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Wisconsin teen diagnosed with cancer while battling rare ‘butterfly skin’ disease: ‘He is resilient’ – Fox News

By daniellenierenberg

At just 13 years old,Charlie Knuth, of Darboy, Wisc., has known more pain than most others do in a lifetime. The teen, who suffers from epidermolysis bullosa, a rare disease that causes his skin to blister incredibly easily, is near-constantly wrapped in bandages to protect his fragile skin. He takes special baths to soothe his sores, which can form from the slightest touch and are lanced before he is covered in fresh dressings.But the so-called butterfly child a name often given to EB sufferers as their skins fragility is similar to that of a butterfly wing has another battle ahead: cancer.

Its unimaginable, Trisha Knuth, Charlies mother, told Fox News. Even as his mom, when I see him taking it in stride, I cant even believe that he can.

BOY, 2, HAS RARE 'SCALE'-LIKE SKIN CONDITION THAT AFFECTS 1 IN 500,000: 'HES OVERCOME SO MUCH'

Charlies biological parents abandoned him at the hospital shortly after his birth. Knuth and her husband, Kevin, had long fostered children with complex medical needs. But just weeks before they received a call about Charlie, they were readying to let their license expire; the tragic cases were simply becoming too much. Even so, Knuth said shecouldnt say no to Charlie she knew to do so was likely a death sentence. They began the lengthy adoption process shortly after bringing him home.

Trisha Knuth and Charlie, 13. (Trisha Knuth/Facebook)

When I went to the children's hospital in Milwaukee, he was slathered from head-to-toe in Vaseline," she recalled."Nobody ever came for him. I worked with the nurses and learned his care but EB is so rare that many hospitals don't know how to care for those with [the condition]. They sent me home with morphine and a few things and it was a learning process from there.

Thirteen years later, Charlie didnt end up dying, he ended up thriving, she said. When he was 5 years old, he underwent an experimental skin grafting procedure at the University of Minnesota in an attempt to make his skin stronger and less prone to blistering. Knuth called it a transformation for her young son, who had two really good years before his body rejected the graft and he began to suffer from aplastic anemia, a potentially deadly condition that occurs when the body doesn't produce enough red blood cells.

In 2012, he underwent a stem cell transplant in an attempt to treat his severe EB. He was hospitalized for six months but eventually pulled through.

Charlie, who suffers from EB, was recently diagnosed with cancer. (Trisha Knuth/Facebook)

Hes done pretty well after that second time. But he is constantly wounded, very fragile, said Knuth.

But in recent months, Charlie began to complain of a sore throat not uncommon for those with EB, as blisters can form on the inside of the body as well on the outside. The mouth and throat are commonly affected.But there were no visible blisters, raising his doctor's suspicions. ACT scan later revealed enlarged lymph nodes in his neck and armpits. A biopsy later confirmed lymphoma, a type of cancer that affects the bodys lymphatic system. Knuth called the diagnosis another hurdle in his very hard life.

The pain was masked by EB. Its hard to tell whats what because EB causes so much pain, she said.

Cancer treatment often consisting of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery is hard enough on an average persons body. But those with EB face an entirely different battle; Knuth said nurses inserting an IV cant use medical tape to help attach the drip, as the adhesive ripsher sons skin when removed. Oxygen and anesthesia masks are often a struggle as well, as are blood pressure cuffs.

Charlie (R) when he was younger. (Trisha Knuth/Facebook)

How do you treat someone who cant be touched? Knuth questioned, noting she has gone into the operating room with Charlie in times past to ensure he is not injured. You cant even imagine. [Its like] being burned every day, and then bandaged, and nowundergoing cancer treatment it boggles the mind.

When speaking to Fox News, Knuth and Charlie were in Minnesota, where doctors are working to build atreatment plan. The day after Christmas which the pair are celebrating in an Airbnb Charlie is slated to undergo a procedure to remove fluid from his spine and bone marrow from his hips. One of his affected lymph nodes will be taken for further testing.

In the meantime, Kevin is home with the couples 2-year-old adopted daughter, who also suffers from EB.

"He puts on a great outward attitude, but I know there is trauma."

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He is very brave and resilient and funny, said Knuth of Charlie. But in addition to the physical pain, He does have emotional pain; he puts on a great outward attitude, but I know there is trauma.

When asked how she and Kevin manage it all, Knuth acknowledged theirs is a crazy life. But, she quickly noted, I am very happy with this life. Its hard. But when I die, I'll know my life was fulfilled and great.

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Essential oil compound may speed the healing of wounds – New Atlas

By daniellenierenberg

Although essential oils are typically associated with aromatherapy, new research indicates that medicines based on them could also help to heal skin wounds when applied topically. It all comes down to a certain substance in some of the oils, that reduces inflammation.

The chemical compound in question is known as beta-carophyllene it's found in the oils of lavender, rosemary and ylang ylang, among other sources. In a study conducted at Indiana University, beta-carophyllene extracted from these plants was applied to superficial wounds on mice.

It was observed that doing so increased cell growth and cell migration to the wound site, causing the injuries to heal faster than similar untreated wounds. Additionally, the scientists noted increased gene expression of hair follicle stem cells in the treated injuries. This suggests that there would ultimately be less scarring.

Based on previous research, it was already known that beta-carophyllene activates a receptor in the body, which in turn produces an anti-inflammatory response. It is this response that is likely the key.

