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Get Around-The-Clock Glowing Skin With Charlotte Tilbury Magic Cream – The Kit

By daniellenierenberg

The first step in any flawless makeup application is nailing your moisturizing routine (who wants makeup clinging to dry skin patches, #AmIRite?). And makeup artist Charlotte Tilburythe pro best known for making her celeb and model clients glow like they just stepped off the beaches in her hometown Ibizahas created a glowing skincare trifecta to prime and perfect skin 24/7, all but guaranteeing a *chefs kiss* makeup application.

The trio includes her iconic Magic Creamadored by celebrities and supermodels alike, thanks to star ingredients like peptides, hyaluronic acid plus antioxidants like vitamins C & E. With the Magic Night Cream, Tilbury turns up the glow while you sleep. Its a nourishing balm texture that boasts time-released retinol (famed to smooth lines), plant stem cells, plus CoEnzyme Q10 and vitamin E to ensure dewy, bouncy looking skin by morning. The final secret weapon of the trio is the Magic Eye Rescue: a smoothing, brightening eye cream packed with time-released retinol and plant stem cell extracts to reduce the appearance of wrinkles, dark circles and puffiness on tired-looking eyes. (Bonus: each is now available in refillable, recyclable glass jars).

To learn more on how to keep the glow going, we asked board-certified dermatologist Dr. Angela Lamb, who has teamed up with Charlotte Tilbury, how to nail your best day-and-night skincare routine for dewy results (including her pro advice on eye cream).

For the winter you want a product with humectants. These are ingredients that trap moisture and can fall into many categories. Some examples are glycerin, shea butter, and hyaluronic acid. They create a seal on the skin and attract water, which helps keep water close to the skin surface and prevents it from evaporating too quickly. The Charlotte Tilbury Magic Cream contains two of these key humectants, hyaluronic acid as well as aloe vera and shea butter, helping to hydrate skin for up to 24 hours and making it a perfect product for the winter.

The key ingredients for long-lasting improvement would be retinol. It builds collagen and decreases fine lines. To get that immediate boost, you want ingredients that provide hydration and reflect light, and give a refreshed look, like in the Charlotte Tilbury Magic Eye Rescue.

A retinol! It is the main ingredient that will provide what most people want: younger-looking eyes.

The time that you sleep allows the body to regenerate, repair cells and refresh. A great night cream will help your body accomplish these goals. The CoEnzyme Q10 in the Charlotte Tilbury Magic Night Cream does this well. As an antioxidant, it is able to actually help your skin repair some of the daily damage and regenerate for smooth, healthy-looking skin.

For product layering, I like moisturizer or serum first, then eye creams on top. I recommend layering a retinol on top of a moisturizer. You get the same benefits without any potential dryness.

The Kit created this content; Charlotte Tilbury funded and approved it.

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FDA Approves Genentech’s Tecentriq as Adjuvant Treatment for Certain People With Early Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer – BioSpace

By daniellenierenberg

SOUTH SAN FRANCISCO, Calif.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Genentech, Inc., a member of the Roche Group (SIX: RO, ROG; OTCQX: RHHBY), today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved Tecentriq (atezolizumab) as adjuvant treatment following surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy for adults with Stage II-IIIA non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors express PD-L11%, as determined by an FDA-approved test.

Tecentriq is now the first and only cancer immunotherapy available for adjuvant treatment of NSCLC, introducing a new era where people diagnosed with early lung cancer may have the opportunity to receive immunotherapy to increase their chances for cure, said Levi Garraway, M.D., Ph.D., chief medical officer and head of Global Product Development. Todays landmark approval gives physicians and patients a new way to treat early lung cancer that has the potential to significantly reduce risk of cancer recurrence, after more than a decade with limited treatment advances in this setting.

Too many patients with early-stage lung cancer experience disease recurrence following surgery. Now, the availability of immunotherapy following surgery and chemotherapy offers many patients new hope and a powerful new tool to reduce their risk of cancer relapse, said Bonnie Addario, Co-founder and Chair, GO2 Foundation for Lung Cancer. With this approval, it is more important than ever to screen for lung cancer early and test for PD-L1 at diagnosis to help bring this advance to the people who can benefit.

The approval is based on results from an interim analysis of the Phase III IMpower010 study that showed treatment with Tecentriq following surgery and platinum-based chemotherapy reduced the risk of disease recurrence or death by 34% (hazard ratio [HR]=0.66, 95% CI: 0.50-0.88) in people with Stage II-IIIA (UICC/AJCC 7th edition) NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L11%, compared with best supportive care (BSC). Safety data for Tecentriq were consistent with its known safety profile and no new safety signals were identified. Fatal and serious adverse reactions occurred in 1.8% and 18%, respectively, of patients receiving Tecentriq. The most frequent serious adverse reactions (>1%) were pneumonia (1.8%), pneumonitis (1.6%), and pyrexia (1.2%).

The review of this application was conducted under the FDAs Project Orbis initiative, which provides a framework for concurrent submission and review of oncology medicines among international partners. According to the FDA, collaboration among international regulators may allow patients with cancer to receive earlier access to products in other countries where there may be significant delays in regulatory submissions. Simultaneous applications were submitted to regulators in the United States, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, Canada, Brazil and Australia under Project Orbis. Additionally, the FDA reviewed and approved the supplemental application under its Real-Time Oncology Review pilot program, which aims to explore a more efficient review process to ensure safe and effective treatments are available to patients as early as possible.

Tecentriq has previously shown clinically meaningful benefit in various types of lung cancer, with six currently approved indications in the U.S. In addition to becoming the first approved cancer immunotherapy for adjuvant NSCLC, Tecentriq was also the first approved cancer immunotherapy for front-line treatment of adults with extensive-stage small cell lung cancer (SCLC) in combination with carboplatin and etoposide (chemotherapy). Tecentriq also has four approved indications in advanced NSCLC as either a single agent or in combination with targeted therapies and/or chemotherapies. Tecentriq is available in three dosing options, providing the flexibility to choose administration every two, three or four weeks.

Genentech has an extensive development program for Tecentriq, including multiple ongoing and planned Phase III studies across different lung, genitourinary, skin, breast, gastrointestinal, gynecological, and head and neck cancers. This includes studies evaluating Tecentriq both alone and in combination with other medicines, as well as studies in metastatic, adjuvant and neoadjuvant settings across various tumor types.

About the IMpower010 study

IMpower010 is a Phase III, global, multicenter, open-label, randomized study evaluating the efficacy and safety of Tecentriq compared with BSC, in participants with Stage IB-IIIA NSCLC (UICC/AJCC 7th edition), following surgical resection and up to 4 cycles of adjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy. The study randomized 1,005 people with a ratio of 1:1 to receive either Tecentriq for 1 year (16 cycles), unless disease recurrence or unacceptable toxicity occurred, or BSC. The primary endpoint is investigator-determined DFS in the PD-L1-positive Stage II-IIIA, all randomized Stage II-IIIA and intent-to-treat (ITT) Stage IB-IIIA populations. Key secondary endpoints include overall survival (OS) in the overall study population, ITT Stage IB-IIIA NSCLC.

About lung cancer

According to the American Cancer Society, it is estimated that more than 235,000 Americans will be diagnosed with lung cancer in 2021. NSCLC accounts for 80-85% of all lung cancers and approximately 50% of patients diagnosed with NSCLC are diagnosed with early-stage (Stages I and II) or locally advanced (Stage III) disease. Today, about half of all people with early lung cancer still experience a cancer recurrence following surgery. Treating lung cancer early, before it has spread, may help prevent the disease from returning and provide people with the best opportunity for a cure.

About Tecentriq (atezolizumab)

Tecentriq is a monoclonal antibody designed to bind with a protein called PD-L1. Tecentriq is designed to bind to PD-L1 expressed on tumor cells and tumor-infiltrating immune cells, blocking its interactions with both PD-1 and B7.1 receptors. By inhibiting PD-L1, Tecentriq may enable the re-activation of T cells. Tecentriq may also affect normal cells.

Tecentriq U.S. Indications

Tecentriq is a prescription medicine used to treat adults with:

A type of lung cancer called non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

A type of lung cancer called small cell lung cancer (SCLC).

It is not known if Tecentriq is safe and effective in children.

Important Safety Information

What is the most important information about Tecentriq?

Tecentriq can cause the immune system to attack normal organs and tissues in any area of the body and can affect the way they work. These problems can sometimes become severe or life threatening and can lead to death. Patients can have more than one of these problems at the same time. These problems may happen anytime during their treatment or even after their treatment has ended.

Patients should call or see their healthcare provider right away if they develop any new or worse signs or symptoms, including:

Lung problems

Intestinal problems

Liver problems

Hormone gland problems

Kidney problems

Skin problems

Problems can also happen in other organs.

These are not all of the signs and symptoms of immune system problems that can happen with Tecentriq. Patients should call or see their healthcare provider right away for any new or worse signs or symptoms, including:

Infusion reactions that can sometimes be severe or life-threatening. Signs and symptoms of infusion reactions may include:

Complications, including graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), in people who have received a bone marrow (stem cell) transplant that uses donor stem cells (allogeneic). These complications can be serious and can lead to death. These complications may happen if patients undergo transplantation either before or after being treated with Tecentriq. A healthcare provider will monitor for these complications.

Getting medical treatment right away may help keep these problems from becoming more serious. A healthcare provider will check patients for these problems during their treatment with Tecentriq. A healthcare provider may treat patients with corticosteroid or hormone replacement medicines. A healthcare provider may also need to delay or completely stop treatment with Tecentriq if patients have severe side effects.

Before receiving Tecentriq, patients should tell their healthcare provider about all of their medical conditions, including if they:

Patients should tell their healthcare provider about all the medicines they take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

The most common side effects of Tecentriq when used alone include:

The most common side effects of Tecentriq when used in lung cancer with other anti-cancer medicines include:

Tecentriq may cause fertility problems in females, which may affect the ability to have children. Patients should talk to their healthcare provider if they have concerns about fertility.

These are not all the possible side effects of Tecentriq. Patients should ask their healthcare provider or pharmacist for more information about the benefits and side effects of Tecentriq.

Report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or http://www.fda.gov/medwatch.

Report side effects to Genentech at 1-888-835-2555.

Please see http://www.Tecentriq.com for full Prescribing Information and additional Important Safety Information.

About Genentech in cancer immunotherapy

Genentech has been developing medicines to redefine treatment in oncology for more than 35 years, and today, realizing the full potential of cancer immunotherapy is a major area of focus. With more than 20 immunotherapy molecules in development, Genentech is investigating the potential benefits of immunotherapy alone, and in combination with various chemotherapies, targeted therapies and other immunotherapies with the goal of providing each person with a treatment tailored to harness their own unique immune system.

In addition to Genentechs approved PD-L1 checkpoint inhibitor, the companys broad cancer immunotherapy pipeline includes other checkpoint inhibitors, individualized neoantigen therapies and T cell bispecific antibodies. For more information visit http://www.gene.com/cancer-immunotherapy.

About Genentech in lung cancer

Lung cancer is a major area of focus and investment for Genentech, and we are committed to developing new approaches, medicines and tests that can help people with this deadly disease. Our goal is to provide an effective treatment option for every person diagnosed with lung cancer. We currently have five approved medicines to treat certain kinds of lung cancer and more than 10 medicines being developed to target the most common genetic drivers of lung cancer or to boost the immune system to combat the disease.

