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The Slow March Toward the First Same-Sex Couple to Have a Baby – Discover Magazine

By daniellenierenberg

Cara Gormallys pregnancy was shadowed by grief. As a queer woman wanting to have a baby, the biology professor had figured finding a sperm donor would be the only obstacle she and her partner faced. But thanks to Gormallys organizational skills and love of making lists, the couple landed on a donor with relative ease.

Then, Gormally struggled to conceive. Each month brought fresh disappointment and loss.

So much of the process depended on random, heart-breaking chance, she says. The emotional and financial roller coaster was exhausting.

But it wasnt the hardest part. The couple had accepted that, as much as they wanted a baby, their child wouldnt be biologically related to Gormallys spouse.

I grieved that our child wouldnt be genetically related to both of us, Gormally says. I longed for the biologically impossible.

But now, a new set of technologies have the potential to change whats possible allowing same-sex partners to have kids who share their genetic material, just like straight couples.

In mammals, pretty much every cell in the body carries two sets of genetic material. One set comes from mom and the other from dad. Eggs and sperm are the only exceptions; they have just one set. Then, when a sperm fertilizes an egg, those two sets combine, restoring the usual number to two sets per cell.

Gormally and other same-sex partners are currently barred from their dreams by a phenomenon called genomic imprinting. It uses a distinct tag from each parent to mark the DNA that mammals pass on to their offspring. The process ensures that, for a small percentage of genes, we only express the copy of genetic material provided by our mother or our father. When this imprinting process goes awry, kids can end up with inactive gene regions that cause miscarriages, developmental defects and cancer.

(Credit: Jay Smith/Discover)

During this genomic imprinting, moms distinct collection of tags typically turns off certain genes, so that just dads copy is expressed. And dad imparts his own marks that leave only the maternal copy on. (Most imprints silence gene expression, but some activate it.) Thats a problem for same-sex couples who want to have a baby. If both sets of an offsprings genes come from maternal DNA, for example, then both copies of imprinted genes will be off. So, the embryo cant make any of the genes products.

We dont get the full set of [gene] products that we need to undergo proper development unless we have both a maternal and paternal contribution to a fertilized egg, says Marisa Bartolomei, a geneticist at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia, who discovered one of the first imprinted genes in mice.

Scientists discovered genomic imprinting in mammals about 30 years ago. During experiments in the mid-1980s, researchers removed either the maternal or paternal genetic contributions from newly fertilized mouse eggs. Then, they transferred in a second set of genes from another mouse to create embryos with either two sets of female genetic material or two sets of male genetic material. A surrogate mouse was able to gestate the embryos, but none survived. The finding showed normal development requires genetic material from both a father and the mother. More than that, the outcomes revealed that maternal and paternal genetic material differ from each other in meaningful ways.

Later experiments revealed mice developed differently depending on whether they happened to receive both copies of certain regions of DNA from one parent (rather than one copy from each parent).

Mice with hairpin-shaped tails were telling examples. When researchers deleted the gene region responsible for a hairpin tail from a mothers genome, mice embryos grew large and died partway through gestation. In contrast, deleting the same region from the paternal genome had no effect on the rodents growth or development.

In the three decades since, researchers have found more imprinted genes (they suspect there are between 100 and 200 such genes) and the molecular tags that silence them. Scientists have also taken strides connecting imprinting defects to developmental disorders in humans. But all along, researchers have known that imprinting prevents same-sex parents from having children.

In October 2018, researchers overcame this impossibility in mice. By deleting imprinted regions, Wei Li and a team at the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing produced healthy mice from two moms. The researchers also created mouse pups from two dads for the first time. However, the offspring died just a few days after birth.

Despite the loss, Li is optimistic. This research shows us what is possible, he says.

To overcome the imprinting barrier, Li and his fellow researchers turned to CRISPR, a gene-editing technique thats made altering genomes easier than ever. They used the tool to delete gene regions from embryonic stem cells from mice mothers. The researchers then injected these modified stem cells into the egg of a female mouse and then used a third surrogate female mouse to carry the fetus to term.

The team had already seen some success two years earlier when they created mouse pups with two genetic mothers by deleting two imprinted regions. Although these bimaternal mice also grew to adulthood and produced pups of their own, they developed growth defects. On average, the bimaternal mice were 20 percent lighter than their hetero-parental counterparts. In their latest study, Li and his team also deleted a third region from the mothers genes, which restored the animals growth to normal.

But the scientists had to clear a few more hurdles to generate mice with two genetic fathers. They found, through a process of trial and error, that they needed to remove twice as many imprinted regions in the bipaternal mice as the bimaternal mice. In total, the team deleted seven imprinted regions to successfully create mice from two dads.

Still, the numbers were not in their favor. Only two and a half percent of embryos made it to term and less than half of one percent lived for two days. None made it to adulthood.

The produced bipaternal mice are not viable, which implies more obstacles are needed to cross to support their postnatal survival, if possible, Li says. The lower birth rate, on the other hand, implies the existence of an unknown barrier hindering the development of bipaternal embryos.

In contrast, the bimaternal mice fared much better. These mice grew to adulthood and were healthy enough to have pups of their own by mating with typical male mice. They also behaved the same as the control mice. As far as the researchers could tell, the bimaternal mice appear as healthy and normal as any other laboratory mice.

It does not mean that they are normal in every aspect, Li cautions. One cannot investigate all the aspects under restricted experimental conditions with a limited number of animals.

Despite the researchers success, Li says the technique is not ready for use in humans. It is never too much to emphasize the risks and the importance of safety before any human experiment, he says, particularly in regard to the bipaternal offspring, which currently are severely abnormal and cannot survive to adulthood.

The bimaternal offspring hold more promise. The team is now working to translate their findings to monkeys. And that work could bring the impossible one step closer to feasible for humans.

Lis research is encouraging but its a long way from helping Gormally and her spouse. However, its also not the only shot for same-sex couples. Another new technology called in vitro gametogenesis, or IVG, may be an alternative potential path for same-sex couples to have their own kids.

Scientists use the technique to make eggs and sperm from other cells in the body. To do so, biologists first reprogram adult skin cells to become stem cells. Then, they stimulate the skin-derived stem cells to develop into eggs or sperm.

Researchers from Japan have now perfected the technique in mice. And in groundbreaking work, Katsuhiko Hayashi and Mitinori Saitou and their team generated functional eggs from mice tail cells.

The researchers then fertilized the eggs with sperm from male mice and implanted the embryos into surrogate mothers. The offspring grew up healthy and fertile. In principle, this approach could allow a womans skin cells to be engineered into sperm and used to fertilize her partners egg.

IVG could transform same-sex couples ability to have their own children. If it had been possible at the time, we definitely wouldve have tried to do it, says Gormally, who is now a proud parent to a toddler thanks to her and her spouses sperm donor. [Its] a total game-changer.

This story is part of "The Future of Fertility" a new series on Discover exploring the frontiers of reproduction.

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The Top Biotech Trends We’ll Be Watching in 2020 – Singularity Hub

By daniellenierenberg

Last year left us with this piece of bombshell news: He Jiankui, the mastermind behind the CRISPR babies scandal, has been sentenced to three years in prison for violating Chinese laws on scientific research and medical management. Two of his colleagues also face prison for genetically engineering human embryos that eventually became the worlds first CRISPRd babies.

The story isnt over: at least one other scientist is eagerly following Hes footsteps in creating gene-edited humans, although he stresses that he wont implant any engineered embryos until receiving regulatory approval.

Biotech stories are rarely this dramatic. But as gene editing tools and assisted reproductive technologies increase in safety and precision, were bound to see ever more mind-bending headlines. Add in a dose of deep learning for drug discovery and synthetic biology, and its fair to say were getting closer to reshaping biology from the ground upboth ourselves and other living creatures around us.

Here are two stories in biotech were keeping our eyes on. Although successes likely wont come to fruition this year (sorry), these futuristic projects may be closer to reality than you think.

The idea of human-animal chimeras immediately triggers ethical aversion, but the dream of engineering replacement human organs in other animals is gaining momentum.

There are two main ways to do this. The slightly less ethically-fraught idea is to grow a fleet of pigs with heavily CRISPRd organs to make them more human-like. It sounds crazy, but scientists have already successfully transplanted pig hearts into baboonsa stand-in for people with heart failurewith some recipients living up to 180 days before they were euthanized. Despite having foreign hearts, the baboons were healthy and acted like their normal buoyant selves post-op.

But for cross-species transplantation, or xenotransplants to work in humans, we need to deal with PERVsa group of nasty pig genes scattered across the porcine genome, remnants of ancient viral infections that can tag along and potentially infect unsuspecting human recipients.

Theres plenty of progress here too: back in 2017 scientists at eGenesis, a startup spun off from Dr. George Churchs lab, used CRISPR to make PERV-free pig cells that eventually became PERV-free piglets after cloning. Then last month, eGenesis reported the birth of Pig3.0, the worlds most CRISPRd animal to further increase organ compatibility. These PERV-free genetic wonders had three pig genes that stimulate immunorejection removed, and nine brand new human genes to make themin theorymore compatible with human physiology. When raised to adulthood, pig3.0 could reproduce and pass on their genetic edits.

Although only a first clinical propotype that needs further validation and refinement, eGenesis is hopeful. According to one (perhaps overzealous) estimate, the first pig-to-human xenotranplant clinical trial could come in just two years.

The more ethically-challenged idea is to grow human organs directly inside other animalsin other words, engineer human-animal hybrid embryos and bring them to term. This approach marries two ethically uncomfortable technologies, germline editing and hybrids, into one solution that has many wondering if these engineered animals may somehow receive a dose of humanness by accident during development. What if, for example, human donor cells end up migrating to the hybrid animals brain?

Nevertheless, this year scientists at the University of Tokyo are planning to grow human tissue in rodent and pig embryos and transplant those hybrids into surrogates for further development. For now, bringing the embryos to term is completely out of the question. But the line between humans and other animals will only be further blurred in 2020, and scientists have begun debating a new label, substantially human, for living organisms that are mainly human in characteristicsbut not completely so.

With over 800 gene therapy trials in the running and several in mature stages, well likely see a leap in new gene medicine approvals and growth in CAR-T spheres. For now, although transformative, the three approved gene therapies have had lackluster market results, spurring some to ponder whether companies may cut down on investment.

The research community, however, is going strong, with a curious bifurcating trend emerging. Let me explain.

Genetic medicine, a grab-bag term for treatments that directly change genes or their expression, is usually an off-the-shelf solution. Cell therapies, such as the blood cancer breakthrough CAR-T, are extremely personalized in that a patients own immune cells are genetically enhanced. But the true power of genetic medicine lies in its potential for hyper-personalization, especially when it comes to rare genetic disorders. In contrast, CAR-Ts broader success may eventually rely on its ability to become one-size-fits-all.

One example of hyper-tailored gene medicine success is the harrowing story of Mila, a six-year-old with Batten disease, a neurodegenerative genetic disorder that is always fatal and was previously untreatable. Thanks to remarkable efforts from multiple teams, however, in just over a year scientists developed a new experimental therapy tailored to her unique genetic mutation. Since receiving the drug, Milas condition improved significantly.

Milas case is a proof-of-concept of the power of N=1 genetic medicine. Its unclear whether other children also carry her particular mutationBatten has more than a dozen different variants, each stemming from different genetic miscodingor if anyone else would ever benefit from the treatment.

For now, monumental costs and other necessary resources make it impossible to pull off similar feats for a broader population. This is a shame, because inherited diseases rarely have a single genetic cause. But costs for genome mapping and DNA synthesis are rapidly declining. Were starting to better understand how mutations lead to varied disorders. And with multiple gene medicines, such as antisense oligonucleotides (ASOs) finally making a comeback after 40 years, its not hard to envision a new era of hyper-personalized genetic treatments, especially for rare diseases.

In contrast, the path forward for CAR-T is to strip its personalization. Both FDA-approved CAR-T therapies require doctors to collect a patients own immune T cells, preserved and shipped to a manufacturer, genetically engineered to boost their cancer-hunting abilities, and infused back into patients. Each cycle is a race against the cancer clock, requiring about three to four weeks to manufacture. Shipping and labor costs further drive up the treatments price tag to hundreds of thousands of dollars per treatment.

