Page 3«..2345..1020..»

VistaGen Therapeutics, Inc. S-3 May. 1, 2020 4:59 PM – Seeking Alpha

By daniellenierenberg

Asfiled with the Securities and Exchange Commission on May 1,2020

RegistrationNo. 333-

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM S-3

REGISTRATION STATEMENT

UNDER

THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933

VISTAGEN THERAPEUTICS, INC.

(Exactname of registrant as specified in its charter)

Nevada

2834

20-5093315

(Stateor Other Jurisdiction of

Incorporationor Organization)

(PrimaryStandard Industrial

ClassificationCode Number)

(I.R.S.Employer

IdentificationNumber)

343 Allerton Ave.

South San Francisco, California 94090

(650) 577-3600

(Address,including zip code, and telephone number,

includingarea code, of registrants principal executiveoffices)

Shawn K. Singh

Chief Executive Officer

VistaGen Therapeutics, Inc.

343 Allerton Avenue

South San Francisco, California 94080

(650) 577-3600

(Name,address, including zip code, and telephone number,

includingarea code, of agent for service)

Copies to

Daniel W. Rumsey, Esq.

Jessica R. Sudweeks, Esq.

Disclosure Law Group, a Professional Corporation

655 West Broadway, Suite 870

San Diego, CA 92101

Telephone: (619) 272-7050

Facsimile: (619) 330-2101

Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to thepublic: As soon as practicable after this registrationstatement becomes effective.

If the only securities being registered on this form are beingoffered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, pleasecheck the following box.

If any of the securities being registered on this form are to beoffered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 underthe Securities Act of 1933, other than securities offered only inconnection with dividend or interest reinvestment plans, check thefollowing box.

If this form is filed to register additional securities for anoffering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act of 1933,please check the following box and list the Securities Actregistration statement number of the earlier effective registrationstatement for the same offering.

If this form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and listthe Securities Act registration statement number of the earliereffective registration statement for the sameoffering.

If this form is a registration statement pursuant to GeneralInstruction I.D. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shallbecome effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule462(e) under the Securities Act, check the followingbox.

If this form is a post-effective amendment to a registrationstatement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.D. filed toregister additional securities or additional classes of securitiespursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check thefollowing box.

Indicateby check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer,an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reportingcompany, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions oflarge accelerated filer, acceleratedfiler, smaller reporting company, andemerging growth company in Rule 12b-2 of the ExchangeAct.

Largeacceleratedfiler

[]

Acceleratedfiler

[]

Non-acceleratedfiler

[ ]

Smallerreportingcompany

[X]

Emerginggrowth company

[ ]

If anemerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registranthas elected not to use the extended transition period for complyingwith any new or revised financial accounting standards providedpursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE

Titleof each class of securities to be registered

Amountto

be

registered(1)(2)

Proposed

maximum

offeringprice per

share(3)

Proposed

Original post:
VistaGen Therapeutics, Inc. S-3 May. 1, 2020 4:59 PM - Seeking Alpha

To Read More: VistaGen Therapeutics, Inc. S-3 May. 1, 2020 4:59 PM – Seeking Alpha
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on VistaGen Therapeutics, Inc. S-3 May. 1, 2020 4:59 PM – Seeking Alpha | dataMay 3rd, 2020
Read All

Progenitor Cell Product Market 2020 Recent Industry Developments and Growth Strategies Adopted by Top Key Players Worldwide and Assessment to 2025 …

By daniellenierenberg

The GlobalProgenitor Cell Product Market2020 report implement in-depth research of the industry with a focus on the current market trends future prospects. The Global Progenitor Cell Product Market report aims to provide an overview of Progenitor Cell Product Market players with detailed market segmentation by product, application and geographical region. It also provides market share and size, revenue forecast, growth opportunity. The most recent trending report Worldwide Progenitor Cell Product Market Economy by Manufacturers, Regions, kind and application, forecast to 2025 provided bySupply demand Market Researchis an educational study covering the marketplace with detailed analysis.

All the reports consider COVID-19 impact for forecast and analysis.

Feel free to contact us for any inquiry, Get Free PDF Sample Copy of Progenitor Cell Product Market @https://www.supplydemandmarketresearch.com/home/contact/972493?ref=Sample-and-Brochure&toccode=SDMRPH972493

The analysis of Global Progenitor Cell Product Market includes market size, upstream situation, market segmentation, price & cost and industry environment. In addition, the report outlines the factors driving industry growth and the description of market channels. The report begins from overview of industrial chain structure, and describes the upstream. Besides, the report analyses market size and forecast in different geographies, type and end-use segment, in addition, the report introduces market competition overview among the major companies and companies profiles, besides, market price and channel features are covered in the report.

This report studies the Progenitor Cell Product Market status and outlook of Global and major regions, from angles of players, countries, product types and end industries; this report analyzes the top players in global market, and splits the Progenitor Cell Product Market by product type and applications/end industries. These details further contain a basic summary of the company, merchant profile, and the product range of the company in question. The report analyzes data regarding the proceeds accrued, product sales, gross margins, price patterns, and news updates relating to the company.

Global Progenitor Cell Product Market Type (Pancreatic progenitor cells, Cardiac Progenitor Cells, Intermediate progenitor cells, Neural progenitor cells (NPCs), Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), Others) Application (Medical care, Hospital, Laboratory) Global Trends and Forecasts to 2025

Industry Insights

The Global Progenitor Cell Product Market is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX % during the forecast period 2018-2025.

The Global Progenitor Cell Product Market is segmented on the basis of Type and Application. The Global Progenitor Cell Product Market is segmented based on the basis of typePancreatic progenitor cells, Cardiac Progenitor Cells, Intermediate progenitor cells, Neural progenitor cells (NPCs), Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), Others. By Application, it is classified as Medical care, Hospital, Laboratory. The regional outlook on the Global Progenitor Cell Product Market covers regions, such as North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, and Rest of the World. Global Progenitor Cell Product Market for each region is further bifurcated for major countries including the U.S., Canada, Germany, the U.K., France, Italy, China, India, Japan, Brazil, South Africa, and others.

Report Scope:

The Global Progenitor Cell Product Market report scope covers the in-depth business analysis considering major market dynamics, forecast parameters, and price trends for the industry growth. The report forecasts market sizing at global, regional and country levels, providing comprehensive outlook of industry trends in each market segments and sub-segments from 2017 to 2024. The market segmentations include

GlobalProgenitor Cell Product Market, By Type

Pancreatic progenitor cells, Cardiac Progenitor Cells, Intermediate progenitor cells, Neural progenitor cells (NPCs), Endothelial progenitor cells (EPC), Others

In the same way, the study has divided by applications

Global Progenitor Cell Product Market, By Application

Medical care, Hospital, Laboratory

GlobalProgenitor Cell Product Market, By Region

The report scope also includes competitive landscape covering the competitive analysis, strategy analysis and company profiles of the major market players. The companies profiled in the report includeNeuroNova AB, StemCells, ReNeuron Limited, Asterias Biotherapeutics, Thermo Fisher Scientific, STEMCELL Technologies, Axol Bio, R&D Systems, Lonza, ATCC, Irvine Scientific, CDI

Report Highlights

How this report will add value to your organisation

This report provides the in-depth analysis of the complete value chain from the raw material suppliers to the end users. We have critically analysed following parameters and their impact in the industry:

1. Improvement in top line and bottom line growth

Analysis trend & forecasts by end use markets will help you to understand how the growth in consumption is expected in next 5 years and what will be the key factors that will support the growth. This will help to make a clear plan for the top line growth. Price analytics will also play a crucial role in making a plan for top line growth.

Raw material and other input factors analysis will help to plan effectively for the bottom line.

2. Competitive intelligence

In a competitive marketplace, up-to-date information can make the difference between keeping pace, getting ahead, or being left behind. A smart intelligence operation can serve as an early-warning system for disruptive changes in the competitive landscape, whether that change is a rivals new product or pricing strategy or the entrance of an unexpected player into your market.

We also provide you with information that allows you to anticipate what your competitors are planning next. For example, you might gain information on a new product they are getting ready to launch or new services they will add to the business. Hiring us to handle this information collection saves you time and energy, allowing you to focus on your own business while still gaining the necessary knowledge to keep track of competitors.

3. Identification of prospective customers and their satisfaction level with the current supplier:

We have provided the long list of customers and analysed them critically, based on various parameters such as consumption, market type, sustainable business etc. this will help your organisation to develop relations with the consumers. Also, we have identified the factors in which the others customer will switch to you.

Report Customizations

The customization research services cover the additional custom report features such as additional regional and country level analysis as per the client requirements.

Get More Information About Full Report Progenitor Cell Product Market @https://www.supplydemandmarketresearch.com/home/contact/972493?ref=Discount&toccode=SDMRPH972493

This comprehensive report can be a guideline for the industry stakeholders that helps in analyzing the Progenitor Cell Product Market and forecast of till 2024. This report aids to detection of the projected market size, market status, future predictions, growth prospect, main challenges of Progenitor Cell Product Market by analyzing the segmentations.

In the following section, the report provides the Progenitor Cell Product Market company outline, statements of the product, and performance values. With the support of the arithmetical study, the report demonstrates the complete international Progenitor Cell Product Market market inclusive of amplitude, production, manufacturing value, loss/gain, Progenitor Cell Product Market supply/demand and import/export. The Progenitor Cell Product Market report is divided into key companies, by regions, and by various sectors such as application, type for the competitive landscape analyze.

Analysis of various Progenitor Cell Product Market categories of product and end-user applications, product types of Progenitor Cell Product Market is estimated on the basis of previous market and present market scenario. It involved Global Progenitor Cell Product Market values with respect to growth rate, market size, and share and consumption. Further, it gives details, prerequisite, and features of Progenitor Cell Product Market that boost the growth of the industry.

About Us:

We have a strong network of high powered and experienced global consultants who have about 10+ years of experience in the specific industry to deliver quality research and analysis. Having such an experienced network, our services not only cater to the client who wants the basic reference of market numbers and related high growth areas in the demand side, but also we provide detailed and granular information using which the client can definitely plan the strategies with respect to both supply and demand side.

Contact Us:

Nimesh H

302-20 Misssisauga, Valley, Missisauga,

L5A 3S1, Toronto, Canada

Phone Number: +1-276-477-5910

Email- [emailprotected]

See the original post here:
Progenitor Cell Product Market 2020 Recent Industry Developments and Growth Strategies Adopted by Top Key Players Worldwide and Assessment to 2025 ...

To Read More: Progenitor Cell Product Market 2020 Recent Industry Developments and Growth Strategies Adopted by Top Key Players Worldwide and Assessment to 2025 …
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Progenitor Cell Product Market 2020 Recent Industry Developments and Growth Strategies Adopted by Top Key Players Worldwide and Assessment to 2025 … | dataMay 1st, 2020
Read All

Lack of investment is the biggest challenge in stem cell research – Express Healthcare

By daniellenierenberg

India with its huge population can become an ideal place for medical research in stem cell, but due to lack of awareness and investment, its progress is slowing down. Vipul Jain, CEO, Advancells talks about the companys vision for stem cell research and progress in India, to Usha Sharma

Give us a brief about your companys inception?

I have been a part of healthcare marketing for over 12 years now and somewhere in 2009-10, a few patients started talking about stem cell therapies if I could help them find a centre, where they could opt for these therapies. Unfortunately, none such centre operated in India and there were very few across the world. Once I studied the subject in-depth it occurred to me that this would be the future of medicine and it was the right time to enter this field. The hope of changing medicine as we know it today inspired me to get into this practice and I established Advancells in 2013.

In the past seven years of our operations, we have grown strength to strength and are today one of the largest providers of stem cell therapies in India.

When we started Advancells, we aimed at becoming a pioneer in the research and development of regenerative medicine. We wanted to have India at the forefront of protocols and technologies in the industry and so we decided to venture into a wide array of services. In order to become a centre of medical advancement, we had to ensure we offered services to all sorts of patients, irrespective of their condition. We believe in treating our patients in a progressive manner.

Tell us about the challenges you faced while setting up your business?

Lack of investment is the biggest challenge. Most new investments in healthcare sector still come from Trusts and charities who enter the segment for charity and with a no-profit no-loss mindset. This restrains their capacity to invest in research and new technologies and hence it is not easy to get cutting edge technologies in the country. India with its huge population base can be a perfect place for strong medical research but the lack of awareness and investment are the major reasons for India to lag behind in research. It is not easy for healthcare researchers to attract private money as private investors are worried about the long gestation period for their investment.

The other major challenge is the acceptance of doctors of a new branch of medicine. It is very difficult to convince doctors of a new way to treat patients and understandably they want long term follow-up data. This data will take time to come and hence growth can not be as fast as you expect it to be. Government regulations are another challenge as agencies are always a little slow to react to innovation.

The expense of research and clinical preliminaries is high in the case of regenerative medicine, in this way confining the research objectives. Aside from cost/enormous speculations, other challenges are administrative difficulties with changing rules across nations, on account of contrasts in the suppositions and social perspectives. Setting up a solitary/regular arrangement or rule worldwide to administer stem cell research could be helpful. Human embryos for research, somatic cell, nuclear move, IPSCs have raised concerns due to their long hatching periods.

So how does your model work?

Advancells works in four different verticals. Firstly, we produce basic human stem cells that are used by partner hospitals and doctors in providing regenerative therapies to the patients. Advancells also writes protocols for therapies and provide training to doctors on various facets of regenerative medicine. In the second vertical, we produce organ, species and disease-specific primary cells, which are used by research institutes, academic institutes and pharma companies around the world to further their research in the field of biology and drugs.

In the third vertical, we produce our patented range of bioscaffolds which once seeded with our cells, are used in the regeneration of bones, organs and healing of wounds. Fourthly, we print 3D human organs and finally seed our scaffolds with our primary cells and paste them on the 3D printed organ models and try to create working modal of a human organ that can be used by pharma companies for drug discovery models. Our moonshot is to be able to produce a transplantable human artificial organ that can one day put an end to mortality rate due to non-availability of transplantable human organs.

We are essentially a B2B business where doctors and hospitals, research institutes, pharma companies etc., are our clients, but we regularly get approached by a number of patients both from India and abroad who want our protocols for treatment. We do provide B2C services to such patients also.

We are currently operating out of our centralised lab in Noida, Delhi/NCR and are able to ship cells to various hospitals not just across India but also in various countries around the world.

Does India have well-defined stem cell treatment regulations?

Surprisingly very well. India has been always been a follower especially when it comes to medical research. There has hardly been any major medical innovation that has come out of India but things seem to be changing this time. It looks like there will be a good case study where India might just take the lead in stem cell technology and be a world leader in it. We have all the required resources and brainpower to make it happen, all we need is a supportive legislature, progressive regulators, understanding investors and gritty innovators and you will see things rolling.