About Genentech

Founded more than 40 years ago, Genentech is a leading biotechnology company that discovers, develops, manufactures and commercializes medicines to treat patients with serious and life-threatening medical conditions. The company, a member of the Roche Group, has headquarters in South San Francisco, California. For additional information about the company, please visit http://www.gene.com.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20211015005506/en/

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Are ‘robot massages’ the future of muscle repair? – Medical News Today

By daniellenierenberg

Skeletal muscle enables the body to move and maintain posture. Direct injury for instance, from trauma can impair a persons movement and quality of life.

People have been using massage and other mechanotherapies for thousands of years to soothe aching and injured muscles. However, the science behind the effects of massage has not been examined in detail.

Lots of people have been trying to study the beneficial effects of massage and other mechanotherapies on the body, but up to this point, it hadnt been done in a systematic, reproducible way, explains lead author of the current study Dr. Bo Ri Seo, Ph.D.

Our work shows a very clear connection between mechanical stimulation and immune function, he continues.

Like much of the human body, skeletal muscle can repair itself. The process involves three stages:

When muscle injury occurs, muscle fibers rupture and die. White blood cells invade the injury site, removing the dead muscle cells and activating cells that help mount an immune response. This includes the release of growth factors, cytokines, and chemokines.

During the repair phase, satellite cells, or muscle precursor cells, grow and differentiate into muscle cells. These then replace injured cells in the muscle fiber, and scar tissue forms.

In the remodeling phase, muscle fibers mature, and scar tissue contracts. However, extensive injuries may cause dense scar tissue formation, impeding muscle repair and resulting in incomplete recovery of muscle function.

Despite its complications, surgical treatment remains the current standard of care for severe muscle injury.

Recognizing the need for an effective noninvasive treatment for severe skeletal muscle injury, researchers from Harvard University in Cambridge, MA, conducted a study investigating the use of mechanotherapy as a potential treatment.

Their findings appear in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

Dr. Seo, who is a postdoctoral fellow at the Wyss Institute at Harvard, explained to Medical News Today:

Our previous study has shown the beneficial impacts of compressive loading for skeletal muscle regeneration. Based on the finding, we wanted to develop a [scientifically] validated, optimal protocol for mechanotherapy and to understand the mechanisms associated with the therapeutic impacts.

The researchers developed an external robotic device to deliver a precise, controlled, and measurable pressure to the leg muscle in mice. The scientists also used ultrasound to measure tissue response to the stress applied.

One to 14 days after injury, the scientists gave the mice in the treatment group mechanotherapy with pressure corresponding to muscle strains of 10, 20, or 40% for 5 minutes every 1012 hours. The scientists did not treat mice in the control group.

Compared with the control mice, the mice in the treatment group demonstrated a significant reduction in muscle fiber damage and scarring. The authors also note increased muscle fiber diameter, which is an indicator of repair and strength recovery.

Since muscle repair improvements were similar across the 10, 20, and 40% groups, the study continued using the 20% muscle strain pressure setting for the remaining experiments.

To uncover how mechanotherapy promoted muscle repair, the researchers also measured levels of inflammatory factors cytokines and chemokines over time.

The study identified that mechanotherapy reduced levels of a cytokine responsible for the movement of neutrophils by more than half by day 3. Neutrophils help clear damaged cells and communicate with other cells to promote repair and immune response. Neutrophils also play a role in inflammation.

To understand why neutrophils and cytokines were moving out of the muscle, the researchers injected a fluorescent compound into the muscle. They observed that mechanotherapy was directly causing this exodus from the muscle.

Next, the scientists cultured satellite cells which are essentially muscle stem cells with factors that neutrophils secrete. They wanted to assess their effects on muscle repair.

The study authors found that neutrophil-secreted factors initially promoted repair, but when they were present for a longer time, they impaired muscle fiber production.

After analyzing the muscle fibers produced in the two groups after 14 days, the researchers found that the leg muscle cells treated with mechanotherapy contained more type IIX fibers.

Type IIX fibers have a larger diameter and can produce increased force, consistent with the results the researchers saw in the mice that received mechanotherapy.

In the final experiment, the scientists used an antibody treatment to remove neutrophils in the mice during the first 3 days after injury. They found that the muscles of the treated mice recovered more quickly.

They discovered that both mechanotherapy and antibody treatment led to significantly reduced muscle damage and the development of larger muscle fibers.

Dr. Bert Mandelbaum, who was not involved in the study, also spoke with MNT. Dr. Mandelbaum is an orthopedic surgeon at Cedars-Sinai Kerlan-Jobe Institute and co-director of the Cedars-Sinai Regenerative Orthobiologics Center in Los Angeles.

He was intrigued by the experimental design particularly the use of robotics to prescribe specific muscle loads and then assessing the biological factors that the loads produce.

Speaking about the results, lead author Dr. Seo told MNT:

It was super exciting to see that the severely injured muscle treated with biologic-free/noninvasive compressive loading shows comparable functional outcomes to the ones treated with biologics-based therapies found from other studies.

Also, we were surprised by the fact that neutrophils were significantly involved in this process by directly influencing muscle progenitor cell activities, he continued.

In addition, we found that compressive loading rapidly reduces neutrophils and their associated factors by day 3 after injury with this change [] confined to the injured site. This makes mechanotherapy a great therapeutic candidate for patients who are already using other medical interventions or existing health complications for example, inflammatory diseases.

He went on to say: Our findings are based on [studies in] mice, so further studies are needed to confirm its impacts for larger animals and humans. Furthermore, since the kinetics and amplitudes of immune response can differ depending on types of injuries, how and what to be delivered should be optimized accordingly.

In conclusion, Dr. Mandelbaum told MNT, I think its a great hypothesis, something needing to be proven over time.

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Losing Your Hair? You Might Blame the Great Stem Cell Escape. – The New York Times

By daniellenierenberg

Every person, every mouse, every dog, has one unmistakable sign of aging: hair loss. But why does that happen?

Rui Yi, a professor of pathology at Northwestern University, set out to answer the question.

A generally accepted hypothesis about stem cells says they replenish tissues and organs, including hair, but they will eventually be exhausted and then die in place. This process is seen as an integral part of aging.

Instead Dr. Yi and his colleagues made a surprising discovery that, at least in the hair of aging animals, stem cells escape from the structures that house them.

Its a new way of thinking about aging, said Dr. Cheng-Ming Chuong, a skin cell researcher and professor of pathology at the University of Southern California, who was not involved in Dr. Yis study, which was published on Monday in the journal Nature Aging.

The study also identifies two genes involved in the aging of hair, opening up new possibilities for stopping the process by preventing stem cells from escaping.

Charles K.F. Chan, a stem cell researcher at Stanford University, called the paper very important, noting that in science, everything about aging seems so complicated we dont know where to start. By showing a pathway and a mechanism for explaining aging hair, Dr. Yi and colleagues may have provided a toehold.

Stem cells play a crucial role in the growth of hair in mice and in humans. Hair follicles, the tunnel-shaped miniature organs from which hairs grow, go through cyclical periods of growth in which a population of stem cells living in a specialized region called the bulge divide and become rapidly growing hair cells.

Sarah Millar, director of the Black Family Stem Cell Institute at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, who was not involved in Dr. Yis paper, explained that those cells give rise to the hair shaft and its sheath. Then, after a period of time, which is short for human body hair and much longer for hair on a persons head, the follicle becomes inactive and its lower part degenerates. The hair shaft stops growing and is shed, only to be replaced by a new strand of hair as the cycle repeats.

But while the rest of the follicle dies, a collection of stem cells remains in the bulge, ready to start turning into hair cells to grow a new strand of hair.

Dr. Yi, like most scientists, had assumed that with age the stem cells died in a process known as stem cell exhaustion. He expected that the death of a hair follicles stem cells meant that the hair would turn white and, when enough stem cells were lost, the strand of hair would die. But this hypothesis had not been fully tested.

Together with a graduate student, Chi Zhang, Dr. Yi decided that to understand the aging process in hair, he needed to watch individual strands of hair as they grew and aged.

Ordinarily, researchers who study aging take chunks of tissue from animals of different ages and examine the changes. There are two drawbacks to this approach, Dr. Yi said. First, the tissue is already dead. And it is not clear what led to the changes that are observed or what will come after them.

He decided his team would use a different method. They watched the growth of individual hair follicles in the ears of mice using a long wavelength laser that can penetrate deep into tissue. They labeled hair follicles with a green fluorescent protein, anesthetized the animals so they did not move, put their ear under the microscope and went back again and again to watch what was happening to the same hair follicle.

What they saw was a surprise: When the animals started to grow old and gray and lose their hair, their stem cells started to escape their little homes in the bulge. The cells changed their shapes from round to amoeba-like and squeezed out of tiny holes in the follicle. Then they recovered their normal shapes and darted away.

Sometimes, the escaping stem cells leapt long distances, in cellular terms, from the niche where they lived.

If I did not see it for myself I would not have believed it, Dr. Yi said. Its almost crazy in my mind.

The stem cells then vanished, perhaps consumed by the immune system.

Dr. Chan compared an animal's body to a car. If you run it long enough and dont replace parts, things wear out, he said. In the body, stem cells are like a mechanic, providing replacement parts, and in some organs like hair, blood and bone, the replacement is continual.

But with hair, it now looks as if the mechanic the stem cells simply walks off the job one day.

But why? Dr. Yi and his colleagues next step was to ask if genes are controlling the process. They discovered two FOXC1 and NFATC1 that were less active in older hair follicle cells. Their role was to imprison stem cells in the bulge. So the researchers bred mice that lacked those genes to see if they were the master controllers.

By the time the mice were 4 to 5 months old, they started losing hair. By age 16 months, when the animals were middle-aged, they looked ancient: They had lost a lot of hair and the sparse strands remaining were gray.

Now the researchers want to save the hair stem cells in aging mice.

This story of the discovery of a completely unexpected natural process makes Dr. Chuong wonder what remains to be learned about living creatures.

Nature has endless surprises waiting for us, he said. You can see fantastic things.

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The Best Skincare Treatments For Time-Crunched Moms (Or Anyone Else Who Only Has Five Minutes To Spare) – Forbes

By daniellenierenberg

As a beauty writer and longtime skincare fanatic, Ive subscribed to various multi-step routines. Fast forward to having a baby and the general day-to-day life upheaval that comes along with it, and my definition of a worthwhile personal beauty regimen has changed a bit. While I still enjoy trying new products and learning about innovations in the beauty space, I find myself with less time (and patience) for the more laborious treatments and layering routines, and more interest in noticeable efficacy and multitasking capabilities.

The most effective skincare products and tools are great for paring down your routineand also ... [+] saving you some precious minutes in your day.

And whether youre a busy mom or simply short on me time these days (who isnt?), there are a myriad of tried-and-true products that get the job done without requiring a ton of effort on your part. From Herauxs next-level anti-inflammaging serum to NuFaces skin-smoothing device, these standout skincare products and tools are ideal for a results-driven regimen thats effective enough to knock a few steps off your routineand save you some precious minutes in your day.

Since its launch seven years ago, this antioxidant-rich hydrating facial oil has remained a cult favorite for anyone who wants an instant glow, with the added benefit of skin soothing, balancing and repair. Infused with 22 active botanical and essential oils, the lightweight yet potent treatment can help with everything from acne to sun damage. And when applied using founder April Gargiulos signature push-press technique, it feels like a simple yet luxurious way to start and end the day.