These considerable problems have pushed scientists to actively research off-the-shelf CAR-T therapies, which can be made from healthy donor cells in giant batches and cryopreserved. The main stumbling block is immunorejection: engineered cells from donors can cause life-threatening immune problems, or be completely eliminated by the cancer patients immune system and lose efficacy.

The good news? Promising results are coming soon. One idea is to use T cells from umbilical cord blood, which are less likely to generate an immune response. Another is to engineer T cells from induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)mature cells returned back to a young, stem-like state. A patients skin cells, for example, could be made into iPSCs that constantly renew themselves, and only pushed to develop into cancer-fighting T cells when needed.

Yet another idea is to use gene editing to delete proteins on T cells that can trigger an immune responsethe first clinical trials with this approach are already underway. With at least nine different off-the-shelf CAR-T in early human trials, well likely see movement in industrialized CAR-T this year.

Theres lots of other stories in biotech we here at Singularity Hub are watching. For example, the use of AI in drug discovery, after years of hype, may finally meet its reckoning. That is, can the technology actually speed up the arduous process of finding new drug targets or the design of new drugs?

Another potentially game-changing story is that of Biogens Alzheimers drug candidate, which reported contradicting results last year but was still submitted to the FDA. If approved, itll be the first drug to slow cognitive decline in a decade. And of course, theres always the potential for another mind-breaking technological leap (or stumble?) thats hard to predict.

In other words: we cant wait to bring you new stories from biotechs cutting edge in 2020.

Image Credit: Image by Konstantin Kolosov from Pixabay

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CLS Holdings dips over acquisition, sale – Proactive Investors UK

By daniellenierenberg

PLC () dipped 3% to 286.52p in mid-afternoon after announcing the acquisition of multi-let office space in Staines, Surrey, as well as the sale of a London building to a private developer.

TWENTY was bought for 19mln, is currently let to four tenants and has a vacancy of 23%, while Quayside Lodge in Fulham, London, was sold for the same amount.

TWENTY Kingston Road offers strong reversionary potential with a yield of 7% once fully let and the acquisition is in line with our opportunistic approach, chief executive Fredrik Widlund said in a release.

s () lost 2% to 227.01p after posting like-for-like sales including fuel fell 1.1% in the 15 weeks to 4 January, while total retail sales slipped 0.9%.

The LFL sales slip was slightly worse than analyst expectations which had predicted that sales in the period would be mostly flat.

The FTSE 100 grocer is another major name in the sector suffering sales declines over the so-called golden Christmas quarter.

PLC () gained 6% to 86.63p in early afternoon trades on the back of an acquisition from Cemex SAB de CV ADR ().

The AIM-listed construction materials company will snap up the UK arm and some operation of the Mexican company for 178mln in cash, debt-free.

It will add 170mln tonnes of mineral reserves and resources while adding to the development of Breedons national asphalt strategy and increasing footprint in areas where it is underrepresented.

() rose 7% to 0.41p after updating investors on the Bonya tungsten and copper deposit in Australia resource potential.

Thor is drilling to establish Bonya as a source of ore to extend the life of its nearby Molyhil project.

Latest holes to be drilled showed best results of a 23m intersection at a grade of 0.58% WO3 (tungsten) from the surface at White Violet and a 9m copper band at Samarkand.

Pharos Energy PLC (LON:PHAR) slipped 5% to 55p at lunchtime after informing investors that the 2020 dividend will be halved compared to the 2019 payment.

The oiler will issue 2.75p per share, a yield of 5% on yesterday's close of 58p, to focus on capital investment in the expanded portfolio.

Production in Egypt came as a disappointment as well, with 6mln barrels of oil per day (boe/d) as opposed to the 6.5mln boe/d guidance.

() lost 4% to 156.5p as the footwear retailer posted lower profits but managed to keep the final divi at 8p per share.

The AIM-listed firm attributed the decline to government imposed increases in its operating costs.

For the year ended 5 October, the company reported an underlying pre-tax profit of 9.8mln, down from 11.4mln in the prior year, while revenues edged up 0.9% to 1.62bn.

MPAC Group PLC () shares were trading 16% higher at 240p in late morning after upgrading full-year profit expectations for the second time in four months.

The company, which provides high speed packaging and automation services, attributed the continuing momentum to a strong Q4 order intake and accelerated project execution.

I am confident that we will be able to report an excellent financial performance for 2019 and improved outlook for 2020 which gives us confidence for the future progress of the business, chief executive Tony Steels said in a release.

()(NASDAQ:MTP) hiked 24% to 3.4 on the back of positive results from additional studies on its MTD201 cancer drug.

The analysis revealed the candidate can be delivered via an injection under the skin rather than into the muscle.

It is a key advantage paving the way for approval, while a pivotal study is planned for later in the first half with preparations already underway.

PLC () topped the losers list with a 21% stumble to 65.35p as the mineral resource estimate for its Asacha Gold Mine was reduced after further analysis.

As of 20 December, the asset is estimated to hold 312,558 ounces of gold, as opposed to 553,052 ounces a year before.

The AIM-listed miner is now undertaking a new drilling campaign to upgrade the resources, while formal guidance for the current year will be published shortly.

Travelex owner () was not doing much better with a 16% fall to 130p after updating on the Sodinokibi Windows ransomware attack.

The FTSE 250-listed firm was asked to pay US$6m (4.6m) to restore the customer data they claimed to have swiped from Travelexs systems, or else they would sell it on the dark web.

Finablr said there was no evidence that personal customer data has been encrypted and no evidence that any data has been exfiltrated, adding that Travelex has successfully contained the spread of the ransomware.

() lost 14% to 2.5p after announcing the process for listing on the Hong Kong Stock Exchange is taking longer than expected.

The AIM-listed engineering and technology solutions provider to the bioenergy sector said admission to trades will occur in the first half of 2020.

Management added trading in the second half of 2019 remained strong and is optimistic for the current period.

Asimilar Group PLC (LON:ASLR) jumped 25% higher to 40.66p in early morning trade on Wednesdayafter launching a placing at a premium to Tuesday's closing share price, hot on the heels of last months change of name from YOLO Leisure.

The AIM-listed big data and Internet of Things firm raised 6.8mln by placing 17mln new shares at a price of 40p each withexisting and new investors, a 15% premium to Tuesdays closing price of 33.8p.

Chairman John Taylor said in a release the proceeds will be used to pursue potentially bold and transformative investment options.

() was also onthe gainers list with a 5% push upwards to 247.9p after announcing full-year profit before tax will be comfortably ahead of market expectations.

The financial services provider and retailer mentioned strong trading during the Christmas period, when the jewellery segment recorded double-digit revenue growth.

The company noted that a high gold price boosted profits in the precious metals segment while its pawnbroking and foreign currency divisions continued to produce good results.

() also nudged higher, up 4% to 18.25p as it set up a joint venture with Korean firm Daewoong Pharmaceutical Co.

The firms will develop new cell and gene therapies using Avactas Affimer proteins which will specifically target the development of a new class of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.

The AIM-listed company said its research and development costs for these targets will be fully covered by the joint venture which is funded by Daewoong.

() has confirmed that it has received a premium-priced takeover offer from (), and, it is now in advanced talks with the FTSE 100-listed miner. The offer is pitched at 5.5p per share, which is a 34.1% premium to yesterdays closing price of 4.1p. In a statement released after the market close on Tuesday, Siriuss management team said it would be prepared to recommend an offer at that price.

() (NASDAQ:MTP) has hailed the positive results from a study assessing the potential to deliver one of its drugs via an injection under the skin rather than into the muscle. MTD201, which is being developed to treat carcinoid cancer and the growth hormone condition acromegaly, was able to maintain the correct levels of plasma octreotide over six to eight weeks using this subcutaneous method, researchers found.

() has signed an exclusive agreement worth up to US$63mln for its iron deficiency treatment Feraccru to be sold in China. The deal with ASK Pharm (Beijing Aosaikang Pharmaceutical), covers China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and will involve an upfront payment of US$11.4mln and up to US$51.4mln in milestone and royalties. ASK Pharm will also pay for the marketing authorisation process and commercialising of Feraccru, which is branded as Accrufer in the US.

() has set up a joint venture to develop new cell and gene therapies using its Affimer proteins. The new JV with Daewoong Pharmaceutical Co will specifically target the development of a new class of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), multipotent cells where functions can include being agents for the treatment of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases.

() has signed a one-year exclusive evaluation agreement with Corteva Agriscience. The American giant, valued at US$21bn, wants to assess the potential of the UK biopesticides specialists encapsulation technology, focusing on formulations for seed treatments.

() said it has now completed the fundraising it announced on 30 September 2019, which in total raised approximately 412,000, with the final stage raising 150,360 via an issue of 2,148,000 new ordinary shares at a price of 7p each to Zark Capital Limited. Following the issue, Zark will hold 6,000,000 ordinary shares, representing 9.7% of ADMs issued share capital.

() is to trial its graphene-enhanced asphalt Gipave at Romes Fiumicino airport. Gipave will be tested for six months on the airports Alpha taxiway, which handles intercontinental aircraft such as Boeing 777s and Airbus A380s.

() said it has won two large contracts for delivery of Knowledge Capture, part of its information management suite of products, with a minimum combined contract value of 0.9mln over their minimum term. In a statement, the leading global big data technology company noted that the latest contract wins add to a growing list of multi-national clients for both the group's RAPid supply chain analytics and information management solutions, adding 200,000 to the company's annual recurring revenue.

() announced that it has delivered network services to more than 100 hospital and specialist care sites as part of a government contract with the NHS. AdEPT was contracted in 2018 to improve network and bandwidth capacity, to allow for financial savings and better access to clinical systems, after the previous connection managed by () was deemed obsolete.

Group PLC () has seen strong inflows of new money in the first three months of its current year. The sustainable investment specialist said funds under management rose 7% to 16.1bn in the quarter to December with 771mln of new funds and a 289mln gain from market movements.

() has sold its UK B2C business for 200,000 as part of its restructuring plans. In an announcement after the close on Tuesday, the online gaming platform operator said the B2C business was sold by administrators to Grace Media Limited, and the firm had now entered a B2B partnership with Grace Media to facilitate continued delivery of its B2C services to its white label partners, through which it will receive monthly royalties

() on Wednesday confirmed the receipt of US$6.7mln in oil payments from the Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG). In a statement, the Iraq-based crude producer reported that the partners in the Taq oil field were paid US$6.7mln gross for oil sales in August 2019, and, its 44% net share amounted to US$3.6mln.

() has released a statement informing investors that it has received notice of a potential claim against the company from a former energy advisor, Askell Limited. In a brief statement, the small cap oiler said: AAOG believes the Askell claim is without merit and the company intends to defend the claim vigorously.

() has announced the appointment of Oscar Marin Garcia as a non-executive director of the company with immediate effect. The group noted that Garcia has over 20 years' experience, specialising in retail business in the Extremadura region of Spain and managing family office investments, and is co-founder and CEO of Lider Aliment, SA, a 200mln sales family owned company. W resources pointed out that Garcia has a beneficial interest in 114,655,600 ordinary shares, representing approximately 1.8% of the companys share capital.

() said that, further to its announcement on 23 December 2019, the sale of its Malaysian business to AAA Management Science Academy PLT for a total cash consideration of MYR 400,000 (approximately 75,000), payable over a 13 month period, has duly completed. Sam Malafeh, CEO of Malvern, commented: "We are delighted to have completed this transaction, as we can now bring greater focus to growing our UK and Singapore operations."

() said it, has collaborated with BMW Group to integrate its FOVIO driver monitoring technology into the BMW i Interaction EASE. It noted that this integration will be featured at the CES 2020 technology show in Las Vegas at the BMW booth Tech East Outside Area. The firm noted that BMW i Interaction EASE leverages Seeing Machines' technology as a component of their innovative HMI (Human-Machine Interface) concept, visualized through a windshield projected Head-up Display (HUD). It added that Seeing Machines' SVP of Fleet and Human Factors, Dr Mike Lenn, will also be conducting daily presentations on BMW's CES booth from Wednesday through Friday.