The Government of India has started promoting Stem Cell Research with the help of its agencies. The focus is on identifying diseases and conditions that can be cured. Programmes to support embryonic and adult stem cell research are in place. Some of the developments include setting up human embryonic stem cell lines, using limbal stem cells to repair corneal surface disorder; classification of haematopoietic, mesenchymal and liver stem cells; as well as segregation of stem cells into neural, cardiac and cell lineages, etc.

For the rest of the world, there are many researchers who are creating pathbreaking records. Scientists from the University of California, for instance, have created an approach via stem cells to deal with cancerous tissue while anticipating some dangerous reactions of chemotherapy by treating the disease in a progressive manner.

So whats the scope for stem cell research/ therapy?

Stem cells present a unique opportunity to treat the disease that currently is termed as untreatable. They also help us in treating the diseases from the core and not just managing the symptoms. These properties give regenerative medicine a unique status.

You conduct 15-20 treatment in a month despite the unclear regulations in India? Do you see this as a challenge and deal with it?

We deal only with hospitals and doctors who have taken permission from the government and hence the reach is very low.

How do you differentiate your therapies from other existing players? What all guideline you follow and what is the success ratio?

There is no real credible competition for us. The big players in the market are primarily into cord blood banking and for the therapy is a side product on which they dont concentrate. There are few doctors who practice regenerative medicine on their own but could never match up with the product catalogue or research backing that we have.

There is an exhaustive consent form and clear inclusion and exclusion criterion and the patients are council-led at multiple points before the procedure.

Which are the therapeutic areas Advancells provides stem cell solutions and how safe are they? What is your future plan?

Advancells provide stem cell solutions for orthopaedics, neurology, diabetes etc. It is completely safe. We are targeting to venture into Cosmetics, Ophthalmology.

[emailprotected]

[emailprotected]

Originally posted here:
Lack of investment is the biggest challenge in stem cell research - Express Healthcare

To Read More: Lack of investment is the biggest challenge in stem cell research – Express Healthcare
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Lack of investment is the biggest challenge in stem cell research – Express Healthcare | dataApril 30th, 2020
Read All

SpaceX, Axiom to send three tourists to ISS in 2021 – ClickLancashire

By daniellenierenberg

When the ISS reaches its retirement date, the Axiom complex will detach and operate as a free-flying commercial space station.

This is the second contract SpaceX grabbed as it reached an agreement with Space Adventures on February 18 to launch private citizens on Crew Dragon spacecraft into an Earth orbit higher than ISS between late-2021 to mid-2022.

SpaceX will attempt to land the rocket booster back at Cape Canaveral, meaning residents in the area could hear a sonic boom. "This will be just the first of many missions to ISS to be completely crewed and managed by Axiom Space - a first for a commercial entity". In 2014, SpaceX and Boeing snagged a coveted launch contract collectively worth $6.8 billion to each build a spacecraft capable of transporting astronauts to the space station and back.

B1059 returned to Port Canaveral on December 7th, 2019 and will launch CRS-20 - its second Dragon mission - nearly exactly three months later. The flight's crew will live onboard the existing station for at least eight days.

When Dragon does return home, it will mark the end of SpaceX's original Commercial Resupply Services (CRS) contract with NASA. While this is not an issue for astronauts on board, as food from Earth is supplied regularly, for long-duration spaceflight-like those to the moon and Mars, which NASA is now planning-the issue of nutrition could become a problem.

Among the payloads on the Dragon is Bartolomeo, an external experiment platform developed by Airbus that will be installed on the station's Columbus module. The Earth views are supposed to be spectacular. Potential applications include Earth observation, robotics, material science and astrophysics. Studying these "tissue chips" may provide a better understanding on how they may cause disease on Earth.

Generation of Cardiomyocytes From Human Induced Pluripotent Stem Cell-derived Cardiac Progenitors Expanded in Microgravity (MVP Cell-03) examines whether microgravity increases the production of heart cells from human-induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs).

"Since 2012, SpaceX has been delivering cargo to the International Space Station in partnership with NASA and later this year, we will fly NASA astronauts for the first time", said SpaceX President and Chief Operating Officer Gwynne Shotwell.

These are just a few of the hundreds of investigations providing opportunities for US government agencies, private industry, and academic and research institutions to conduct microgravity research that leads to new technologies, medical treatments and products that improve life on Earth.

Axiom Space is inviting individuals seeking out a trip of a lifetime.

A lot of the packaged food loses its nutritional value over time in Space, so it has been one of NASA's prime focuses to find products that can be grown on the ISS so as to provide astronauts with proper nutrition, as well as keeping their morale high.

Excerpt from:
SpaceX, Axiom to send three tourists to ISS in 2021 - ClickLancashire

To Read More: SpaceX, Axiom to send three tourists to ISS in 2021 – ClickLancashire
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on SpaceX, Axiom to send three tourists to ISS in 2021 – ClickLancashire | dataApril 30th, 2020
Read All

In Russia figured out how to cure myocardial infarction in a matter of months – The KXAN 36 News

By daniellenierenberg

MOSCOW, 28 APR RIA Novosti. A new approach to the regeneration of organs that are unrivalled in price and efficiency, has been developed by scientists at the National research University MIET. They created the material, as explained by the authors, will allow to restore the cardiac tissue after a heart attack in just 2-4 months. Data published in the journal Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy.

the Experts of national research UNIVERSITY MIET for the first time in the world, according to them, managed to find a way of chemical bonding of carbon nanotubes with molecules of the most common blood protein albumin. Outdoor their physical mechanism has allowed us to develop a new method of laser 3D printing of nanocomposites.

Under the action of the laser between the albumin and carbon nanotubes there is a strong covalent bond that allows you to print the design specified shape. Living cells, e.g., connective tissue or myocardium easy root on some of the frames (scaffold), making possible the efficient recovery of damaged tissues of the body, said the head of the laboratory of biomedical nanotechnology, Institute of biomedical systems, national research UNIVERSITY MIET Alexander Gerasimenko.

As explained by scientists, they created cardiac implants is 3-4 times cheaper than Russian and 6-8 times cheaper than their foreign counterparts, outperforming both those, and others on a number of parameters. Except scaffolds used in tissue engineering, the technology is also suitable for the production of biosensors, microfluidic systems, and even advanced drugs against cancer.

We are able to print the material close to the characteristics of cardiac tissue: it can be reduced along with the myocardium and has electrical conductivity, the flowing currents of the heart. Our method also allows you to adjust the porosity of the structures, providing penetration as living cells and sprouting of capillaries and nerve endings, explained Alexander Gerasimenko.

Before implantation scaffold populated printed living cells and some time to ripen. As noted by experts of national research UNIVERSITY MIET, a number of successful experiments have shown that it can be used, including stem cells that can turn into cells of that tissue into which they are transplanted.

Scientists believe that their method will effectively deal with such pathologies as congenital heart disease and myocardial infarction, aneurysm, atherosclerosis and infarction. According to them, nano-composite patch on myocardial infarction after 2-4 months completely restores the affected area, and the frame is thus resolved.

the Scientists noted that the technology is implemented in close cooperation with leading Russian scientific centers. In the future, the team intends to proceed to introduce the method into clinical practice, and to adapt the technology for creating coatings for various implantable systems.

More here:
In Russia figured out how to cure myocardial infarction in a matter of months - The KXAN 36 News

To Read More: In Russia figured out how to cure myocardial infarction in a matter of months – The KXAN 36 News
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on In Russia figured out how to cure myocardial infarction in a matter of months – The KXAN 36 News | dataApril 28th, 2020
Read All

Will the race for a Covid-19 cure end in triumph or tragedy? – IOL

By daniellenierenberg

By Guy Adams and John Naish Apr 25, 2020

Share this article:

London - Modern science has scarcely presented a more crucial goal, offering untold riches and perhaps even a Nobel prize to the victor, as well as the chance to return the world to normal.

Yet the search for a cure for coronavirus is also uniquely perilous thanks to the dangers inherent in rushing new medical products to market.

Across the globe, thousands of researchers employed by governments, laboratories and drug firms are working flat-out to crack this all-important riddle.

As are endless armchair experts, whose numbers now evidently include Donald Trump.

Yesterday, the worlds most powerful man used a press conference to propose various highly unorthodox new treatments for coronavirus, including injecting disinfectant into the body and blasting patients with ultraviolet light.

Back in the real world, researchers are working tirelessly to combat the virus.

But while bullish claims have been made for a host of possible treatments, the truth is that scientists have little idea which ones might end up being of use.

Four months into the pandemic, we have had millions of people infected but no data yet to show that any particular treatment is especially effective, says Professor Babak Javid, the Principal Investigator at Tsinghua University school of medicine in Beijing, and a consultant in infectious diseases at Cambridge University Hospitals.

Nonetheless, here are some of the most likely candidates.

In mid-March, the American President used Twitter to amplify reports that Covid-19 patients could be successfully treated via a combination of the malaria drug hydroxychloroquine and a common antibiotic, Azithromycin.

In a later press conference, the President insisted that common sense qualified him to make such a claim, urging Americans to take it and asking them: What have you got to lose?

Well, quite a lot, as it turned out. The drugs have a catalogue of nasty side-effects, including an increased risk of cardiac arrest, skin blistering, hearing loss and an inability to move the eyes.

A study this week of 368 male coronavirus patients found that 28 per cent of those treated via hydroxychloroquine alone and 22 per cent who received both drugs (the malaria treatment and azithromycin) in U.S. hospitals died. This compares to a death rate of just 11 per cent for patients who received standard care without either drug.

Hope and hype about the drug Remdesivir have set Californian biotech firm Gileads share price soaring in recent weeks.

The medicine, which is administered via a drip, was originally developed to fight the ebola virus and works by interfering with its genetic makeup.

Although other drugs were soon found to be more effective at treating ebola, subsequent tests suggested Remdesivir had some effect on respiratory viruses such as Sars and Mers. It also appears to be relatively safe.

Gilead has so far given Remdesivir to 1,700 coronavirus patients, with dramatic effects reported in some cases. Two major studies, in the U.S. and Europe, are currently underway.

Sadly, a full-scale clinical trial in China, which has been running for longer, found no evidence it improved the fate of hospital patients, according to documents accidentally leaked this week by the World Health Organisation.

Gilead responded that these leaks contained inappropriate characterisations and insisted their findings were inconclusive.

One reason that the Chinese trials outcome was so disappointing could be that Remdesivir is likely to work best if administered early.

With Covid-19, the virus mostly replicates soon after infection, says Professor Javid. If you give the anti-viral later in the course of an illness, when a patient is hospitalised, there is not much virus left for the drug to attack.

The golden goose for pharmaceutical firms is to discover a new antibody treatment that can attach to individual particles of coronavirus and stop them wreaking havoc.

Two US drug companies, Amgen and Adaptive, recently announced a partnership to study recovered Covid-19 patients in an effort to identify and manufacture crucial virus-killing antibodies.

Another firm, Regeneron, has been conducting a study using the viruss genetic material in mice. Dozens of other companies are pursuing similar projects.

Although an antibody strategy was used against ebola, most new drugs take more than five years to develop, thanks among other things to rigorous testing designed to ensure they do not have dangerous side-effects.

This fashionable, if highly experimental, field involves harvesting blood from people who have recently recovered from coronavirus and donating it to patients who are still suffering from the disease.

Because blood plasma contains antibodies that have learned how to detect and destroy the virus, the theory is that a transfusion will kick-start the recipients ability to fight it.

Its quite easy to harvest plasma from surviving patients, says Professor Javid. It was done even during the Spanish Flu epidemic of 1918-19.

About 600 patients in America have already received this treatment. The NHS is also said to be preparing to carry out an extensive trial in the UK.

However, some experts have pointed out that many Covid-19 victims die because of an overactive immune response to the virus, causing inflammation of lungs and other vital organs. These experts worry that boosting a patients immunity via plasma therapy could actually worsen their condition.

Another problem with plasma therapy is the old-fashioned issue of supply and demand. A limited number of recovered patients are prepared to give blood, and only a finite amount can be taken from them.

However, technology now exists to manufacture synthetic antibodies using the blood of Covid-19 survivors.

Such monoclonal antibodies have become the standard treatment for ebola. Several laboratories have identified monoclonal antibodies that can apparently inhibit coronavirus in test-tubes.

Professor Javid warns, however: No one has yet worked out which of the promising monoclonal antibodies work best for Covid-19, or what might be the best way to use them in combination. This is why they are not in production yet for Covid-19.

Contracting HIV was once a virtual death sentence, but after decades of research, its now mostly a highly manageable condition thanks to a raft of well-tolerated drugs.

Indeed, many HIV drugs are now being touted as possible treatments for coronavirus, including Lopinavir and Ritonavir.

These are being trialled on coronavirus patients in studies at the Universities of Oxford and Nebraska.

But so far there is little evidence of them working outside of a laboratory setting.

The so-called master cells that develop into blood, brain, bones and organs have been touted as the basis for cures for cancer, heart disease and arthritis for years.

Little wonder, then, that the pioneering field of stem cell therapy is now being targeted at coronavirus. Among firms exploring this modish area are Mesoblast, whose boffins are testing bone-marrow cells to establish whether they can help patients develop immunity to the virus. In Wuhan, meanwhile, doctor Dongcheng Wu last month claimed hed treated nine patients by injecting umbilical stem cells. He said they all made a complete recovery within days. The success has not yet been convincingly replicated, however. Stem cell treatments are often risky, too when trialled on Parkinsons, they caused brain tumours.

Around half the patients who die with coronavirus suffer a so-called cytokine storm, in which their immune system goes into overdrive, causing, among other things, acute lung inflammation that stops them from taking on enough oxygen. With this in mind, many products designed to combat inflammation are now being trialled on Covid patients.

They include Tocilizumab, used to treat rheumatoid arthritis, and Dexamethasone, a steroid used against asthma.

The World Health Organisations Solidarity trial is meanwhile testing interferon-beta, which is used to treat multiple sclerosis.

Professor Javid believes immune drugs should be accompanied by effective antiviral treatment: We know from treating flu patients suffering cytokine storms that if you dampen their immune response without also giving them an antiviral drug, it can reduce the patients virus-fighting defences and allow the virus to run wild.

These are the cholesterol-lowering drugs prescribed to millions at risk of heart disease. Now scientists wonder if statins should be given to patients with severe Covid-19 symptoms, for two reasons.

Harvard University investigators recommend their use because they have anti-inflammatory powers.

Scientists added last month in the journal Drug Development and Research that statins have also shown an ability to moderate the immune system and thus protect patients lungs from cytokine storm damage.

Professor Jon Cohen, emeritus professor of infectious diseases at Brighton and Sussex Medical School, argues that while statins have shown potential in test-tube trials, in living patients they have only really shown benefits for the cardiovascular system.

In normal circumstances viruses develop a key that enables them to pick a cells locks and break in, hijacking the cells machinery to make more copies of the virus. Peptide inhibitors stick to this key, rendering it unable to do its job.

We already know that Covid-19 invades human cells through a protein receptor, ACE2.

The big question, therefore, is: what might block the coronavirus attaching to the ACE2 receptor?