"In the wound healing process, there are several stages, starting from the inflammatory phase, followed by the cell proliferation stage and the remodelling stage," says the lead scientist, Assoc. Prof. Sachiko Koyama. "I thought maybe wound healing would be accelerated if inflammation was suppressed, stimulating an earlier switch from the inflammatory stage to the next stage."

That said, Koyama believes that there may be additional factors at work, which further research should hopefully reveal. She also advises against simply applying essential oils to wounds, as the beta-carophyllene used in the study was of a known purity, and was diluted in a specific concentration.

"There are many things to test before we can start using it clinically, but our results are very promising and exciting," she says. "Someday in the near future we may be able to develop a drug, and drug delivery methods, using the chemical compounds found in essential oils."

A paper on the research was published this week in the journal PLOS ONE.

Source: Indiana University

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These Cult Beauty Brands Offer The Most Luxurious Spa Experience at Their Boutiques: Sulwhasoo, La Mer, Dior and More – Singapore Tatler

By daniellenierenberg

By Chloe Pek December 20, 2019

How to make the most of your holy grail skincare products at these beauty spas in Singapore

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We all have our favourite beauty brandsit could be a holy grail skincare product or a go-to beauty routine you rely on for a clear, radiant complexion. But are you truly making the most out of your skincare products? Only the experts will knowwhich is why there's no better way to experience your cult favourites than at their boutiques, where assistants are at hand to offer tips and tricks.

These beauty brands below do it better: with a complete spa experience that will leave your skin glowing and your mind, relaxed.

(Related: Biohack Your Way To Beauty And Health Using Your DNA And Stem Cells At These Wellness Retreats Around The World)

Want to harness the full benefits of SK-IIs miracle water? Then the SK-II Boutique Spa by Senze Salus is the place to go. Operating under an exclusive license by SK-II, the spa offers a selection of facials that last between 60 minutes to 105 minutes, catering to a myriad of skincare concerns like hydration, uneven skin tone, and clogged pores.

Besides their trademark miracle water, pure water is also the secret to their holistic spa experience. A four-stage water filtration system ensures that all water used in treatments are free of impurities, and only 100 per cent pure distilled water is used for facial steaming. Theres even a lot of thought put into the water that they serveonly alkaline water for hydration and antioxidant properties.

(Related: Why Water Is The Essence Of SK-II's Spa Treatments)

Currently exclusive to CldePeauBeauts Diamond tier members, the beauty brands SoindeBeaut offers the ultimate experience of their signature skincare ranges. Treatments available include the 60-minute Intensive Brightening Facial Treatment using CldePeauBeauts Key Radiance Care and targeted Brightening range for a radiant, glowing complexion, as well as the 60-minute Firming Supreme Facial Treatment that helps to firm and lift contours while enhancing your glow with the brands Supreme skincare range.

These services are available at CldePeauBeauts Mandarin Gallery flagship and department store counters.

(Related: Cl de Peau Beaut Revamps Its Signature La Crme Face Cream For Spring 2020)

Touted as the temple of Dior beauty, Dior Institut strives to offer a unique sensory experience for every guest. Each treatment begins with a consultation and examination of the skin with a Dior Skincare Expert to address skincare concerns. Then, a massage using Dior Instituts exclusive tissue massage techniques help to soothe customers and relieve muscle tensions.

The wide suite of services include the Brightening and Radiance-Activating Treatment, Age-Delay and Beautifying Treatment, the Dior Homme Treatment for men, and also sculpting treatments for facial contours and around the eyes. Youll also return home with tips and techniques to maximise your beauty routine. Dior Institut can be found at Dior Beauty's The Shoppes at Marina Bay Sands flagship, Robinsons The Heeren, and Tangs at Tang Plaza.

(Related: Dior Makeup's Peter Philips Reveals Why The Brand's New Lipsticks Are Infused With Flower Oil)

Available in Sulwhasoo boutiques at Capitol Building, Ion Orchard, Westgate and the Sulwhasoo Facial Treatment Studio at Tangs, Sulwhasoo offers a suite of facial treatments to address various skin concerns, from the moisturising Essential Treatment to the rejuvenating Timetreasure Renovating Treatment.

A specialised anti-ageing facial for men is also available. Creating a holistic experience for consumers, each treatment begins with a meridian point massage using a fragrance of the customers choice, followed by a foot bath using ginseng peels and red ginseng water. Traditional applicators like jade, amber and white porcelain are also used to enhance the efficacy of the treatments.

(Related: A Holistic Approach To Beauty At The Sulwhasoo Beauty Lounge)

Previously only available at the Ritz-Carlton Spa, fans of La Mer can now indulge in the full pampering experience with the recent opening of La Mers flagship at The Shoppes at Marina Bay Sands, an experiential space complete with a VIP consultation area and a facial suite. On top of the complimentary services available, the flagship also offers a menu of facial services, including the 75-minute Miracle Broth Facial, which harnesses the healing energies of La Mers signature ingredient, the Miracle Broth.

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GSK announces positive headline results in phase 3 study of Benlysta in patients with lupus nephritis | Antibodies | News Channels -…

By daniellenierenberg

DetailsCategory: AntibodiesPublished on Friday, 20 December 2019 13:14Hits: 83

- BLISS-LN achieves primary endpoint and all major secondary endpoints

- On-track for regulatory submission during the first half of 2020

LONDON, UK I December 18, 2019 I GSK today announced positive headline results for intravenous (IV) Benlysta (belimumab) in the largest controlled phase 3 study in active lupus nephritis (LN), an inflammation of the kidneys caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) which can lead to end-stage kidney disease.

