hookway

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

RESEARCH TOPIC: HEART CELLS

THE GOAL: Turning stem cells into functioning cardiac cells.

The human heart does not have the ability to repair itself after heart attacks or similar cardiac events. By merging the fields of stem-cell biology, tissue engineering and cardiovascular physiology, Hookway is trying to make models of cardiovascular tissue in a Petri dish that are more similar to what is in our bodies. One challenge is that the heart is not one cell type; in fact, it is multiple types of cells working together to achieve function.

Sha Jin

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR

RESEARCH TOPIC: DIABETES

THE GOAL: Generating pancreatic tissue from stem cells.

One experimental treatment for diabetes currently in clinical trials through the U.S. Food and Drug Administration is islet transplantation, but there are fewer donors than needed. Human-induced pluripotent stem cells cells that can self-renew by dividing could offer a renewable source for islets, but they remain a challenge because of limited knowledge about how islets form. Jins lab has been working to direct stem cells to differentiate and mature into pancreatic islet organoids using a variety of approaches; when successful, these islets would be transplanted into humans.

Ahyeon Koh

ASSISTANT PROFESSOR

RESEARCH TOPIC: HUMAN SWEAT

THE GOAL: Utilizing sweat to generate electricity for flexible biosensors and to monitor stress levels.

Kohs research aims to give us real-time information about how our bodies are functioning, such as for glucose monitoring, wound care and post-surgery cardiac health. She is currently working with other Binghamton professors on two microfluidic systems that can collect and use the sweat that our body produces. One of them will have sweat-eating bacteria that will power biosensors, and the other will monitor stress levels by measuring the amounts of the steroid hormone cortisol that are secreted.

Gretchen Mahler

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR

RESEARCH TOPIC: ORGAN-ON-A-CHIP

THE GOAL: Creating 3D microfluidic cell-culture chips that simulate the mechanics and physiological response of organs and tissues.

Mahlers current research which has applications for cardiovascular disease and cancer focuses on how disruptions in a tissues mechanical or chemical environment can lead to disease initiation and progression. She currently is working with three other professors two from Watson, one from Harpur College of Arts and Sciences on a National Science Foundation-funded study of calcific aortic valve disease, and she also is interested in how food additives alter gastrointestinal health.

Kaiming Ye

PROFESSOR AND DEPARTMENT CHAIR

RESEARCH TOPIC: CANCER VACCINE

THE GOAL: Developing a vaccine that will slow or halt the growth of future tumors.Yes research is targeting the protein CD47, which is part of the membrane that covers human cells. It also sends a dont eat me signal to a bodys immune system normally a good thing, but a problem when cells become cancerous. In a 2019 study using mice treated with their experimental vaccine, Ye and his co-investigators found a two-fold reduction in tumor growth rates and five-fold reduction in size in the tumors that did form.

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Biomedicals big year: Grants fund research on skin, heart cells, cancer and more - Binghamton University

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Stem Cell Therapy Market Analysis On Trends & Need 2025 3w Market News Reports – 3rd Watch News

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Overview

Also called regenerative medicine, stem cell therapy encourages the reparative response of damaged, diseased, or dysfunctional tissue via the use of stem cells and their derivatives. Replacing the practice of organ transplantations, stem cell therapies have eliminated the dependence on availability of donors. Bone marrow transplant is perhaps the most commonly employed stem cell therapy.

Osteoarthritis, cerebral palsy, heart failure, multiple sclerosis and even hearing loss could be treated using stem cell therapies. Doctors have successfully performed stem cell transplants that significantly aid patients fight cancers such as leukemia and other blood-related diseases.

Know the Growth Opportunities in Emerging Markets

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Key Trends

The key factors influencing the growth of the global stem cell therapy market are increasing funds in the development of new stem lines, the advent of advanced genomic procedures used in stem cell analysis, and greater emphasis on human embryonic stem cells. As the traditional organ transplantations are associated with limitations such as infection, rejection, and immunosuppression along with high reliance on organ donors, the demand for stem cell therapy is likely to soar. The growing deployment of stem cells in the treatment of wounds and damaged skin, scarring, and grafts is another prominent catalyst of the market.