Chemists at Illinois University used high-powered computers to identify the amino-acid chemicals in the ACE2 receptor that the virus targets. They then constructed a drug with amino-acids that should stick to the viruss key, rendering it useless.

But as the scientists acknowledge in journal ACS Nano this month, they have tested their chemical in computer simulations not in the lab and certainly not on humans. A lot of hurdles lie ahead.

Ultimately, most scientists agree that coronavirus prevention a vaccine is better than any treatment or cure.

Thats why governments are throwing the proverbial kitchen sink at efforts to create one, with more than 140 projects currently running in parallel all over the world.

Everyone expects a vaccine to appear in the end. But much hinges on how quickly that happens.

Thats why there was so much excitement this week when it emerged that scientists at Oxford University have already begun to conduct their first human vaccine tests.

Other clinical trials in humans are already underway in China.

Nevertheless, Professor Chris Whitty, Englands Chief Medical Officer, says the chance of a vaccine becoming available in the next calendar year are incredibly small.

Why? Because we can move only as quickly as extreme caution will allow, says inoculation expert Dr Kai Hu of Imperial College. He reports Imperials lab has already created a harmless pseudo-virus that carries a coronavirus protein. But, he stresses: Safety is our number one priority. We dont yet know how toxic the vaccine would be to humans.

Given Covid-19s devastating infectiousness, the world will have to keep its fingers crossed that the dash for an effective jab proves a success rather than inadvertently plunging humanity into further peril.

Three members of the same family are taking part in a groundbreaking coronavirus vaccine trial. Mum Katie, dad Tony and daughter Rhiannon Vinney are among more than 1,000 participants taking part in the Oxford University trials.

Teaching assistant Katie, 46, saw the plea for healthy volunteers and urged her husband, 53, who runs two pubs, and their 18-year-old student daughter to sign up with her.

The mum-of-four, from Oxford, said she was not worried about health risks from taking part, because she believes the team have done everything they could to make it safe.

She added: I just want to help so life can return to normal. You have to live in a cave not to know somebody who is affected by this. I really do hope this is the cure.

Read this article:
Will the race for a Covid-19 cure end in triumph or tragedy? - IOL

To Read More: Will the race for a Covid-19 cure end in triumph or tragedy? – IOL
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Will the race for a Covid-19 cure end in triumph or tragedy? – IOL | dataApril 28th, 2020
Read All

Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Demand, Recent Trends and Developments Analysis 2025 – Express Journal

By daniellenierenberg

Latest Market Research Report onAutologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market size | Industry Segment by Applications (Neurodegenerative Disorders, Autoimmune Diseases? and Cardiovascular Diseases), by Type (Embryonic Stem Cell, Resident Cardiac Stem Cells and Umbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells), Regional Outlook, Market Demand, Latest Trends, Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Industry Share & Revenue by Manufacturers, Company Profiles, Growth Forecasts 2025.Analyzes current market size and upcoming 5 years growth of this industry.

TheAutologous Stem Cell Based TherapiesMarketAnalysis report attempts to offer foremost and deep understandings into the current market scenario and the advanced development dynamics. The report onAutologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Marketaims to provides the extensive view of the market landscape. The comprehensive research will enable the well-established as well as the emerging players to expand their business approaches and achieve their targeted goals.

This report on Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market covers the manufacturers data including shipment, revenue, gross profit, business distribution etc., these data help the consumer know about the competitors better. This report also covers topmost regions and countries of the world, which shows a regional development status, including Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market size, volume and value as well as price data.

Request Sample Copy of this Report @ https://www.express-journal.com/request-sample/65295

List of Major Key playersoperating in the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market are:

The objectives of this report are:

Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Segmentation by Product Type:

Industry Segmentation by end user:

Most significant topics covered in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market report are:

The foremost points are labelled in detail which are covered in this Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Report:

Request Customization on This Report @ https://www.express-journal.com/request-for-customization/65295

Excerpt from:
Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Demand, Recent Trends and Developments Analysis 2025 - Express Journal

To Read More: Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Demand, Recent Trends and Developments Analysis 2025 – Express Journal
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Demand, Recent Trends and Developments Analysis 2025 – Express Journal | dataApril 27th, 2020
Read All

Stem Cell Therapy Market to Discern Steadfast Expansion During 2025 – Cole of Duty

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Overview

Also called regenerative medicine, stem cell therapy encourages the reparative response of damaged, diseased, or dysfunctional tissue via the use of stem cells and their derivatives. Replacing the practice of organ transplantations, stem cell therapies have eliminated the dependence on availability of donors. Bone marrow transplant is perhaps the most commonly employed stem cell therapy.

Osteoarthritis, cerebral palsy, heart failure, multiple sclerosis and even hearing loss could be treated using stem cell therapies. Doctors have successfully performed stem cell transplants that significantly aid patients fight cancers such as leukemia and other blood-related diseases.

Know the Growth Opportunities in Emerging Markets

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Key Trends

The key factors influencing the growth of the global stem cell therapy market are increasing funds in the development of new stem lines, the advent of advanced genomic procedures used in stem cell analysis, and greater emphasis on human embryonic stem cells. As the traditional organ transplantations are associated with limitations such as infection, rejection, and immunosuppression along with high reliance on organ donors, the demand for stem cell therapy is likely to soar. The growing deployment of stem cells in the treatment of wounds and damaged skin, scarring, and grafts is another prominent catalyst of the market.

On the contrary, inadequate infrastructural facilities coupled with ethical issues related to embryonic stem cells might impede the growth of the market. However, the ongoing research for the manipulation of stem cells from cord blood cells, bone marrow, and skin for the treatment of ailments including cardiovascular and diabetes will open up new doors for the advancement of the market.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Market Potential

A number of new studies, research projects, and development of novel therapies have come forth in the global market for stem cell therapy. Several of these treatments are in the pipeline, while many others have received approvals by regulatory bodies.

In March 2017, Belgian biotech company TiGenix announced that its cardiac stem cell therapy, AlloCSC-01 has successfully reached its phase I/II with positive results. Subsequently, it has been approved by the U.S. FDA. If this therapy is well- received by the market, nearly 1.9 million AMI patients could be treated through this stem cell therapy.

Another significant development is the granting of a patent to Israel-based Kadimastem Ltd. for its novel stem-cell based technology to be used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other similar conditions of the nervous system. The companys technology used for producing supporting cells in the central nervous system, taken from human stem cells such as myelin-producing cells is also covered in the patent.

The regional analysis covers:

Order this Report TOC for Detailed Statistics

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Regional Outlook

The global market for stem cell therapy can be segmented into Asia Pacific, North America, Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East and Africa. North America emerged as the leading regional market, triggered by the rising incidence of chronic health conditions and government support. Europe also displays significant growth potential, as the benefits of this therapy are increasingly acknowledged.

Asia Pacific is slated for maximum growth, thanks to the massive patient pool, bulk of investments in stem cell therapy projects, and the increasing recognition of growth opportunities in countries such as China, Japan, and India by the leading market players.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Competitive Analysis

Several firms are adopting strategies such as mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, and partnerships, apart from product development with a view to attain a strong foothold in the global market for stem cell therapy.

Some of the major companies operating in the global market for stem cell therapy are RTI Surgical, Inc., MEDIPOST Co., Ltd., Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., NuVasive, Inc., Pharmicell Co., Ltd., Anterogen Co., Ltd., JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., and Holostem Terapie Avanzate S.r.l.

About TMR Research:

TMR Research is a premier provider of customized market research and consulting services to business entities keen on succeeding in todays supercharged economic climate. Armed with an experienced, dedicated, and dynamic team of analysts, we are redefining the way our clients conduct business by providing them with authoritative and trusted research studies in tune with the latest methodologies and market trends.

Read more here:
Stem Cell Therapy Market to Discern Steadfast Expansion During 2025 - Cole of Duty

To Read More: Stem Cell Therapy Market to Discern Steadfast Expansion During 2025 – Cole of Duty
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Stem Cell Therapy Market to Discern Steadfast Expansion During 2025 – Cole of Duty | dataApril 27th, 2020
Read All

Stem-Cell Therapy For Cardiac Disease Creative …

By daniellenierenberg

Ischemic heart disease (characterized by decreased blood supply to the heart muscle) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide.It manifests as a coronary artery occlusion, which in turn leads to myocardial infarction, accompanied by death of myocardial cells.This overloads the surviving heart muscle and eventually leads to heart failure.In addition, other causes can also cause heart failure, including chronic hypertension, which is also characterized by the gradual loss of cardiomyocytes, and experimental inhibition of programmed cell death can improve heart function.Clinically, the effective treatment to solve the fundamental problem of heart loss is heart transplantation.The new discovery that stem cells and progenitor cells have regenerative potential to treat and prevent heart failure has changed experimental research and caused explosive growth in clinical research.

Heart RegenerationAlthough heart cells have a slight ability to regenerate.However, it is generally believed that the regenerative capacity of the human heart muscle is seriously insufficient, and it is not enough to make up for the severe loss of myocardium caused by catastrophic myocardial infarction or other heart disease.Studies have found that the heart of some vertebrates (such as zebrafish and salamanders) does undergo a regenerative reaction after injury;under normal conditions, mouse and human cardiomyocytes rarely divide.But after a serious injury, the remaining cardiomyocytes will start DNA synthesis and re-enter the cell cycle.Therefore, the division of existing cardiomyocytes seems to be the most important factor for heart regeneration in mice and humans.The dedifferentiation of cardiomyocytes near the damaged area occurs before their proliferation and is characterized by the loss of expression of myocardial contractile proteins (such as -myosin heavy chain and troponin T). Studies find zebrafish heart regeneration may be mainly caused by undifferentiated stem cells or progenitor cells from the outer layer of the heart (epithelium).Further research on salamanders and zebrafish will more clearly define whether cardiac regeneration in these organisms requires dedifferentiation, proliferation and subsequent cardiomyocyte differentiation, or whether regeneration is driven by the recruitment of stem cells to the injured site.In contrast, in mammalian hearts, cardiomyocytes rarely divide after a myocardial infarction, although transgene overexpression of specific genes in mice increases the division of cardiomyocytes.

There is strong evidence that endothelial cells are renewed by bone marrow-derived progenitor cells, but the idea that cardiomyocytes are renewed by such cells has been heatedly debated. Less controversial is that adult mammalian heart muscle has a resident cardiac stem cell (CSC) population, which has the potential to differentiate into cardiomyocytes and other cell types (such as endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells). The study found that CSCs can support the basic turnover of cardiomyocytes, but this turnover occurs at a very low rate without damage. CSCs have high proliferation and differentiation potential in vitro, and it may be a promising therapeutic direction to expand autologous CSCs in vitro or stimulate the regeneration of these cells in vivo.

The recognition that there is indeed a regeneration mechanism in the mammalian myocardium has aroused intense attention. Researchers have discovered that it may hinder the existence of aplastic disorders, including ischemia, inflammation and fibrosis at various stages of myocardial infarction. This unfavorable microenvironment may prevent the activation of resident CSCs, thereby reducing the success rate of exogenous cell therapy. Certain components of the inflammatory response may be essential to promote angiogenesis and progenitor cell recruitment, but excessive inflammation may also prevent the recruitment and survival of progenitor cells. Similarly, after myocardial infarction, a certain degree of fibrosis is required to prevent myocardial rupture, but dense fibrosis presents a strong physical barrier to regenerative cells.

Which Stem Cells Are Used In Heart Therapy?Perhaps the most confusing aspect of current cardiac regeneration is the different cell types, which are considered to be candidates for cardiac therapy.Multiple cell candidates reflect that human research on cell regeneration is not deep enough, so further research and exploration are needed.

Figure 1. Many cell types and mechanisms have been proposed for cardiac therapy.

Skeletal MyoblastOne of the earliest cell-based cardiac regeneration strategies was to inject autologous skeletal muscle myoblasts into ischemic myocardium.Myoblasts are resistant to ischemia, and can be differentiated into myotubes (but not into cardiomyocytes) in the laboratory animal experiments and improve ventricular function.The myocardial tube will not integrate with the surviving cardiomyocytes, so it will not beat synchronously with the surrounding myocardium.However, related clinical trials were terminated due to lack of efficacy, so it is unlikely that skeletal myoblasts will actually regenerate the heart muscle.Interestingly, studies found that mouse skeletal muscle contains a large number of non-satellite cells, which can differentiate into spontaneous pulsatile cells with cardiomyocyte characteristics, but no one has found similar cells in human skeletal muscle.

Bone Marrow-Derived Cells

In stem cell cardiac therapy, it was first reported that adult stem cells or progenitor cells transplanted into the infarcted heart of mice that can differentiate into cardiac myocytes are a subset of hematopoietic cells derived from bone marrow. The first evidence that adult bone marrow-derived progenitor cells are involved in the formation of cardiomyocytes in the adult human heart is based on reports of Y chromosome-positive cardiomyocytes in male recipients of transplanted female donor hearts. Animal studies using labeled hematopoietic stem cells for bone marrow transplantation and subsequent myocardial infarction have shown that cardiomyocytes are derived from transplanted cells, but the proportion is extremely low. Moreover, other studies in animals have not demonstrated that hematopoietic progenitor cells can differentiate into cardiomyocytes or improve heart function. Therefore, there is currently no consensus on whether bone marrow-derived progenitor cells differentiate into cardiomyocytes in vivo.

Embryonic stem cell

Embryonic stem (ES) cells are prototype stem cells.They clearly meet all the requirements of stem cells: cloning, self-renewal and multi-potency.ES cells can differentiate into any type of cells present in an adult organism, so it has the potential to completely regenerate the heart muscle.The two obstacles facing the clinical application of ES therapy are immune rejection and the tendency of injecting ES cells to form teratomas.With the increase in knowledge of ES cell differentiation and cardiac embryonic development pathways, ES cell differentiation may become more controllable.Methods to limit teratoma formation include genetic selection of differentiated ES cells, or differentiation of ES cells into cardiomyocytes or endothelial cells in vitro before injection.For example, tumor necrosis factor promotes the differentiation of ES cells into cardiomyocytes.If the differentiated ES cells are delivered to the myocardium in a rich survival mixture, they can survive and improve myocardial function.The inherent difficulty in controlling the growth and differentiation of ES cells and other pluripotent stem cells is that the timing of activating specific signaling pathways may be crucial.For example, recent studies on mouse and zebrafish embryos have shown that the role of the Wnt--catenin pathway in heart development depends on the stage of development.