The Efficacy and Safety of Belimumab in Patients with Active Lupus Nephritis (BLISS-LN) study, involving 448 patients, met its primary endpoint demonstrating that a statistically significant greater number of patients achieved Primary Efficacy Renal Response (PERR) over two years when treated with belimumab plus standard therapy compared to placebo plus standard therapy in adults with active LN (43% vs 32%, odds ratio (95% CI) 1.55 (1.04, 2.32), p=0.0311).

Dr Hal Barron, Chief Scientific Officer and President R&D, GSK said: "Lupus nephritis is one of the most common and serious complications of SLE, occurring in up to 60% of adult patients. The results of the BLISS-LN study show that Benlysta could make a clinically meaningful improvement to the lives of these patients who currently have limited treatment options."

Dr Richard Furie,Chief of the Division of Rheumatology and Professor at the Feinstein Institutes atNorthwell Health and Lead Investigator of BLISS-LN said: "My journey with Benlysta began nearly twenty years ago when we performed the very first clinical research trial in lupus patients. To see it culminate in a successful phase 3 lupus nephritis study is a key achievement as the inadequate response of our patients with kidney disease to conventional treatment has long been an area in need of major improvement."

Belimumab also demonstrated statistical significance compared to placebo across all four major secondary endpoints: Complete Renal Response (CRR) after two years (the most stringent measure of renal response), Ordinal Renal Response (ORR) after two years, PERR after one year, and the time to death or renal-related event. In BLISS-LN, safety results for patients treated with belimumab were generally comparable to patients treated with placebo plus standard therapy. The safety results are consistent with the known profile of belimumab.

Benlysta is currently not recommended for use in severe active lupus nephritis anywhere in the world because it has not been previously evaluated in these patients. Based on these positive phase 3 data, GSK plans to progress regulatory submissions in the first half of 2020 to seek an update to the prescribing information.

The full results will be submitted for future presentation at upcoming scientific meetings and in peer-reviewed publications.

About lupus nephritisSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the most common form of lupus, is a chronic, incurable, autoimmune disease associated with a range of symptoms that can fluctuate over time including painful or swollen joints, extreme fatigue, unexplained fever, skin rashes and organ damage. In lupus nephritis (LN), SLE causes kidney inflammation, which can lead to end-stage kidney disease. Despite improvements in both diagnosis and treatment over the last few decades, LN remains an indicator of poor prognosis.1,2 Manifestations of LN include proteinuria, elevations in serum creatinine, and the presence of urinary sediment.

About BLISS-LNBLISS-LN,which enrolled 448 adult patients, was a phase 3, 104-week, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled post-approval commitment study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IV belimumab 10 mg/kg plus standard therapy (mycophenolate mofentil for induction and maintenance, or cyclophosphamide for induction followed by azathioprine for maintenance, plus steroids) compared to placebo plus standard therapy in adult patients with active lupus nephritis. Active lupus nephritis was confirmed by kidney biopsy during screening visit using the 2003 International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) criteria, and clinically active kidney disease.

The primary endpoint PERR was defined as estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) 60 mL/min/1.73m2 or no decrease in eGFR from pre-flare of > 20%; and urinary protein:creatinine ratio (uPCR) 0.7; and not a treatment failure. The most stringent secondary endpoint CRR was defined as eGFR is no more than 10% below the pre-flare value or within normal range; and uPCR < 0.5; and not a treatment failure. ORR was defined as complete, partial or no response.

About Benlysta (belimumab)Benlysta, a BLyS-specific inhibitor, is a human monoclonal antibody that binds to soluble BLyS. Benlysta does not bind B cells directly. By binding BLyS, Benlysta inhibits the survival of B cells, including autoreactive B cells, and reduces the differentiation of B cells into immunoglobulin-producing plasma cells.

The current US and EU indication for Benlysta are summarised below:

In the US, "Benlysta is indicated for the treatment of patients aged 5 years and older with active, autoantibody-positive, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who are receiving standard therapy. Limitations of Use: The efficacy of Benlysta has not been evaluated in patients with severe active lupus nephritis or severe active central nervous system lupus. Benlysta has not been studied in combination with other biologics or intravenous cyclophosphamide. Use of Benlysta is not recommended in these situations."

Full US prescribing information including Medication Guide is available at: https://www.gsksource.com/pharma/content/dam/GlaxoSmithKline/US/en/Prescribing_Information/Benlysta/pdf/BENLYSTA-PI-MG.PDF

In the EU, "Benlysta is indicated as "add-on therapy in patients aged 5 years and older with active, autoantibody-positive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with a high degree of disease activity (e.g., positive anti-dsDNA and low complement) despite standard therapy."

The Precaution and Warnings for Benlysta includes information that "Benlysta has not been studied in the following adult and paediatric patient groups, and is not recommended: severe active central nervous system lupus; severe active lupus nephritis; HIV; a history of, or current, hepatitis B or C; hypogammaglobulinaenia (IgG < 400mg/dl) or IgA deficiency (IgA < 10 mg/dl); a history of major organ transplant or hematopoietic stem cell/marrow transplant or renal transplant."