() announced that it has terminated its broker services agreement with GMP . Shore Capital Stockbrokers Limited is now the company's sole broker and Strand Hanson Limited continues to act as the company's Nominated & Financial Adviser, the group said.

Bluebird Merchant Ventures () announced that its Annual General Meeting, held on 28 December 2019 in Jersey, all resolutions were duly passed.

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Highs and Lows of Stem Cell Therapies: Off- The-Shelf Solutions – P&T Community

By daniellenierenberg

NEW YORK, Jan. 7, 2020 /PRNewswire/ --

Report Includes: - An overview of recent advances in stem cell therapies and coverage of potential stem cells used for regenerative advanced therapies

Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05835679/?utm_source=PRN

- Discussion on role of genomic and epigenomics manipulations in generating safe and effective treatment options - Identification of autologous and allogeneic cells and their usage in creating advanced therapy medical products (ATMPs) - Information on 3D cell culture and discussion on advances in gene editing and gene programming techniques such as CRIPSR/Cas9, TALEN, and ZINC fingers - Insights into commercial and regulatory landscape, and evaluation of challenges and opportunities for developing autologous and allogenic "off the shelf" solutions

Summary Stem cells are unique in their ability to divide and develop into different cell types that form tissues and organs in the body during development and growth.The stem cell's role is to repair impaired or depleted cells, tissues and organs in the body that are damaged by disease, injury, or normal wear and tear.

Stem cells are found in every organ, but are most abundant in bone marrow, where they help to restore the blood and immune system.

Stem cells may be derived from various sources, including - - Adult stem cells (ASCs): Derived from tissue after birth, these include bone marrow, brain, peripheral blood, skeletal muscle, skin, teeth, heat, gut, liver, ovarian epithelium and testis, as well as umbilical cord stem cells and blood. These cells are currently most widely used for cellbased therapies. Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), which are derived from bone marrow, can give rise to red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets, whereas mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are derived from the stroma and give rise to non-blood forming cells and tissues. - Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs): Derived from embryos, these include stems cell lines, aborted embryos or from miscarriages, unused in vitro fertilized embryos and cloned embryos. There are currently no clinically approved treatments for embryonic stem cells. - Inducible pluripotent stem cell (iPSCs): These are stem cells generated in the laboratory by reprogramming adult cells that have already differentiated into specific cells, such as liver cells. They are used either for research purposes (e.g., experimental medicine testing toxicity of new drugs) or are under research for potential future clinical use.

Read the full report: https://www.reportlinker.com/p05835679/?utm_source=PRN

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How These Practitioners Can Help with New Year, New You Goals – Milwaukee Magazine

By daniellenierenberg

This is a sponsored story

The start of a new year is the perfect time to prioritize self-care and set health and wellness goals, so make 2020 your happiest yet with a new, enhanced version of you. Use this guide to find the doctors, therapists and practitioners that can help you look and feel your best.

When diet and exercise just wont provide the results youre looking for, visit Skiin Anti-Aging Lounge. They offer the only procedure that builds muscle. EMSCULPT has been proven safe and effective by the most reputable scientific methods. The procedure induces strong muscle contractions with Hifem (high-intensity electromagnetic) technology not achievable through voluntary contractions. This builds muscle and creates a sculpted, toned physique. Other services like CoolSculpting and Exilis also help clients reshape their bodies through nonsurgical, noninvasive methods. Skiin is the first and only CoolSculpting advanced education center in the nation. Another first: Exilis is the first and only device to combine radio frequency and ultrasound to tighten skin through heating and cooling.

Your face is the first place to show signs of aging, but there is a way to take back those years. Dr. John Yousif has received several awards for his research in facial aging. He has been practicing plastic and cosmetic surgery for over 30 years and has even pioneered new techniques like the Gortex Midface Lift and the Hyoid Suspension Neck Lift. At both Sier Medi-Spa and Ascension in Mequon, he offers surgical and nonsurgical procedures to reverse the signs of aging. All of the types of facelifts offered are long-lasting and natural looking, leaving clients feeling like a younger version of themselves.

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Aqua, under the direction of Dr. Christopher Hussussian, is a full-service salon, spa and med spa offering a wide range of services in a luxurious setting on Pewaukee Lake. Whether you are hoping to change the way you look or feel or both Aqua has a solution to enhance your skin and hair for both body and face. New services for the new year include hair restoration for both men and women using PRP (platelet-rich plasma) with biotin and a new weight-loss program using the HCG hormone. They also offer advanced laser hair removal, Clear Lift skin tightening, ThermiVa and CoolSculpting, a popular nonsurgical fat cell reduction with lasting results. A consultation can help you decide what services would work best to achieve a healthier, happier version of yourself.

Serving the Lake Country area, Dr. Tom Stamas is helping people put their best face forward, one smile at a time. He specializes in smile design, a full dental restoration and reconstruction for those suffering from tooth damage or loss, or for those looking to fix crooked, worn or yellowed teeth. During your personalized consultation, Stamas and his team will help you select which treatments will bring your smile to life. Dental treatments like bridges, dental implants, crowns and state-of-the-art diagnostic tools are all available to restore the health, function and appearance of your smile. Youll feel good about the natural-looking results, and your self-esteem will get a boost too.

What if you could use undesired fat from your belly to get rid of the bags under your eyes? Sounds too good to be true, right? Anew Skin and Wellness has a procedure that is done right in the office with long lasting results. The nano-fat transfer removes a small amount of fat with micro liposuction. That fat is harvested for re-injection to the appropriate areas of the face, neck, earlobes, hands and thighs. It can also be used to plump thin lips, smooth cellulite and scars and restore skin elasticity. The nano-fat transfer is safe, effective, economical and helps clients look their best. The in-office procedure provides long-lasting results because the bodys stem cells can turn the aging skin into new, rejuvenated skin. Its the natural way to tighten and smooth skin, allowing you to turn back the clock without a surgical face- or neck-lift.

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Dr. Arvind Ahuja has provided neurosurgical and endovascular care in southeastern Wisconsin for more than 20 years for brain, spine, artery and peripheral nerve conditions. Whether patients come to Neurosurgery and Endovascular Associates for neck and/or arm pain, back and/or leg pain or headache, the first step is always diagnostic testing to determine the cause of the pain, rather than just treating the symptoms. Often through treatments like medication, steroid injections, physical therapies and if need be surgery, patients achieve improved functioning and long-term relief. Ahujas specialized training in the nervous system is incredibly effective in treating spinal conditions, and his treatments give patients the opportunity to live a happier and morefunctional life.

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How These Practitioners Can Help with New Year, New You Goals - Milwaukee Magazine

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The viral Augustinus Bader rich cream has completely changed my skin for the better – Yahoo Lifestyle

By daniellenierenberg

Welcome to Try Before You Buy, a monthly series where we talk about the pricey beauty products and in-office treatments that are getting major buzz and give our honest feedback. This month, our Senior Beauty & Fashion Editor, Pia Velasco, talks about theAugustinus Bader cream that has changed her skin.

As a beauty editor, Ive tried hundreds (and maybe even thousands) of skincare products since starting my career seven years ago. There have been creams that promise to give me skin as soft as babys bum, serums that pledge to erase all signs of dark spots, face masks that swear theyll make my skin so radiant that itll blind my enemiesand guess what, most of them fell through on their promises. As such, Ive become skeptical when a brand tells me that their product is life-changing and that there isnt anything like it on the market. So when I met Professor Augustinus Bader, the director of the Applied Stem Cell Biology and Cell Technology at the University of Leipzig in Germany, earlier this year and he and his team told me about his epigenetic skincare line that changes the skin to the point of altering DNA, I have to admit that I did mentally raise an eyebrow.

However, I had heard about epigenetic skincare before and was fascinated by the science behind it. Essentially, epigenetics refers to the naturally occurring biological modification process of the DNA thats influenced by the environment and lifestyle patterns. For example, if you have a healthy diet and exercise on the regular, your genetic coding will eventually change to be healthier, and youll be able to transfer those healthy genes onto your offspring. Epigenetic skincare is the same conceptif you train your skin cells to be healthy, your skins DNA will change. Needless to say,I was curious to try it, and when a fellow beauty editor friend told me that she stopped using all of her skincare products after trying the Augustinus Bader The Rich Cream, I went from being curious to being eager to try it.

A quick background on my skin. Ive always had acne-prone skin, and because of my medium skin tone, Im also very prone to hyperpigmentation. Most of the skincare products I use target my acne concerns, but I also go ham on texture-refining products in hopes that one day Ill achieve glass-like skin. Im used to looking at ingredients that target specific skincare concerns (salicylic acid for acne, retinol for anti-aging, vitamin C for brightening, etc.), and for the first time, I was using a product that claimed that it would address all my concerns at once. Because of the way epigenetic skincare works, instead of targeting just one skincare concern, the product tells skin cells to be healthy, which in turn helps skin be the best version of itself.I know it sounds too good to be true, and while it may not work for everybody, holy shit it worked wonders for me.

Courtesy of Augustinus Bader

I started testing out the cream the way I approach all my beauty testing, I did a test-drive on half my face. On the left side of my face, I continued to use the products that were already in my arsenal, and on the right side of my face, I used the Augustinus Bader cream and nothing else. After about two weeks I started seeing a shiftmy acne wasnt working up, my skin texture was a lot more smooth, and it just looked overall healthier. I quickly tossed my other products and switched over to using The Rich Creamevery day. After a while, my skin started balancing out and both looked and felt a whole lot better. Now, Im not saying this product is magicbut Im also not saying that its not.

Im currently testing a whole new array of skincare products for the upcoming HelloGiggles Beauty Crush Awards (stay tuned!), and so Ive had to sacrifice the left side of my face to test new products (I switch off between sides). As a result, my skin has started to shift back into its old ways, with a resurgence of blemishes, dark spots, and uneven texture as I test out new formulas. But the right side of my face is still in A+ condition.

Sure, this product is definitely on the pricier side, but its a product that I can say with full confidence that I would actually buy if I wasnt a beauty editor. (Full disclosure: I receive a lot of free products from beauty brands, and Ive only bought about a handful of products with my own money since working in the business.) For me, getting my ideal skin has always been a battle, and Im so happy to have finally found a product that works magic for me, which is why I was excited to learn that the brand recently launched a body cream as well.

Courtesy of Augustinus Bader

Its important to remember that body care requires skincare too, after all, we do have skin on our bodies. The Augustinus Bader body cream fulfills the basic requirement of moisturizing skin, but what makes this anti-aging body product stand out is that it uses its epigenetic technology to target and treat stretch marks and cellulite with continued use. Now, I havent used it long enough to speak to its long-term effects, but I can say that its fast-absorbing formula does make my skin feel baby soft and look way smoother than it did before. Also, Im typically very good about sharing my beauty products with others, but when my boyfriend asked if he could use this cream I may or may not have told him Id put a curse on his ancestors if he dared. Nothing gets in the way of me and my Augustinus Bader products.

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The viral Augustinus Bader rich cream has completely changed my skin for the better - Yahoo Lifestyle

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Global Amniotic Membrane Market 2020-2024 | Evolving Opportunities with Celularity Inc. and Human Regenerative Technologies LLC | Technavio – Business…

By daniellenierenberg

LONDON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Technavio has been monitoring the global amniotic membrane market since 2019 and the market is poised to grow by USD 1.48 billion during 2020-2024, progressing at a CAGR of more than 13% during the forecast period. Request a free sample report

Read the 145-page report with TOC on Amniotic Membrane Market Analysis Report by Geography (Asia, Europe, North America, and ROW), Type (Cryopreserved amniotic membrane and Dehydrated amniotic membrane), and the Segment Forecasts, 2020-2024.

https://www.technavio.com/report/amniotic-membrane-market-industry-analysis

The market is driven by the rising demand for biocompatible scaffolds. In addition, the rise in the development of new applications through research is anticipated to boost the growth of the amniotic membrane market.