Endogenous cardiac stem cells

Because allogeneic cells face immunological challenges that may require immune rejection, the isolation of endogenous adult mammalian CSCs based on cell surface markers has attracted great interest. However, no clear CSC mark has been determined so far. Mammalian heart muscle includes a small percentage of stem cells expressing cell surface markers Kitor Scal. In addition, some side population cells also express Kit and / or Sca1, and like Kit +CSC and Sca1 +CSC, side population cells can produce cardiomyocytes in vitro and in vivo. In addition to Kit +CSC, Sca1+CSC and side population cells, the fourth type of CSC also expresses the transcription factor Isl1. The tracer experiments showed that during embryonic heart development, cells expressing Isl1can differentiate into endothelial cells, endocardial cells, smooth muscle cells, conduction system cells, right ventricular myogenic cells and atrial myogenic cells. There are also cells that express Isl1 in the heart of adult mammals, but they are limited to the right atrium, are found in fewer numbers than the embryonic heart, and have unknown physiological effects. Recently, epicardial-derived progenitor cells with angiogenic potential have been described.

Stem cell therapy for heart disease faces some challenges.The most important question to be answered in preclinical research is which stem or progenitor cells are the best choice for treatment.So far, under certain circumstances (acute myocardial infarction), bone marrow-derived progenitor cell therapy has proven to be safe and beneficial, but the regeneration potential of this cell is still controversial.CSC may have the potential to target patients, but isolation and cultivation procedures are still in the early stages of development.ES cells have the greatest differentiation potential, but face moral barriers and the greatest risk of teratoma formation.Whether ES cell derivatives will be rejected by the hosts immune response is still under debate.However, in principle, rejection can be avoided by using cells from a pool of only 150 donors with different HLA types.If new technologies for reprogramming human and mouse fibroblasts into ES-like cells can be used, the use of patient-reprogrammed cells can reduce or even eliminate immune rejection.When designing a more rational cell-based treatment for heart disease, a key issue is to understand the mechanism by which each stem or progenitor cell type can affect myocardial function.Similarly, different cardiology, such as acute myocardial infarction and chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy, may require different types of stem or progenitor cells.

Go here to see the original:
Stem-Cell Therapy For Cardiac Disease Creative ...

To Read More: Stem-Cell Therapy For Cardiac Disease Creative …
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Stem-Cell Therapy For Cardiac Disease Creative … | dataApril 25th, 2020
Read All

A rampage through the body – Science Magazine

By daniellenierenberg

The lungs are ground zero, but COVID-19 also tears through organ systems from brain to blood vessels.

Science's COVID-19 coverage is supported by the Pulitzer Center.

The coronavirus wreaked extensive damage (yellow) on the lungs of a 59-year-old man who died at George Washington University Hospital, as seen in a 3D model based on computed tomography scans.

On rounds in a 20-bed intensive care unit one recent day, physician Joshua Denson assessed two patients with seizures, many with respiratory failure, and others whose kidneys were on a dangerous downhill slide. Days earlier, his rounds had been interrupted as his team tried, and failed, to resuscitate a young woman whose heart had stopped. All of the patients shared one thing, says Denson, a pulmonary and critical care physician at the Tulane University School of Medicine. They are all COVID positive.

As the number of confirmed cases of COVID-19 approaches 2.5 million globally and deaths surpass 166,000, clinicians and pathologists are struggling to understand the damage wrought by the coronavirus as it tears through the body. They are realizing that although the lungs are ground zero, the virus' reach can extend to many organs including the heart and blood vessels, kidneys, gut, and brain.

[The disease] can attack almost anything in the body with devastating consequences, says cardiologist Harlan Krumholz of Yale University and Yale-New Haven Hospital, who is leading multiple efforts to gather clinical data on COVID-19. Its ferocity is breathtaking and humbling.

Understanding the rampage could help doctors on the front lines treat the roughly 5% of infected people who become desperately and sometimes mysteriously ill. Does a dangerous, newly observed tendency to blood clotting transform some mild cases into life-threatening emergencies? Is an overzealous immune response behind the worst cases, suggesting treatment with immune-suppressing drugs could help? And what explains the startlingly low blood oxygen that some physicians are reporting in patients who nonetheless are not gasping for breath? Taking a systems approach may be beneficial as we start thinking about therapies, says Nilam Mangalmurti, a pulmonary intensivist at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania (HUP).

What follows is a snapshot of the fast-evolving understanding of how the virus attacks cells around the body. Despite the more than 1500 papers now spilling into journals and onto preprint servers every week, a clear picture is elusive, as the virus acts like no pathogen humanity has ever seen. Without larger, controlled studies that are only now being launched, scientists must pull information from small studies and case reports, often published at warp speed and not yet peer reviewed. We need to keep a very open mind as this phenomenon goes forward, says Nancy Reau, a liver transplant physician who has been treating COVID-19 patients at Rush University Medical Center. We are still learning.

WHEN AN INFECTED PERSON expels virus-laden droplets and someone else inhales them, the novel coronavirus, called SARS-CoV-2, enters the nose and throat. It finds a welcome home in the lining of the nose, according to a recent arXiv preprint, because cells there are rich in a cell-surface receptor called angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2). Throughout the body, the presence of ACE2, which normally helps regulate blood pressure, marks tissues potentially vulnerable to infection, because the virus requires that receptor to enter a cell. Once inside, the virus hijacks the cell's machinery, making myriad copies of itself and invading new cells.

As the virus multiplies, an infected person may shed copious amounts of it, especially during the first week or so. Symptoms may be absent at this point. Or the virus' new victim may develop a fever, dry cough, sore throat, loss of smell and taste, or head and body aches.

If the immune system doesn't beat back SARS-CoV-2 during this initial phase, the virus then marches down the windpipe to attack the lungs, where it can turn deadly. The thinner, distant branches of the lung's respiratory tree end in tiny air sacs called alveoli, each lined by a single layer of cells that are also rich in ACE2 receptors.

Normally, oxygen crosses the alveoli into the capillaries, tiny blood vessels that lie beside the air sacs; the oxygen is then carried to the rest of the body. But as the immune system wars with the invader, the battle itself disrupts healthy oxygen transfer. Frontline white blood cells release inflammatory molecules called chemokines, which in turn summon more immune cells that target and kill virus-infected cells, leaving a stew of fluid and dead cellspusbehind (see graphic, below). This is the underlying pathology of pneumonia, with its corresponding symptoms: coughing; fever; and rapid, shallow respiration. Some COVID-19 patients recover, sometimes with no more support than oxygen breathed in through nasal prongs.

But others deteriorate, often suddenly, developing a condition called acute respiratory distress syndrome. Oxygen levels in their blood plummet, and they struggle ever harder to breathe. On x-rays and computed tomography scans, their lungs are riddled with white opacities where black spaceairshould be. Commonly, these patients end up on ventilators. Many die, and survivors may face long-term complications (see sidebar, p. 359). Autopsies show their alveoli became stuffed with fluid, white blood cells, mucus, and the detritus of destroyed lung cells.

Some clinicians suspect the driving force in many gravely ill patients' downhill trajectories is a disastrous overreaction of the immune system known as a cytokine storm, which other viral infections are known to trigger. Cytokines are chemical signaling molecules that guide a healthy immune response; but in a cytokine storm, levels of certain cytokines soar far beyond what's needed, and immune cells start to attack healthy tissues. Blood vessels leak, blood pressure drops, clots form, and catastrophic organ failure can ensue.

Some studies have shown elevated levels of these inflammation-inducing cytokines in the blood of hospitalized COVID-19 patients. The real morbidity and mortality of this disease is probably driven by this out of proportion inflammatory response to the virus, says Jamie Garfield, a pulmonologist who cares for COVID-19 patients at Temple University Hospital.

But others aren't convinced. There seems to have been a quick move to associate COVID-19 with these hyperinflammatory states. I haven't really seen convincing data that that is the case, says Joseph Levitt, a pulmonary critical care physician at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

He's also worried that efforts to dampen a cytokine response could backfire. Several drugs targeting specific cytokines are in clinical trials in COVID-19 patients. But Levitt fears those drugs may suppress the immune response that the body needs to fight off the virus. There's a real risk that we allow more viral replication, Levitt says.

Meanwhile, other scientists are zeroing in on an entirely different organ system that they say is driving some patients' rapid deterioration: the heart and blood vessels.

IN BRESCIA, ITALY, a 53-year-old woman walked into the emergency room of her local hospital with all the classic symptoms of a heart attack, including telltale signs in her electrocardiogram and high levels of a blood marker suggesting damaged cardiac muscles. Further tests showed cardiac swelling and scarring, and a left ventriclenormally the powerhouse chamber of the heartso weak that it could only pump one-third its normal amount of blood. But when doctors injected dye in her coronary arteries, looking for the blockage that signifies a heart attack, they found none. Another test revealed the real cause: COVID-19.

How the virus attacks the heart and blood vessels is a mystery, but dozens of preprints and papers attest that such damage is common. A 25 March paper in JAMA Cardiology found heart damage in nearly 20% of patients out of 416 hospitalized for COVID-19 in Wuhan, China. In another Wuhan study, 44% of 36 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) had arrhythmias.

The disruption seems to extend to the blood itself. Among 184 COVID-19 patients in a Dutch ICU, 38% had blood that clotted abnormally, and almost one-third already had clots, according to a 10 April paper in Thrombosis Research. Blood clots can break apart and land in the lungs, blocking vital arteriesa condition known as pulmonary embolism, which has reportedly killed COVID-19 patients. Clots from arteries can also lodge in the brain, causing stroke. Many patients have dramatically high levels of D-dimer, a byproduct of blood clots, says Behnood Bikdeli, a cardiovascular medicine fellow at Columbia University Medical Center.

The more we look, the more likely it becomes that blood clots are a major player in the disease severity and mortality from COVID-19, Bikdeli says.

Infection may also lead to blood vessel constriction. Reports are emerging of ischemia in the fingers and toesa reduction in blood flow that can lead to swollen, painful digits and tissue death.

In the lungs, blood vessel constriction might help explain anecdotal reports of a perplexing phenomenon seen in pneumonia caused by COVID-19: Some patients have extremely low blood-oxygen levels and yet are not gasping for breath. In this scenario, oxygen uptake is impeded by constricted blood vessels rather than by clogged alveoli. One theory is that the virus affects the vascular biology and that's why we see these really low oxygen levels, Levitt says.

If COVID-19 targets blood vessels, that could also help explain why patients with pre-existing damage to those vessels, for example from diabetes and high blood pressure, face higher risk of serious disease. Recent Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data on hospitalized patients in 14 U.S. states found that about one-third had chronic lung diseasebut nearly as many had diabetes, and fully half had pre-existing high blood pressure.

Mangalmurti says she has been shocked by the fact that we don't have a huge number of asthmatics or patients with other respiratory diseases in her hospital's ICU. It's very striking to us that risk factors seem to be vascular: diabetes, obesity, age, hypertension.

Scientists are struggling to understand exactly what causes the cardiovascular damage. The virus may directly attack the lining of the heart and blood vessels, which, like the nose and alveoli, are rich in ACE2 receptors. By altering the delicate balance of hormones that help regulate blood pressure, the virus might constrict blood vessels going to the lungs. Another possibility is that lack of oxygen, due to the chaos in the lungs, damages blood vessels. Or a cytokine storm could ravage the heart as it does other organs.

We're still at the beginning, Krumholz says. We really don't understand who is vulnerable, why some people are affected so severely, why it comes on so rapidly and why it is so hard [for some] to recover.

THE WORLDWIDE FEARS of ventilator shortages for failing lungs have received plenty of attention. Not so a scramble for another type of equipment: kidney dialysis machines. If these folks are not dying of lung failure, they're dying of renal failure, says neurologist Jennifer Frontera of New York University's Langone Medical Center, which has treated thousands of COVID-19 patients. Her hospital is developing a dialysis protocol with a different kind of machine to support more patients. What she and her colleagues are seeing suggests the virus may target the kidneys, which are abundantly endowed with ACE2 receptors.

According to one preprint, 27% of 85 hospitalized patients in Wuhan had kidney failure. Another preprint reported that 59% of nearly 200 hospitalized COVID-19 patients in China's Hubei and Sichuan provinces had protein in their urine, and 44% had blood; both suggest kidney damage. Those with acute kidney injury were more than five times as likely to die as COVID-19 patients without it, that preprint reported.

The lung is the primary battle zone. But a fraction of the virus possibly attacks the kidney. And as on the real battlefield, if two places are being attacked at the same time, each place gets worse, says co-author Hongbo Jia, a neuroscientist at the Chinese Academy of Sciences's Suzhou Institute of Biomedical Engineering and Technology.

One study identified viral particles in electron micrographs of kidneys from autopsies, suggesting a direct viral attack. But kidney injury may also be collateral damage. Ventilators boost the risk of kidney damage, as do antiviral compounds including remdesivir, which is being deployed experimentally in COVID-19 patients. Cytokine storms can also dramatically reduce blood flow to the kidney, causing often-fatal damage. And pre-existing diseases like diabetes can increase the chances of kidney injury. There is a whole bucket of people who already have some chronic kidney disease who are at higher risk for acute kidney injury, says Suzanne Watnick, chief medical officer at Northwest Kidney Centers.

ANOTHER STRIKING SET of symptoms in COVID-19 patients centers on the brain and nervous system. Frontera says 5% to 10% of coronavirus patients at her hospital have neurological symptoms. But she says that is probably a gross underestimate of the number whose brains are struggling, especially because many are sedated and on ventilators.

Frontera has seen patients with the brain inflammation encephalitis, seizures, and a sympathetic storm, a hyperreaction of the sympathetic nervous system that causes seizurelike symptoms and is most common after a traumatic brain injury. Some people with COVID-19 briefly lose consciousness. Others have strokes. Many report losing their sense of smell and taste. And Frontera and others wonder whether, in some cases, infection depresses the brain stem reflex that senses oxygen starvationanother explanation for anecdotal observations that some patients aren't gasping for air, despite dangerously low blood oxygen levels.

ACE2 receptors are present in the neural cortex and brain stem, says Robert Stevens, an intensive care physician at Johns Hopkins Medicine. And the coronavirus behind the 2003 severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) epidemica close cousin of today's culpritwas able to infiltrate neurons and sometimes caused encephalitis. On 3 April, a case study in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases, from a team in Japan, reported traces of new coronavirus in the cerebrospinal fluid of a COVID-19 patient who developed meningitis and encephalitis, suggesting it, too, can penetrate the central nervous system.

But other factors could be damaging the brain. For example, a cytokine storm could cause brain swelling. The blood's exaggerated tendency to clot could trigger strokes. The challenge now is to shift from conjecture to confidence, at a time when staff are focused on saving lives, and even neurologic assessments like inducing the gag reflex or transporting patients for brain scans risk spreading the virus.

Last month, Sherry Chou, a neurologist at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, began to organize a worldwide consortium that now includes 50 centers to draw neurological data from care patients already receive. Early goals are simple: Identify the prevalence of neurologic complications in hospitalized patients and document how they fare. Longer term, Chou and her colleagues hope to gather scans and data from lab tests to better understand the virus' impact on the nervous system, including the brain.

No one knows when or how the virus might penetrate the brain. But Chou speculates about a possible invasion route: through the nose, then upward and through the olfactory bulbexplaining reports of a loss of smellwhich connects to the brain. It's a nice sounding theory, she says. We really have to go and prove that.