The EU Summary of Product Characteristics for Benlysta is available on: http://www.ema.europa.eu

Benlysta is available as an intravenous and a subcutaneous formulation. The Benlysta subcutaneous formulation is not approved for use in children.

GSK's commitment to immunologyGSK is focused on the research and development of medicines for immune-mediated diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, that are responsible for a significant health burden to patients and society. Our world-leading scientists are focusing research on the biology of the immune system with the aim to develop immunological-based medicines that have the potential to alter the course of inflammatory disease. As the only company with a biological treatment approved for adult and paediatric lupus, GSK is leading the way to help patients and their families manage this chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disease. Our aim is to develop transformational medicines that can alter the course of inflammatory disease to help people live their best day, every day.

SOURCE: GlaxoSmithKline

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Augustinus Bader’s The Cream Review – MarieClaire.com

By daniellenierenberg

Welcome back to Worth It, a bi-weekly breakdown of the new beauty products Ive tested and adored: Im talking that drain-it-to-the-bottom-and-tell-my-friends-Ive-found-The-One kind of love. If it's featured here, consider this my permission to splurge on it. Read on for the product you dont want to live without, and catch up on the latest Worth It breakdown here.

Courtesy

The Cream

$170.00

When you try The Cream, it comes at a price. You know, not your soul or an Infinity Gauntlet situation, but it's hefty nonetheless: $265 for 50 mls of the world-famous lotion. That said, its a skincare nerds dream. Bader, a professor and director of Applied Stem Cell Biology and Cell Technology at the University of Leipzig in Germany, is considered the top scientist in the world on the subject of regenerative tissue. His work, particularly his extensive studies on disfiguring burns and wound healing, led him to create the illustrious cream: The formulas secret is its TFC8 (Trigger Factor Complex 8), a proprietary blend that the brand says will activate the bodys own stem cells to promote major anti-aging benefits like minimized lines, even tone, and redness-reduction.

Ive been aware of the product's cult-status for years, but I honestly just tried it for shits-and-gigs. My skin is typically easily managed: I get ruddy and dry, and I tend to develop tiny, under-the-skin bumps on my cheeks after I sleep on hotel sheets (should I forget my Slip pillowcase). On rare occasions, Ill wake up with a pimple thats so mountainous and painful that I wonder if I contracted staph on the F train. But for the most part, I have good skin, and Im grateful for it. Thats why I typically seek out products that impart glowiness and hydration rather than something to totally overhaul my facebut that's exactly what The Cream claims to do.

Despite my dry skin type, I chose the original formula rather than the Rich Cream (I prefer lighter textures when it comes to moisture). I also didnt adhere to the proper instructions: Bader recommends using it for 27 days, minimum, with no additional skincare products except for cleanser, but I couldnt bring myself to abandon the rest of my arsenal. Instead, I used this as my last step in both my morning and evening routines.

My makeup went on smoothly in the mornings, but my off-dry skin never felt truly quenched before bed unless I applied a hydrating serum underneath. Meh. Yet, after about three weeks, I started to receive an onslaught of complexion compliments. I guess I havent looked as red recently, I thought. And I didnt have any active pimples, so I didnt think much of it. Ill take a good skin week anytime.

But one morning, mid-glam, I realized Id forgotten to apply both foundation and concealer and had gone straight for my Nudestix blush stick. I genuinely couldnt tell if Id put my complexion makeup on. Peter Parker getting stuck to the ceiling on his first morning as Spiderman? Same level of confusion. I took a closer look, skeptical. Do I look amazing?

Rather than that translucent, un-plump look my skin usually has in the morning, it appeared stronger, almost thicker. My fair tone was even and clear, and my typical little dark circles were nowhere to be found, seemingly buried underneath my reinforced complexion.

I do. I look fucking amazing.

I suddenly felt invinciblelike my own more stunning evil twin, or a supervillain whod traded their lovers heart for immense power and was rewarded with that golden, CGI glow-from-within that comes with Marvel-sanctioned immortality. I was transformed, and the expensive blue bottle on my dresser was the precious source of my new supremacy.

Ive been using The Cream ever since (about three months now) and my complexion has a whole new baseline. When people ask if it's really worth it, rather than offer a cheaper alternative like I typically do with products this expensive, I answer: This shit is wild.

For more stories like this, including celebrity news, beauty and fashion advice, savvy political commentary, and fascinating features, sign up for the Marie Claire newsletter.

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Researchers Have 3D-Printed A Functional Miniature Liver – Mashable India

By daniellenierenberg

In a process similar to 3D printing, it is possible to artificially create tissues by using cells and biomaterials. Bioprinting has allowed scientists to create organoids, meat, skin and bones. Researchers from Brazil have now bioprinted, mini-livers that can perform all the functions of a liver.

The printed organoid can produce vital proteins, store vitamins, secrete bile, and all the other functions that are carried out by a liver. Researchers from the Human Genome and Stem Cell Research Center (HUG-CELL) at the University of So Paulo (USP) can create the miniature liver in just 90 days.

Researchers in their study published in the journal, Biofabrication used various bioengineering techniques to come up with a new method to print organoids. Normally, bioprinting uses bioink made up of cells and other biomaterials to print tissues layer-by-layer just like 3D printing.

Instead of just cells, researchers used clumps of cell, which they called spheroids in the bioink. The use of spheroids substantially extended the life of organoids, compared to previous studies, as they were able to avoid the gradual loss of contact between cells.