The rising need for naturally derived materials in tissue scaffolding is increasing the demand for amniotic membranes. This is due to the specialized structure of amniotic membranes that exhibit high biological viability, making them ideal for creating bio-scaffolds. Moreover, the epithelial cells in amniotic membranes have the advantages of stem cells which provide a native environment of cell seeding. Bio-scaffolds are widely used in regenerative therapies for the treatment of bone, cartilage, skin, vascular tissues, and skeletal muscles. With growing geriatric population, the demand for such orthopaedic regenerative therapies is expected to increase significantly during the forecast period. This will have a positive impact on the demand for amniotic membranes.

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Major Five Amniotic Membrane Market Companies:

Celularity Inc.

Celularity Inc. operates its business through the Unified Business Segment. BIOVANCE is the key offering of the company. It offers a decellularized, dehydrated human amniotic membrane allograft that contains natural extracellular matrix (ECM) that helps in wound regeneration and tissue restoration.

Human Regenerative Technologies LLC

Human Regenerative Technologies LLC operates the business across segments such as Flowable and Membrane. HydraTek amniotic membrane products, is the key offering of the company. It includes thin and thick dehydrated amniotic membranes used in covering and protecting the recipient's tissue.

Integra LifeSciences Holdings Corp.

Integra LifeSciences Holdings Corp. operates its business across segments such as Codman Specialty Surgical, and Orthopedics and Tissue Technologies. The company offers a wide range of amniotic membrane products. Some of the key offerings include AmnioExcel Amniotic Allograft Membrane, BioDDryFlex Amniotic Tissue Membrane, BioDOptix Amniotic Extracellular Membrane, and Integra BioFix Amniotic Membrane Allograft.

Katena Products Inc.

Katena Products Inc. operates the business across segments such as Instruments, Biologics, Plugs, Lenses, Devices, and Blink Medical. Amniotic Membrane Surgical and Amniotic Membrane Clinic are some of the key offerings of the company.

MiMedx Group Inc.

MiMedx Group Inc. operates the business in the Regenerative biomaterial products and bioimplants segment. The company offers a wide range of amniotic membrane products. AmnioFix, EpiFix, and EpiBurn are the key offerings of the company.

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Amniotic Membrane Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2020 - 2024)

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Related Reports on Healthcare include:

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Merck’s KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) in Combination with Chemotherapy Significantly Improved Progression-Free Survival Compared to Chemotherapy Alone as…

By daniellenierenberg

KENILWORTH, N.J.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Merck (NYSE: MRK), known as MSD outside the United States and Canada, today announced that the Phase 3 KEYNOTE-604 trial investigating KEYTRUDA, Mercks anti-PD-1 therapy, in combination with chemotherapy met one of its dual primary endpoints of progression-free survival (PFS) in the first-line treatment of patients with extensive stage small cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC). In the study, treatment with KEYTRUDA in combination with chemotherapy (etoposide plus cisplatin or carboplatin) resulted in a statistically significant improvement in PFS compared to chemotherapy alone (HR=0.75 [95% CI, 0.61-0.91]), which was observed at a prior interim analysis. At the final analysis of the study, there was also an improvement in overall survival (OS) for patients treated with KEYTRUDA in combination with chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone; however, these OS results did not meet statistical significance per the pre-specified statistical plan (HR=0.80 [95% CI, 0.64-0.98]). The safety profile of KEYTRUDA in this trial was consistent with that observed in previously reported studies. Results will be presented at an upcoming medical meeting and discussed with regulatory authorities.

Results of KEYNOTE-604 demonstrated the potential of KEYTRUDA, in combination with chemotherapy, to improve outcomes for patients newly diagnosed with extensive stage small cell lung cancer, a highly aggressive malignancy, said Dr. Roy Baynes, senior vice president and head of global clinical development, chief medical officer, Merck Research Laboratories. We sincerely thank the patients and investigators for their participation in this study and are committed to helping patients who face difficult-to-treat types of lung cancer.

In addition to KEYTRUDAs five current indications in lung cancer, Merck is continuing to study KEYTRUDA across multiple settings and stages of lung cancer through a broad clinical program, which is comprised of more than 10,000 patients enrolled or expected to be enrolled across 20 Merck-sponsored clinical studies.

About KEYNOTE-604

KEYNOTE-604 is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 trial (ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03066778) investigating KEYTRUDA in combination with chemotherapy compared to chemotherapy alone in patients with newly diagnosed ES-SCLC. The dual primary endpoints were OS and PFS. Secondary endpoints included objective response rate (ORR), duration of response (DOR), safety and quality of life (QoL). The study enrolled 453 patients who were randomized to receive either:

About Lung Cancer

Lung cancer, which forms in the tissues of the lungs, usually within cells lining the air passages, is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Each year, more people die of lung cancer than die of colon and breast cancers combined. The two main types of lung cancer are non-small cell and small cell. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer, accounting for about 85% of all cases. Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) accounts for about 10 to 15% of all lung cancers. The five-year survival rate for patients diagnosed in the U.S. with any stage of SCLC is estimated to be 6%.

About KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Injection, 100mg

KEYTRUDA is an anti-PD-1 therapy that works by increasing the ability of the bodys immune system to help detect and fight tumor cells. KEYTRUDA is a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction between PD-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, thereby activating T lymphocytes which may affect both tumor cells and healthy cells.

Merck has the industrys largest immuno-oncology clinical research program. There are currently more than 1,000 trials studying KEYTRUDA across a wide variety of cancers and treatment settings. The KEYTRUDA clinical program seeks to understand the role of KEYTRUDA across cancers and the factors that may predict a patients likelihood of benefitting from treatment with KEYTRUDA, including exploring several different biomarkers.

Selected KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Indications

Melanoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph node(s) following complete resection.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

KEYTRUDA, in combination with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with NSCLC expressing PD-L1 [tumor proportion score (TPS) 1%] as determined by an FDA-approved test, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations, and is stage III where patients are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or metastatic.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L1 (TPS 1%) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving KEYTRUDA.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least one other prior line of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with platinum and fluorouracil (FU), is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent HNSCC whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 1] as determined by an FDA-approved test.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy.

Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), or who have relapsed after 3 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL), or who have relapsed after 2 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. KEYTRUDA is not recommended for treatment of patients with PMBCL who require urgent cytoreductive therapy.

Urothelial Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who are not eligible for cisplatin-containing chemotherapy and whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 10] as determined by an FDA-approved test, or in patients who are not eligible for any platinum-containing chemotherapy regardless of PD-L1 status. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy.

Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR)

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with MSI-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Gastric Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after two or more prior lines of therapy including fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy and if appropriate, HER2/neu-targeted therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Esophageal Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 10) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression after one or more prior lines of systemic therapy.

Cervical Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Renal Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA, in combination with axitinib, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Selected Important Safety Information for KEYTRUDA

Immune-Mediated Pneumonitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated pneumonitis, including fatal cases. Pneumonitis occurred in 3.4% (94/2799) of patients with various cancers receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 1 (0.8%), 2 (1.3%), 3 (0.9%), 4 (0.3%), and 5 (0.1%). Pneumonitis occurred in 8.2% (65/790) of NSCLC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-4 in 3.2% of patients, and occurred more frequently in patients with a history of prior thoracic radiation (17%) compared to those without (7.7%). Pneumonitis occurred in 6% (18/300) of HNSCC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-5 in 1.6% of patients, and occurred in 5.4% (15/276) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with platinum and FU as first-line therapy for advanced disease, including Grades 3-5 in 1.5% of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of pneumonitis. Evaluate suspected pneumonitis with radiographic imaging. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater pneumonitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 or recurrent Grade 2 pneumonitis.

Immune-Mediated Colitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated colitis. Colitis occurred in 1.7% (48/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.4%), 3 (1.1%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of colitis. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater colitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 or 3; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 4 colitis.

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis (KEYTRUDA) and Hepatotoxicity (KEYTRUDA in Combination With Axitinib)

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated hepatitis. Hepatitis occurred in 0.7% (19/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.4%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for changes in liver function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater hepatitis and, based on severity of liver enzyme elevations, withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Hepatotoxicity in Combination With Axitinib

KEYTRUDA in combination with axitinib can cause hepatic toxicity with higher than expected frequencies of Grades 3 and 4 ALT and AST elevations compared to KEYTRUDA alone. With the combination of KEYTRUDA and axitinib, Grades 3 and 4 increased ALT (20%) and increased AST (13%) were seen. Monitor liver enzymes before initiation of and periodically throughout treatment. Consider more frequent monitoring of liver enzymes as compared to when the drugs are administered as single agents. For elevated liver enzymes, interrupt KEYTRUDA and axitinib, and consider administering corticosteroids as needed.

Immune-Mediated Endocrinopathies

KEYTRUDA can cause hypophysitis, thyroid disorders, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Hypophysitis occurred in 0.6% (17/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.2%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypothyroidism occurred in 8.5% (237/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (6.2%) and 3 (0.1%). The incidence of new or worsening hypothyroidism was higher in 1185 patients with HNSCC (16%) receiving KEYTRUDA, as a single agent or in combination with platinum and FU, including Grade 3 (0.3%) hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurred in 3.4% (96/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.8%) and 3 (0.1%), and thyroiditis occurred in 0.6% (16/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%). Type 1 diabetes mellitus, including diabetic ketoacidosis, occurred in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of hypophysitis (including hypopituitarism and adrenal insufficiency), thyroid function (prior to and periodically during treatment), and hyperglycemia. For hypophysitis, administer corticosteroids and hormone replacement as clinically indicated. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 and withhold or discontinue for Grade 3 or 4 hypophysitis. Administer hormone replacement for hypothyroidism and manage hyperthyroidism with thionamides and beta-blockers as appropriate. Withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 hyperthyroidism. Administer insulin for type 1 diabetes, and withhold KEYTRUDA and administer antihyperglycemics in patients with severe hyperglycemia.

Immune-Mediated Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 0.3% (9/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.1%), and 4 (<0.1%) nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 1.7% (7/405) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy. Monitor patients for changes in renal function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater nephritis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue for Grade 3 or 4 nephritis.

Immune-Mediated Skin Reactions

Immune-mediated rashes, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) (some cases with fatal outcome), exfoliative dermatitis, and bullous pemphigoid, can occur. Monitor patients for suspected severe skin reactions and based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold or permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. For signs or symptoms of SJS or TEN, withhold KEYTRUDA and refer the patient for specialized care for assessment and treatment. If SJS or TEN is confirmed, permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Other Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur in any organ system or tissue in patients receiving KEYTRUDA and may also occur after discontinuation of treatment. For suspected immune-mediated adverse reactions, ensure adequate evaluation to confirm etiology or exclude other causes. Based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. Upon improvement to Grade 1 or less, initiate corticosteroid taper and continue to taper over at least 1 month. Based on limited data from clinical studies in patients whose immune-related adverse reactions could not be controlled with corticosteroid use, administration of other systemic immunosuppressants can be considered. Resume KEYTRUDA when the adverse reaction remains at Grade 1 or less following corticosteroid taper. Permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for any Grade 3 immune-mediated adverse reaction that recurs and for any life-threatening immune-mediated adverse reaction.

The following clinically significant immune-mediated adverse reactions occurred in less than 1% (unless otherwise indicated) of 2799 patients: arthritis (1.5%), uveitis, myositis, Guillain-Barr syndrome, myasthenia gravis, vasculitis, pancreatitis, hemolytic anemia, sarcoidosis, and encephalitis. In addition, myelitis and myocarditis were reported in other clinical trials, including classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and postmarketing use.

Treatment with KEYTRUDA may increase the risk of rejection in solid organ transplant recipients. Consider the benefit of treatment vs the risk of possible organ rejection in these patients.

Infusion-Related Reactions

KEYTRUDA can cause severe or life-threatening infusion-related reactions, including hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis, which have been reported in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions. For Grade 3 or 4 reactions, stop infusion and permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Complications of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

Immune-mediated complications, including fatal events, occurred in patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Of 23 patients with cHL who proceeded to allogeneic HSCT after KEYTRUDA, 6 (26%) developed graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (1 fatal case) and 2 (9%) developed severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) after reduced-intensity conditioning (1 fatal case). Cases of fatal hyperacute GVHD after allogeneic HSCT have also been reported in patients with lymphoma who received a PD-1 receptorblocking antibody before transplantation. Follow patients closely for early evidence of transplant-related complications such as hyperacute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), Grade 3 to 4 acute GVHD, steroid-requiring febrile syndrome, hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), and other immune-mediated adverse reactions.