On the contrary, inadequate infrastructural facilities coupled with ethical issues related to embryonic stem cells might impede the growth of the market. However, the ongoing research for the manipulation of stem cells from cord blood cells, bone marrow, and skin for the treatment of ailments including cardiovascular and diabetes will open up new doors for the advancement of the market.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Market Potential

A number of new studies, research projects, and development of novel therapies have come forth in the global market for stem cell therapy. Several of these treatments are in the pipeline, while many others have received approvals by regulatory bodies.

In March 2017, Belgian biotech company TiGenix announced that its cardiac stem cell therapy, AlloCSC-01 has successfully reached its phase I/II with positive results. Subsequently, it has been approved by the U.S. FDA. If this therapy is well- received by the market, nearly 1.9 million AMI patients could be treated through this stem cell therapy.

Another significant development is the granting of a patent to Israel-based Kadimastem Ltd. for its novel stem-cell based technology to be used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other similar conditions of the nervous system. The companys technology used for producing supporting cells in the central nervous system, taken from human stem cells such as myelin-producing cells is also covered in the patent.

The regional analysis covers:

Order this Report TOC for Detailed Statistics

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Regional Outlook

The global market for stem cell therapy can be segmented into Asia Pacific, North America, Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East and Africa. North America emerged as the leading regional market, triggered by the rising incidence of chronic health conditions and government support. Europe also displays significant growth potential, as the benefits of this therapy are increasingly acknowledged.

Asia Pacific is slated for maximum growth, thanks to the massive patient pool, bulk of investments in stem cell therapy projects, and the increasing recognition of growth opportunities in countries such as China, Japan, and India by the leading market players.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Competitive Analysis

Several firms are adopting strategies such as mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, and partnerships, apart from product development with a view to attain a strong foothold in the global market for stem cell therapy.

Some of the major companies operating in the global market for stem cell therapy are RTI Surgical, Inc., MEDIPOST Co., Ltd., Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., NuVasive, Inc., Pharmicell Co., Ltd., Anterogen Co., Ltd., JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., and Holostem Terapie Avanzate S.r.l.

About TMR Research:

TMR Research is a premier provider of customized market research and consulting services to business entities keen on succeeding in todays supercharged economic climate. Armed with an experienced, dedicated, and dynamic team of analysts, we are redefining the way our clients conduct business by providing them with authoritative and trusted research studies in tune with the latest methodologies and market trends.

Link:
Stem Cell Therapy Market Analysis On Trends & Need 2025 3w Market News Reports - 3rd Watch News

To Read More: Stem Cell Therapy Market Analysis On Trends & Need 2025 3w Market News Reports – 3rd Watch News
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Stem Cell Therapy Market Analysis On Trends & Need 2025 3w Market News Reports – 3rd Watch News | dataJune 19th, 2020
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Stem Cell Therapy Market to Incur Rapid Extension During 2025 – Owned

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Overview

Also called regenerative medicine, stem cell therapy encourages the reparative response of damaged, diseased, or dysfunctional tissue via the use of stem cells and their derivatives. Replacing the practice of organ transplantations, stem cell therapies have eliminated the dependence on availability of donors. Bone marrow transplant is perhaps the most commonly employed stem cell therapy.

Osteoarthritis, cerebral palsy, heart failure, multiple sclerosis and even hearing loss could be treated using stem cell therapies. Doctors have successfully performed stem cell transplants that significantly aid patients fight cancers such as leukemia and other blood-related diseases.

Know the Growth Opportunities in Emerging Markets

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Key Trends

The key factors influencing the growth of the global stem cell therapy market are increasing funds in the development of new stem lines, the advent of advanced genomic procedures used in stem cell analysis, and greater emphasis on human embryonic stem cells. As the traditional organ transplantations are associated with limitations such as infection, rejection, and immunosuppression along with high reliance on organ donors, the demand for stem cell therapy is likely to soar. The growing deployment of stem cells in the treatment of wounds and damaged skin, scarring, and grafts is another prominent catalyst of the market.