A 58-year-old woman with COVID-19 developed encephalitis, with tissue damage in the brain (arrows).

Most neurological symptoms are reported from colleague to colleague by word of mouth, Chou adds. I don't think anybody, and certainly not me, can say we're experts.

IN EARLY MARCH, a 71-year-old Michigan woman returned from a Nile River cruise with bloody diarrhea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Initially doctors suspected she had a common stomach bug, such as Salmonella. But after she developed a cough, doctors took a nasal swab and found her positive for the novel coronavirus. A stool sample positive for viral RNA, as well as signs of colon injury seen in an endoscopy, pointed to a gastrointestinal (GI) infection with the coronavirus, according to a paper posted online in The American Journal of Gastroenterology (AJG).

Her case adds to a growing body of evidence suggesting the new coronavirus, like its cousin SARS, can infect the lining of the lower digestive tract, where ACE2 receptors are abundant. Viral RNA has been found in as many as 53% of sampled patients' stool samples. And in a paper in press at Gastroenterology, a Chinese team reported finding the virus' protein shell in gastric, duodenal, and rectal cells in biopsies from a COVID-19 patient. I think it probably does replicate in the gastrointestinal tract, says Mary Estes, a virologist at Baylor College of Medicine.

Recent reports suggest up to half of patients, averaging about 20% across studies, experience diarrhea, says Brennan Spiegel of Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, coeditor-in-chief of AJG. GI symptoms aren't on CDC's list of COVID-19 symptoms, which could cause some COVID-19 cases to go undetected, Spiegel and others say. If you mainly have fever and diarrhea, you won't be tested for COVID, says Douglas Corley of Kaiser Permanente, Northern California, co-editor of Gastroenterology.

The presence of virus in the GI tract raises the unsettling possibility that it could be passed on through feces. But it's not yet clear whether stool contains intact, infectious virus, or only RNA and proteins. To date, We have no evidence that fecal transmission is important, says coronavirus expert Stanley Perlman of the University of Iowa. CDC says that, based on experiences with SARS and with the coronavirus that causes Middle East respiratory syndrome, the risk from fecal transmission is probably low.

The intestines are not the end of the disease's march through the body. For example, up to one-third of hospitalized patients develop conjunctivitispink, watery eyesalthough it's not clear that the virus directly invades the eye.

Other reports suggest liver damage: More than half of COVID-19 patients hospitalized in two Chinese centers had elevated levels of enzymes indicating injury to the liver or bile ducts. But several experts told Science that direct viral invasion isn't likely the culprit. They say other events in a failing body, like drugs or an immune system in overdrive, are more likely causes of the liver damage.

This map of the devastation that COVID-19 can inflict on the body is still just a sketch. It will take years of painstaking research to sharpen the picture of its reach, and the cascade of effects in the body's complex and interconnected systems that it might set in motion. As science races ahead, from probing tissues under microscopes to testing drugs on patients, the hope is for treatments more wily than the virus that has stopped the world in its tracks.

Follow this link:
A rampage through the body - Science Magazine

To Read More: A rampage through the body – Science Magazine
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on A rampage through the body – Science Magazine | dataApril 25th, 2020
Read All

Study on Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market (impact of COVID-19) 2020-2026 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics, Tigenix, Med cell Europe – Bandera…

By daniellenierenberg

Detailed market survey on the Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Research Report 2020-2026. It analyses the vital factors of the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market supported present business Strategy, Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market demands, business methods utilised by Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market players and therefore the future prospects from numerous angles well. Business associatealysis could be a market assessment tool utilized by business and analysts to grasp the quality of an business. Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market report It helps them get a sense of what is happening in an industry, i.e., demand-supply statistics, Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market degree of competition within the industry, Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market competition of the business with different rising industries, future prospects of the business.

NOTE: Our reports include the analysis of the impact of COVID-19 on this industry. Our new sample is updated which correspond in new report showing impact of Covid-19 on Industry trends. Also we are offering 20% discount

Obtain sample copy of Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market report: https://calibreresearch.com/report/global-autologous-stem-cell-based-therapies-market-4316#request-sample

The Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market report is a fully analyzed and intelligent study of the international industry that focuses on a wide range of significant elements such as market size in terms of value and volume, regional growth analysis, competition and segmentation. It is considered as extraordinary findings that accountable to offer insightful details into some essential attributes related to the global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market 2020. The detailed investigation of this report has been carried out by the list of skillful researchers and investigators with a deep analysis of current industry trends, availability of distinct opportunities, drivers, openings and limitation that influence the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market on the global scale.

The Global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market worth about xx billion USD in 2020 and it is expected to reach xx billion USD in 2026 with an average growth rate of x%. United States is the largest production of Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market and consumption region in the world, Europe also play important roles in global Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market while China is fastest growing region.

Checkout Inquiry For Buying or Customization of Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Report: https://calibreresearch.com/report/global-autologous-stem-cell-based-therapies-market-4316#inquiry-for-buying

Geographically, Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market report is segmented into several key Regions, with production, consumption, revenue. The major regions involved in Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market are (United States, EU, China, and Japan).

Leading companies reviewed in the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies report are:

RegeneusMesoblastPluristem Therapeutics IncU.S. STEM CELL, INC.Brainstorm Cell TherapeuticsTigenixMed cell Europe

Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Product Type Segmentation As Provided Below:The Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market report is segmented into following categories:

The product segment of the report offers product market information such as demand, supply and market value of the product.

The application of product in terms of USD value is represented in numerical and graphical format for all the major regional markets.The Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market report is segmented into Type by following categories;Embryonic Stem CellResident Cardiac Stem CellsUmbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells

The Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market report is segmented into Application by following categories;Neurodegenerative DisordersAutoimmune DiseasesCardiovascular Diseases

Reportedly, the massive growth graph in the research and development sectors will be liable to generate plenty of excellent opportunities in the upcoming years. The Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market is a valuable resource of insightful information for specific business strategists. Apart from this, it also offers an in-depth summary of the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market along with growth assessment, revenue share, demand & supply data, historical as well as futuristic amount etc. A group of research analysts offers a detailed description of the value chain and its distributors info. Moreover, the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market study report delivers comprehensive information regarding the global industry that enhances the scope, understanding and application of the same.

Checkout FREE Report Sample of Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Report for Better Understanding: https://calibreresearch.com/report/global-autologous-stem-cell-based-therapies-market-4316#request-sample

Industry analysis, for an entrepreneur or a company, is a method that helps it to understand its position relative to other participants in the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market. It helps them to identify both the opportunities and threats coming their way and gives them a strong idea of the present and future scenario of the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies industry. The key to extant during this changing business setting is to know the variations between yourself and your competitors within the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market. The deep research study of Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market based on development opportunities, growth limiting factors and feasibility of investment will forecast the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies market growth.

Finally, The global research document on the Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market discovers a large set of information regarding the competitive business environment and other substantial components. The prime aim of these major competitors is to focus on improved technologies and newer innovations.

Read this article:
Study on Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market (impact of COVID-19) 2020-2026 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics, Tigenix, Med cell Europe - Bandera...

To Read More: Study on Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market (impact of COVID-19) 2020-2026 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics, Tigenix, Med cell Europe – Bandera…
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Study on Autologous Stem Cell Based Therapies Market (impact of COVID-19) 2020-2026 Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics, Tigenix, Med cell Europe – Bandera… | dataApril 21st, 2020
Read All

Here are the drugs that could treat coronavirus. But don’t expect a silver bullet. – The Philadelphia Inquirer

By daniellenierenberg

Many in the medical community view an experimental antiviral drug called remdesivir, manufactured by Gilead Sciences, as the best chance for a treatment. In tests in academic labs, in work sponsored by the federal government, it has been shown to block viral replication. A clutch of clinical trials are underway worldwide to test it in patients, and Gilead is distributing it to thousands of people on a "compassionate use" basis. Remdesivir is considered a broad-spectrum antiviral, meaning it is believed to work against multiple types of virus. But it failed in a test against Ebola last year. Also, it has a big drawback: It is a liquid that must be given intravenously, which means people must go to a hospital or clinic on 10 consecutive days to be treated. Gilead, the National Institutes of Health and the World Health Organization are among those sponsoring multiple clinical trials, and preliminary results are expected within weeks.

Continued here:
Here are the drugs that could treat coronavirus. But don't expect a silver bullet. - The Philadelphia Inquirer

To Read More: Here are the drugs that could treat coronavirus. But don’t expect a silver bullet. – The Philadelphia Inquirer
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Here are the drugs that could treat coronavirus. But don’t expect a silver bullet. – The Philadelphia Inquirer | dataApril 18th, 2020
Read All

Liver Cirrhosis Market Projected to Gain Significant Value by 2024 – Science In Me

By daniellenierenberg

Advance Market Analyticsreleased the research report ofGlobal Liver CirrhosisMarket, offers a detailed overview of the factors influencing the global business scope.Global Liver Cirrhosis Market research report shows the latest market insights with upcoming trends and breakdown of the products and services.The report provides key statistics on the market status, size, share, growth factors of the Global Liver Cirrhosis.This Report covers the emerging players data, including: competitive situation, sales, revenue and global market share of top manufacturers are F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG (Switzerland), Merck & Co., Inc (United States), Abbott Laboratories (United States), Novartis International AG (Switzerland), Bristol Myers Squibb Company (United States), Gilead Sciences, Inc (United States), Conatus Pharmaceuticals (United States), GlaxoSmithKline plc (United Kingdom), Grifols, S.A. (Spain), GWOXI Stem Cell Applied Technology Co., Ltd (China), Hepion Pharmaceuticals (United States), Intercept Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (United States) and Lepu Medical Technology (Beijing) Co., Ltd. (China).

Free Sample Report + All Related Graphs & Charts @ https://www.advancemarketanalytics.com/sample-report/63193-global-liver-cirrhosis-market

The liver cirrhosis means the condition that causes scar tissue of the liver to replace healthy liver tissue cells, it happens over the period due to the chronic infection or alcohol addiction. It is diagnosed by various radiology tests such as computed tomography (CT), ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), needle biopsy of the liver. A new imaging technique called elastography, which can be performed with ultrasound or MRI, can also diagnosis cirrhosis.

Market Trend

Market Drivers

Opportunities

Restraints

Challenges

The Global Liver Cirrhosisis segmented by following Product Types:

Type (Alcoholic Cirrhosis, Atrophic Cirrhosis, Biliary Cirrhosis, Cardiac Cirrhosis, Cryptogenic Cirrhosis), Application (Hospitals, Specialty Clinics, Others), Treatment (Self-care, Medications {Diuretic, Ammonia Reducer, Beta Blocker, Antibiotics, Antiviral Drug}, Medical procedure {Rubber Band Ligation, Therapeutic Endoscopy, and Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt}, Surgery {Liver transplantation}), Stages (Stage 1, Stage 2, Stage 3, Stage 4), Tests (Computed Tomography (CT), Ultrasound, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Needle Biopsy)

Region Included are: North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Oceania, South America, Middle East & Africa

Country Level Break-Up: United States, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, Chile, South Africa, Nigeria, Tunisia, Morocco, Germany, United Kingdom (UK), the Netherlands, Spain, Italy, Belgium, Austria, Turkey, Russia, France, Poland, Israel, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, China, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, India, Australia and New Zealand etc.Enquire for customization in Report @:https://www.advancemarketanalytics.com/enquiry-before-buy/63193-global-liver-cirrhosis-market

Strategic Points Covered in Table of Content of Global Liver Cirrhosis Market:

Chapter 1: Introduction, market driving force product Objective of Study and Research Scope the Global Liver Cirrhosis market

Chapter 2: Exclusive Summary the basic information of the Global Liver Cirrhosis Market.

Chapter 3: Displayingthe Market Dynamics- Drivers, Trends and Challenges of the Global Liver Cirrhosis

Chapter 4: Presenting the Global Liver Cirrhosis Market Factor Analysis Porters Five Forces, Supply/Value Chain, PESTEL analysis, Market Entropy, Patent/Trademark Analysis.

Chapter 5: Displaying the by Type, End User and Region 2013-2018

Chapter 6: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the Global Liver Cirrhosis market which consists of its Competitive Landscape, Peer Group Analysis, BCG Matrix & Company Profile

Chapter 7: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions.

Chapter 8 & 9: Displaying the Appendix, Methodology and Data Source

Finally, Global Liver Cirrhosis Market is a valuable source of guidance for individuals and companies.

Data Sources & Methodology

The primary sources involves the industry experts from the Global Liver Cirrhosis Market including the management organizations, processing organizations, analytics service providers of the industrys value chain. All primary sources were interviewed to gather and authenticate qualitative & quantitative information and determine the future prospects.

In the extensive primary research process undertaken for this study, the primary sources Postal Surveys, telephone, Online & Face-to-Face Survey were considered to obtain and verify both qualitative and quantitative aspects of this research study. When it comes to secondary sources Companys Annual reports, press Releases, Websites, Investor Presentation, Conference Call transcripts, Webinar, Journals, Regulators, National Customs and Industry Associations were given primary weight-age.

Get More Information: https://www.advancemarketanalytics.com/reports/63193-global-liver-cirrhosis-market

Thanks for reading this article; you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like North America, Europe or Asia.

About Author:

Advance Market Analytics is Global leaders of Market Research Industry provides the quantified B2B research to Fortune 500 companies on high growth emerging opportunities which will impact more than 80% of worldwide companies revenues.

Our Analyst is tracking high growth study with detailed statistical and in-depth analysis of market trends & dynamics that provide a complete overview of the industry. We follow an extensive research methodology coupled with critical insights related industry factors and market forces to generate the best value for our clients. We Provides reliable primary and secondary data sources, our analysts and consultants derive informative and usable data suited for our clients business needs. The research study enable clients to meet varied market objectives a from global footprint expansion to supply chain optimization and from competitor profiling to M&As.

Contact Us:

Craig Francis (PR & Marketing Manager)AMA Research & Media LLPUnit No. 429, Parsonage Road Edison, NJNew Jersey USA 08837Phone: +1 (206) 317 1218[emailprotected]

Connect with us athttps://www.linkedin.com/company/advance-market-analyticshttps://www.facebook.com/AMA-Research-Media-LLP-344722399585916https://twitter.com/amareport

Read the rest here:
Liver Cirrhosis Market Projected to Gain Significant Value by 2024 - Science In Me

To Read More: Liver Cirrhosis Market Projected to Gain Significant Value by 2024 – Science In Me
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Liver Cirrhosis Market Projected to Gain Significant Value by 2024 – Science In Me | dataApril 15th, 2020
Read All

Stem Cell Therapy Market Set to Witness an Uptick during 2017 to 2025 – Science In Me

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Overview

Also called regenerative medicine, stem cell therapy encourages the reparative response of damaged, diseased, or dysfunctional tissue via the use of stem cells and their derivatives. Replacing the practice of organ transplantations, stem cell therapies have eliminated the dependence on availability of donors. Bone marrow transplant is perhaps the most commonly employed stem cell therapy.