Like the brands Trinity device, the NuFace Fix uses microcurrent technology at a gentler level to help reduce the look of fine lines and wrinkles on the more delicate areas of the face: on the forehead, between brows and around the eyes and lips (filler-free plumping, anyone?). Its sleek, compact shape combined with ease of use makes it a no-brainer for skin smoothing results in a matter of minutes. Plus, it holds an ample 120-minute charge, which amounts to a couple months worth of use before needing to plug it ini.e. no fumbling with cords or a hefty device on a regular basis.

The latest product in Kate McLeods sustainably packaged, handcrafted self care collection and the first to focus on skincare, the Face Stone is essentially a waterless moisturizer that melts on contact with skin. A rich blend of nourishing and antioxidant ingredients like blue tansy, kokum butter and plum kernal borage helps even and soothe stressed skinsomething we could all use these days. An added bonus? Its solid form and shape makes it a natural massaging tool, making it ideal for a morning pick-me-up or the start of an evening wind-down ritual.

While it covers your mineral-based broad spectrum sunscreen needs, this multitasker does much more than that. The unique product uses the U Beautys proprietary Sun-Siren Capsule Technology to help reduce hyperpigmentation, discoloration and dark spots (whether from pregnancy melasma or suntanning sins of the past) while also shielding against UVA, UVB, infrared and blue light exposure. A little goes a long way with this rich balm-cream formula, and its hydrating enough to double as a moisturizer or primer by day and also great as an overnight spot treatment.

An excellent (and cleaner) dupe for Biologique Recherches oft-elusive Lotion P50, this Moon Juice exfoliator is a skin savior in its own right. The liquid formula includes glycolic, lactic and salicylic acids for gentle, pore-minimizing exfoliation paired with niacinamide and adaptogenic reishi to help boost the skins natural barrier. And besides looking pretty, the packaging is completely recyclable, from the sculptural cap and glass bottle to the outer carton.

January Labs is a clean beauty favorite for its science-backed, results-driven products that have long been favored by top aestheticians. Even those with more sensitive (or dry) skin can use this retinol serum without dealing with typical downsides (like redness, drying or peeling) thanks to its use of Retistar, a .5% retinol thats super effective yet non-irritating.

This at-home peel is as easy as can be, requiring a single once-over with the pre-soaked pad to revive dull skin. The duo of glycolic and salicylic acids provide skin-smoothing exfoliation while ingredients like chamomile and bilberry extract calm, soothe and help even skin tone. Pro tip: Use up excess product on any dry, flakey patches on arms and legs.

Created by stem cell biologists at the University of Southern California, this innovative serum features an anti-inflammaging HX-1 molecule thats combined with tried-and-tested ingredients like vitamin C, hyaluronic acid, peptides and red maple bark. The result? A silky, lightweight formula thats both rejuvenating (designed to help reduce the effects of stress and aging factors on skin) and preventative (strengthening stem cells on a molecular level).

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Stanford neuroscientist’s ‘assembloids’ pave the way for innovative brain research – Scope

By daniellenierenberg

A recent article in the journal Nature credits Stanford physician-neuroscientist Sergiu Pasca, MD, with blazing a trail toward a more profound understanding of early brain development, and of what can go wrong in the process, using a cell-based research innovation he named "assembloids."

In 2015, Pasca and his colleagues published a paper in Nature Methods describing a fascinating feat: His tinkering with induced pluripotent stem cells, or iPS cells -- former skin cells transformed so that they've acquired an almost magical capacity to generate all the tissues in the body -- had borne a three-dimensional product. From these "magic" iPS cells grew a complex conglomerate of cells capable of modeling specific organs.

Pasca's particular interest was in the brain, and in the experiments detailed in the study, his lab had caused human iPS cells to multiply and differentiate into small spherical clusters of brain tissue suspended in laboratory glassware.

These clusters recapitulated the architecture and physiology of the human cerebral cortex -- the outermost layer of brain tissue, critical to perception, cognition and action. Pasca named these clusters, which grew to several millimeters in diameter and contained millions of cells, "cortical spheroids." Today, researchers around the world are using similar methodology to create models, broadly known as "organoids," to study other parts of the human body.

Two years later, in a study published in Nature, Pasca upped the ante by, first, generating a second kind of neural spheroid -- this time, representative of a deeper part of the developing forebrain called the subpallium -- and, second, by growing this kind of spheroid in conjunction with cortical spheroids, in the same dish.

To the researchers' amazement, spheroids of both types fused together, with nerve cells from subpallial spheroids migrating and poking extensions into the cortical spheroids and establishing working connections with nerve cells of a different type in the latter spheroids, just as occurs in fetal development.

"It's amazing that these cells already self-organize and know what they need to do," Pasca marveled in "Brain Balls," an article I wrote for our magazine, Stanford Medicine, a few years ago.

Pasca sensibly dubbed the two-fused-spheroid combos "assembloids," the Nature recap notes.

But why stop at two? Pasca has since created three-element assembloids composed of spheroids representative of cerebral cortex, spinal cord and skeletal muscle in order to model the circuitry of voluntary movement. He's also shown that stimulating the "cerebral cortex" spheroid can result in contraction of the "muscle" spheroid. (This accomplishment was published in Cell in late 2020.) He has explored other assembloid combinations, as well, such as the fusing of cortical spheroids with spheroids representing the striatum, a brain structure implicated in regulating our movements and responses to rewarding and aversive stimuli.

Because each spheroid begins with skin cells, they can be grown on a personalized basis -- and can therefore be extracted from patients with neurological disorders known or suspected to spring from early developmental aberrations (such as autism or schizophrenia). The cells can then be used to create models to probe these disorders' molecular, cellular and circuit-based deviations from the pathways of normal brain development, allowing scientists to study the brain in way they could never do with a living patient.

From the Nature article:

Assembloids are now at the leading edge of stem-cell research. Scientists are using them to investigate early events in organ development as tools for studying not only psychiatric disorders, but other types of disease as well.

An assembloid is by no means a complete, working brain. But, the article notes, "Pasca stands by the aphorism that all models are wrong, and some are useful. 'There's been important progress in the field in a short period of time,' he says."

Photo courtesy of the Pasca laboratory

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3 of the Best Fall Beauty Buys – Pursuitist

By daniellenierenberg

Fall is here, and now is the perfect time to upgrade your beauty routine for the cooler temperatures. Here are a few of our favorite products:

Parfums de Marly

The famed perfume house founded by Julien Sprecher will launch sensual Oriana on September 12th. Packaged in a hot pink bottle, the airy and dreamy fragrance is captivating withnotes of orange blossom, marshmallow, and Chantilly cream. Available on parfums-de-marly.com and Saks Fifth Avenue. $320.

ILONA

This innovative skincare brand continuously seeks out innovative ingredients and technologies from around the world and incorporates them into premium high-performance formulas like the BEYOND C Corrective Serum. This reincarnating serum is housed in a beautiful dual vessel package. One side is black, the other gold with each containing corrective technologies that reach maximum potency at the moment of unity.

The black side contains a novel probiotic and micronized niacin that fortifies skin defenses, intensifies cellular activity, quells inflammation, and amends blotchiness. The gold vessel contains a patented, hyper-potent, permeable form of vitamin C that helps brighten, fade age spots, even skin tone, and protect against oxidation. $132.

Heraux

This innovative product was created by Heraux Co-Founder Dr. Ben Van Handel, a Stem Cell Biologist at the University of Southern California and leading inflammaging researcher. Dr. Handel notes that Retinols are anti-inflammatory at the molecular level, acting as antioxidants and blocking hyperactivation of the immune system. HX-1, the proprietary ingredient in HerauxsMolecular Anti-Inflammaging Serum, acts to shield skin stem cells from pro-inflammaging stressors and concurrently supports the youthful function of stem cells. The regenerative program enabled by HX-1 promotes the secretion of collagen and elastin as well as improved skin barrier function.

Kimberly Fisher is a Pursuitist contributor. As a freelance writer and on-camera host, Kimberly has traveled the world and has published over 400 articles in over 44 publications including Sherman's Travel, Huffington Post, Just Luxe, Luxury Lifestyles UK, eHow, Examiner, Food Wine Travel Magazine, Luxe Beat, NiteGuide, Ocean View, and USA Today. Disclosure: Kimberly is employed by Remy Cointreau Americas.

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12 of the best face serums 2021 – Medical News Today

By daniellenierenberg

Facial serums are skin care products that the skin can absorb rapidly. They are formulated to contain high doses of ingredients, including actives such as vitamin C and retinol. They are not moisturizers. Instead, they are an additional step in a skin care routine selected to address specific skin concerns.

While many facial serums make claims about their benefits, limited scientific data is available to support these claims. The potential uses and benefits of a serum will depend on the ingredients and their concentration.

Many serums use active ingredients such as:

Common issues face serums claim to address include acne, rosacea, and signs of aging such as wrinkles.

One study of a facial serum targeting fine lines and wrinkles found that after 12 weeks, women showed statistically significant improvements in:

Face serums are generally considered safe. They are available without a prescription. However, because face serums deliver concentrated doses of active ingredients such as vitamin C or hyaluronic acid, people should exercise caution when trying them for the first time.

Pregnant people should exercise caution when selecting skin care products. Using products made with concentrated forms of vitamin A, such as retinol, can harm a developing fetus. Pregnant people should avoid skin care products that contain retinoids or other harmful ingredients.

People who are already using prescription or high dosage skin care products should check with their healthcare providers before using face serums to ensure they are not taking in unhealthy levels of powerful ingredients, such as retinoids.

When introducing a new active ingredient to the skin, there is a possibility of side effects such as:

If a person experiences these symptoms, they should reduce the frequency and dosage of the serum or stop using it altogether if symptoms do not reduce.

The American Academy of Dermatology recommends trying just one new product, like a facial serum, at a time. Starting several new products all at once, particularly anti-aging products, can irritate the skin and make it difficult to determine which products are beneficial.

It is also helpful to perform a patch test for a week before using a new product on facial skin. A patch test involves applying small amounts of the new product on the inner forearm for a few days to check for reactions.

A skin serum will not be effective if it is not used properly. The best time to apply face serum is after cleaning the skin and before applying moisturizer.

Facial serums are concentrated, so people should only use a small amount to cover the facial skin.

Learn more about skin care routines here.

No single skin care product can address all skin health needs. To pick out the best face serum, a person should first decide what skin concern they want to address, such as wrinkles or acne.

Look for a face serum that is a good fit for individual concerns and needs. For example, a person should choose a face serum that suits their skin type, such as oily, dry, combination, or aging.

Some people may wish to find products that are hypoallergenic and noncomedogenic, which means they are less likely to cause allergic reactions or acne.

Products do not have to be expensive to be effective, and serums are available to suit various budgets.

Please note that the writer of this article has not tried these products. All information presented is purely research-based.

This is an oil-free vitamin C face serum designed for people with oily or blemish-prone skin.

SkinCeuticals claims this serum can reduce skin oiliness and wrinkles, and improve skin texture.

The ingredients include:

This serum costs $166 for a 30ml bottle.

Made with Avene Thermal Spring Water, this water-gel serum is safe for adolescents and adults.

It is suitable for oily skin and should be used after cleansing in the morning and evening.

Avena claims that this product can be used safely alongside other acne treatments and can reduce the appearance of pores.

This serum costs $28.00 for 30ml.

This antioxidant face serum is fragrance- and oil-free, and certified cruelty-free.

Drunk Elephant claims it can reduce the signs of sun damage and aging while hydrating the skin. It stays active on the skin for up to 72 hours and should be applied in the morning.