SEE ALSO: Researchers Have Found A Way To Print Complex Living Tissue In A Matter Of Minutes

By reprogramming blood cells obtained from three people, researchers created induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). The stem cells are then transformed into hepatocytes, vascular cells, and mesenchymal cells that make up the hepatic tissues of the liver. The spheroids, consisting of these cells are then mixed with a hydrogel-like fluid to make the bioink that can be used to create liver organoids.

The director of HUG-CELL, Mayana Zatz explained, In the very near future, instead of waiting for an organ transplant, it may be possible to take cells from the patient and reprogram them to make a new liver in the laboratory. Another important advantage is zero probability of rejection, given that the cells come from the patient.

SEE ALSO: Researchers Create 3D-Printed Human Skin And Bone To Help Astronauts On Mars

Image Credit: Daniel Antonio/Agncia Fapesp

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Global Allogeneic Stem Cells Market 2020-2024 | Evolving Opportunities with Biosolution Co. Ltd. and Cynata Therapeutics Ltd. | Technavio – Business…

By daniellenierenberg

LONDON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Technavio has been monitoring the global allogeneic stem cells market and the market is poised to grow by USD 1.24 billion during 2020-2024 at a CAGR of over 12% during the forecast period. Request Free Sample Pages

Read the 131-page research report with TOC on "Allogeneic Stem Cells Market Analysis Report by geography (Asia, Europe, North America, and ROW), by application (regenerative therapy and drug discovery and development), and segment forecasts, 2020-2024".

https://www.technavio.com/report/allogeneic-stem-cells-market-industry-analysis

The new product approvals and special drug designations are anticipated to boost the growth of the market. Based on the application, the allogeneic stem cells market has been segmented into regenerative therapy and drug discovery and development. Manufacturers are increasingly emphasizing innovations and improvisation in the development of regenerative therapies. Many of the regenerative therapeutic candidates have obtained approval for clinical trials in the US, Europe, and APAC due to the efficacy of allogeneic stem cell therapeutics. This is encouraging market players to launch new product lines to stimulate the overall product demand for stem or regenerative therapy using allogeneic stem cell therapeutics and provide better options for their customers. Thus, new product approvals are expected to drive market growth during the forecast period.

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Major Five Allogeneic Stem Cells Market Companies:

Biosolution Co. Ltd.

Biosolution Co. Ltd. is headquartered in South Korea (Republic of Korea) and operates the business under its Unified business segment. The company offers an allogeneic keratinocyte spread medication, Keraheal-Allo, that promotes skin regeneration.

Cynata Therapeutics Ltd.

Cynata Therapeutics Ltd. is engaged in the discovery, development, licensing, manufacturing, marketing, distribution, and sales of innovative therapeutics for the treatment of various diseases. The company provides a mesenchymal stem cell product, Cymerus, which is used to treat graft-versus-host disease.

JCR Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd.

JCR Pharmaceuticals Co. Ltd. is headquartered in Japan and operates under two business segments, namely Pharmaceuticals, and Medical Devices and Laboratory Equipment. The company offers a regenerative medical product, TEMCELL HS Injection, which uses human mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of acute graft-versus-host disease.

Lineage Cell Therapeutics Inc.

Lineage Cell Therapeutics Inc. is headquartered in the US and offers products through its Unified business segment. The company provides OpRegen, which is currently being tested in a Phase I/IIa clinical trial. This product is intended for the treatment of dry AMD.

MEDIPOST Co. Ltd.

MEDIPOST Co. Ltd. is headquartered in South Korea (Republic of Korea) and offers products through its Unified business segment. The company provides an allogeneic umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cell drug, CARTISTEM, which is used for the treatment of knee cartilage defects.

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Allogeneic Stem Cells Application Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2020-2024)

Allogeneic Stem Cells Regional Outlook (Revenue, USD Million, 2020-2024)

Technavios sample reports are free of charge and contain multiple sections of the report, such as the market size and forecast, drivers, challenges, trends, and more. Request a free sample report

Related Reports on Health Care include:

Cancer Stem Cell Therapeutics Market Global Cancer Stem Cell Therapeutics Market by type (allogeneic stem cell transplant and autologous stem cell transplant) and geography (Asia, Europe, North America, and ROW).

About Technavio

Technavio is a leading global technology research and advisory company. Their research and analysis focus on emerging market trends and provides actionable insights to help businesses identify market opportunities and develop effective strategies to optimize their market positions.

With over 500 specialized analysts, Technavios report library consists of more than 17,000 reports and counting, covering 800 technologies, spanning across 50 countries. Their client base consists of enterprises of all sizes, including more than 100 Fortune 500 companies. This growing client base relies on Technavios comprehensive coverage, extensive research, and actionable market insights to identify opportunities in existing and potential markets and assess their competitive positions within changing market scenarios.

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Dr. Jack Zamora Partners with the Exclusive Haute Beauty Network – PR Web

By daniellenierenberg

Specializing in innovative cosmetic applications for the face, eyes, and body, Dr. Zamora is a leader in minimally invasive treatments.

DENVER (PRWEB) December 18, 2019

Dr. Jack Zamora, a renowned face expert in Denver, Colorado has joined the esteemed Haute Beauty network.

The Haute Beauty Network, well known for its exclusive and luxurious lifestyle publication Haute Living is privileged to present Dr. Jack Zamora as a face expert and our newest addition to the Haute Beauty members-only network.