Osteoarthritis, cerebral palsy, heart failure, multiple sclerosis and even hearing loss could be treated using stem cell therapies. Doctors have successfully performed stem cell transplants that significantly aid patients fight cancers such as leukemia and other blood-related diseases.

Know the Growth Opportunities in Emerging Markets

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Key Trends

The key factors influencing the growth of the global stem cell therapy market are increasing funds in the development of new stem lines, the advent of advanced genomic procedures used in stem cell analysis, and greater emphasis on human embryonic stem cells. As the traditional organ transplantations are associated with limitations such as infection, rejection, and immunosuppression along with high reliance on organ donors, the demand for stem cell therapy is likely to soar. The growing deployment of stem cells in the treatment of wounds and damaged skin, scarring, and grafts is another prominent catalyst of the market.

On the contrary, inadequate infrastructural facilities coupled with ethical issues related to embryonic stem cells might impede the growth of the market. However, the ongoing research for the manipulation of stem cells from cord blood cells, bone marrow, and skin for the treatment of ailments including cardiovascular and diabetes will open up new doors for the advancement of the market.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Market Potential

A number of new studies, research projects, and development of novel therapies have come forth in the global market for stem cell therapy. Several of these treatments are in the pipeline, while many others have received approvals by regulatory bodies.

In March 2017, Belgian biotech company TiGenix announced that its cardiac stem cell therapy, AlloCSC-01 has successfully reached its phase I/II with positive results. Subsequently, it has been approved by the U.S. FDA. If this therapy is well- received by the market, nearly 1.9 million AMI patients could be treated through this stem cell therapy.

Another significant development is the granting of a patent to Israel-based Kadimastem Ltd. for its novel stem-cell based technology to be used in the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) and other similar conditions of the nervous system. The companys technology used for producing supporting cells in the central nervous system, taken from human stem cells such as myelin-producing cells is also covered in the patent.

The regional analysis covers:

Order this Report TOC for Detailed Statistics

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Regional Outlook

The global market for stem cell therapy can be segmented into Asia Pacific, North America, Latin America, Europe, and the Middle East and Africa. North America emerged as the leading regional market, triggered by the rising incidence of chronic health conditions and government support. Europe also displays significant growth potential, as the benefits of this therapy are increasingly acknowledged.

Asia Pacific is slated for maximum growth, thanks to the massive patient pool, bulk of investments in stem cell therapy projects, and the increasing recognition of growth opportunities in countries such as China, Japan, and India by the leading market players.

Global Stem Cell Therapy Market: Competitive Analysis

Several firms are adopting strategies such as mergers and acquisitions, collaborations, and partnerships, apart from product development with a view to attain a strong foothold in the global market for stem cell therapy.

Some of the major companies operating in the global market for stem cell therapy are RTI Surgical, Inc., MEDIPOST Co., Ltd., Osiris Therapeutics, Inc., NuVasive, Inc., Pharmicell Co., Ltd., Anterogen Co., Ltd., JCR Pharmaceuticals Co., Ltd., and Holostem Terapie Avanzate S.r.l.

About TMR Research:

TMR Research is a premier provider of customized market research and consulting services to business entities keen on succeeding in todays supercharged economic climate. Armed with an experienced, dedicated, and dynamic team of analysts, we are redefining the way our clients conduct business by providing them with authoritative and trusted research studies in tune with the latest methodologies and market trends.

Read the original:
Stem Cell Therapy Market Set to Witness an Uptick during 2017 to 2025 - Science In Me

To Read More: Stem Cell Therapy Market Set to Witness an Uptick during 2017 to 2025 – Science In Me
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Stem Cell Therapy Market Set to Witness an Uptick during 2017 to 2025 – Science In Me | dataApril 13th, 2020
Read All

Cardiac Stem CellsHope for Congestive Heart Failure

By daniellenierenberg

it would be a good thing!

There are oodles of old rules in Cardiology. The provocateur in me loves it when dogma falls.

Niftier even, is when one can invoke the biology of newts to explain how yet another certainty was proven wrong.

As it turns out, those funny-looking mud-lovers possess a property that may revolutionize the treatment of heart disease. Unlike humans, newts can regrow damaged organs, including the heart! The newts organs contain cells that arent fully committed (biologists say terminally differentiated) to function.

Thats different than humans. Our organs, the heart among them, once damaged, do not recover. In humans, scar tissue replaces dead cells and the organ is diminished. This is how heart attacks result in heart failure: non-contracting scar tissue replaces the blood-starved (infarcted) muscle. This leads to a weaker pump (congestive heart failure) and susceptibility to rhythm problems (sudden death). Sadly, this process takes only an hour or so to occur. Hence the rush in stenting open a blocked artery.

Millions of heart patients suffer from weak hearts due to heart muscle damage. Until recently, most doctors held to the old belief that self-renewal of heart muscle is impossible. All doctors can do is micro-manage medicines and maybe implant risky defibrillators. The heart remains weak, the patient limited. The wordirreversibility.

Until recently that is.

New and emerging data reveals that our hearts may indeed have progenitor (stem) cells capable of growing into mature squeezing muscle cells. Call them, newt-like if you will.

Here goes the thinking: Unlike the newt, we humans cant signal heart stem cells to grow new muscle. But imagine if we could? Scar could be replaced with beating muscle, thereby restoring pump function. Heart attacks and heart muscle problems (cardiomyopathy), once thought permanently disabling, could be reversed like skin infections. Its like a fantasy.

Stem cells? Yes. I think its possible that cardiac stems cells may be the key that opens the treasure chest of the next generation of cardiac care. And how neat is it that my hometown, Louisville KY, happens to be at the epicenter of stem cell research?

Dr Roberto Bolli, a hard-working, self-made research scientist from Italy, who now chairs the Department of Cardiology at the University of Louisville has broken exciting new ground. His teams work, published in the journal, Lancet, has brought new momentum to the dreamy possibility of using cardiac stem cells to regrow damaged heart muscle.

Dr Bollis study (called SCIPIO) was the first in-man study of heart-derived stem cells. Previous stem cell studies used animal models, or those done in humans used bone marrow cells rather than heart cells.

Heres my brief synopsis of the Lancet study:

The U of L researchers enrolled patients with prior heart attacks and weakened hearts that were referred for bypass surgery. During surgery, a sample of the heart was cut out, sent to Boston where the cardiac stem cells were isolated. (This process involves serious biochemistry, above my pay grade; I like to think of the sample as being juiced down to the stem cells.). At four months, time enough for improvement from bypass to have occurred, one group (16 patients) underwent heart cath where a balloon angioplasty catheter was used to infuse a syringe full of the patients own (1 million) stem cells. The control group (7 patients) had standard bypass but no stem cell infusions.

The results were striking:

Compared to the control subjects who showed no improvement in heart function during the follow-up period (1 year), those who received stem cells sustained significant improvements in heart function, physical capacity and scored better on quality of life questionnaires. Most remarkably, ultrasound and MRI imaging revealed the areas where stem cells were infused showed the most improvement, and the enhanced squeezing function continued over the year. There were no safety issues with stem cell infusions.

These findings led the authors to conclude that cardiac stem cells induced regeneration of heart muscle.

Wow.

I have to admit that my knee-jerk reaction tended towards naysaying. No way could this work, I thought. The study involved only 16 patients followed for only a year. Lots of limitations. Very preliminary.

But after spending a couple of hours reading about the biology of stem cells, Im pretty excited about the Louisville research. For instance, I learned that injected stem cells might not have to en-graft themselves into the scar, rather they may signal the native heart to repair itself. Biologists call this a paracrine function.

Dr Bolli told our local paper that he has been besieged with letters from desperate patients with weakened hearts. Promising press reports on very early research tend to amplify hope. Rightly, Dr Bolli emphasizes the preliminary nature of this work. He adds that the SCIPIO study is ongoing and more data is forthcoming.

Its surely way too early to speculate on whether this novel approach evolves into Cardiologys Facebook or iPhone.

We will see. But let it be known that I am marking this post with a new category, Cardiac stem cells. Im keeping my eye on this exciting topic.

Put me down as optimistic and hopefulthe heart-healthy outlook.

JMM

Disclosure: I dont own Baxter stock.

h/t to Larry Husten (@cardiobrief)

Go here to see the original:
Cardiac Stem CellsHope for Congestive Heart Failure

To Read More: Cardiac Stem CellsHope for Congestive Heart Failure
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Cardiac Stem CellsHope for Congestive Heart Failure | dataApril 12th, 2020
Read All

Merck Receives Priority Review from FDA for Second Application for KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Based on Biomarker, Regardless of Tumor Type – Benzinga

By daniellenierenberg

Supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) Accepted for KEYTRUDA Monotherapy in Patients Whose Tumors Are Tumor Mutational Burden-High (TMB-H) Who Have Progressed Following Prior Treatment

Merck (NYSE:MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced that the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has accepted and granted priority review for a new supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA) for KEYTRUDA, Merck's anti-PD-1 therapy. The application seeks accelerated approval of KEYTRUDA monotherapy for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic solid tumors with tissue tumor mutational burden-high (TMB-H) 10 mutations/megabase, as determined by an FDA-approved test, who have progressed following prior treatment and who have no satisfactory alternative treatment options. The FDA has set a Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA), or target action, date of June 16, 2020.

"From the start, biomarker research has been a critical aspect of our clinical program evaluating KEYTRUDA monotherapy," said Dr. Scot Ebbinghaus, vice president, clinical research, Merck Research Laboratories. "TMB has been an area of scientific interest to help identify patients most likely to benefit from KEYTRUDA. We look forward to working with the FDA throughout the review process to help bring KEYTRUDA monotherapy to patients with cancer in the second-line or higher treatment setting, where options remain limited."

The application was based in part on results from the Phase 2 KEYNOTE-158 trial, which also supported Merck's 2017 FDA approval for KEYTRUDA as the first cancer treatment based on a biomarker, regardless of cancer type, in microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) solid tumors. MSI-H is on the highest end of the TMB spectrum. Data from KEYNOTE-158 on the TMB-H patient population were presented at the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) 2019 Congress.

About KEYNOTE-158

KEYNOTE-158 (NCT02628067) is a multicenter, multi-cohort, non-randomized, open-label trial evaluating KEYTRUDA (200 mg every three weeks) in patients with solid tumors. Tissue TMB status was determined using the Foundation Medicine, Inc. FoundationOneCDx assay. Tumor response was assessed every nine weeks per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) v1.1 by independent, central, blinded radiographic review. The major efficacy outcome measures were objective response rate (ORR) and duration of response (DOR) as assessed by blinded independent central review (BICR) according to RECIST v1.1, modified to follow a maximum of 10 target lesions and a maximum of five target lesions per organ.

About KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Injection, 100 mg

KEYTRUDA is an anti-PD-1 therapy that works by increasing the ability of the body's immune system to help detect and fight tumor cells. KEYTRUDA is a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction between PD-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, thereby activating T lymphocytes which may affect both tumor cells and healthy cells.

Merck has the industry's largest immuno-oncology clinical research program. There are currently more than 1,200 trials studying KEYTRUDA across a wide variety of cancers and treatment settings. The KEYTRUDA clinical program seeks to understand the role of KEYTRUDA across cancers and the factors that may predict a patient's likelihood of benefitting from treatment with KEYTRUDA, including exploring several different biomarkers.

Selected KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Indications

Melanoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph node(s) following complete resection.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

KEYTRUDA, in combination with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with NSCLC expressing PD-L1 [tumor proportion score (TPS) 1%] as determined by an FDA-approved test, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations, and is stage III where patients are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or metastatic.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L1 (TPS 1%) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving KEYTRUDA.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least 1 other prior line of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with platinum and fluorouracil (FU), is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent HNSCC whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 1] as determined by an FDA-approved test.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy.

Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), or who have relapsed after 3 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL), or who have relapsed after 2 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. KEYTRUDA is not recommended for treatment of patients with PMBCL who require urgent cytoreductive therapy.

Urothelial Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who are not eligible for cisplatin-containing chemotherapy and whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 10], as determined by an FDA-approved test, or in patients who are not eligible for any platinum-containing chemotherapy regardless of PD-L1 status. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-unresponsive, high-risk, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) with carcinoma in situ (CIS) with or without papillary tumors who are ineligible for or have elected not to undergo cystectomy.

Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR)

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with MSI-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Gastric Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after two or more prior lines of therapy including fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy and if appropriate, HER2/neu-targeted therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Esophageal Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 10) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression after one or more prior lines of systemic therapy.

Cervical Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Renal Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA, in combination with axitinib, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Selected Important Safety Information for KEYTRUDA

Immune-Mediated Pneumonitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated pneumonitis, including fatal cases. Pneumonitis occurred in 3.4% (94/2799) of patients with various cancers receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 1 (0.8%), 2 (1.3%), 3 (0.9%), 4 (0.3%), and 5 (0.1%). Pneumonitis occurred in 8.2% (65/790) of NSCLC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-4 in 3.2% of patients, and occurred more frequently in patients with a history of prior thoracic radiation (17%) compared to those without (7.7%). Pneumonitis occurred in 6% (18/300) of HNSCC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-5 in 1.6% of patients, and occurred in 5.4% (15/276) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with platinum and FU as first-line therapy for advanced disease, including Grades 3-5 in 1.5% of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of pneumonitis. Evaluate suspected pneumonitis with radiographic imaging. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater pneumonitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 or recurrent Grade 2 pneumonitis.

Immune-Mediated Colitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated colitis. Colitis occurred in 1.7% (48/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.4%), 3 (1.1%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of colitis. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater colitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 or 3; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 4 colitis.

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis (KEYTRUDA) and Hepatotoxicity (KEYTRUDA in Combination With Axitinib)

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated hepatitis. Hepatitis occurred in 0.7% (19/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.4%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for changes in liver function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater hepatitis and, based on severity of liver enzyme elevations, withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Hepatotoxicity in Combination With Axitinib

KEYTRUDA in combination with axitinib can cause hepatic toxicity with higher than expected frequencies of Grades 3 and 4 ALT and AST elevations compared to KEYTRUDA alone. With the combination of KEYTRUDA and axitinib, Grades 3 and 4 increased ALT (20%) and increased AST (13%) were seen. Monitor liver enzymes before initiation of and periodically throughout treatment. Consider more frequent monitoring of liver enzymes as compared to when the drugs are administered as single agents. For elevated liver enzymes, interrupt KEYTRUDA and axitinib, and consider administering corticosteroids as needed.