In patients with a history of allogeneic HSCT, acute GVHD (including fatal GVHD) has been reported after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Patients who experienced GVHD after their transplant procedure may be at increased risk for GVHD after KEYTRUDA. Consider the benefit of KEYTRUDA vs the risk of GVHD in these patients.

Increased Mortality in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

In trials in patients with multiple myeloma, the addition of KEYTRUDA to a thalidomide analogue plus dexamethasone resulted in increased mortality. Treatment of these patients with a PD-1 or PD-L1 blocking antibody in this combination is not recommended outside of controlled trials.

Embryofetal Toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action, KEYTRUDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise women of this potential risk. In females of reproductive potential, verify pregnancy status prior to initiating KEYTRUDA and advise them to use effective contraception during treatment and for 4 months after the last dose.

Adverse Reactions

In KEYNOTE-006, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 9% of 555 patients with advanced melanoma; adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation in more than one patient were colitis (1.4%), autoimmune hepatitis (0.7%), allergic reaction (0.4%), polyneuropathy (0.4%), and cardiac failure (0.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were fatigue (28%), diarrhea (26%), rash (24%), and nausea (21%).

In KEYNOTE-002, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 12% of 357 patients with advanced melanoma; the most common (1%) were general physical health deterioration (1%), asthenia (1%), dyspnea (1%), pneumonitis (1%), and generalized edema (1%). The most common adverse reactions were fatigue (43%), pruritus (28%), rash (24%), constipation (22%), nausea (22%), diarrhea (20%), and decreased appetite (20%).

In KEYNOTE-054, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 14% of 509 patients; the most common (1%) were pneumonitis (1.4%), colitis (1.2%), and diarrhea (1%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 25% of patients receiving KEYTRUDA. The most common adverse reaction (20%) with KEYTRUDA was diarrhea (28%).

In KEYNOTE-189, when KEYTRUDA was administered with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy in metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 20% of 405 patients. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonitis (3%) and acute kidney injury (2%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were nausea (56%), fatigue (56%), constipation (35%), diarrhea (31%), decreased appetite (28%), rash (25%), vomiting (24%), cough (21%), dyspnea (21%), and pyrexia (20%).

In KEYNOTE-407, when KEYTRUDA was administered with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound in metastatic squamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 15% of 101 patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were febrile neutropenia, pneumonia, and urinary tract infection. Adverse reactions observed in KEYNOTE-407 were similar to those observed in KEYNOTE-189 with the exception that increased incidences of alopecia (47% vs 36%) and peripheral neuropathy (31% vs 25%) were observed in the KEYTRUDA and chemotherapy arm compared to the placebo and chemotherapy arm in KEYNOTE-407.

In KEYNOTE-042, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 19% of 636 patients; the most common were pneumonitis (3%), death due to unknown cause (1.6%), and pneumonia (1.4%). The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia (7%), pneumonitis (3.9%), pulmonary embolism (2.4%), and pleural effusion (2.2%). The most common adverse reaction (20%) was fatigue (25%).

In KEYNOTE-010, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 682 patients with metastatic NSCLC; the most common was pneumonitis (1.8%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were decreased appetite (25%), fatigue (25%), dyspnea (23%), and nausea (20%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with SCLC were similar to those occurring in patients with other solid tumors who received KEYTRUDA as a single agent.

In KEYNOTE-048, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse events in 12% of 300 patients with HNSCC; the most common adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation were sepsis (1.7%) and pneumonia (1.3%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (33%), constipation (20%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-048, when KEYTRUDA was administered in combination with platinum (cisplatin or carboplatin) and FU chemotherapy, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 16% of 276 patients with HNSCC. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonia (2.5%), pneumonitis (1.8%), and septic shock (1.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were nausea (51%), fatigue (49%), constipation (37%), vomiting (32%), mucosal inflammation (31%), diarrhea (29%), decreased appetite (29%), stomatitis (26%), and cough (22%).

In KEYNOTE-012, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 17% of 192 patients with HNSCC. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 45% of patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia, dyspnea, confusional state, vomiting, pleural effusion, and respiratory failure. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue, decreased appetite, and dyspnea. Adverse reactions occurring in patients with HNSCC were generally similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy, with the exception of increased incidences of facial edema and new or worsening hypothyroidism.

In KEYNOTE-087, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 5% of 210 patients with cHL. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 16% of patients; those 1% included pneumonia, pneumonitis, pyrexia, dyspnea, GVHD, and herpes zoster. Two patients died from causes other than disease progression; 1 from GVHD after subsequent allogeneic HSCT and 1 from septic shock. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (26%), pyrexia (24%), cough (24%), musculoskeletal pain (21%), diarrhea (20%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-170, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 53 patients with PMBCL. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 26% of patients and included arrhythmia (4%), cardiac tamponade (2%), myocardial infarction (2%), pericardial effusion (2%), and pericarditis (2%). Six (11%) patients died within 30 days of start of treatment. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were musculoskeletal pain (30%), upper respiratory tract infection and pyrexia (28% each), cough (26%), fatigue (23%), and dyspnea (21%).

In KEYNOTE-052, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 11% of 370 patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 42% of patients; those 2% were urinary tract infection, hematuria, acute kidney injury, pneumonia, and urosepsis. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (38%), musculoskeletal pain (24%), decreased appetite (22%), constipation (21%), rash (21%), and diarrhea (20%).

In KEYNOTE-045, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 266 patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. The most common adverse reaction resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA was pneumonitis (1.9%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 39% of KEYTRUDA-treated patients; those 2% were urinary tract infection, pneumonia, anemia, and pneumonitis. The most common adverse reactions (20%) in patients who received KEYTRUDA were fatigue (38%), musculoskeletal pain (32%), pruritus (23%), decreased appetite (21%), nausea (21%), and rash (20%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with gastric cancer were similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy.

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with esophageal cancer were similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy.

In KEYNOTE-158, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 98 patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 39% of patients receiving KEYTRUDA; the most frequent included anemia (7%), fistula, hemorrhage, and infections [except urinary tract infections] (4.1% each). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (43%), musculoskeletal pain (27%), diarrhea (23%), pain and abdominal pain (22% each), and decreased appetite (21%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were generally similar to those in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy, with the exception of increased incidences of ascites (8% Grades 34) and immune-mediated hepatitis (2.9%). Laboratory abnormalities (Grades 34) that occurred at a higher incidence were elevated AST (20%), ALT (9%), and hyperbilirubinemia (10%).

Among the 50 patients with MCC enrolled in study KEYNOTE-017, adverse reactions occurring in patients with MCC were generally similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy. Laboratory abnormalities (Grades 34) that occurred at a higher incidence were elevated AST (11%) and hyperglycemia (19%).

In KEYNOTE-426, when KEYTRUDA was administered in combination with axitinib, fatal adverse reactions occurred in 3.3% of 429 patients. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 40% of patients, the most frequent (1%) were hepatotoxicity (7%), diarrhea (4.2%), acute kidney injury (2.3%), dehydration (1%), and pneumonitis (1%). Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 31% of patients; KEYTRUDA only (13%), axitinib only (13%), and the combination (8%); the most common were hepatotoxicity (13%), diarrhea/colitis (1.9%), acute kidney injury (1.6%), and cerebrovascular accident (1.2%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were diarrhea (56%), fatigue/asthenia (52%), hypertension (48%), hepatotoxicity (39%), hypothyroidism (35%), decreased appetite (30%), palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (28%), nausea (28%), stomatitis/mucosal inflammation (27%), dysphonia (25%), rash (25%), cough (21%), and constipation (21%).

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Merck's KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) in Combination with Chemotherapy Significantly Improved Progression-Free Survival Compared to Chemotherapy Alone as...

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Super Naturals: the high-tech natural beauty brands changing the face of modern skincare – Evening Standard

By daniellenierenberg

The latest lifestyle, fashion and travel trends

A high-end bio-beauty boom is in full bloom thanks to a host of revolutionary brands set on changing the face of modern skincare. These are the five to know...

Hailing from the Napa Valley, where founder April Gargiulo spent two years researching and developing her Holy Grail skincare products using the same meticulous approach her family took to their fine wine business, Vintners Daughter champions just two products that promise dramatic, multi-correctional results using some of the worlds most active organic and foraged botanicals. The original Active Botanical Serum (175) is hailed as the face oils to end all face oils and is built around the brands signature Phyto Radiance Infusion. This process starts with consciously grown whole plants such as calendula and super green alfalfa, known in ancient times as the foods of life, which undergo a methodical three-week long extraction to glean every last drop of their nutritional benefits. Just five drops using the brands 30-second Push/Press Method of application promises to deliver visible radiance, brightness and unparalleled nourishment particularly when used in conjunction with its preparatory Active Treatment Essence (210) (goop.com).

The undisputed Queen of Green, Tata Harper is a pioneer of the farm-to-face beauty movement with all-natural formulations handcrafted in the brands laboratory in Vermont and bottles stamped with a code to trace how fresh your product is and who it was made by. The beauty editors favourite is going one step further with the launch of its Supernaturals 2.0 line of six products boasting 155 ultramodern green ingredients from 46 countries and of course, no synthetic chemicals. The Elixir Vitae Serum (391) alone boasts 34 new radical engineered ingredients from 25 countries, including kelp polymers from France developed to target cellular ageing. Other highlights from the range include the Concentrated Brightening Serum (257), which contains 24 ingredients to hydrate, 17 to reduce wrinkles, 15 to brighten and 13 to even skin tone, and the Boosted Contouring Serum (257), designed to lift, firm and restore youthful elasticity with a combination of Edelweiss stem cells and skin revitalising pomegranate. (tataharperskincare.com)

The brainchild of cosmetologist Anna Buonocore and naturalist Jeanette Thottrup, Seed To Skin believes that effective skincare is threefold. Firstly, that wild ingredients foraged from the land and sea used in conjunction with those sourced from its organic Tuscan farm are among the most potent nature has to offer. Secondly, that just like feeding your body skin requires a healthy, balanced diet and formulas that neither starve nor overload with any one element. Finally, that the most effective absorption relies on a precise mix of perfectly-sized molecules to ensure each ingredient is delivered exactly where it needs to go. As a result, its award-winning product line is loaded with game changers try The AlcheMist Super Active Serum Spray (145) to feed your skin a nutrient-rich drink whenever it needs a boost, or the Black Magic Detoxifying Oxygen Therapy Mask (119) which contains activated charcoal and volcanic clay for a one-stop facial in a jar (libertylondon.com).

(Wildsmith )

Inspired by the arboretums progressive approach to cultivation at Hampshires Heckfield Place and named after its mastermind William Walker Wildsmith, this ethical crafted-in-England skincare brand is designed for those who desire natural products but demand clinical results. Exclusive to Harrods beauty halls, the hero additions to its product line-up include the Platinum Booster (175) a powerful skin-firming treatment powered by encapsulated oxygen and moss cell cultures and a reviving, collagen-boosting Copper Peptide Cream and Serum Duo (150) which delivers a luminous finish to your complexion and comes in a compostable mycelium box (wildsmithskin.com; harrods.com).

After turning to flower arranging as a weekly dose of mindfulness, beauty entrepreneur Kelly S Chung endeavoured to harness the healing power of nature or Flower Therapy, as she has coined it in another form; and Femmue was born. Fusing K-beauty innovation with a clean beauty ethos and the cellular energy of plants, the camellia flower is at the heart of the range and renowned for its antioxidant and restorative qualities. The Divine Camlia Facial Oil (100) is the purest form with 99.8 per cent camellia seed oil, while other must-try products in the line include the bestselling Flower Infused Fine Mask (40) formulated with camellia petals, geranium oil and cactus extract and the lavender-loaded Brilliant Cleansing Oil (73) (net-a-porter.com).