On the contrary, inadequate infrastructural facilities coupled with ethical issues related to embryonic stem cells might impede the growth of the market. However, the ongoing research for the manipulation of stem cells from cord blood cells, bone marrow, and skin for the treatment of ailments including cardiovascular and diabetes will open up new doors for the advancement of the market.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Market Potential

A number of new studies, research projects, and development of novel therapies have come forth in the global market for stem cell therapy. Several of these treatments are in the pipeline, while many others have received approvals by regulatory bodies.

In March 2017, Belgian biotech company TiGenix announced that its cardiac stem cell therapy, AlloCSC-01 has successfully reached its phase I/II with positive results. Subsequently, it has been approved by the U.S. FDA. If this therapy is well- received by the market, nearly 1.9 million AMI patients could be treated through this stem cell therapy.

Another significant development is the granting of a patent to Israel-based Kadimastem Ltd. for its novel stem-cell based technology to be used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other similar conditions of the nervous system. The companys technology used for producing supporting cells in the central nervous system, taken from human stem cells such as myelin-producing cells is also covered in the patent.

The regional analysis covers:

Order this Report TOC for Detailed Statistics

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Regional Outlook

The global market for stem cell therapy can be segmented into Asia Pacific, North America, Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East and Africa. North America emerged as the leading regional market, triggered by the rising incidence of chronic health conditions and government support. Europe also displays significant growth potential, as the benefits of this therapy are increasingly acknowledged.

Asia Pacific is slated for maximum growth, thanks to the massive patient pool, bulk of investments in stem cell therapy projects, and the increasing recognition of growth opportunities in countries such as China, Japan, and India by the leading market players.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Competitive Analysis

Several firms are adopting strategies such as mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, and partnerships, apart from product development with a view to attain a strong foothold in the global market for stem cell therapy.

Some of the major companies operating in the global market for stem cell therapy are RTI Surgical, Inc., MEDIPOST Co., Ltd., Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., NuVasive, Inc., Pharmicell Co., Ltd., Anterogen Co., Ltd., JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., and Holostem Terapie Avanzate S.r.l.

About TMR Research:

TMR Research is a premier provider of customized market research and consulting services to business entities keen on succeeding in todays supercharged economic climate. Armed with an experienced, dedicated, and dynamic team of analysts, we are redefining the way our clients conduct business by providing them with authoritative and trusted research studies in tune with the latest methodologies and market trends.

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Stem Cell Therapy Market to Incur Rapid Extension During 2025 - Owned

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Cardiac Rhythm Management Market to Witness Rapid Increase in Consumption During 2015 2021 – The Canton Independent Sentinel

By daniellenierenberg

Cardiac rhythm management refers to a process of monitoring functioning of the heart through devices. Cardiac rhythm management devices are used to provide therapeutic solutions to patients suffering from cardiac disorders such as cardiac arrhythmias, heart failure, and cardiac arrests. Cardiac disorders lead to irregular heartbeat. Technological advancements and rise in the number of deaths due to increasing incidences of heart diseases and increasing aging population are some of the major factors driving the cardiac rhythm management market. Heart disease is one of the primary causes of death in the U. S. Excess of alcohol consumption; smoking, high cholesterol levels, and obesity are some of the major causes of heart diseases. Cardiac rhythm management is conducted through two major devices: implantable cardiac rhythm devices and pacemakers. Implantable cardiac rhythm devices treat patients with an improper heartbeat. Based on the device, the cardiac rhythm management market can be segmented into defibrillators, pacemakers, cardiac resynchronization therapy devices, implantable defibrillators, and external defibrillators. Pacemakers are used to treat patients with a slow heartbeat. Based on the end user, the cardiac rhythm management market can be segmented into hospitals, home/ambulatory, and others.