Customers must mix a powder and liquid to create the fresh activated serum.

This serum costs $78.00 for 28ml.

This face serum contains aloe, vitamin A, niacinamide, vitamin C, vitamin E, tea tree oil, and other vitamin and herbal ingredients.

Klur states that this serum may even out skin texture, helps calms inflammation, and increases skin clarity.

People should use it at night and no more than 3 times a week.

This serum costs $110.00 for 30ml.

This serum uses forms of retinoid that The Ordinary states may reduce the signs of aging better than other retinoid products, without causing irritation.

The company recommends people patch test the serum, before using it on facial skin. People should not use it in combination with other retinoid products.

Use only in the evening after cleansing, and refrigerate after opening.

This serum is vegan and free from oil, silicones, nuts, and gluten.

This low-cost serum sells for $9.80 for 60ml.

This cruelty-free skin serum contains milk protein, seaweed extract, and arnica. Ren claims it may calm and soothe the skin while reducing redness and irritation.

It should be used morning and/or night before moisturizing.

This serum costs $58.00 for 30ml.

True Botanicals claims that this anti-aging serum may reduce the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

It uses natural antioxidants such as chebula, elderberry, ginger, and echinacea to help strengthen the skins immunity to signs of aging.

After morning and evening cleansing, users can apply one half or full drop to their faces.

This serum costs $90.00 for 30ml.

Skin Authority claims that this lightweight serum reduces the appearance of fine lines, by plumping skin folds and smoothing skin texture.

This serum is designed for use after morning cleansing.

This serum costs $155.00 for 15ml.

Peach and Lily claims that this serum can brighten the skin and reduce the appearance of dark spots.

It contains various ingredients from botanical sources, including green tea extracts, mushrooms, and arbutin. It also contains niacinamide.

It is suitable for all skin types.

This serum costs $39.00 for 50ml.

SkinCeuticals claims that this serum may reduce the appearance of dark spots and improves skin tone.

Ingredients include:

It is suitable for people with all skin types.

This serum costs $98.00 for 30ml.

Bioderma claims that this face serum may increase the skins ability to retain moisture. Made specifically for people with dry skin, it is noncomedogenic, meaning it will not block pores.

People can use this serum in the morning and evening.

This serum costs $27.99 for 40ml.

This serum is suitable for use by people with all skin types. Eminence claims that this face serum helps reduce the appearance of sun-induced skin damage.

Its active ingredients include vitamin C and other antioxidants, which work together to brighten the skin and improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles.

This serum costs $110.00 for 30ml.

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Man discovers nasty red rash on his hands and elbows is potentially fatal – The Mirror

By daniellenierenberg

A man went to a clinic in Mannheim, Germany, where tests found that the rash on his hands and elbows was in fact leukaemia cutis, where the cancer cells are in the skin tissue

Image: NEJM)

A man suffering from a nasty skin rash on his hands and elbows that looked like psoriasis found that it was actually a form of leukaemia.

The 65-year-old went to a dermatologist in Mannheim, Germany, due to the red patches that had developed on the back of his hands and arms and he later found the worrying diagnosis that it was leukaemia cutis.

Tests done at the hospital showed that he had a high white-cell count along with a low number of platelets, it is reported.

The case was published in the New England Medical Journal where it said that a diagnosis of leukaemia cutis was made.

While extremely rare, the condition means that the leukaemia cells are in the skin tissue.

It is found to happen in around three percent of leukaemia cases where the rash has been found on skin including the arms, back or face.

Image:

Other leukaemia symptoms include fever, tiredness and susceptibility to infections.

But in the case of the 65-year-old in Germany, he only had the rash on his hands and elbow.

The New England Medical Journal stated: "A diagnosis of leukemia cutis was made, and the patient was urgently referred to the oncology clinic.

"The patient received a diagnosis of chronic myelomonocytic leukaemia and underwent stem-cell transplantation.

"Two weeks after the transplantation, the patients skin changes had resolved, and the cancer has been in remission since."

Leukaemia Care UK said that usually patients who have the cancer and find rashes do not have this particular condition.

It stated: Leukaemia cutis is very rare, occurring in only about three percent of total cases of leukaemia.

"With this in mind, it is unsurprising that most lesions seen in leukaemia patients are not leukaemia cutis.

In fact, most lesions (40%) seen in leukaemia patients are caused by other complications of leukaemia.

It continued: In the rare occasion that leukaemia cutis occurs, the patient will normally have already been diagnosed with leukaemia.

"However, in seven percent of cases of leukaemia cutis, the skin lesion is the very first symptom of a blood cancer. This is sometimes referred to as aleukaemic leukaemia cutis.

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Drug that stops ALS progression found using iPS cells from patients – The Japan Times

By daniellenierenberg

Kyoto A drug discovered through a method using induced pluripotent stem cells, or iPS cells, from sufferers of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was effective in stopping the progression of the neurological disease in five out of nine patients in a clinical trial, a research team at Kyoto University said Thursday.

While drugs that slow down the progression of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as Lou Gehrigs disease, have been used in the past, this is the first time that a chronic myeloid leukemia drug called bosutinib has been found to stop its progression, according to the team.

Haruhisa Inoue, a professor of neurology at Kyoto University leading the team, said that larger clinical trials will be needed to determine if the drug can be put to practical use, but We are now looking at the possibility of being able to control ALS with the power of science.

The team reproduced the disease by culturing iPS cells derived from the skin of patients into motor neurons. They then tested a series of drug compounds on the cells to find that bosutinib was effective in slowing down the progression of ALS.

The drug was administered for around three months to nine patients who were in the early stages of the disease and showing signs of deterioration. Progression of the disease stopped in five patients during the treatment period, while four patients continued to deteriorate at the same pace as before.

A comparison of the blood samples from both sets of patients showed that they had differing amounts of a protein unique to nerve cells before the drug was administered. Researchers plan to conduct clinical trials with larger groups while adjusting the dosage and other conditions in the future.

There are about 9,000 people in Japan who suffer from ALS. The disease causes motor neurons to progressively die, resulting in paralysis, with many patients requiring a ventilator to stay alive. Its exact cause is unknown, and no fundamental treatments have been established.

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The Appalling Moral Failure of Francis Collins – Discovery Institute

By daniellenierenberg

Photo: Francis Collins, by NIH Image Gallery, via Flickr.

Francis Collins, Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH),has just announcedhis intention to step down at the end of 2021 after more than 12 years heading the agency. The accolades are already rolling in. Noted evangelical political commentator David French, for example, rushed to praise Collins as a national treasure.

But Collinss real legacy is anything but praiseworthy, and the tendency of figures in the faith community to ignore his real record is far from admirable.

This year of all years should have made the truth about Francis Collins clear. Last month, documents were released suggesting that top National Institutes of Health (NIH) officials may haveliedwhen they denied that the NIH had funded gain of function research in Wuhan, China, that could have resulted in a pathogen that could infect humans.

After reviewing the documents, Rutgers University biologist Richard Ebright had a blistering response: The documents make it clear that assertions by the NIH Director, Francis Collins, and the NIAID Director, Anthony Fauci, that the NIH did not support gain-of-function research or potential pandemic pathogen enhancement are untruthful.

It was another blow to the reputation of Collins in a year when his agency has faced multiple scandals and controversies.

Among evangelical Christians and other people of faith in America, Collins has long been the equivalent of a rock star. But Collinss days of glory as a non-partisan role model, especially for the faith community, may be numbered and its not just because of the latest scandal over the origins of COVID-19.

In recent months, Collinss agency has become embroiled in controversies over its funding of stomach-churning medical experiments involving body parts harvested from aborted babies. The disclosures about the experiments followed Collinssrepealearlier this year of restrictions on the use of aborted fetal tissue in NIH-funded research.

Collins has also stirred controversy with his increasingly shrill attacks on unvaccinated Americans and his support for harsh mandatory vaccination policies that will require the firing of employees who choose not to be vaccinated with a COVID-19 vaccine.

The former head of the Human Genome Project, Collins catapulted to fame (and the cover ofTimeMagazine) in 2000 with the announcement of a working draft of the sequence of the human genome.He then became a hero to many Christians with the publication in 2006 of his bookThe Language of God, which recounted his journey from atheism to Christianity.

In an increasingly polarized national environment, Collins is one of the rare heads of a major federal agency to serve under both Republican and Democratic Presidents. Appointed by President Obama to head the NIH in 2009, Collins continued in that role under President Trump and now President Biden. He has regularly drawn praise from lawmakers on both sides of the aisle. At gatherings of evangelical Christians, he has been known to strum the guitar and sing worship songs and receive the adoration of attendees. At one 2019 eventit was reportedthat conference participants lined up for selfies with him.

In 2020, Collins wasawarded the prestigious Templeton Prize, worth more than $1.3 million, for his work integrating science and faith. Previous recipients of the prize have included Mother Teresa, John Polkinghorne, Charles Colson, and Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn.

Among secular as well as religious journalists, Collins often receives what verges on fawning treatment. A writer forThe New Yorkergushedthat Collins is a model of geek cool. He likes big, noisy motorcycles, and, despite a mild manner, he is famously unself-conscious. At the unlikeliest moments, he will strap on a guitar and accompany himself in song, often a tune he has composed for the occasion.

This year, however, Collinss reputation has taken continued beatings, not just because of evasive answers about the role of the NIH in gain-of-function research in China, but also because of publicity around NIH-funded experiments that many Americans, especially people of faith, would find horrific.

In May, reports surfaced aboutmacabre NIH-funded experimentsthat utilized body parts collected fromaborted human fetuses to createhumanized mouse and rodent models with full-thickness human skin.For the experiments, researchersat the University of Pittsburghcut into tiny pieces human fetal spleen, thymus, and liver organs and then transplanted the tissues and hematopoietic stem cells into irradiated mice. Researchers also sliced off skin from the scalp of the aborted babies and then grafted the fetal skin onto the mice. In the words of the scientists: Full-thickness human fetal skin was processed via removal of excess fat tissues attached to the subcutaneous layer of the skin, then engrafted over the rib cage, where the mouse skin was previously excised.

The body parts used for these experiments were harvested from aborted human fetuses with a gestational age of 18-20 weeks. By that age, an unborn baby hasbrain wavesand abeating heart. He canhear sounds and move his limbs and eyes, and his digestion system has started to work.In other words, the human fetuses whose organs were harvested for this NIH-funded research were well-developed tiny humans, not blobs of undifferentiated cells.

In August, an additional project funded by the NIH came to light thanks to documents obtained in a Freedom of Information Act lawsuit by Judicial Watch and the Center for Medical Progress. The lawsuit was filed after Collinss NIH dragged its feet in responding.According to Judicial Watch, the documents show that theNIH has provided nearly $3 million in tax dollars to support a fetal organ harvesting operation by the University of Pittsburgh in its quest to become a Tissue Hub for human fetal tissue ranging from 6 to 42 [!] weeks gestation.

David Daleiden, president of the Center for Medical Progress,commented: The NIH grant application for just one of Pitts numerous experiments with aborted infants reads like an episode ofAmerican Horror Story. Infants in the womb, some old enough to be viable, are being aborted alive and killed for organ harvesting, in order to bring in millions of dollars in taxpayer funding.

Daleiden furtherallegedthat NIH funding was used to underwrite labor induction abortions, where the baby is pushed out of the mother whole and then killed to obtain the desired tissues. In other words, the NIH was facilitating a process where babies, some of the age of viability, [are] to be delivered alive, and then killing them by cutting their kidneys out.