Haute Beauty offers a prominent collective of leading doctors. The invitation-only exclusive publication maintains elite as ever, with only two doctors in every market. This partnership allows Haute Beauty to connect its affluent readers with industry-leading aesthetic surgeons located in their area.

ABOUT DR. ZAMORADr. Jack Zamora is an oculofacial plastic surgeon, and a pioneer in plasma treatments and stem cell technology. Specializing in innovative cosmetic applications for the face, eyes, and body, Dr. Zamora is a leader in minimally invasive treatments. Graduating from Tulane University in New Orleans, he received a doctorate degree in medicine and completed his internship at Boston Medical Center (internal medicine), his residency at Boston University (ophthalmology department), and completed his fellowship at Boston University (ophthalmology and oculoplastics).

Dr. Zamora is the medical director of several locations throughout Colorado offering select surgical and non-surgical facial refinement, skin rejuvenation, and body sculpting services. Known for exceptional patient care and state-of-the-art procedures that achieve natural-looking results with as little downtime as possible, Dr. Zamora and his team work with each patient to tailor a combination of treatments for long-term results.

As the creator of J-Plazty, Dr. Zamora has received national and international attention for his revolutionary technique. J-Plazty is a minimally invasive procedure that uses Renuvion plasma energy sub-dermally to instantly tighten and rejuvenate skin anywhere on the face and body without large incisions, downtime, or the complications of traditional surgery. As an authority on skin tightening applications, Dr. Zamora has seen remarkable results with plasma and often combines it with other radiofrequency (RF) modalities for superior rejuvenation. Utilizing his plasma techniques with micro and macro-needling radiofrequency (RF), Dr. Zamora is seeing unparalleled skin shrinkage as well as tightening of extremely delicate tissue allowing for long-term improvement with less downtime

In an effort to improve the outcome of aesthetic procedures, Dr. Zamora has partnered with Vitro BioPharma to develop the worlds first ultra pure cosmetic stem cell serum, InfiniVive MD, to be used topically by plastic surgeons, cosmetic surgeons, and aestheticians throughout the United States. InfiniVive MD is the highest quality cGMP-grade cosmetic stem cell serum containing ultra pure mesenchymal stem cells and exosomes. InfiniVive MD is to be used with ablative and non- ablative lasers, plasma energy technologies, and microneedling radiofrequency. The serum provides an unprecedented improvement in fine lines and wrinkles, helps reduce the signs of aging, and helps promote accelerated healing.

Being an international trainer for J-Plazty, Apyx Medical, and Bausch Health Companies Inc., and a luminary for AMP Medical, Lutronic Medical, and Syneron ELOS, Dr. Zamora offers his expertise to physicians from around the globe. He is a regular speaker and consultant, has been featured on The Doctors TV Show, and has written on the techniques and parameters of soft tissue coagulation and subcutaneous neck skin plasma tightening. Valuing continued education, Dr. Zamora created the Jack Zamora MD Aesthetic Institute, which offers advanced aesthetic training to medical professionals and licensed aestheticians.

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These 5 Skincare Trends Are the Wave of the Future, and You’ll See ‘Em Everywhere in 2020 – POPSUGAR

By daniellenierenberg

No longer must you wait until the National Enquirer gets a hot tip from an anonymous source that "various celebrities" are getting facials made from liquefied cells of a baby's foreskin to learn about the latest skincare trends on the market. In 2020, we suggest a slightly more discerning approach: get your forecast on the biggest treatments and ingredients to try in the new year straight from the experts.

To be clear, that doesn't mean the future of skin care is any less exciting or innovative. (As dermatologist Matthew Elias, MD, put it: "2020 is going to be a banner year for skin care.") There will be blood, personalization, and a slight tweak to the lip filler movement you've been seeing everywhere of late. TDLR? The next phase of skincare trends will be anything but boring, and we asked a handful of derms to break down which ones you should be most excited about in 2020.

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GSK announces positive headline results in phase 3 study of Benlysta in patients with lupus nephritis – BioSpace

By daniellenierenberg

LONDON, Dec. 18, 2019 /PRNewswire/ --GSK today announced positive headline results for intravenous (IV) Benlysta (belimumab) in the largest controlled phase 3 study in active lupus nephritis (LN), an inflammation of the kidneys caused by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) which can lead to end-stage kidney disease.

The Efficacy and Safety of Belimumab in Patients with Active Lupus Nephritis (BLISS-LN) study, involving 448 patients, met its primary endpoint demonstrating that a statistically significant greater number of patients achieved Primary Efficacy Renal Response (PERR) over two years when treated with belimumab plus standard therapy compared to placebo plus standard therapy in adults with active LN (43% vs 32%, odds ratio (95% CI) 1.55 (1.04, 2.32), p=0.0311).

Dr Hal Barron, Chief Scientific Officer and President R&D, GSK said: "Lupus nephritis is one of the most common and serious complications of SLE, occurring in up to 60% of adult patients. The results of the BLISS-LN study show that Benlysta could make a clinically meaningful improvement to the lives of these patients who currently have limited treatment options."

Dr Richard Furie,Chief of the Division of Rheumatology and Professor at the Feinstein Institutes atNorthwell Health and Lead Investigator of BLISS-LN said: "My journey with Benlysta began nearly twenty years ago when we performed the very first clinical research trial in lupus patients. To see it culminate in a successful phase 3 lupus nephritis study is a key achievement as the inadequate response of our patients with kidney disease to conventional treatment has long been an area in need of major improvement."