North America has the largest market for cardiac rhythm management due to improved healthcare infrastructure, government initiatives, rise in incidences of cardiac disorders, growing number of deaths due to cardiovascular diseases,and increasing healthcare expenditure in the region. The North America market for cardiac rhythm management is followed by Europe. Asia is expected to witness high growth rate in the cardiac rhythm management market in the next few years due to increasing incidences of cardiovascular diseases, growing disposable income, rise in awareness regarding heart disorders and relevant treatments, and improving healthcare infrastructure in the region.

For detailed insights on enhancing your product footprint, request for a Sample here @https://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/samples/3868

Increasing the prevalence of cardiovascular diseases, technological advancements, rise in life expectancy, increasing awareness regarding cardiac disorders, and government initiatives are some of the major factors that are expected to drive the market for cardiac rhythm management. In addition, factors such as a rise in disposable income, increasing aging population, and high cost associated with heart disease treatment are expected to drive the market for cardiac rhythm management. However, economic downturn, reimbursement issues, the importance of biologics and stem cells, and inappropriate use of the devices are some of the factors restraining the growth of the global cardiac rhythm management market.

Growing population and economies in the developing countries such as India and China are expected to drive the growth of the cardiac rhythm management market in Asia. In addition,factors such as innovations along with technological advancements such as miniaturization, introduction of MRI pacemakers, biocompatible materials and durable batteries, and continuous rise in aging population and increasing cardiovascular diseases such as arrhythmias, stroke, and high blood pressure are expected to create new opportunities for the global cardiac rhythm management market. An increasing number of mergers and acquisitions, rise in the number of collaborations and partnerships, and new product launches are some of the latest trends in the global cardiac rhythm management market.

To receive extensive list of important regions, ask for TOC here @https://www.persistencemarketresearch.com/toc/3868

Some of the major companies operating in the global cardiac rhythm management market areMedtronic, Abbott Laboratories, Boston Scientific, St. Jude Medical, Altera, and Sorin.Other companies with significant presence in the global cardiac rhythm management market include

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Cardiac Rhythm Management Market to Witness Rapid Increase in Consumption During 2015 2021 - The Canton Independent Sentinel

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GLOBAL HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELL MARKET Analysis 2020 With COVID 19 Impact Analysis| Leading Players, Industry Updates, Future Growth, Business…

By daniellenierenberg

With a full devotion and dedication this superior GLOBAL HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELL MARKET report is presented to the clients that extend their reach to success. Market parameters covered in this advertising report can be listed as market definition, currency and pricing, market segmentation, market overview, premium insights, key insights and company profile of the key market players. Each parameter included in this GLOBAL HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELL MARKET business research report is again explored deeply for the better and actionable market insights. Geographical scope of the products is also carried out comprehensively for the major global areas which helps define strategies for the product distribution in those areas.

TheGlobal Human Embryonic Stem Cell Marketstudy with 100+ market data Tables, Pie Chat, Graphs & Figures is now released by Data Bridge Market Research. The report presents a complete assessment of the Market covering future trend, current growth factors, attentive opinions, facts, and industry validated market data forecast till 2026. Delivering the key insights pertaining to this industry, the report provides an in-depth analysis of the latest trends, present and future business scenario, market size and share ofMajor Players such as Arizona Board of Regents, STEMCELL Technologies Inc, Cellular Engineering Technologies, CellGenix GmbH, PromoCell GmbH, Lonza, Kite Pharma, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, BrainStorm Cell Limited., CELGENE CORPORATION, Osiris Therapeutics,Inc, U.S. Stem Cell, Inc and amny More

Global human embryonic stem cell market estimated to register a healthy CAGR of 10.5% in the forecast period of 2019 to 2026. The imminent market report contains data for historic year 2017, the base year of calculation is 2018 and the forecast period is 2019 to 2026. The growth of the market can be attributed to the increase in tissue engineering process.