Francis Collins self-identifies as an evangelical Christian, and most evangelicals as well as faithful Catholics regard abortion as the destruction of innocent human life.

So how has Collins responded to these revelations? With horror? With a pledge to investigate? With a promise to stop taxpayer funding of such research?

Since early August, Ive repeatedly tried to get Collins to answer questions about these NIH funded experiments using aborted fetal organs and tissues.Does Collins support this research funded by his agency? Does he have any ethical objections to it? How does he personally justify the research given his religious convictions? I repeatedly emailed these and other questions to the media contacts for the NIH Office of the Director.

The response? His office has refused to answer.

But its not just NIH research involving humans that has been raising controversy this year. In recent months, Collinss NIH has come under fire for fundingabusive medical experiments on dogsthat critics say were unnecessary as well as barbaric. The experiments were funded by the NIH division headed by Anthony Fauci, but that division is under the ultimate oversight of Collins. In late August, 15 members of Congresssent a letterraising questions about the research.

Again, I tried to get a response from Collins about this latest controversy. Again, he refused to respond to questions.

Ironically, while Collins is AWOL when it comes to answering basic questions about the research his agency is funding, he is more than willing to speak out on other topics, especially COVID-19, where he is now becoming a polarizing figure to many because ofincreasingly shrill advocacy of compulsory vaccination as well as his demonization of those who choose not to take a COVID-19 vaccine.

At the end of April,Collins claimedthat he would not require NIH employees to get vaccinated, and he seemed to argue for a positive approach of selling the benefits of vaccines rather than demonizing the unvaccinated or engaging in finger-wagging. Yet by early August his public posture had changed. He was nowcheerleading for compulsory vaccine requirementsimposed by private businesses as well as enthusiastically overseeing compulsory vaccinations for the very workers at the NIH that he earlier said would not face compulsory vaccination.

After President Bidens speech in September declaringwar on the unvaccinated, Collins ramped up his own rhetoric.In an appearance on MSNBC after Bidens speech, Collins firstsuggestedunvaccinated people were selfish, declaring that this is really an occasion to think about loving your neighbor, not just yourself.

Collins then branded both unvaccinated people and politicians who dont favor vaccine mandates as killers on the wrong side of history. Dismissing their views as merely a philosophical political argument that is part of the culture war, Collins complained that this philosophical political argument is killing people, including, Im sad to say, some children. We have to get past this if we really have a future as a nation.

I would like to say particularly to those leaders who are on the wrong side of this, what Lincoln said one time, Collins declared. Citizens, we will not escape history. Do you want to be looked at in the lens of that backward look ten years from now and defend what you did when in fact, we are losing tens of thousands of lives that didnt have to die?

A question for Collins: Is attacking your fellow citizens (including many fellow Christians) as heartless killers because they disagree with you on either vaccinations or vaccine mandates an example of loving your neighbor?

Whatever one thinks about COVID-19 vaccinations, Collinss over-the-top rhetoric demonizing those he disagrees with as killers is beyond the pale, especially for someone who wears his Christianity on his sleeve. As I have writtenelsewhere, his rhetoric is also based on several falsehoods.

So just how far is Collins willing to go to push coercive medicine? Thats an interesting question.

In my home state of Washington, the governor has issuedan emergency orderthat will compel private religious schools and day care centers as well as other private businesses to fire employees later this month if they wont get vaccinated. While there technically is a route for religious exemptions, it is so narrow and onerous that many religious people may not qualify.

Its now being suggested in some states that discharged employeeswont be able to get unemployment benefits. Perhaps the idea is that if the unvaccinated dont die of COVID they can die of starvation instead.

As if that werent bad enough, the unvaccinated face the denial of medical care. Also in my home state, the University of Washington medical system is now apparently denyingorgan transplantsto patients who are unvaccinated, even if those patients have a credible medical reason for not having the vaccinations.

This is pure, unadulterated social Darwinism: Brand a whole class of people as biologically unfit (in this case, the unvaccinated) and then make sure they cant receive medical care, hold jobs, or basically survive. Heap scorn on them, demonize them as killers, and stir up hatred against them so other people begin to abuse them. If Collins is truly concerned about the judgment of history, he should read a little more widely about the sorry results of demonizing entire classes of people as the enemies of society.

Let me be clear: I am not arguing here about whether people ought to get COVID-19 vaccinations, or whether those vaccinations are helpful. For the record, depending on ones risk profile, I think vaccinations are in a persons best interest. The issue is whether in the name of vaccination people should be stripped of their livelihoods, denied medical care, and demonized as enemies of society. In any morally sane universe, the policies being proposed are as immoral as they are unprecedented.

So does Francis Collins endorse depriving unvaccinated people of their right to work and to support their families? Does he endorse denying them unemployment insurance? Does he go even further and endorse denying medical care to the unvaccinated?

I again asked Collins media relations staff for answers. Again, crickets.

Although Collins likes to tout his personal faith, he appears to have very little concern for any sort of conscience rights of fellows religious believers who disagree with him.After all, he dutifully served in a previous administration that repeatedly weakenedconscience protectionsfor medical workers opposed to abortion and thatviolated federal lawby turning a blind eye when California mandated abortion coverage in all private insurance plans.

It might also be noted that as late as December 2020, Collins was still urging thatmost churches should not meet in person, even implying that they shouldnt do sountil the summer or fall of 2021.

And his current promotion of compulsory vaccinations seemingly has no qualifiers. At least, he isnt talking about any.

Collins hasconcededthat various COVID-19 vaccines used cell lines originally derived from an aborted fetus in either their production or testing, which is one reason some people have moral qualms about the vaccines. Yet you wont find Collins advocating for the conscience rights of these people. In fact, Collins has been silent in the face of attacks on religious exemptions for vaccines.

Reasonable people can disagree about whether the use of abortion-derived cell lines is a moral deal-killer for the vaccines. But thats the point: Reasonable people candisagreeabout what violates their conscience. The test of support for religious liberty is not whether you only support the right of people who agree with you.

Not being willing to stand up for the conscience rights of others to determine their own medical treatment is not morally neutral. It is a moral failure. In the words of theCatholic Bishops of Colorado, A person is morally required to obey his or her conscience, and others should respect the right of others to follow their conscience.

Alas, for those who have followed Francis Collins closely over the years, his current failures of moral leadership come as no surprise. As I will discuss in an upcoming article, Collinss career has been one long testament to moral cowardice and confusion.

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Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) Market by Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2021-2027) UNLV The Rebel Yell – UNLV The Rebel Yell

By daniellenierenberg

Hematopoietic somatic cell Transplantation (HSCT) may be a specialized sort of blood somatic cell transplant therapy. The term hematopoietic refers to the function of the stem cells in citizenry . Stem cell refers to specialized somatic cell types which are capable of developing into specific cells like bone, muscle, blood, and nerve cells.

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Hematopoietic somatic cell transplantation are often utilized in the treatment of certain cancers of the blood or bone marrow, like myeloma or leukemia. High prevalence of such diseases is predicted to assist in growth of the hematopoietic somatic cell transplantation (HSCT) market. consistent with Leukemia and Lymphoma Society, 176,200 people within the US are expected to be diagnosed with leukemia, lymphoma or myeloma in 2019.

The hematopoietic somatic cell transplantation (HSCT) market in North America is witnessing high growth, due to high adoption of allogeneic hematopoietic somatic cell transplant. Around 30,000 patients undergo allogeneic hematopoietic somatic cell transplant annually within the us .

Hematopoietic cell transplantation is that the transplantation of stem cells, generally derived from bone marrow, duct , or peripheral blood. It also can be allogenic, autologous or syngeneic. the foremost common sort of somatic cell transplant is that the allogenic transplant, which is actually the method of harvesting such stem cells that have the power to become many various specialized cell types, like bone, kidney, heart, liver, lungs, pancreas, nervous, and immune cells. However, approximately 20% to 85% of the patients develop acute Graft Versus Host Disease that affects the skin, gut, or liver. Such scenario hinders the expansion of hematopoietic somatic cell transplantation (HSCT) market.

There are different methods of transplant. just in case of a basic transplant, the stem cells are directly transplanted into an individuals veins, while a minimal invasive procedure also referred to as a micro-implantation requires the injection of the cells into the patients veins. supported the precise needs of the patient, the precise sort of transplant is completed . for instance , a toddler who has undergone bone marrow transplantation can continue to possess other somatic cell types utilized for an equivalent purpose. this is often one among the foremost commonly performed sorts of transplants.

High prevalence of red blood cell anemia is additionally expected to assist in growth of the hematopoietic somatic cell transplantation (HSCT) market. Specially created somatic cell therapies are often utilized in the treatment of red blood cell anemia. These cells are basically taken from the bone marrow of the person then induced to make a thick, jelly like substance. The patient will got to take medicine for a couple of days after the procedure to assist his bodily process the cells.

Hematopoietic cell transplantation has its own set of complications, which limit the expansion of the hematopoietic somatic cell transplantation (HSCT) market. a number of these include infection, allergies , bleeding, and scarring. Infection can occur if theres a severe immune deficiency. The patient also will need to take antibiotics to clear up the infections. If the stem cells are used, they need to be grown under very strict conditions to avoid rejection. Most surgeons attempt to perform this transplant first on those people that suffer from serious diseases like leukemia or cancer as these are the people that stand the simplest chance to achieve success .

Competitive Landscape

Key players operating in the Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) Market are Pluristem Therapeutics Inc., CellGenix GmbH, Regen Biopharma Inc., Lonza Group, Kiadis Pharma, Taiga Biotechnologies, Inc., Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited, Escape Therapeutics, Inc., Bluebird Bio, Talaris Therapeutics, Inc., Marker Therapeutics Inc., and Stempeutics Research Pvt Ltd.

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Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) Market by Sales, Revenue, Price and Gross Margin (2021-2027) UNLV The Rebel Yell - UNLV The Rebel Yell

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Senescent immune cells spread damage throughout the aging body – National Institute on Aging

By daniellenierenberg

Senescent immune system cells are potentially among the most harmful of all senescent cells because they spread tissue damage and rapid aging across other body organs and systems. That is what a team of NIA-supported scientists at the University of Minnesota Medical School discovered through research using a mouse model that accelerated immune system aging by hindering DNA repair. The team recently published these findings in Nature.

Cellular senescence is defined as a condition in which a cell no longer has the ability to proliferate. These damaged cells resist the bodys usual system of disposal and then linger, excreting chemicals that spread inflammation and damage to neighboring normal cells.

For this study, the team made a cell-specific knockout of the gene Ercc1, which controls a protein crucial for DNA repair. Ercc1 was removed in blood-based young stem cells that normally develop into white blood cells cells important for immunity but the gene was expressed normally in all other tissues. This enabled the research team to understand whether senescence in the immune system affects other cells in the body. The engineered mice seemed healthy up until their adulthood (around three months) but then aged rapidly. At age five months, they biologically resembled 2-year-old mice, which is approximately equivalent to an 80-year-old human.

The prematurely older mice had a host of age-related conditions such as osteoporosis; visual and hearing impairment; and high blood pressure, even though the change was limited to cells of the immune system. The senescent immune system cells also spread age-related damage to other organs and tissues in the body, including the liver, lungs, and kidneys. Without the Ercc1 gene, the mice had lost much of their ability to repair DNA in these immune cells and thus experienced a build-up of inflammation and damage in other tissues.