Belimumab also demonstrated statistical significance compared to placebo across all four major secondary endpoints: Complete Renal Response (CRR) after two years (the most stringent measure of renal response), Ordinal Renal Response (ORR) after two years, PERR after one year, and the time to death or renal-related event. In BLISS-LN, safety results for patients treated with belimumab were generally comparable to patients treated with placebo plus standard therapy. The safety results are consistent with the known profile of belimumab.

Benlysta is currently not recommended for use in severe active lupus nephritis anywhere in the world because it has not been previously evaluated in these patients. Based on these positive phase 3 data, GSK plans to progress regulatory submissions in the first half of 2020 to seek an update to the prescribing information.

The full results will be submitted for future presentation at upcoming scientific meetings and in peer-reviewed publications.

About lupus nephritisSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), the most common form of lupus, is a chronic, incurable, autoimmune disease associated with a range of symptoms that can fluctuate over time including painful or swollen joints, extreme fatigue, unexplained fever, skin rashes and organ damage. In lupus nephritis (LN), SLE causes kidney inflammation, which can lead to end-stage kidney disease. Despite improvements in both diagnosis and treatment over the last few decades, LN remains an indicator of poor prognosis.1,2 Manifestations of LN include proteinuria, elevations in serum creatinine, and the presence of urinary sediment.

About BLISS-LNBLISS-LN,which enrolled 448 adult patients, was a phase 3, 104-week, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled post-approval commitment study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of IV belimumab 10 mg/kg plus standard therapy (mycophenolate mofentil for induction and maintenance, or cyclophosphamide for induction followed by azathioprine for maintenance, plus steroids) compared to placebo plus standard therapy in adult patients with active lupus nephritis. Active lupus nephritis was confirmed by kidney biopsy during screening visit using the 2003 International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society (ISN/RPS) criteria, and clinically active kidney disease.

The primary endpoint PERR was defined as estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate (eGFR) 60 mL/min/1.73m2 or no decrease in eGFR from pre-flare of > 20%; and urinary protein:creatinine ratio (uPCR) 0.7; and not a treatment failure. The most stringent secondary endpoint CRR was defined as eGFR is no more than 10% below the pre-flare value or within normal range; and uPCR < 0.5; and not a treatment failure. ORR was defined as complete, partial or no response.

About Benlysta (belimumab)Benlysta, a BLyS-specific inhibitor, is a human monoclonal antibody that binds to soluble BLyS. Benlysta does not bind B cells directly. By binding BLyS, Benlysta inhibits the survival of B cells, including autoreactive B cells, and reduces the differentiation of B cells into immunoglobulin-producing plasma cells.

The current US and EU indication for Benlysta are summarised below:

In the US, "Benlysta is indicated for the treatment of patients aged 5 years and older with active, autoantibody-positive, systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who are receiving standard therapy. Limitations of Use: The efficacy of Benlysta has not been evaluated in patients with severe active lupus nephritis or severe active central nervous system lupus. Benlysta has not been studied in combination with other biologics or intravenous cyclophosphamide. Use of Benlysta is not recommended in these situations."

Full US prescribing information including Medication Guide is available at: https://www.gsksource.com/pharma/content/dam/GlaxoSmithKline/US/en/Prescribing_Information/Benlysta/pdf/BENLYSTA-PI-MG.PDF

In the EU, "Benlysta is indicated as "add-on therapy in patients aged 5 years and older with active, autoantibody-positive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) with a high degree of disease activity (e.g., positive anti-dsDNA and low complement) despite standard therapy."

The Precaution and Warnings for Benlysta includes information that "Benlysta has not been studied in the following adult and paediatric patient groups, and is not recommended: severe active central nervous system lupus; severe active lupus nephritis; HIV; a history of, or current, hepatitis B or C; hypogammaglobulinaenia (IgG < 400mg/dl) or IgA deficiency (IgA < 10 mg/dl); a history of major organ transplant or hematopoietic stem cell/marrow transplant or renal transplant."

The EU Summary of Product Characteristics for Benlysta is available on: http://www.ema.europa.eu

Benlysta is available as an intravenous and a subcutaneous formulation. The Benlysta subcutaneous formulation is not approved for use in children.

GSK's commitment to immunologyGSK is focused on the research and development of medicines for immune-mediated diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, that are responsible for a significant health burden to patients and society. Our world-leading scientists are focusing research on the biology of the immune system with the aim to develop immunological-based medicines that have the potential to alter the course of inflammatory disease. As the only company with a biological treatment approved for adult and paediatric lupus, GSK is leading the way to help patients and their families manage this chronic, inflammatory autoimmune disease. Our aim is to develop transformational medicines that can alter the course of inflammatory disease to help people live their best day, every day.

Important Safety Information for belimumabPlease consult the full Prescribing Information for all the labelled safety information for Benlysta (belimumab)

Contraindications:Previous anaphylaxis with BENLYSTA.

Warnings and precautions: Not recommended in adult and paediatric groups with severe active central nervous system lupus, severe active lupus nephritis, HIV, history of/current hepatitis B or C, hypogammaglobulinaemia (IgG <400 mg/dl) or IgA deficiency (IgA <10 mg/dl) and patients with a history of major organ transplant or hematopoietic stem/cell/marrow transplant or renal transplant.