Immune-Mediated Endocrinopathies

KEYTRUDA can cause adrenal insufficiency (primary and secondary), hypophysitis, thyroid disorders, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 0.8% (22/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypophysitis occurred in 0.6% (17/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.2%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypothyroidism occurred in 8.5% (237/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (6.2%) and 3 (0.1%). The incidence of new or worsening hypothyroidism was higher in 1185 patients with HNSCC (16%) receiving KEYTRUDA, as a single agent or in combination with platinum and FU, including Grade 3 (0.3%) hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurred in 3.4% (96/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.8%) and 3 (0.1%), and thyroiditis occurred in 0.6% (16/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%). Type 1 diabetes mellitus, including diabetic ketoacidosis, occurred in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of adrenal insufficiency, hypophysitis (including hypopituitarism), thyroid function (prior to and periodically during treatment), and hyperglycemia. For adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis, administer corticosteroids and hormone replacement as clinically indicated. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis and withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or Grade 4 adrenal insufficiency or hypophysitis. Administer hormone replacement for hypothyroidism and manage hyperthyroidism with thionamides and beta-blockers as appropriate. Withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 hyperthyroidism. Administer insulin for type 1 diabetes, and withhold KEYTRUDA and administer antihyperglycemics in patients with severe hyperglycemia.

Immune-Mediated Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 0.3% (9/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.1%), and 4 (<0.1%) nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 1.7% (7/405) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy. Monitor patients for changes in renal function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater nephritis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue for Grade 3 or 4 nephritis.

Immune-Mediated Skin Reactions

Immune-mediated rashes, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) (some cases with fatal outcome), exfoliative dermatitis, and bullous pemphigoid, can occur. Monitor patients for suspected severe skin reactions and based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold or permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. For signs or symptoms of SJS or TEN, withhold KEYTRUDA and refer the patient for specialized care for assessment and treatment. If SJS or TEN is confirmed, permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Other Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur in any organ system or tissue in patients receiving KEYTRUDA and may also occur after discontinuation of treatment. For suspected immune-mediated adverse reactions, ensure adequate evaluation to confirm etiology or exclude other causes. Based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. Upon improvement to Grade 1 or less, initiate corticosteroid taper and continue to taper over at least 1 month. Based on limited data from clinical studies in patients whose immune-related adverse reactions could not be controlled with corticosteroid use, administration of other systemic immunosuppressants can be considered. Resume KEYTRUDA when the adverse reaction remains at Grade 1 or less following corticosteroid taper. Permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for any Grade 3 immune-mediated adverse reaction that recurs and for any life-threatening immune-mediated adverse reaction.

The following clinically significant immune-mediated adverse reactions occurred in less than 1% (unless otherwise indicated) of 2799 patients: arthritis (1.5%), uveitis, myositis, Guillain-Barr syndrome, myasthenia gravis, vasculitis, pancreatitis, hemolytic anemia, sarcoidosis, and encephalitis. In addition, myelitis and myocarditis were reported in other clinical trials, including classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and postmarketing use.

Treatment with KEYTRUDA may increase the risk of rejection in solid organ transplant recipients. Consider the benefit of treatment vs the risk of possible organ rejection in these patients.

Infusion-Related Reactions

KEYTRUDA can cause severe or life-threatening infusion-related reactions, including hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis, which have been reported in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions. For Grade 3 or 4 reactions, stop infusion and permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Complications of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

Immune-mediated complications, including fatal events, occurred in patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Of 23 patients with cHL who proceeded to allogeneic HSCT after KEYTRUDA, 6 (26%) developed graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (1 fatal case) and 2 (9%) developed severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) after reduced-intensity conditioning (1 fatal case). Cases of fatal hyperacute GVHD after allogeneic HSCT have also been reported in patients with lymphoma who received a PD-1 receptorblocking antibody before transplantation. Follow patients closely for early evidence of transplant-related complications such as hyperacute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), Grade 3 to 4 acute GVHD, steroid-requiring febrile syndrome, hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), and other immune-mediated adverse reactions.

In patients with a history of allogeneic HSCT, acute GVHD (including fatal GVHD) has been reported after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Patients who experienced GVHD after their transplant procedure may be at increased risk for GVHD after KEYTRUDA. Consider the benefit of KEYTRUDA vs the risk of GVHD in these patients.

Increased Mortality in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

In trials in patients with multiple myeloma, the addition of KEYTRUDA to a thalidomide analogue plus dexamethasone resulted in increased mortality. Treatment of these patients with a PD-1 or PD-L1 blocking antibody in this combination is not recommended outside of controlled trials.

Embryofetal Toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action, KEYTRUDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise women of this potential risk. In females of reproductive potential, verify pregnancy status prior to initiating KEYTRUDA and advise them to use effective contraception during treatment and for 4 months after the last dose.

Adverse Reactions

In KEYNOTE-006, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 9% of 555 patients with advanced melanoma; adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation in more than one patient were colitis (1.4%), autoimmune hepatitis (0.7%), allergic reaction (0.4%), polyneuropathy (0.4%), and cardiac failure (0.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were fatigue (28%), diarrhea (26%), rash (24%), and nausea (21%).

In KEYNOTE-002, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 12% of 357 patients with advanced melanoma; the most common (1%) were general physical health deterioration (1%), asthenia (1%), dyspnea (1%), pneumonitis (1%), and generalized edema (1%). The most common adverse reactions were fatigue (43%), pruritus (28%), rash (24%), constipation (22%), nausea (22%), diarrhea (20%), and decreased appetite (20%).

In KEYNOTE-054, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 14% of 509 patients; the most common (1%) were pneumonitis (1.4%), colitis (1.2%), and diarrhea (1%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 25% of patients receiving KEYTRUDA. The most common adverse reaction (20%) with KEYTRUDA was diarrhea (28%).

In KEYNOTE-189, when KEYTRUDA was administered with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy in metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 20% of 405 patients. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonitis (3%) and acute kidney injury (2%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were nausea (56%), fatigue (56%), constipation (35%), diarrhea (31%), decreased appetite (28%), rash (25%), vomiting (24%), cough (21%), dyspnea (21%), and pyrexia (20%).

In KEYNOTE-407, when KEYTRUDA was administered with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound in metastatic squamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 15% of 101 patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were febrile neutropenia, pneumonia, and urinary tract infection. Adverse reactions observed in KEYNOTE-407 were similar to those observed in KEYNOTE-189 with the exception that increased incidences of alopecia (47% vs 36%) and peripheral neuropathy (31% vs 25%) were observed in the KEYTRUDA and chemotherapy arm compared to the placebo and chemotherapy arm in KEYNOTE-407.

In KEYNOTE-042, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 19% of 636 patients with advanced NSCLC; the most common were pneumonitis (3%), death due to unknown cause (1.6%), and pneumonia (1.4%). The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia (7%), pneumonitis (3.9%), pulmonary embolism (2.4%), and pleural effusion (2.2%). The most common adverse reaction (20%) was fatigue (25%).

In KEYNOTE-010, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 682 patients with metastatic NSCLC; the most common was pneumonitis (1.8%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were decreased appetite (25%), fatigue (25%), dyspnea (23%), and nausea (20%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with SCLC were similar to those occurring in patients with other solid tumors who received KEYTRUDA as a single agent.

In KEYNOTE-048, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse events in 12% of 300 patients with HNSCC; the most common adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation were sepsis (1.7%) and pneumonia (1.3%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (33%), constipation (20%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-048, when KEYTRUDA was administered in combination with platinum (cisplatin or carboplatin) and FU chemotherapy, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 16% of 276 patients with HNSCC. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonia (2.5%), pneumonitis (1.8%), and septic shock (1.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were nausea (51%), fatigue (49%), constipation (37%), vomiting (32%), mucosal inflammation (31%), diarrhea (29%), decreased appetite (29%), stomatitis (26%), and cough (22%).

In KEYNOTE-012, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 17% of 192 patients with HNSCC. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 45% of patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia, dyspnea, confusional state, vomiting, pleural effusion, and respiratory failure. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue, decreased appetite, and dyspnea. Adverse reactions occurring in patients with HNSCC were generally similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy, with the exception of increased incidences of facial edema and new or worsening hypothyroidism.

In KEYNOTE-087, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 5% of 210 patients with cHL. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 16% of patients; those 1% included pneumonia, pneumonitis, pyrexia, dyspnea, GVHD, and herpes zoster. Two patients died from causes other than disease progression; 1 from GVHD after subsequent allogeneic HSCT and 1 from septic shock. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (26%), pyrexia (24%), cough (24%), musculoskeletal pain (21%), diarrhea (20%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-170, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 53 patients with PMBCL. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 26% of patients and included arrhythmia (4%), cardiac tamponade (2%), myocardial infarction (2%), pericardial effusion (2%), and pericarditis (2%). Six (11%) patients died within 30 days of start of treatment. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were musculoskeletal pain (30%), upper respiratory tract infection and pyrexia (28% each), cough (26%), fatigue (23%), and dyspnea (21%).

In KEYNOTE-052, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 11% of 370 patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 42% of patients; those 2% were urinary tract infection, hematuria, acute kidney injury, pneumonia, and urosepsis. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (38%), musculoskeletal pain (24%), decreased appetite (22%), constipation (21%), rash (21%), and diarrhea (20%).

In KEYNOTE-045, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 266 patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. The most common adverse reaction resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA was pneumonitis (1.9%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 39% of KEYTRUDA-treated patients; those 2% were urinary tract infection, pneumonia, anemia, and pneumonitis. The most common adverse reactions (20%) in patients who received KEYTRUDA were fatigue (38%), musculoskeletal pain (32%), pruritus (23%), decreased appetite (21%), nausea (21%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-057, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 11% of 148 patients with high-risk NMIBC. The most common adverse reaction resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA was pneumonitis (1.4%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 28% of patients; those 2% were pneumonia (3%), cardiac ischemia (2%), colitis (2%), pulmonary embolism (2%), sepsis (2%), and urinary tract infection (2%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (29%), diarrhea (24%), and rash (24%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with gastric cancer were similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy.

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with esophageal cancer were similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy.

In KEYNOTE-158, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 98 patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 39% of patients receiving KEYTRUDA; the most frequent included anemia (7%), fistula, hemorrhage, and infections [except urinary tract infections] (4.1% each). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (43%), musculoskeletal pain (27%), diarrhea (23%), pain and abdominal pain (22% each), and decreased appetite (21%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were generally similar to those in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy, with the exception of increased incidences of ascites (8% Grades 3-4) and immune-mediated hepatitis (2.9%). Laboratory abnormalities (Grades 3-4) that occurred at a higher incidence were elevated AST (20%), ALT (9%), and hyperbilirubinemia (10%).

Among the 50 patients with MCC enrolled in study KEYNOTE-017, adverse reactions occurring in patients with MCC were generally similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy. Laboratory abnormalities (Grades 3-4) that occurred at a higher incidence were elevated AST (11%) and hyperglycemia (19%).

More:
Merck Receives Priority Review from FDA for Second Application for KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Based on Biomarker, Regardless of Tumor Type - Benzinga

To Read More: Merck Receives Priority Review from FDA for Second Application for KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Based on Biomarker, Regardless of Tumor Type – Benzinga
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Merck Receives Priority Review from FDA for Second Application for KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Based on Biomarker, Regardless of Tumor Type – Benzinga | dataApril 12th, 2020
Read All

Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market: Incredible Possibilities, Growth With Industry Study, Detailed Analysis And Forecast To…

By daniellenierenberg

The Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market research encompasses an exhaustive analysis of the market outlook, framework, and socio-economic impacts. The report covers the accurate investigation of the market size, share, product footprint, revenue, and progress rate. Driven by primary and secondary researches, the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market study offers reliable and authentic projections regarding the technical jargon.

All the players running in the global Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market are elaborated thoroughly in the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market report on the basis of proprietary technologies, distribution channels, industrial penetration, manufacturing processes, and revenue. In addition, the report examines R&D developments, legal policies, and strategies defining the competitiveness of the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market players.

Request Sample Report @ https://www.marketresearchhub.com/enquiry.php?type=S&repid=2439434&source=atm

The major players profiled in this report include:U.S. STEM CELL, INC.Brainstorm Cell TherapeuticsCytoriDendreon CorporationFibrocellLion BiotechnologiesCaladrius BiosciencesOpexa TherapeuticsOrgenesisRegenexxGenzymeAntriaRegeneusMesoblastPluristem Therapeutics IncTigenixMed cell EuropeHolostemMiltenyi Biotec

The end users/applications and product categories analysis:On the basis of product, this report displays the sales volume, revenue (Million USD), product price, market share and growth rate of each type, primarily split into-Embryonic Stem CellResident Cardiac Stem CellsAdult Bone MarrowDerived Stem CellsUmbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells

On the basis on the end users/applications, this report focuses on the status and outlook for major applications/end users, sales volume, market share and growth rate of Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies for each application, including-Neurodegenerative DisordersAutoimmune Diseases Cancer and TumorsCardiovascular Diseases

Make An EnquiryAbout This Report @ https://www.marketresearchhub.com/enquiry.php?type=E&repid=2439434&source=atm

Objectives of the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Study:

The Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market research focuses on the market structure and various factors (positive and negative) affecting the growth of the market. The study encloses a precise evaluation of the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market, including growth rate, current scenario, and volume inflation prospects, on the basis of DROT and Porters Five Forces analyses. In addition, the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market study provides reliable and authentic projections regarding the technical jargon.

You can Buy This Report from Here @ https://www.marketresearchhub.com/checkout?rep_id=2439434&licType=S&source=atm

After reading the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market report, readers can:

See the original post:
Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market: Incredible Possibilities, Growth With Industry Study, Detailed Analysis And Forecast To...

To Read More: Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market: Incredible Possibilities, Growth With Industry Study, Detailed Analysis And Forecast To…
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market: Incredible Possibilities, Growth With Industry Study, Detailed Analysis And Forecast To… | dataApril 12th, 2020
Read All

Metrion Biosciences and International Scientific Consortium Publish Data and New Recommendations for in Vitro Risk Assessment of the Cardiac Safety of…

By daniellenierenberg

CAMBRIDGE, England--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Metrion Biosciences Limited (Metrion), the specialist ion channel CRO and drug discovery company, today announced it has contributed to two new peer-reviewed papers under the U.S. Food and Drug Administrations (FDA) CiPA (Comprehensive in vitro Proarrhythmia Assay) initiative. The papers, in Nature Scientific Reports1 and Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology2, focus on application of improved cardiac safety testing protocols and recommendations for best practice for the drug discovery industry.

The CiPA Initiative (www.cipaproject.org), which began in July 2013 following a workshop at the US FDA, has the objective to revise and enhance the regulatory framework assessing cardiac safety of new chemical entities. Under current guidelines, new therapeutics undergo initial assessment of proarrhythmic risk by measuring activity against the hERG cardiac ion channel, before progressing to studies in preclinical animal models and ultimately, a Thorough QT interval study in the clinic. The CiPA initiative aims to extend the use of advances in early electrophysiology-based cardiac ion channel screening, in silico predictive modelling, and human induced pluripotent stem cell derived cardiomyocytes to improve the accuracy and reduce the cost of predicting the cardiac liability of new drug candidates. Metrions research forms part of the first stage of the proposed harmonisation work, to provide clarity on how to standardise cardiac ion channel assays to ensure they deliver consistent data for in silico models of clinical cardiac arrythmia risk.