The scientists saw this rapid aging and spread of damage throughout the body as evidence that senescent immune system cells are potentially among the most dangerous of all senescent cell types in the aging body. Because immune cells circulate throughout the body, when they become senescent, they can easily expose a wider range of organs and tissues to inflammation and other damaging factors, unlike more stationary senescent cells such as those in the skin.

The team also studied and confirmed some mechanisms that contribute to senescence in the immune system. First, they showed that senescent immune cells trigger and drive senescence elsewhere in the body by observing senescence triggered across systems in young mice after transplanting spleen cells from old mice into them. Next, they observed that when immune cells from young healthy mice were transplanted into older mice, senescence was reduced, providing further evidence that old immune cells lose function. The scientists also used the drug rapamycin, which tamps down the inflammatory secretions from senescent cells, to show that reducing senescence improved immune function.

While the field of senescence is still very far from any reliable application for humans, the investigators aim to pursue follow-up efforts to pinpoint a precise type of senolytic a drug that selectively clears senescent cells from the body to target reducing immune system senescence as a potential future intervention to aid healthy aging. They hope to conduct additional studies in this realm to find new immune system biomarkers to help gauge which people are at the highest risk for senescence-related tissue damage and faster aging, and thus would be candidates to benefit from senolytic therapies.

This work was supported by NIH grants P01 AG043376, RO1 AG063543, R56 AG059676, U19 AG056278, P01 AG062413, R56 AG058543 and R01 AG044376.

Reference: Yousefzadeh, Matthew J et al. An aged immune system drives senescence and ageing of solid organs. Nature vol. 594,7861 (2021): 100-105. doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03547-7

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Vitro Biopharma Acquires Fitore Nutrition and Infinivive MD, Adding Revenues from Innovative Stem Cell Activation Products and Topical Cosmetic Stem…

By daniellenierenberg

GOLDEN, CO / ACCESSWIRE / August 31, 2021 / Vitro Biopharma, Inc. (Vitro) announced the acquisition of Fitore Nutrition (Fitore) and Infinivive MD (Infinivive). Fitore, a private company headquartered in Denver, Colorado creates clinically validated supplements and sells them direct to consumers (D2C) via their unique digital marketing platform and SEO expertise.

Infinivive, located in Cherry Creek, Colorado developed the worlds first topical cosmetic stem cell serum and is a nationally recognized company led by one of the top industry pioneers in the area of cosmetic surgery, Dr. Jack Zamora M.D.

These two acquisitions will drive significant new revenues to Vitro, funding its therapeutic pipeline and expanding Vitros overall stem cell regenerative capabilities. Vitro acquired Fitore Nutrition for $2,300,000 in a combination of notes and stock and Infinivive MD for $5,750,000 in an all-stock deal.

The acquisition of Fitore & Infinivive gives us the opportunity to leverage the revenues of both companies, increase market awareness for Vitro, and cross sell the regenerative therapies of AlloRx Stem Cells said Jack Zamora C.E.O. of Vitro Biopharma.

Vitros acquisition of Fitore and Infinivive brands makes strategic sense for Vitro as it helps to (1) leverage synergies across therapeutic outcomes and bio-supplements, (2) is consistent with managements M&A growth strategy of high growth and high margin acquisitions with a focus on ecommerce capabilities, (3) provides Vitro with a significant online presence thereby expanding Vitros branding footprint.

The integration of Fitores direct to consumer (D2C) technology platform will accelerate Vitros product penetration and brand recognition into the marketplace for all its products. To date we have had an incredibly successful partnership with Vitro with the joint development of Stemulife formerly known as STEMulize, and Spectrum +. Partnering with Vitro Biopharma only accelerates our mission as we continue to develop more life-changing products based on Vitros scientific capabilities and the expanding market demands for natural health products. said Tanner Haas C.E.O. of Fitore Inc.

Fitore and Infinivive will allow Vitro deeper access into the direct-to-consumer market channels and complement Vitros existing revenue drivers. The consolidated results of all operations are expected to drive $3-$5M in revenue over the next 12 to 18 months, a 300% plus increase in our pre-pandemic revenues. said John Evans C.F.O. and Chairman of the Board of Vitro Biopharma.

ABOUT VITRO BIOPHARMA

Vitro Biopharma is a clinical-stage biotechnology company focused on developing novel and proprietary best-in-class natural regenerative products. Vitro develops and commercializes adult stem cell technology for applications in stem cell research and drug development for the treatment of a vast variety of diseases and conditions. The companys innovative and proprietary technology platform manufactures umbilical cord derived stem cells, AlloRx Stem Cells, used in regenerative clinics to treat a variety of disease indications.

https://www.dvcstem.com/

The companies partnered clinics continue to expand and these wellness clinics utilize our cosmetic and nutraceutical products in conjunction with their regenerative therapies. A patient enjoys a beautiful foreign destination experiencing a regenerative treatment with AlloRx Stem Cells along with a spa backdrop featuring a topical cosmetic facial and supporting long term nutraceutical stem cell activator.

The offshore revenues support our clinical work in the US market. Authorization of our recent IND for COVID-19 now positions the company to move forward with Phase I and Phase II clinical trials for disease indications that have shown safety and efficacy in our offshore trials.https://www.vitrobiopharma.com/pages/pipeline

ABOUT FITORE NUTRITION

Fitore Nutrition is a direct to consumer (D2C) and SEO technology platform that creates clinically validated supplements that are formulated by world-leading doctors and stem cell scientists from Vitro Biopharma. Each Fitore nutrition ingredient is all-natural, sustainably-sourced, and of the highest-quality, manufactured in a GMP and FDA Registered facility in Commak New York. In 2021, Fitore sells its products direct to consumers through its unique digital marketing platform. Fitore Nutritions novel formulations include: Stemulife, Thought Calmer, Easy Sleep, and Spectrum +.

ABOUT INFINIVIVE MD

InfiniVive MD has created the highest quality cGMP-grade cosmetic stem cell and exosomes product line. InfiniVive MD cosmetic stem cell products contain ultra-pure mesenchymal stem cells and exosomes to be used topically by plastic surgeons, cosmetic surgeons, and aestheticians throughout the United States and internationally. Infinivive is looking to disrupt the cosmetic industry through next level skin quality results.

Forward-Looking Statements

Statements herein regarding financial performance have not yet been reported to the SEC nor reviewed by the Companys auditors. Certain statements contained herein, and subsequent statements made by and on behalf of the Company, whether oral or written may contain forward-looking statements. Such forward-looking statements are identified by words such as intends, anticipates, believes, expects and hopes and include, without limitation, statements regarding the Companys plan of business operations, product research and development activities, potential contractual arrangements, receipt of working capital, anticipated revenues, and related expenditures. Factors that could cause actual results to differ materially include, among others, acceptability of the Companys products in the marketplace, general economic conditions, receipt of additional working capital, the overall state of the biotechnology industry and other factors set forth in the Companys filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Most of these factors are outside the control of the Company. Investors are cautioned not to put undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Except as otherwise required by applicable securities statutes or regulations, the Company disclaims any intent or obligation to update publicly these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise.

CONTACT:

Dr. Jack Zamora, MDChief Executive Officer Vitro Biopharma, Inc.(303) 999-2130 x1www.vitrobiopharma

SOURCE: Vitro Biopharma, Inc.

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Prolymphocytic Leukemia: What Is It and How Is It Treated? – Healthline

By daniellenierenberg

Prolymphocytic leukemia (PLL) is a very rare subtype of chronic leukemia. Although most forms of chronic leukemia progress slowly, PPL is often aggressive and can be difficult to treat.

Well walk you through what you need to know about PLL, including the symptoms, how its diagnosed, current treatment options, and more.

PLL is a rare and aggressive type of chronic leukemia.

The American Cancer Society estimates that more than 60,000 people will receive a diagnosis of leukemia in the United States in 2021.

Less than 1 percent of all people with chronic leukemia have PLL. Its most often diagnosed in people between ages 65 and 70 and is slightly more common in men than in women.

Like all types of leukemia, PLL affects blood cells. PLL is caused by the overgrowth of cells called lymphocytes. These cells usually help your body fight infection. In PLL, large immature lymphocyte cells called prolymphocytes are produced too quickly and overwhelm the other blood cells.

There are two subtypes of PLL:

PLL, like other chronic leukemias, is often found on lab work before any symptoms develop. When symptoms develop, they might include:

There are a few additional symptoms that are specific to T-PLL, which include:

Many of these are general leukemia symptoms and are also found in less serious conditions. The presence of any of these symptoms doesnt always indicate PLL.

In fact, since PLL is rare, its unlikely that its causing your symptoms.

However, its a good idea to see a healthcare professional if youve been experiencing any of these symptoms for more than a week or two.

Because PLL is very rare, it can be hard to diagnose. PLL sometimes develops from existing chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and is found during lab work when monitoring CLL.

PLL is diagnosed when more than 55 percent of the lymphocytes in your blood sample are prolymphocytes. Blood work can also be checked for antibodies and antigens that can signal PLL.

If PLL isnt found during routine blood work, a healthcare professional will order more tests if you have symptoms that might indicate PLL. These tests may include:

Currently, theres no one specific treatment for either type of PLL. Your treatment will depend on how fast your PLL progresses, the type you have, your age, and your symptoms.

Since PLL is rare, your doctor will likely come up with a treatment plan specific to your case. Healthcare professionals may often encourage people with PLL to sign up for clinical trials to try new medications.

Treatments you might receive for PLL include:

PLL is an aggressive form of chronic leukemia. Therefore, the outlook is generally poor due to how quickly it may spread. But outcomes and survival rates can vary greatly between people.

As mentioned earlier, one potential cure for PLL is a stem cell transplant, although not all people with PLL are eligible to receive stem cell transplants.

Newer treatments have improved survival rates in recent years, and research into new therapies is ongoing.

PLL is a rare type of chronic leukemia. Its most commonly diagnosed in people between 65 and 70 years old. It often progresses more quickly and is treatment-resistant than other forms of chronic leukemia.

Treatment options depend on your overall health, age, symptoms, and the type of PLL you have. People are often encouraged to take part in clinical trials to take advantage of new therapies.

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Poison ivy can work itchy evil on your skin here’s how – The Conversation US

By daniellenierenberg

A patient recently came in to our dermatology clinic with a rash and a story similar to so many others. He had been out camping with friends a few days earlier and helped carry some logs to stoke the fire. Little did he know he was going to pay for lending a helping hand. A couple days later, red patches appeared on his forearms and chest, which soon began to itch miserably and form water blisters.

If you have ever spent any time outdoors in the woods, working in the yard, even at the edges of a playground maybe youve experienced something similar after encountering poison ivy. Its not easy to forget.

Poison ivy is found everywhere in the continental U.S., mostly in Eastern and Midwestern states. Unfortunately for us humans, it is a hardy plant that can grow under many different conditions. Its favorite places are in wooded areas, gardens and roadsides with partial shade or full sunlight.

And despite being a nuisance to people, poison ivy is an important member of the ecosystem. Its leaves, stems and berries are food for animals, and its vines can be shelter for small animals like toads and mice, even helping them climb trees. Climate change is turning out to benefit poison ivy, allowing for larger and more irritating plants.

You can usually spot poison ivy by its infamous three dull or glossy green leaves coming off a red stem. Sometimes there are flowers or fruits coming off the end of a branch.