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Super Naturals: the high-tech natural beauty brands changing the face of modern skincare - Evening Standard

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UF student chosen for the Marshall Scholarship, will pursue Masters degrees in United Kingdom – The Independent Florida Alligator

By daniellenierenberg

In high school Aaron Sandoval became obsessed with Deadpool, Marvels comic character who has accelerated healing and regenerative powers.

Sandoval has turned in his superhero cape for a lab coat in medicine by working with reparative methods for the human body. And now, hes received a national award that will allow him to do that.

Sandoval, a 21-year-old UF biology senior, was selected for the Marshall Scholarship, which gives students in the U.S. a chance to pursue their graduate studies in the United Kingdom, all expenses paid. He is the second Marshall scholar in UFs history, following Steven Robinette in 2009.

Sandoval was one of 46 students chosen out of over 1,000 applicants across the U.S.

The Marshall Scholarship Program was created in 1953 to thank the U.S. for helping the U.K. after World War II under the Marshall Plan, which was the U.S.s way of helping European economies after the devastation of the war, according to the programs website.

It still hasnt really sunk in yet, Sandoval said. Im happy to have won it.

Sandoval said in his two years at the University of Cambridge and Kings College London hell study biochemistry and focus on the transfer of stem cells from the lab to the patients so they can understand what cells are being used to help them.

Sandoval has collaborated with UF faculty members like Malcolm Maden, a professor in UFs Cancer and Genetics Research Institute. Sandoval and Maden worked in a lab with an African spiny mouse, to figure out how stem cells repair parts of the human body like skin tissue.

In 2012, Maden and his research team discovered the African spiny mouses ability to regenerate skin scar free. Maden wrote one of Sandovals letters of recommendation for his application for the scholarship.

Sandoval said if the mouses regeneration of skin cells could be translated to humans, then a humans wounds could completely heal rather than scar.

Sandoval didnt have the opportunity to do research in high school and wanted to learn more at the university level, so he decided to take Madens lab.

Maden said Sandovals uniqueness stems from his intelligence, drive and ability to interact with different kinds of people.

Hes behaved like a dynamic scientist, not like an undergrad, he said. Completely amazing, totally unique guy.

Sandoval said he feels fortunate to have won the award and to have so many people who helped him get to this point.

I couldnt have done it without the support of family, friends, mentors, he said. It took a whole village to win this thing.

Contact Emma McAvoy at[emailprotected]. Follow her on Twitter@EmmaMcAvoy1.

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Global Amniotic Membrane Market 2020-2024 | Evolving Opportunities with Celularity Inc. and Human Regenerative Technologies LLC | Technavio – Yahoo…

By daniellenierenberg

Technavio has been monitoring the global amniotic membrane market since 2019 and the market is poised to grow by USD 1.48 billion during 2020-2024, progressing at a CAGR of more than 13% during the forecast period. Request a free sample report

This press release features multimedia. View the full release here: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20200106005080/en/

Technavio has announced its latest market research report titled global amniotic membrane market 2020-2024 (Graphic: Business Wire)

Read the 145-page report with TOC on "Amniotic Membrane Market Analysis Report by Geography (Asia, Europe, North America, and ROW), Type (Cryopreserved amniotic membrane and Dehydrated amniotic membrane), and the Segment Forecasts, 2020-2024".

https://www.technavio.com/report/amniotic-membrane-market-industry-analysis

The market is driven by the rising demand for biocompatible scaffolds. In addition, the rise in the development of new applications through research is anticipated to boost the growth of the amniotic membrane market.

The rising need for naturally derived materials in tissue scaffolding is increasing the demand for amniotic membranes. This is due to the specialized structure of amniotic membranes that exhibit high biological viability, making them ideal for creating bio-scaffolds. Moreover, the epithelial cells in amniotic membranes have the advantages of stem cells which provide a native environment of cell seeding. Bio-scaffolds are widely used in regenerative therapies for the treatment of bone, cartilage, skin, vascular tissues, and skeletal muscles. With growing geriatric population, the demand for such orthopaedic regenerative therapies is expected to increase significantly during the forecast period. This will have a positive impact on the demand for amniotic membranes.

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Major Five Amniotic Membrane Market Companies:

Celularity Inc.

Celularity Inc. operates its business through the Unified Business Segment. BIOVANCE is the key offering of the company. It offers a decellularized, dehydrated human amniotic membrane allograft that contains natural extracellular matrix (ECM) that helps in wound regeneration and tissue restoration.

Human Regenerative Technologies LLC

Human Regenerative Technologies LLC operates the business across segments such as Flowable and Membrane. HydraTek amniotic membrane products, is the key offering of the company. It includes thin and thick dehydrated amniotic membranes used in covering and protecting the recipient's tissue.

Integra LifeSciences Holdings Corp.

Integra LifeSciences Holdings Corp. operates its business across segments such as Codman Specialty Surgical, and Orthopedics and Tissue Technologies. The company offers a wide range of amniotic membrane products. Some of the key offerings include AmnioExcel Amniotic Allograft Membrane, BioDDryFlex Amniotic Tissue Membrane, BioDOptix Amniotic Extracellular Membrane, and Integra BioFix Amniotic Membrane Allograft.

Katena Products Inc.

Katena Products Inc. operates the business across segments such as Instruments, Biologics, Plugs, Lenses, Devices, and Blink Medical. Amniotic Membrane Surgical and Amniotic Membrane Clinic are some of the key offerings of the company.

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MiMedx Group Inc.

MiMedx Group Inc. operates the business in the Regenerative biomaterial products and bioimplants segment. The company offers a wide range of amniotic membrane products. AmnioFix, EpiFix, and EpiBurn are the key offerings of the company.

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Amniotic Membrane Type Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2020 - 2024)

Amniotic Membrane Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Billion, 2020 - 2024)

Technavios sample reports are free of charge and contain multiple sections of the report, such as the market size and forecast, drivers, challenges, trends, and more. Request a free sample report

Related Reports on Healthcare include:

Global Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Machines Market Global extracorporeal membrane oxygenation machines market by geography (Asia, Europe, North America, and ROW) and modality (veno-venous and arterio-venous; and veno-arterial).

Global Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD) Therapeutics Market Global Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) therapeutics market by type (biologics and small molecules) and geography (Asia, Europe, North America, and ROW).

About Technavio

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With over 500 specialized analysts, Technavios report library consists of more than 17,000 reports and counting, covering 800 technologies, spanning across 50 countries. Their client base consists of enterprises of all sizes, including more than 100 Fortune 500 companies. This growing client base relies on Technavios comprehensive coverage, extensive research, and actionable market insights to identify opportunities in existing and potential markets and assess their competitive positions within changing market scenarios.

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Global Amniotic Membrane Market 2020-2024 | Evolving Opportunities with Celularity Inc. and Human Regenerative Technologies LLC | Technavio - Yahoo...

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Want to Rev up Your Immunity And Improve Skin Health? Consume Carrot Ginger Juice – India.com

By daniellenierenberg

Being jam-packed with various essential nutrients like folate, Vitamin A, beta carotene, etc., carrot and ginger can offer you both health and beauty benefits. These kitchen companions can help diabetics to control their blood sugar level and have many more medicinal uses. These vegetables are known to treat ailments like cough and cold, nausea, anxiety, etc. From strengthening your immune system to protecting your against cancer and boosting collagen production, carrot ginger juice can do it all for you. Below, we give you more than one reason to add this juice to your daily diet.

Being a rich source of vitamin A, carrot ginger juice helps in strengthening your immune response. This nutrient is required to form white blood cells in the bone marrow stem cells. Notably, WBC is a significant component of your bodys defence system. So, it is advised to drink this juice on a daily basis. You can add oranges in the juice to make it a bit tasty.

For a healthy skin texture and tone, vitamin C and E are needed. Carrot ginger juice is a rich source of both nutrients. Your skin requires collagen for better elasticity, texture, and strength. Vitamin C helps in the synthesis of this protein and holds the body together. Even if you have a skin wound, you can have this drink and get rid of the problem soon. On the other hand, vitamin E protects your skin from the harmful effects of UV rays.

Carrot ginger juice is a detox drink that is jam-packed with vitamin C, a nutrient that is already linked to providing protection against cancer. The juice contains a compound called gingerol, that can potentially reduce your risk of developing breast, ovarian, and stomach cancers. This is what research published in the European Journal of Pharmacology reveals.

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Victoria Beckham wants her beauty line to be ‘brand of the future’ – FemaleFirst.co.uk

By daniellenierenberg

3 January 2020

Victoria Beckham aims to "create a brand of the future" with Victoria Beckham Beauty.

Victoria Beckham

The former Spice Girl launched her eponymous beauty brand last year, later expanding her label to include skincare, and the 45-year-old fashion designer says her intention was to create products that are sustainable and not made from toxic formulas, whilst being "inclusive" for all skin tones.

The mother-of-four told the February issue of Harper's Bazaar UK: "I've been obsessed with make-up and skincare and wellness for longer than I can remember.

"But I couldn't find what I wanted - clean beauty.

"What is that, even? It's a real grey area.

"I wanted to create a brand of the future - focusing on what's in the formulas but then also sustainability.

"The other thing that was key was making sure it was very inclusive - whether it's make-up or skincare, this is for every skin type and tone, and for both women and men."

In November, Victoria - who has Brooklyn, 20, Romeo, 17, Cruz, 14 and Harper, eight, with retired soccer star husband David Beckham - released her Cell Rejuvenating Priming Moisturiser in collaboration with Professor Augustinus Bader, the German stem-cell scientist behind The Cream, which was named as one of 2019's most popular skincare products.

Bader's product features a patented Trigger Factor Complex that works to jumpstart your skin's repair and renewal functions to heal skin faster and in turn, improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and as a fan of the cream herself, Victoria was thrilled to work with the scientist.

She said: "It's been a dream to develop, with Augustinus, a priming moisturiser that works to improve the health of my skin and gives me that fresh, natural glow that I love."

The priming moisturiser is a hybrid product that combines primer with moisturiser, and is inspired by Victoria's own skincare routine.

Victoria's product implements Bader's Trigger Factor Complex technology, as well as the lipids, vitamins, and amino acids found in his original cream, but with the added benefit of also smoothing skin so it's prepped for make-up application.

Bader explained: "It's the first priming moisturiser of its kind to care for your skin cells while also preparing your skin for makeup application."

The cream has a lightweight texture that can be work alone to give skin a radiant finish or under make-up, which according to Victoria, "will enhance your products."

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We asked beauty expert Nicole Baca for advice on the best skincare treatments on the market – Globe Stats

By daniellenierenberg

Its not easy to choose the right skin creams! There are so many new products on the market, beckoning us to buy them. With fancy campaigns and big budgets, who knows which ones are the best?

While we like to think we actually getbetterwith age, we totally understand that there might be some pesky skin changes you want to address as the years pass. Its difficult to pinpoint exactlywhen to startincorporating anti-aging products into your routine, so we chatted with one of our favorite celebrity experts, Nicole Baca, who createdOverdoseto get the scoop on the best approach to wrinkle creams.

Not only is Baca an award-winning leading independent skincare specialist in the U.S, who produced the top-selling product Overdose,but she is also a well-known advisor and specialist in elite Hollywood circles, and in todays current market, that means everything!

While different age groups require different routines, the best anti-aging product issunblock, which Baca recommends be applied to the face daily as young as possible! In individuals with dry skin,a daily moisturizer,serum, andeye creamshould be started in the early 20s, says Baca.

If the individual has oily skin, traditional anti-aging products can start in their 30s, but most likely they will be using aretinol product to combat acne breakouts, so they are already using preventative measures.

When comparing products, opt for ones with retinol,hyaluronic acid,plant-based stem cells,resveratrol, andglycolic acid. Exfoliation is essential! Baca says.

Armed with that info, we set out to research and find the right anti-aging creams that fight wrinkles. Our list (of course) includes J.Nicoles Overdose.

Ready to find the best wrinkle cream for you? Read on to learn more about our top picks.

Body Merry Retinol Surge Moisturizer $22.98 SHOP NOW

Wildly Popular Aretinol creamcanmakeyourskin appear more youthfulover time, and this is our favorite one at a budget-friendly price. Wed expect to pay more for resultsthislegit, but this steal fromBody Merry truly works to improve aging skin.