Avail 20% Discount on Buying This Report: Get a Free Sample Copy of the Report @ (Use Corporate email ID to Get Higher Priority) @https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/request-a-sample/?dbmr=global-human-embryonic-stem-cell-market

Market Dynamics:

Set of qualitative information that includes PESTEL Analysis, PORTER Five Forces Model, Value Chain Analysis and Macro Economic factors, Regulatory Framework along with Industry Background and Overview.

Global Human Embryonic Stem Cell Market By Type (Totipotent Stem Cells, Pluripotent Stem Cells, Unipotent Stem Cells), Application (Regenerative Medicine, Stem Cell Biology Research, Tissue Engineering, Toxicology Testing), End User (Research, Clinical Trials, Others), Geography (North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, South America, Middle East and Africa) Industry Trends and Forecast to 2026

Global Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research Methodology

Data Bridge Market Research presents a detailed picture of the market by way of study, synthesis, and summation of data from multiple sources.The data thus presented is comprehensive, reliable, and the result of extensive research, both primary and secondary. The analysts have presented the various facets of the market with a particular focus on identifying the key industry influencers.

Major Drivers and Restraints of the Human Embryonic Stem Cell Industry

Complete report is available (TOC) @https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/toc/?dbmr=global-human-embryonic-stem-cell-market

The titled segments and sub-section of the market are illuminated below:

By Type

By Application

By End User

Top Players in the Market are:

Some of the major companies functioning in global human embryonic stem cell market are Arizona Board of Regents, STEMCELL Technologies Inc, Cellular Engineering Technologies, CellGenix GmbH, PromoCell GmbH, Lonza, Kite Pharma, Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, BrainStorm Cell Limited., CELGENE CORPORATION, Osiris Therapeutics,Inc, U.S. Stem Cell, Inc, Waisman Biomanufacturing, Caladrius, Pfizer Inc., Thermo Fisher Scientific, Merck KGaA, Novo Nordisk A/S, Johnson & Johnson Services, Inc and SA Biosciences Corporation among others.

How will the report help new companies to plan their investments in the Human Embryonic Stem Cell market?

The Human Embryonic Stem Cell market research report classifies the competitive spectrum of this industry in elaborate detail. The study claims that the competitive reach spans the companies of.

The report also mentions about the details such as the overall remuneration, product sales figures, pricing trends, gross margins, etc.

Information about the sales & distribution area alongside the details of the company, such as company overview, buyer portfolio, product specifications, etc., are provided in the study.

Any query? Enquire Here For Discount Or Report Customization: @https://www.databridgemarketresearch.com/inquire-before-buying/?dbmr=global-human-embryonic-stem-cell-market

Some of the Major Highlights of TOC covers:

Chapter 1: Methodology & Scope

Definition and forecast parameters

Methodology and forecast parameters

Data Sources

Chapter 2: Executive Summary

Business trends

Regional trends

Product trends

End-use trends

Chapter 3: Human Embryonic Stem Cell Industry Insights

Industry segmentation

Industry landscape

Vendor matrix

Technological and innovation landscape

Chapter 4: Human Embryonic Stem Cell Market, By Region

Chapter 5: Company Profile

Business Overview

Financial Data

Product Landscape

Strategic Outlook

SWOT Analysis

Thanks for reading this article, you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like North America, Europe or Asia.

About Data Bridge Market Research:

An absolute way to forecast what future holds is to comprehend the trend today!Data Bridge set forth itself as an unconventional and neoteric Market research and consulting firm with unparalleled level of resilience and integrated approaches. We are determined to unearth the best market opportunities and foster efficient information for your business to thrive in the market. Data Bridge endeavors to provide appropriate solutions to the complex business challenges and initiates an effortless decision-making process.

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GLOBAL HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELL MARKET Analysis 2020 With COVID 19 Impact Analysis| Leading Players, Industry Updates, Future Growth, Business...

To Read More: GLOBAL HUMAN EMBRYONIC STEM CELL MARKET Analysis 2020 With COVID 19 Impact Analysis| Leading Players, Industry Updates, Future Growth, Business…
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