Despite its name, poison ivy is not poisonous. It carries an oily sap on its leaves and stems called urushiol, which is irritating to most peoples skin. In fact, 85% to 90% of people are allergic to poison ivys urushiol to some degree, while the rest lack sensitivity to this oil. You can occasionally see the urushiol oil as black spots on poison ivy leaves. Urushiol is what gives poison oak and poison sumac their evil power, too.

Touching poison ivy directly is obviously a bad idea. You can even get into trouble by touching clothing, pets or anything else that has brushed against the plant and picked up some of the urushiol. If a contaminated object isnt cleaned, the urushiol will remain lying in wait it can still cause a rash after hours, days or even years. Another danger is smoke from burning poison ivy, which can also affect your skin, as well as your nose, mouth, windpipe and lungs if you breathe it in.

Poison ivys rash can come in many forms, from small, red bumps to blisters or red patches. Whichever way it shows up, it is almost always mindbogglingly itchy.

When you get poisoned, you wont know right away. It can take anywhere from four hours to 10 days for the rash to appear, depending on how much urushiol gets on your skin, how sensitive you are to it and how many times you have been exposed to poison ivy previously.

Between exposure and itchy anguish, your body goes through a complex identification and reaction process. When the oil gets into your skin, your immune systems sensor cells recognize urushiol as foreign to your body. These sensor cells then call in protector cells to the area, warning them of the invasion. The protector cells defend your body against the intruder by attacking the urushiol in the skin. Unfortunately, some of your bodys normal skin cells are casualties of this war, which is what leads to the itchiness and swelling of a poison ivy rash.

Your protector cells will then sit near the skin for many years and stand guard for urushiol if it ever shows up again. If it does, they remember having encountered this bad guy before, and their response is often faster and more powerful than the first time.

This rash is a type of allergic contact dermatitis in the same family as the rashes some people get from wearing jewelry or metal belt buckles or from using certain fragrances or cosmetics.

The saying leaves of three; leave them be highlights the best strategy to prevent poison ivy: avoidance. But if you do happen to come into contact with poison ivy, the first step should always be to remove and wash any clothing that has touched the plant. Gently but thoroughly wash your skin immediately with soap and water. It can also help to clean under your fingernails and cut your nails short to prevent the urushiol from spreading if you scratch your skin.

Allergic contact dermatitis from poison ivy almost always results in a rash that usually lasts two to three weeks before it completely goes away.

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It will eventually clear up on its own, but you can try some over-the-counter and home remedies to keep the itchiness and spread of the rash at bay. The blisters that form are not infected and do not normally require antibiotics. If you scratch though and it can be very hard to resist open skin can get infected.

To reduce itchiness, cool, wet compresses can help, as can a soak in a cool bath with baking soda or oatmeal bath products. Calamine lotions or creams containing menthol can also cut the itch a bit. Over-the-counter cortisone cream or ointment can be used for the first several days after contact with poison ivy to quiet down your bodys reaction and keep the rash from getting severe. Taking antihistamines like diphenhydramine at night can slightly reduce itchiness and it has the benefit of helping you sleep better.

Seeing your doctor usually is not necessary for a poison ivy rash unless it spreads over large areas, becomes infected, lasts more than three weeks or is a rare extreme case that affects your breathing.

The best offense is a good defense. When youre in the great outdoors, be careful what you touch and, when in doubt, if it has leaves of three, leave them be.

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Lab-Grown Stem Cell ‘Mini Brains’ Just Developed Eyes – Interesting Engineering

By daniellenierenberg

Researchers at the University Hospital Dusseldorf in Germany have grown primitive eye structures on brain organoids that they had made in their lab. The growth of eye structures in the lab mirrored the one that occurs in the embryo and will help us understand how eyes develop.

The human brain is a fascinating organ and an inspiration for omputer processor developerstoo. However, studying the human brain is not that easy. It is locked up inside the skull for its active period and available for analysis only after its stops to function. Most brain development also occurs quite early in life, leaving little scope for an investigation into its development and workings. Scientists have, therefore, turned to organoids, three-dimensional tissues that can be observed in the petri-dish, to improve our understanding of the brain.

Modern research methods allow us to extract skin or blood cells from an individual and then reprogram them into stem cells. Called induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), these stem cells are capable of developing into any cell type in the body. Scientists carefully modify the nutritional medium they grow in to convert them into desired cell types, even making miniaturized brain cells, if needed.

Neuroscientist Jay Gopalakrishnan at University Hospital Dusseldorf and his team of researchers are interested in studying diseases of the eye. To understand, how these diseases occur in the first place, they need to understand the process of eye development. Other researchers had previously, used iPSCs to develop optic cups, structures that lead to the development of the retina - the light-sensitive layer of cells in the eye.

The retina plays an important role in the eye. It converts the light it receives into neural signals that it transmits to the brain using the optical nerve. The brain then analyses the signals, which in common terms is called 'sight'. Since the retina works closely with the brain, Gopalkrishnan and his team decided to grow the optic cups on brain cells, that were sourced from iPSCs.

Using samples from four iPSC donors, the team first made the brain organoids and then modified its growth media to induce the formation of optic cups.These cups on mini brains not only contained retinal cells but also developed lens and corneal tissue and demonstrated connections to the brain cells. During embryonic development, the retinal cells reach out to the brain but this was never demonstrated in the lab before, until this work.

The optic cups appeared as early as 30 days into the brain development and became distinctly visible by 50 days. The timeline of the development mimicked the one that occurs inside the human embryo. Out of the 314 brain organoids that the team made, almost 73 percent developed optic cups. The study was published in Stem Cell.

Our work highlights the remarkable ability of brain organoids to generate primitive sensory structures that are light sensitive and harbor cell types similar to those found in the body, Gopalkrishnan said in a press release. For future studies, the team wants to increase the viability of the optic cups to help them study diseases of the retina.

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We tried 500 worth of Augustinus Bader skincare to see if it really lives up to the hype – The Independent

By daniellenierenberg

Since its launch in 2018, skincare brand Augustinus Bader has been the It girl of the luxury beauty sphere, with a star-studded fan base thats impossible to ignore.

Founded by a world-renowned stem cell specialist and backed by decades of research, its admirers include the likes of Gigi Hadid, Kim Kardashian, Alexa Chung, Meghan Markle and Jennifer Aniston. Victoria Beckham was such a fan that she decided to collaborate with the brand to create skincare for her own line, VB Beauty.

If you dont trust the opinions of A-listers alone, you may also be interested to know that Augustinus Baders range was recently voted the greatest skincare of all time by a panel of 300 industry experts, beating the likes of La Mer and Estee Lauder to the title. The brand has also just launched an initiative that allows customers to choose a five per cent donation to a charity that matters to them, on every order, which only adds to its impressive credentials.

Ready to shop now? Browse the full Augustinus Bader range at Augustinusbader.com

So what is all the fuss about, we hear you ask? Well, it all boils down to some pretty impressive science. Professor Augustinus Bader, a German-born doctor, scientist and co-founder of the eponymous brand, has dedicated 30 years of his career to researching skin healing and tissue repair. This led to him creating a medical-grade hydrogel that treats the skin of burns victims. After envisioning how the success of this treatment could be applied to commercial skincare, Bader then incorporated the same technology into all of his products, in the form of his patented Trigger Factor Complex, known as TFC8. Still with us?

TFC8 is a cocktail of 40 different ingredients, including vitamins, amino acids and synthesised molecules found naturally in the body. Based on the idea that your body has an innate code for tissue repair, the complex essentially unlocks this code, forcing your skin into healing mode and tackling ageing, damage, scarring and dullness in the process. The brand claims that this technology visibly transforms the skin, and many consumers seem to agree.

But all of this technology comes at a rather eye-watering price, with the brands cult moisturiser costing 205. With this in mind, we spent a month exclusively testing Augustinus Baders products to see if they deliver on these transformative claims.

Were kicking off with the product that secured Augustinus Baders pivot to cult status. Youve almost certainly seen this moisturiser on many a bathroom shelfie its an instantly recognisable bottle that screams luxury straight off the bat. Like everything in the brands skincare line, the cream features the coveted TFC8 complex, and we were keen to see if it lives up to the hype. Regretfully for our bank accounts, we saw near-immediate results after using this cream. Its important to note that we paired the moisturiser with both the brands cleanser and the essence, which also feature TFC8, so our results may have been accelerated, but the cream was our favourite product.

The formula glides onto the skin with ease and absorbs quickly, but theres no luxury scent here (like us, you may prefer this, whether youre sensitive-skinned or more interested in the science). The added radiance is subtle, but the main thing we noticed was how plump our skin looks straight away. The brand describes this as a cushion-y bounce and we couldnt agree more its something weve yet to replicate in the same way from any other skincare product. Longer-term results after a month of use include reduced acne scarring and texture, a more even skin tone and generally healthier-looking skin. It really does feel as though our skin has been regenerated our make-up applied far better on a smoother base and we felt confident with clearer, happier skin.

Despite such technical ingredients, unlike other potent formulas, this is extremely gentle on the skin with no tingling or irritation. On the face of it, it feels like any other moisturiser, but its the results that speak for themselves. You can tell the brand is solely focused on science-backed results as opposed to all the bells and whistles, and were happy with that. The brand also offers a richer version of this moisturiser (205, Augustinusbader.com), and while we found it slightly too heavy for our oily skin, dry skin types will love it.

Housed in a weighty glass jar, the brands cleansing balm is a treat to use. Again, theres practically no scent here, but the buttery balm removes the day with ease. After applying the nourishing formula to dry skin, simply add water to emulsify and watch the balm turn into a milky consistency.

We love how much of a multi-tasker this cleanser is, removing even the heaviest of make-up effortlessly while leaving our skin feeling hydrated and plump. At 55, theres no doubt its an expensive cleanser, but youre paying for the long-term results from the brands regenerative TFC8 technology. Weve tried plenty of cheaper cleansing balms that do the job just as well, but you wont reap the skincare benefits that this one offers.

When paired with the brands other products, our skin was much brighter and clearer. Thankfully, its non-comedogenic too, meaning this is safe to use on acne-prone skin. Despite being great at removing make-up, we did find that we needed to apply quite a lot of the balm to remove it, so given the price, wed suggest using this as a second cleanse to make the most of it.

This toner-chemical-exfoliant-essence hybrid is really putting Augustinus Baders TFC8 complex to work, as the complex formula aims to resurface the skin while balancing it. Unlike other chemical exfoliants, it feels incredibly gentle on the skin with no irritation in sight.

The signature formula triggers the skins renewal processes, essentially forcing it to repair itself. Thanks to this, we noticed reduced acne scarring and redness, and far less texture after just a couple of weeks use. The essence also features gluconolacctone, a poly-hydroxy acid (PHA) that sloughs away dead skin cells, as well as the powerhouse ingredient salicylic acid to tackle congestion and blemishes.

Although using the essence with the brands moisturiser will give you optimum results, if youre stuck between the two, wed plump for this as a starting point for treating skincare concerns such as acne scarring and signs of ageing, as it showcases Baders TFC8 complex in the most potent way.

We cant give our final thoughts without addressing the elephant in the room here: the price. Its without a doubt on the luxury end of the spectrum, but the difficulty is that these products genuinely do work for us, delivering near instant results. There are definitely more affordable products out there that will help you to target acne scarring or dullness with similar success, but the real selling point here is how plump, smooth and seriously revitalised our skin looks after use.

Few skincare products deliver on every marketing promise, but Augustinus Baders do, and if you cant trust a world-leading stem cell scientist then who can you trust. Out of the whole range, wed recommend investing in the essence as a starting point, but if your budget stretches to both, the cream and the essence together make a powerful duo that wed definitely vouch for.