TheRetinol Surge Moisturizer addresses wrinkles and uneven skin tone, providing the kind of results youd expect from a professional product.

ELEMIS Pro-Collagen Marine Cream $120.47-$96.00 (20% off) SHOP NOW

Feels Amazing This silky, moisturizing cream not only feels amazing on your skin, but it contains a mix of powerful ingredients like Mediterranean algae, gingko biloba, chlorella, mimosa, and rose that work to visibly reduce fine lines and wrinkles in just 14 days. Fewer linesandplump skin? Yes, please!

OVERDOSE Bio-Hybrid Technology $95.00 SHOP NOW

Skin Care Essentials J.Nicole uses patent-pending formula to combine seven separate skin care products into one easy to use formula. Their unique serum utilizes the high oleic acid found within specially-bred hybrid sunflowers, delivering a super-saturated boost of skin care essentials deep into your skin without any irritation. Simply apply once a day after cleansing for instantly clearer, brighter, and youthful skin.

Rodial Dragons Blood Hyaluronic Night Cream $72.00-$58.50 (19% off) SHOP NOW

Potent Ingredients Rodials Dragons Blood Hyaluronic Night Cream offers potent ingredients in a light, buttery cream that smells divine. This anti-aging cream contains time-released retinol, penetrating deep into the skin as you sleep to help reduce lines and wrinkles. It also contains hyaluronic acid to pump long-lasting hydration into the deepest layers of the skin.

Olay Regenerist Micro-Sculpting Cream $20.03 SHOP NOW

Fast-Acting Formula Give this anti-wrinkle cream by Olay a spin for line-free skin. The fast-action formula starts reducing wrinkles instantly with a blend of hyaluronic acid, vitamin B, and amino-peptides, so if youre in a rush to reduce age marks on a budget, Olay has found the way.

RoC Retinol Correxion Deep Wrinkle Anti-Aging Retinol Night Cream $16.79 SHOP NOW

Works While You Sleep Theres hardly a list of wrinkle creams without mention of RoCs Retinol Correxion products. Our favorite drugstore buy, this night cream uses a retinol-packed formula to improve skin while you sleep! Youll see a reduction incrows feet, under-eye wrinkles, and deep lines with 12 weeks of use.

Derma-E Anti-Wrinkle Renewal Skin Cream $11.96SHOP NOW

Vegan and Cruelty-Free Experience anti-aging benefits around the clock with this cream from Derma-E that can be used day or night. A rich mix of vitamin A (aka retinol), vitamin E, allantoin, panthenol, and nourishing oils works together to soften skin and reduce the look of wrinkles.

Neutrogena Anti-Wrinkle Deep Wrinkle Daily Moisturizer$21.99-$13.47 (39% off) SHOP NOW

Contains Sunscreen When using a retinol, you shouldalwaysbe usingan SPF, too. (Which, TBH, you should be wearing anyway.) This daily moisturizer from Neutrogena containsboth!

Its also formulated withhyaluronic acid,which plumps up skinand helps it retain moisture.

The Inkey List Bakuchiol Moisturizer $9.99 SHOP NOW

Retinol Alternative If you havent yet heard of Bakuchiol, youll want to try this buzzy skincareingredient ASAP! Itsthe gentler, plant-derived alternative to retinol, and provides similar anti-aging effects without any of the irritation or sensitivity to the sun.

Plus, unlike regular retinol,its a safe pick for pregnant or breastfeeding moms, too.You cant beat the value ofThe Inkey Lists under-$10version.

Skinmedica Dermal Repair Cream $103.20 SHOP NOW

Skincare Staple A staple from one of Vielbigs recommended brands, this all-encompassing hydrating treatment deserves a spot in your skincare regimen ASAP. Formulated with hyaluronic acid, vitamin C, and other wrinkle-fighting ingredients, this cream effectively penetrates the skin to turn back the clock and provide you witha more youthful appearance.

SkinCeuticals A.G.E. Interrupter Mature Skin Treatment $157.75 SHOP NOW

A Best-Seller This best-selling anti-aging cream from SkinCeuticals slows the loss of elasticity in your skin and keeps your collagen levels up. Formulated with 30% concentration of Pro-Xylane, 4% blueberry extract, and 0.2% phytosphingosine, this anti-wrinkle treatment helps restore the loss of visible skin firmness.

Obagi Hydrate Luxe $74.00 SHOP NOW

Expert-Approved A favorite brand recommended byour skincare expert, this moisture-rich cream from Dr. Obagi is life-changing. It features nourishing shea butter, along with peptides designed to capture moisture andsupport cell-repair processes.

Dr. Dennis Gross C+ Collagen Deep Cream $72.00 SHOP NOW

Deeply-Penetrating When it comes to youthful-looking skin, collagen is one of your besties. Implement Dr. Dennis Grosss deeply penetrating cream into your skin care routine to postpone age spots and wrinkles.

The potent, vitamin C-infused formula also features sunflower, rice bran, and camellia japonica seed oils that work to increase moisture retention.

DHC CoQ10 Quick Gel Brightening Moisture $61.26 SHOP NOW

Absorbs Quickly How did we live without this anti-aging wonder cream from DHC? Bursting with age-defying coenzyme Q10, this antioxidant-rich gel cream absorbs quickly to deliver potent ingredients in a flash. It promotes elasticity while vitamin C and daisy extract help brighten for a more luminous complexion.

This cream tones, brightens, and moisturizes in one step, making itperfect to wear with or without makeup.

IMAGE Skincare Ageless Total Overnight Retinol Masque $72.00$-60.39 (16% off) SHOP NOW

Retinol-Infused Goodness We love using this retinol-infused goodness from IMAGE Skincare as a night cream around threetimes per week. Simply slather it on before bed, and itll continuously release marine collagen microspheres and retinol into the skin to lock in moisture while you sleep. Youll wake up looking fresh and young!

Dr. Barbara Sturm Anti-Aging Body Cream $95.00 SHOP NOW

For Your Whole Body While we know your facial anti-aging cream is top of mind, dont forget about the rest of your skin! We live for Dr. Barbara Sturms Anti-Aging Body Cream. Its on the pricier side, but the serious results make it worth the splurge.

It contains a slew of nourishing ingredients, including olive oil, lactic acid, vitamin C, and vitamin B-5, to improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles on your body.

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We asked beauty expert Nicole Baca for advice on the best skincare treatments on the market - Globe Stats

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Making Blood On Demand: How Far Have We Come? – Eurasia Review

By daniellenierenberg

The reconstitution of the blood system in humans holds great therapeutic potential to treat many disorders, like blood cancers, sickle-cell anemia and others. Successful reconstitution requires the transplantation and engraftment of hematopoietic (or blood) stem cells (HSCs), which after reaching their niche, start producing all types of blood cells, including platelets, white and red blood cells.

In current clinical practice, this is carried out by infusing HSCs obtained from a matched donor who is immunologically compatible with the patient in need (allogeneic transplantation), or by the expansion of the patients own HSCs in the lab, and then re-infusing them back into the patient (ex-vivo, autologous transplantation).

However, the utility of both routes is currently limited by a number of factors. First, in the case of allogeneic transplantation, the scarcity of matched donors significantly increases the waiting time, which could be detrimental to the patient. Second, the ex vivo expansion of HSCs, whether allogeneic or autologous, has been a challenging task, due to the limited proliferative potential these cells exhibit in culture. These limitations have raised the need for other sources of HSCs that would alleviate the need for matched donors and yield functional HSCs in large quantities.

In 2007, Professor Shinya Yamanaka and colleagues demonstrated that somatic cells, like skin fibroblasts, could be reprogrammed back to a cellular state that resembled human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), which are a group of cells found in the blastocyst-stage human embryo and contribute solely to the development of the human fetus during pregnancy. The reprogrammed cells were termed, Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs).

In addition to their developmental potential, human ESCs and iPS cells display unlimited proliferative potential in culture, which makes them an ideal source of cells for regenerative medicine in general and for hematopoietic differentiation to obtain possibly unlimited quantities of HSCs. Therefore, there has been a growing interest to harness the potential of these cells for treating blood disorders.

However, advancement in deriving functional HSCs from human pluripotent stem cells has been slow. This has been attributed to incomplete understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying normal hematopoiesis. In this review, the authors discuss the latest efforts to generate HSCs capable of long-term engraftment and reconstitution of the blood system from human pluripotent stem cells. Stem cell research has witnessed milestone achievements in this area in the last couple of years, the significance of which are discussed and analyzed in detail.

The authors additionally discuss two highly important families of transcription factors in the context of hematopoiesis and hematopoietic differentiation, the Homeobox (HOX) and GATA proteins. These are thought of as master regulators, in the sense of having numerous transcriptional targets, which upon activation, could elicit significant changes in cell identity. The authors hypothesize that precise temporal control of the levels of certain members of these families during hematopoietic differentiation could yield functional HSCs capable of long-term engraftment.

The authors conclude the review with a summary of future perspectives, in which they discuss how newly developed techniques, like the deactivated-Cas9 (dCas9) gene-expression control system, can be utilized during the course of hematopoietic differentiation of pluripotent stem cells for precise temporal control of the aforementioned master regulators to achieve functional HSCs.

Please Donate Today Did you enjoy this article? Then please consider donating today to ensure that Eurasia Review can continue to be able to provide similar content.

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The 20 Best New Beauty Products That’ll Help You Kick 2020 Off Right – InStyle

By daniellenierenberg

If your new year's resolutions includeorganizingthe skincare products taking over your medicine cabinet, checking the expiration dates on your makeup, and tossing those almostempty shampoo and conditioner bottles that have been taking up space in your shower since 2018, I've got some bad news for you:You're probably going to hit pause on reassessing your beauty routineuntil February.Thanks to January'snew beauty product launches, your collection is definitelygoing to grow this month.

Tatcha'sinnovative, travel-friendly serum stick will be the one skincare product you pack for every trip you take, while OLEHENRIKSEN'scleanseris like a refreshing fruit juice for your face. As for makeup, IT Cosmetics has created an uber-comfortable matte lipstick, and Hourglass' concealer is a long-wear formula that doesnotcrease.

Get exclusive discounts, celeb inspo, & more.

RELATED:All the Products Our Beauty Editors Loved Using in December

When it comes to haircare, the drugstore is the place to be. Celebrity hairstylist Kristin Ess has added fragrance-free products to her affordable namesake haircare line, and Pantenejust expanded its Gold Series Collection for natural hair with a hydrating, protective cream specifically formulated for braided styles.

While thesenew haircare, skincare, and makeup products are exciting, there's no question that having so many options can be overwhelming. That's why we've done the work topickout the top 20 worth spending your hard-earned coin on.

VIDEO:What Every Beginner Needs to Have in Their Makeup Kit

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Research Jan. 2, 2020 The End of Infertility Is in Sight – UCSF News Services

By daniellenierenberg

Fertility expert Marcelle Cedars discusses the future of reproductive medicine.

By Ariel Bleicher UCSF Magazine

Advances in medicine and public health have dramatically extended the human lifespan. Our hearts, lungs, and other vital organs now last 79 years on average. For women, however, the ovaries which stop functioning at an average 51 years remain a stubborn exception. That may soon change, says fertility expert Marcelle Cedars, MD, during a conversation on the future of reproductive medicine.

There are two aspects. One is qualitative. As a woman ages, the quality of her eggs meaning their capacity to make a healthy baby declines. We understand very little about what causes this decline. If we understood that process better, we could dramatically impact fertility success rates.

The other aspect is quantitative. Women are born with a finite number of eggs, and they lose those eggs throughout their lifetime. In fact, that rapid decline in egg numbers starts even before birth. Theres a peak in utero of five to six million eggs. At birth, a woman has only about 1.5 million eggs; at the time of puberty, about 500,000. Through genetics research, were learning that the rate of this decline and the variability from woman to woman is largely driven by ones genes.

Exactly. But what if we could use your genetics and other biological data to understand your unique fertility risks and develop therapies specifically for you or for groups of women like you? This approach is called precision medicine. It has made a huge impact in the world of cancer in terms of improving survival rates. But in the field of reproductive health, precision medicine is still in its infancy.