The first paper1, published in Nature Scientific Reports on 27th March 2020 by an international group of authors drawn from 20 different commercial and academic laboratories, including Metrion Biosciences, was coordinated by the Health and Environmental Sciences Institute (HESI). It reviews data from a multi-year, multi-site collaboration across industry, academia and the FDA regulatory agency to optimize experimental protocols and reduce experimental variability and bias. The goal of the study was to guide the development of best practices for the use of automated patch clamp technologies in early cardiac safety screening. High quality in vitro cardiac ion channel data is required for accurate and reliable characterisation of the risk of delayed repolarisation and proarrhythmia in the human heart and to guide subsequent clinical studies and regulatory submissions.

The second paper2, to be published formally in Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology paper on 1st May 2020 but currently available online, uses automated patch clamp data from the CiPA consortium to address the lack of statistical quantification of variability, which hinders the use of primary hERG potency data to predict cardiac arrhythmia. The consortium establishes a more systematic approach to estimate hERG block potency and safety margins.

Dr Marc Rogers, CSO, Metrion Biosciences, said: The Metrion team has been a participant in the international CiPA Initiative since inception and we are now pleased to be able to announce the publication of our data from this global collaborative scientific effort. We believe these projects will make a significant contribution to the eventual revision of cardiac safety testing guidelines by the FDA and other international regulatory agencies. They also contribute to deepening our knowledge of the underlying causes of proarrhythmia, which will help prevent early attrition of potentially promising drugs.

Contributing organisations to the Nature Scientific Reports CiPA study include: Charles River Laboratories; Bayer AG; Sophion Bioscience A/S; Nanion Technologies; GlaxoSmithKline PLC; Pfizer; Sanofi R&D; Astra Zeneca; BSYS GmbH; Bristol-Myers Squibb Company; Eurofins Discovery; Merck; Metrion Biosciences Ltd.; Natural and Medical Science Institute at the University of Tbingen; Northwestern Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago; Roche Innovation Center Basel; Novoheart; Health and Environmental Sciences Institute, Washington, DC; AbbVie.

Contributing organisations to the Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology hERG study include: Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration; Eli Lilly and Company; AstraZeneca; CiPA LAB; NMI-TT GmbH; Sophion Bioscience A/S; B'SYS GmbH; The Ion Channel Company; F. Hoffmann-La Roche AG; Eurofins Discovery; Bristol-Myers Squibb; Merck & Co., Inc; Metrion Biosciences Ltd.; Nanion Technologies; Charles River Laboratories; Bayer AG; University of Nottingham; Universit de Lille.

For more information on Metrions fully integrated Cardiac Safety Screening / CiPA Screening service, please visit: https://www.metrionbiosciences.com/services/cardiac-safety-screening/

Merion Biosciences comprehensive cardiac safety testing White Paper The changing landscape of cardiac safety will also be available on the Companys website from 13th April 2020.

Link:
Metrion Biosciences and International Scientific Consortium Publish Data and New Recommendations for in Vitro Risk Assessment of the Cardiac Safety of...

To Read More: Metrion Biosciences and International Scientific Consortium Publish Data and New Recommendations for in Vitro Risk Assessment of the Cardiac Safety of…
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Metrion Biosciences and International Scientific Consortium Publish Data and New Recommendations for in Vitro Risk Assessment of the Cardiac Safety of… | dataApril 8th, 2020
Read All

Global Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market [News 2020] Intelligence and Future Prospects 2025 – Fashion Trends News

By daniellenierenberg

Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market research report covers the existing situation and the development predictions of the industry for 2020. This report has prepared mainly on the basis of a common market assessment with input from industry experts. This estimated report consists of all have observed element about marketplace evaluation, increase Demand and forecast analysis in all over the world. This record gives a few edged examine and solution within the complicated international of polymer-based totally thermal interface materials market.

Report Covers Following Key Players:-

U.S. STEM CELL, INC., Brainstorm Cell Therapeutics, Cytori, Dendreon Corporation, Fibrocell, Lion Biotechnologies, Caladrius Biosciences, Opexa Therapeutics, Orgenesis, Regenexx, Genzyme, Antria, Regeneus, Mesoblast, Pluristem Therapeutics Inc, Tigenix, Med cell Europe, Holostem, Miltenyi Biotec.

For Better Understanding Go With This Free Sample Report Enabled With Respective Tables and Figures @ https://www.eonmarketresearch.com/sample/55837

>> [ Conjointly enclosed free report contains a quick introduction to the abstract, table of contents, list of tables and figures, competitive landscape and geographic segmentation, innovation and future developments supported the methodology of investigation.] <<

The market report defines the growth of the industry by upstream and downstream, by the industry as a whole and by production, by key companies as well as by product segment and application, and so on, and makes a scientific forecast for the technology industry on the basis of an analysis.

Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market research report quantifies opportunities and Challenges to prioritize with the revenue. The report describes each aspect in depth, such as Business Strategies, Market Trends, Regional Growth, Quality Matrix. This vital data about Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies industry will help to improve market growth in terms of manufacturing capacity, Sales during the Forecast period of 2020.

Market Segment by Regions:-

USAEuropeJapanChinaIndiaSoutheast Asia

Scope of the Report:

This study focuses on the global market for Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies especially in Europe, North America and Asia-Pacific, the Middle East and Africa, and South America. The report defines the market based on regions, size, manufacturers and applications.

Click Here For Inquiry and Ask For Discount Here- https://www.eonmarketresearch.com/enquiry/55837

Market Segment On The Basis Of Product Type Includes:-

Embryonic Stem CellResident Cardiac Stem CellsAdult Bone MarrowDerived Stem CellsUmbilical Cord Blood Stem Cells

Applications Mentioned In This Report:-

Neurodegenerative DisordersAutoimmune DiseasesCancer and TumorsCardiovascular Diseases

The report then estimates 2020 market development trends of Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market. Outline of upstream raw materials, downstream trade and prevailing market dynamics is also carried out. In the end, the report makes some important proposals for a new project of Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market before evaluating its feasibility.

This report presents an extensive analysis of the current Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies trends and emerging estimations & dynamics of the global Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies industry. Likewise, explains the comprehensive analysis of factors that drive and restrict the growth of the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market. Further covers a detailed analysis of the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies industry based on type and application help in understanding the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies trending products across geographies. Then highlights the potency of buyers and suppliers to understand the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market potency. Finally, an extensive analysis of the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market is conducted by key product positioning and monitoring of top players within the Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies market framework.

Table of Contents:

1 Industry Overview of Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies.2 Global Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Competition Analysis by Players.3 Company (Top Players) Profiles.4 Global Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Size by Type and Application (2020-2025).5 United States Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Development Status and Outlook.6 EU Ophthalmology DiagnosticsDevelopment Status and Outlook.7 Japan Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Development Status and Outlook.8 China Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Development Status and Outlook.9 India Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Development Status and Outlook.10 Southeast Asia Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Development Status and Outlook.11 Market Forecast by Regions, Type, and Application (2020-2025).12 Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market Dynamics.13 Market Effect Factors Analysis.14 Research Finding/Conclusion.15 Appendix.

**Thanks for reading this article; you can also get individual chapter wise section or region wise report version like United States, Europe, Middle East and Africa or Asia-Pacific.**

About Us:

Eon Market Research (EMR) is a market intelligence company, providing global business information reports and services. Our exclusive blend of quantitative forecasting and trends analysis provides forward-looking insight for thousands of decision-makers.

Contact Us:

Eon Market ResearchPhone: +1 703 879 7090Email: sales@eonmarketresearch.com

Originally posted here:
Global Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market [News 2020] Intelligence and Future Prospects 2025 - Fashion Trends News

To Read More: Global Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market [News 2020] Intelligence and Future Prospects 2025 – Fashion Trends News
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Global Autologous Stem Cell and Non-Stem Cell Based Therapies Market [News 2020] Intelligence and Future Prospects 2025 – Fashion Trends News | dataApril 8th, 2020
Read All

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market- Industry Analysis and Forecast (2020-2027) – Publicist360

By daniellenierenberg

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market was valued US$ XX Mn in 2019 and is expected to reach US$ XX Mn by 2027, at a CAGR of 24.5% during a forecast period.

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market

Market Dynamics

The Research Report gives an in-depth account of the drivers and restraints in the stem cell reconstructive market. Stem cell reconstructive surgery includes the treatment of injured or dented part of body. Stem cells are undifferentiated biological cells, which divide to produce more stem cells. Growing reconstructive surgeries led by the rising number of limbs elimination and implants and accidents are boosting the growth in the stem cell reconstructive market. Additionally, rising number of aged population, number of patients suffering from chronic diseases, and unceasing development in the technology, these are factors which promoting the growth of the stem cell reconstructive market. Stem cell reconstructive is a procedure containing the use of a patients own adipose tissue to rise the fat volume in the area of reconstruction and therefore helping 3Dimentional reconstruction in patients who have experienced a trauma or in a post-surgical event such as a mastectomy or lumpectomy, brain surgery, or reconstructive surgery as a result of an accident or injury. Stem cell reconstructive surgeries are also used in plastic or cosmetic surgeries as well. Stem cell and regenerative therapies gives many opportunities for development in the practice of medicine and the possibility of an array of novel treatment options for patients experiencing a variety of symptoms and conditions. Stem cell therapy, also recognised as regenerative medicine, promotes the repair response of diseased, dysfunctional or injured tissue using stem cells or their derivatives.

The common guarantee of all the undifferentiated embryonic stem cells (ESCs), foetal, amniotic, UCB, and adult stem cell types is their indefinite self-renewal capacity and high multilineage differentiation potential that confer them a primitive and dynamic role throughout the developmental process and the lifespan in adult mammal.However, the high expenditure of stem cell reconstructive surgeries and strict regulatory approvals are restraining the market growth.

REQUEST FOR FREE SAMPLE REPORT: https://www.maximizemarketresearch.com/request-sample/54666

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Segment analysis

Based on Cell Type, the embryonic stem cells segment is expected to grow at a CAGR of XX% during the forecast period. Embryonic stem cells (ESCs), derived from the blastocyst stage of early mammalian embryos, are distinguished by their capability to distinguish into any embryonic cell type and by their ability to self-renew. Owing to their plasticity and potentially limitless capacity for self-renewal, embryonic stem cell therapies have been suggested for regenerative medicine and tissue replacement after injury or disease. Additionally, their potential in regenerative medicine, embryonic stem cells provide a possible another source of tissue/organs which serves as a possible solution to the donor shortage dilemma. Researchers have differentiated ESCs into dopamine-producing cells with the hope that these neurons could be used in the treatment of Parkinsons disease. Upsurge occurrence of cardiac and malignant diseases is promoting the segment growth. Rapid developments in this vertical contain protocols for directed differentiation, defined culture systems, demonstration of applications in drug screening, establishment of several disease models, and evaluation of therapeutic potential in treating incurable diseases.

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Regional analysis

The North American region has dominated the market with US$ XX Mn. America accounts for the largest and fastest-growing market of stem cell reconstructive because of the huge patient population and well-built healthcare sector. Americas stem cell reconstructive market is segmented into two major regions such as North America and South America. More than 80% of the market is shared by North America due to the presence of the US and Canada.

Europe accounts for the second-largest market which is followed by the Asia Pacific. Germany and UK account for the major share in the European market due to government support for research and development, well-developed technology and high healthcare expenditure have fuelled the growth of the market. This growing occurrence of cancer and diabetes in America is the main boosting factor for the growth of this market.

The objective of the report is to present a comprehensive analysis of the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market including all the stakeholders of the industry. The past and current status of the industry with forecasted market size and trends are presented in the report with the analysis of complicated data in simple language. The report covers all the aspects of the industry with a dedicated study of key players that includes market leaders, followers and new entrants. PORTER, SVOR, PESTEL analysis with the potential impact of micro-economic factors of the market has been presented in the report. External as well as internal factors that are supposed to affect the business positively or negatively have been analysed, which will give a clear futuristic view of the industry to the decision-makers.

The report also helps in understanding Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market dynamics, structure by analysing the market segments and projects the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market size. Clear representation of competitive analysis of key players by Application, price, financial position, Product portfolio, growth strategies, and regional presence in the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market make the report investors guide.Scope of the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market

DO INQUIRY BEFORE PURCHASING REPORT HERE: https://www.maximizemarketresearch.com/inquiry-before-buying/54666

Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By Sources

Allogeneic Autologouso Bone Marrowo Adipose Tissueo Blood Syngeneic OtherGlobal Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By Cell Type

Embryonic Stem Cell Adult Stem CellGlobal Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By Application

Cancer Diabetes Traumatic Skin Defect Severe Burn OtherGlobal Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By End-User

Hospitals Research Institute OthersGlobal Stem Cell Reconstructive Market, By Regions

North America Europe Asia-Pacific South America Middle East and Africa (MEA)Key Players operating the Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market

Osiris Therapeutics NuVasives Cytori Therapeutics Takeda (TiGenix) Cynata Celyad Medi-post Anterogen Molmed Baxter Eleveflow Mesoblast Ltd. Micronit Microfluidics TAKARA BIO INC. Tigenix Capricor Therapeutics Astellas Pharma US, Inc. Pfizer Inc. STEMCELL Technologies Inc.

MAJOR TOC OF THE REPORT

Chapter One: Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Overview

Chapter Two: Manufacturers Profiles

Chapter Three: Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Competition, by Players

Chapter Four: Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Size by Regions

Chapter Five: North America Stem Cell Reconstructive Revenue by Countries

Chapter Six: Europe Stem Cell Reconstructive Revenue by Countries

Chapter Seven: Asia-Pacific Stem Cell Reconstructive Revenue by Countries

Chapter Eight: South America Stem Cell Reconstructive Revenue by Countries

Chapter Nine: Middle East and Africa Revenue Stem Cell Reconstructive by Countries

Chapter Ten: Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Segment by Type

Chapter Eleven: Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Segment by Application

Chapter Twelve: Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Size Forecast (2019-2026)

Browse Full Report with Facts and Figures of Stem Cell Reconstructive Market Report at: https://www.maximizemarketresearch.com/market-report/global-stem-cell-reconstructive-market/54666/

About Us:

Maximize Market Research provides B2B and B2C market research on 20,000 high growth emerging technologies & opportunities in Chemical, Healthcare, Pharmaceuticals, Electronics & Communications, Internet of Things, Food and Beverages, Aerospace and Defense and other manufacturing sectors.

Contact info:

Name: Lumawant Godage

Organization: MAXIMIZE MARKET RESEARCH PVT. LTD.

Email: sales@maximizemarketresearch.com

Contact: +919607065656/ +919607195908

Website: http://www.maximizemarketresearch.com

See original here:
Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market- Industry Analysis and Forecast (2020-2027) - Publicist360

To Read More: Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market- Industry Analysis and Forecast (2020-2027) – Publicist360
categoriaCardiac Stem Cells commentoComments Off on Global Stem Cell Reconstructive Market- Industry Analysis and Forecast (2020-2027) – Publicist360 | dataApril 6th, 2020
Read All

Page 3«..2345..1020..»