For the latest discounts on skincare and other beauty offers, try the links below:

IndyBest product reviews are unbiased, independent advice you can trust. On some occasions, we earn revenue if you click the links and buy the products, but we never allow this to bias our coverage. The reviews are compiled through a mix of expert opinion and real-world testing.

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How Cells Use Memories of Past Inflammation To Respond to New Threats – SciTechDaily

By daniellenierenberg

Inflamed mouse stem cells located in the basal layer (red) of the epidermis and FOS (green), a near-universal stress response factor essential to inflammatory memory. Credit: Christopher Cowley

When a tissue experiences inflammation, its cells remember. Pinning proteins to its genetic material at the height of inflammation, the cells bookmark where they left off in their last tussle. Next exposure, inflammatory memory kicks in. The cells draw from prior experience to respond more efficiently, even to threats that they have not encountered before. Skin heals a wound faster if it was previously exposed to an irritant, such as a toxin or pathogen; immune cells can attack new viruses after a vaccine has taught them to recognize just one virus.

Now,a new studyinCell Stem Celldescribes the mechanism behind inflammatory memory,also commonly referred to as trained immunity,and suggests that the phenomenon may be universal across diverse cell types.

This is happening in natural killer cells, T cells, dendritic cells from human skin, and epidermal stem cells in mice, says Samantha B. Larsen, a former graduate student in the laboratory ofElaine Fuchsat The Rockefeller University. The similarities in mechanism are striking, and may explain the remitting and relapsing nature of chronic inflammatory disorders in humans.

When thinking about our immune system, we default to specific immunitythat cadre of T cells and B cells trained, by experience or vaccination, to remember the specific contours of the last pathogen that broke into our bodies. But theres a less specific strategy available to many cells, known as trained immunity. The impact is shorter-lived, but broader in scope. Trained immunity allows cells to respond to entirely new threats by drawing on general memories of inflammation.

Scientists have long suspected that even cells that are not traditionally involved in the immune response have the rudimentary ability to remember prior insults and learn from experience. The Fuchs lab drove this point home in a 2017 study published inNatureby demonstrating that mouse skin that had recovered from irritationhealed 2.5 times faster than normal skin when exposed to irritation at a later date.

One explanation, the Fuchs team proposed, could be epigenetic changes to the skin cell genome itself. During inflammation, regions of DNA that are usually tightly coiled around histone proteins unravel to transcribe a genetic response to the attack. Even after the dust settles, a handful of these memory domains remain openand changed. Some of their associated histones have been modified since the assault, and proteins known as transcription factors have latched onto the exposed DNA. A once nave cell is now raring for its next fight.

But the molecular mechanism that explained this process, and how the cell could use it to respond to types of inflammation and injury that it had never seen before, remained a mystery.

So the Fuchs lab once again exposed mice skin to irritants, and watched as stem cells in the skin changed. We focused on the regions in the genome that become accessible during inflammation, and remain accessible afterwards, says Christopher Cowley, a graduate student in the Fuchs lab. We call these regions memory domains, and our goal was to explore the factors that open them up, keep them open and reactivate them a second time.

They observed about 50,000 regions within the DNA of thestem cellsthat had unraveled to respond to the threat, but a few months later only about 1,000 remained open and accessible, distinguishing themselves as memory domains. Interestingly, many of these memory domains were the same regions that had unraveled mostprodigiouslyin the early days of skin inflammation.

The scientists dug deeper and discovered a two-step mechanism at the heart of trained immunity. The process revolves around transcription factors, proteins which govern the expression of genes, and hinges on the twin transcription factors known as JUN and FOS.

The stimulus-specific STAT3 transcription factor responds first, deployed to coordinate a genetic response to a particular genre of inflammation. This protein hands the baton to JUN-FOS, which perches on the unspooled genetic material to join the melee. The specific transcription factor that sounded the original alarm will eventually return home; FOS will float away as the tumult quiets down. But JUN stands sentinel, guarding the open memory domain with a ragtag band of other transcription factors, waiting for its next battle.

When irritation strikes again, JUN is ready. It rapidly recruits FOS back to the memory domain, and the duo charges into the fray. This time, no specific transcription factor is necessary to respond to a particular type of inflammation and get the ball rolling. The system unilaterally activates in response to virtually any stressalacrity that may not always benefit the rest of the body.

Trained immunity may sound like a boon to human health. Veteran immune cells seem to produce broader immune responses; experienced skin cells should heal faster when wounded.

But the same mechanism that keeps cells on high alert may instill a sort of molecular paranoia in chronic inflammation disorders. When the Fuchs lab examined data collected from patients who suffer from systemic sclerosis, for instance, they found evidence that JUN may be sitting right on the memory domains of affected cells, itching to incite an argument in response to even the slightest disagreement.

These arguments need not always be disagreeable, as animals benefit by healing their wounds quickly and plants exposed to one pathogen are often protected against others, says Fuchs. That said, chronic inflammatory disorders may owe their painful existence to the ability of their cells to remember, and to FOS and JUN, which respond universally to stress.

The scientists hope that shedding light on one possible cause of chronic inflammatory disease may help researchers develop treatments for these conditions. The factors and pathways that we identify here could be targeted, both in the initial disease stages and, later, during the relapsing stages of disease, says Cowley. Larsen adds: Perhaps these transcription factors could be used as a general target to inhibit the recall of the memories that cause chronic inflammation.

Reference: Establishment, maintenance, and recall of inflammatory memory by Samantha B. Larsen, Christopher J. Cowley, Sairaj M. Sajjath, Douglas Barrows, Yihao Yang, Thomas S. Carroll and Elaine Fuchs, 27 July 2021, Cell Stem Cell.DOI: 10.1016/j.stem.2021.07.001

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Common Genetic Blood Disorders And How They Are Treated – TheHealthSite

By daniellenierenberg

Genetic conditions occur when there is a mutation in one or multiple genes. Read on to know about some of the common genetic blood disorders.

Written by Editorial Team | Updated : August 5, 2021 10:01 PM IST

Genes form the blueprint of our body, i.e., it instructs our physical and functional attributes and makes us who we are! Let's just pause for a moment to understand that these genes are also responsible at times for genetic anomalies or disorders that may affect the health of an individual.

These genetic conditions occur when there is a mutation in one or multiple genes. You can inherit a gene mutation from one or both the parents or may also acquire it during your lifetime. These conditions if go undetected, does lead to a lifelong battle for many. However, early diagnosis can help clinicians plan prompt treatment and management options to improve the quality of life of affected individuals. Hence, it is imperative to have a comprehensive genetic evaluation of the baby right after birth to check for any hidden disorders that are not apparent at the time of birth.

Dr Chirayu Padhiar, Senior Medical Director, LifeCell International Pvt Ltd shares insights on the common genetic blood disorders in the country and also discusses the available diagnosis as well as treatment options. He says, "genetic diversity along with founder effects and consanguineous marriages have been attributed to the high prevalence of genetic disorders in India. Thalassemia and sickle cell anaemia are two major genetic blood disorders that result in a long-lasting impact on the health and wellbeing of the affected individuals."

Sickle cell anaemia is a type of sickle cell disease in which haemoglobin, the protein that transports oxygen throughout the body, is affected, which in turn jeopardises proper blood flow throughout the body. It is an inherited blood disorder that is passed down through families via mutated genes.

Red blood cells are normally disc-shaped and flexible enough to move freely through blood vessels. However, when a person is diagnosed with sickle cell disease, their red blood cells are usually crescent or "sickle" shaped. Since these cells cannot easily pass through blood vessels, they can obstruct blood flow to the rest of your body.

Symptoms of sickle cell disease usually appear in early childhood, at about 5-6 months of age. This disorder is distinguished by a low count of red blood cells (anaemia), infections, swelling in the hands and feet, and periodic episodes of pain. Symptoms vary from person to person. Some people experience only minor symptoms, while others are frequently hospitalised for more serious complications.

Couples who have a prerequisite knowledge that they have the disorder, or are 'carriers of the mutated gene should consider genetic counselling and testing to prevent passing the disorder to their children. This knowledge helps to make the right reproductive decisions for a healthy pregnancy and baby. Parents of newborns can also consider newborn screening right after birth to provide the early and right treatment.

As sickle cell disease is a chronic illness, patients usually take drugs their entire life. The drugs are not a curative treatment for the disorder but help manage the symptoms that accompany the disease. Frequent blood transfusions may also be prescribed. Depending on the severity of the disease and availability of the donor blood stem cell transplant may also be carried out.

Recent studies also show the emergence of stem cell transplants as a curative treatment for Sickle Cell Anemia. The Indian healthcare market touted to be as advanced as its western counterparts, has been successful in numerous stem cell transplants as a curative treatment for sickle cell anaemia.

Thalassemia is an inherited blood disorder that occurs when the body does not produce enough haemoglobin. It occurs due to a defective gene that is involved in the production of haemoglobin. When thalassemia is referred to as 'alpha' or 'beta', it refers to the portion of haemoglobin that is not produced by default in the body. When there is insufficient haemoglobin, the body's red blood cells do not function properly and do not last for long, resulting in a significantly lower number of healthy red blood cells in the bloodstream.

Children are affected by this condition when they inherit the defective gene from one or both parents. When a child inherits the defective gene from both parents, the child will develop thalassemia major. The affected child may develop symptoms of severe anaemia within the initial years of their life.

However, if the child inherits only one defective gene, then the child has thalassemia minor and is a carrier. This fact, thus, underlines the importance of genetic counselling and prenatal tests in carriers.

Not all affected individuals will show symptoms. In fact, some symptoms may start appearing in later stages of childhood or adolescence. People with less severe conditions may not know until being diagnosed with mild symptoms of anaemia, fatigue, the appearance of yellow skin, delayed growth, or iron overload.

India has the largest number of children with thalassemia major in the world. The figure becomes more staggering with about 1 to 1.5 lakhs children and almost 42 million carriers of beta-thalassemia. The majority of children with moderate to severe thalassemia develop symptoms within the first two years of their life. Blood tests help reveal anaemia and the presence of abnormal haemoglobin. Advanced genetic tests can also be used to analyze mutated genes to diagnose the severity and type of condition. Additionally, detection of an enlarged spleen might also be an important factor in diagnosis.

Couples planning a baby or in early pregnancy can choose a genetic carrier screening to assess the risk of passing on the thalassemia or other genetic conditions to their babies.

Depending on the severity and the type of thalassemia, the doctors may recommend transfusions, medications, or surgeries to remove the spleen or transplants. Mild forms of thalassemia including thalassemia minor, don't usually require any specific treatment. Hematopoietic (blood) transplants can be curative in thalassemia major cases. However, a majority of the patients are unable to find HLA-matched siblings. Moreover, with a growing number of one-child families and a meagre 25% chance of finding an HLA-matched sibling, finding a suitable donor may become a challenge. An increasing number of parents are, therefore, turning towards alternative stem cell preservation models including community banking, in order to gain access to a repository of unrelated cord blood units.

India has pioneers in stem cell banking and genetic testing like LifeCell which excel in prenatal and newborn screening, helping couples understand their child's health status. Timely diagnosis has helped many couples make better reproductive decisions and provide the prompt and right treatment to their children. Most importantly, having a positive outlook towards life, gaining support from friends and family, and consulting your doctor regarding optimal lifestyle and management choices can help simplify your journey.

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Common Genetic Blood Disorders And How They Are Treated - TheHealthSite

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