Potentially. If we can pinpoint the mechanisms of ovarian aging, we could potentially develop a therapy that enables you to still have healthy eggs into your 50s, possibly your 60s. But just because we can do something doesnt always mean we should do it. We know that as women get older, pregnancies are more complicated. You have higher risk for things like high blood pressure, diabetes, and preterm labor. There are many downstream implications, both for the mothers health and the childs.

I dont think the goal should be to enable women to get pregnant into their 60s. Rather, we want women to have the best reproductive lifespan possible to be able to have children when they want to and to not have children when they don't want to and to have a society that supports women across that spectrum.

Were starting to believe that some of the same cellular mechanisms that underlie general aging might also control ovarian aging. This revelation makes the ovary even more interesting to study because its early demise could be a unique window into the bodys aging process. If we can identify cases of accelerated ovarian aging and understand the underlying causes, we might be able to improve not only reproductive function in individual women but also overall health and longevity for all women.

Samesex couples having genetically related children is probably on the horizon. Scientists are learning how to take skin cells or blood cells and turn them into stem cells, which can then be turned into eggs or sperm. Thats not science fiction; its already happening. We just need to figure out how to do it well and safely in humans.

Well probably also see germline engineering. Thats the process of editing genes in reproductive cells or embryos. It has the potential to cure disease before birth. This technology is here. But will society be ready to accept it? A lot of questions need to be answered before its put to use. In addition to technical hurdles, there are innumerable social issues. For instance, if we can eliminate a certain disease, will there be less focus on treatments for people who still have the disease? And what about access to care and social equity? Who would be able to afford these procedures? How will they be applied?

Restrictions are currently preventing the U.S. government from funding research that involves the manipulation of human embryos. As a result, funding for reproductive science is low, which has driven a lot of experts out of academia. If we want to see a revolution in reproductive health, like whats happening with precision cancer medicine, we need to invest in the development of scientific knowledge that will move this field forward.

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Local firm adds a new wrinkle to anti-aging products – The Coal Valley News

By daniellenierenberg

HUNTINGTON Serucell Corporation, a cosmeceutical company based in Huntington, has developed the worlds only dual-cell technology to create and produce anti-aging skincare products, and they did it in Huntington.

Serucell KFS Cellular Protein Complex Serum is made start to finish at Serucells laboratory on the south side of Huntington.

This has been one of the best kept secrets in West Virginia, said Cortland Bohacek, executive chairman and a co-founder of Serucell Corporation.

The company soft launch was in September 2018 at The Greenbrier Spas. The Official online launch was April 2019 and is getting exposure with some well known sellers like Neiman Marcus, local dermatologist and plastic surgeons offices and several other retail locations from New York to California. It is also sold online at serucell.com.

One person that has tried the product is Jennifer Wheeler, who is also a Huntington City Council member.

As a consumer I have an appreciation of the quality of the product and the results Ive seen using it, she said. It has been transformative for my skin and seems like its success will be transformative for our city as well.

She said Serucell and the people behind it are impressive on every level.

In my role on council, Im especially grateful for the companys conscious effort to stay and grow in our city, Wheeler said.

A one-ounce bottle of the serum costs $225. The recommended usage is twice per day and it will last on average of about six weeks.

Serucells active ingredient is called KFS (Keratinocyte Fibroblast Serum), which is made up of more than 1,500 naturally derived super proteins, collagens, peptides and signaling factors that support optimal communication within the cellular makeup of your skin.

This is the first and only dual-cell technology that optimizes hydration and harnesses the power of both keratinocytes and fibroblasts, two essential contributors to maintaining healthy skin by supporting natural rejuvenation of aging skin from the inside out, said Jennifer Hessel, president and CEO of the company.

When applied to the skin, KFS helps boost the skins natural ability to support new collagen and elastin, strengthen the connection and layer of support between the upper and lower layers of your skin. The result, over time is firmer, plumper and smoother skin, according to Hessel.

Why it works so naturally with your skin is because it is natural, Hessel said. These proteins play an important role in strengthening the bond between the layers of your skin, and thats where the re-boot happens.

KFS is the creation of Dr. Walter Neto, Serucells chief science officer and co-founder of the company. Neto is both a physician and a research scientist, specializing in the field of regenerative medicine with an emphasis on skin healing and repair.

Neto said Serucells technology unlocks the key to how our cells communicate and harnesses the signaling power actions to produce the thousands of bioactive proteins necessary to support the skins natural rejuvenation.

Originally from Brazil, Neto studied at Saint Matthews University and completed his clinical training in England. His clinical research on stem-cell cancer therapies, bone and tissue engineering and wound and burn healing led to his discovery in cell-to-cell communication, and ultimately the creation of Serucells KFS Cellular Protein Complex Serum.

Neto received multiple patents for the production method of Serucell KFS Serum.

Neto lives in Huntington with his wife and four golden retrievers.

Neto works alongside his longtime friend, Dr. Brett Jarrell.

I have known Brett since I was 18 years old, Neto said.

Jarrell practices emergency medicine in Ashland, Kentucky, and oversees all aspects of quality control for Serucell. He received his bachelors degree in biology from Wittenberg University, his masters degree in biology from Marshall University and his medical degree from the Marshall University School of Medicine. Jarrell completed his residency at West Virginia University and is board certified by the American Board of Emergency Medicine.

Jarrell has served as a clinical instructor of emergency medicine at the Marshall School of Medicine, president of the West Virginia chapter of the American College of Emergency Medicine and he has published a number of peer-reviewed journal articles on stroke research.

Jarrell also lives in Huntington.

Another co-founder of the company is Dr. Tom McClellan.

McClellan is Serucells chief medical officer and director of research and is a well-respected plastic and reconstructive surgeon with a private practice, McClellan Plastic Surgery, in Morgantown.

McClellan completed his plastic and reconstructive surgery training at the world-renowned Lahey Clinic Foundation, a Harvard Medical School and Tufts Medical School affiliate in Boston, Massachusetts. While in Boston, he worked at Lahey Medical Center, Brigham and Womens Hospital, as well as at the Boston Childrens Hospital. McClellan is board certified by the American Board of Plastic Surgery.

In addition to his practice and role at Serucell, McClellan utilizes his surgical skills through pro bono work with InterplastWV, a non-profit group that provides comprehensive reconstructive surgery to the developing world. He has participated in surgical missions to Haiti, Peru and the Bahamas.

McClellan lives in Morgantown with his family.

All three doctors here have strong connections to West Virginia and we didnt want to leave, Neto said. We all want to give back to West Virginia, so that is the main reason we have our business here in Huntington.

We are building a company we believe can make a difference in the community, Hessel added. Our goal is to grow Serucell and build our brand right here in Huntington. There is a pool of untapped talent here in Huntington. When we expand our business here, we can provide another reason for young people to be able to stay and grow their careers, whether it is in science, operations or manufacturing. The team is a pretty excited to make an impact in the community where it all started.

Hessel decline to give sales numbers, but said the business has been growing each year since the product was introduced. She also declined to give the number of employees at the facility, but did say it has sales representatives across the country.

For more information, visit serucell.com.

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Victoria Beckham Dreams That her Beauty Line Will Become ‘Brand of the Future’ – Al Bawaba

By daniellenierenberg

Victoria Beckham aims to "create a brand of the future" with Victoria Beckham Beauty.

The former Spice Girl launched her eponymous beauty brand last year, later expanding her label to include skincare, and the 45-year-old fashion designer says her intention was to create products that are sustainable and not made from toxic formulas, whilst being "inclusive" for all skin tones.

The mother-of-four told the February issue of Harper's Bazaar UK: "I've been obsessed with make-up and skincare and wellness for longer than I can remember."But I couldn't find what I wanted - clean beauty.

"What is that, even? It's a real grey area.

"I wanted to create a brand of the future - focusing on what's in the formulas but then also sustainability.

"The other thing that was key was making sure it was very inclusive - whether it's make-up or skincare, this is for every skin type and tone, and for both women and men."

In November, Victoria - who has Brooklyn, 20, Romeo, 17, Cruz, 14 and Harper, eight, with retired soccer star husband David Beckham - released her Cell Rejuvenating Priming Moisturiser in collaboration with Professor Augustinus Bader, the German stem-cell scientist behind The Cream, which was named as one of 2019's most popular skincare products.

Bader's product features a patented Trigger Factor Complex that works to jumpstart your skin's repair and renewal functions to heal skin faster and in turn, improve the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, and as a fan of the cream herself, Victoria was thrilled to work with the scientist.

She said: "It's been a dream to develop, with Augustinus, a priming moisturiser that works to improve the health of my skin and gives me that fresh, natural glow that I love."

The priming moisturiser is a hybrid product that combines primer with moisturiser, and is inspired by Victoria's own skincare routine.

Victoria's product implements Bader's Trigger Factor Complex technology, as well as the lipids, vitamins, and amino acids found in his original cream, but with the added benefit of also smoothing skin so it's prepped for make-up application.

Bader explained: "It's the first priming moisturiser of its kind to care for your skin cells while also preparing your skin for makeup application."

The cream has a lightweight texture that can be work alone to give skin a radiant finish or under make-up, which according to Victoria, "will enhance your products."

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Making blood on demand: How far have we come? – Science Codex

By daniellenierenberg

The reconstitution of the blood system in humans holds great therapeutic potential to treat many disorders, like blood cancers, sickle-cell anemia and others. Successful reconstitution requires the transplantation and engraftment of hematopoietic (or blood) stem cells (HSCs), which after reaching their niche, start producing all types of blood cells, including platelets, white and red blood cells.

In current clinical practice, this is carried out by infusing HSCs obtained from a matched donor who is immunologically compatible with the patient in need (allogeneic transplantation), or by the expansion of the patient's own HSCs in the lab, and then re-infusing them back into the patient (ex-vivo, autologous transplantation). However, the utility of both routes is currently limited by a number of factors. First, in the case of allogeneic transplantation, the scarcity of matched donors significantly increases the waiting time, which could be detrimental to the patient. Second, the ex vivo expansion of HSCs, whether allogeneic or autologous, has been a challenging task, due to the limited proliferative potential these cells exhibit in culture. These limitations have raised the need for other sources of HSCs that would alleviate the need for matched donors and yield functional HSCs in large quantities.

In 2007, Professor Shinya Yamanaka and colleagues demonstrated that somatic cells, like skin fibroblasts, could be reprogrammed back to a cellular state that resembled human embryonic stem cells (hESCs), which are a group of cells found in the blastocyst-stage human embryo and contribute solely to the development of the human fetus during pregnancy. The reprogrammed cells were termed, Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells (iPSCs). In addition to their developmental potential, human ESCs and iPS cells display unlimited proliferative potential in culture, which makes them an ideal source of cells for regenerative medicine in general and for hematopoietic differentiation to obtain possibly unlimited quantities of HSCs. Therefore, there has been a growing interest to harness the potential of these cells for treating blood disorders.

However, advancement in deriving functional HSCs from human pluripotent stem cells has been slow. This has been attributed to incomplete understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying normal hematopoiesis. In this review, the authors discuss the latest efforts to generate HSCs capable of long-term engraftment and reconstitution of the blood system from human pluripotent stem cells. Stem cell research has witnessed milestone achievements in this area in the last couple of years, the significance of which are discussed and analyzed in detail.

The authors additionally discuss two highly important families of transcription factors in the context of hematopoiesis and hematopoietic differentiation, the Homeobox (HOX) and GATA proteins. These are thought of as master regulators, in the sense of having numerous transcriptional targets, which upon activation, could elicit significant changes in cell identity. The authors hypothesize that precise temporal control of the levels of certain members of these families during hematopoietic differentiation could yield functional HSCs capable of long-term engraftment.

The authors conclude the review with a summary of future perspectives, in which they discuss how newly developed techniques, like the deactivated-Cas9 (dCas9) gene-expression control system, can be utilized during the course of hematopoietic differentiation of pluripotent stem cells for precise temporal control of the aforementioned master regulators to achieve functional HSCs.

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Making blood on demand: How far have we come? - Science Codex

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