Mortality:In adult intravenous (IV) clinical trials, death occurred in 0.8% of patients treated with BENLYSTA and in 0.4% of patients receiving placebo; etiologies included infection, cardiovascular disease, and suicide. In the adult SC clinical trial, death occurred in 0.5% of patients receiving BENLYSTA and in 0.7% of patients receiving placebo; infection was the most common cause of death.

Serious Infections:Serious and sometimes fatal infections have been reported in patients receiving immunosuppressive agents, including BENLYSTA. The most frequent serious infections in adults treated with BENLYSTA IV included pneumonia, urinary tract infection, cellulitis, and bronchitis. Use caution in patients with severe or chronic infections, and consider interrupting therapy in patients with a new infection.

Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML):Cases of JC virus-associated PML resulting in neurological deficits, including fatal cases, have been reported in patients with SLE receiving immunosuppressants, including BENLYSTA. If PML is confirmed, consider stopping immunosuppressant therapy, including BENLYSTA.

Hypersensitivity Reactions (Including Anaphylaxis):Acute hypersensitivity reactions, including anaphylaxis (eg, hypotension, angioedema, urticaria or other rash, pruritus, and dyspnea) and death, have been reported, including in patients who have previously tolerated BENLYSTA. Generally, reactions occurred within hours of the infusion but may occur later. Non-acute hypersensitivity reactions (eg, rash, nausea, fatigue, myalgia, headache, and facial edema) typically occurred up to a week after infusion. Patients with a history of multiple drug allergies or significant hypersensitivity may be at increased risk. With BENLYSTA SC, systemic hypersensitivity reactions were similar to those in IV trials.

Healthcare providers (HCPs) should monitor patients during and after IV administration and be prepared to manage anaphylaxis; discontinue immediately in the event of a serious reaction. Premedication may mitigate or mask a hypersensitivity response. Advise patients about hypersensitivity symptoms and instruct them to seek immediate medical care if a reaction occurs.

Infusion Reactions:Serious infusion reactions (eg, bradycardia, myalgia, headache, rash, urticaria, and hypotension) were reported in adults. HCPs should monitor patients and manage reactions if they occur. Premedication may mitigate or mask a reaction. If an infusion reaction develops, slow or interrupt the infusion.

Depression and Suicidality:In clinical trials, psychiatric disorders (depression, suicidal ideation and behavior) were reported more frequently in patients receiving BENLYSTA than placebo. In adult trials, psychiatric events reported more frequently with BENLYSTA IV related primarily to depression-related events, insomnia, and anxiety; serious psychiatric events included serious depression and suicidality, including 2 completed suicides. No serious depression-related events or suicides were reported in the BENLYSTA SC trial. Before adding BENLYSTA, physicians should assess patients' risk of depression and suicide and monitor them during treatment. Instruct patients to contact their HCP if they experience new/worsening depression, suicidal thoughts, or other mood changes.

Malignancy:The impact of BENLYSTA on the development of malignancies is unknown; its mechanism of action could increase the risk for malignancies.

Immunization: Live vaccines should not be given for 30 days before or concurrently with BENLYSTA as clinical safety has not been established.

Use With Biologic Therapies or IV Cyclophosphamide:BENLYSTA has not been studied and is not recommended in combination with other biologic therapies, including B-cell targeted therapies, or IV cyclophosphamide.

Adverse Reactions:The most common serious adverse reactions in adults were serious infections: BENLYSTA IV 6.0% (placebo 5.2%), some of which were fatal. Adverse reactions occurring in 3% of adults and 1% more than placebo: nausea 15% (12%); diarrhea 12% (9%); pyrexia 10% (8%); nasopharyngitis 9% (7%); bronchitis 9% (5%); insomnia 7% (5%); pain in extremity 6% (4%); depression 5% (4%); migraine 5% (4%); pharyngitis 5% (3%); cystitis 4% (3%); leukopenia 4% (2%); viral gastroenteritis 3% (1%).

Adverse reactions in pediatric patients aged 5 years receiving BENLYSTA IV were consistent with those observed in adults.

The safety profile observed for BENLYSTA SC in adults was consistent with the known safety profile of BENLYSTA IV with the exception of local injection site reactions.

Pregnancy and lactation:Pregnancy: There are insufficient data in pregnant women to establish whether there is drug-associated risk for major birth defects or miscarriage. After a risk/benefit assessment, if prevention is warranted, women of childbearing potential should use contraception during treatment and for 4 months after the final treatment.

Lactation:No information is available on the presence of belimumab in human milk, the effects on the breastfed infant, or the effects on milk production. Consider developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding with the mother's clinical need for BENLYSTA and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child or from the underlying maternal condition.

Pediatric Use:The safety and effectiveness have not been established for BENLYSTA IV in patients <5 years of age and for BENLYSTA SC in patients <18 years of age.

Black/African American Patients:In clinical trials there have been mixed results regarding how well BENLYSTA works in this patient population. Consider risks and benefits when prescribing BENLYSTA.

About GSK GSK is a science-led global healthcare company with a special purpose: to help people do more, feel better, live longer. For further information please visit http://www.gsk.com.

Trademarks are owned by or licensed to the GSK group of companies.

References

GSK enquiries:

UK Media enquiries:

Simon Steel

+44 (0) 20 8047 5502

(London)

Tim Foley

+44 (0) 20 8047 5502

(London)

US Media enquiries:

Evan Berland

+1 215 432 0234

(Philadelphia)

Courtney Dysart

+1 215-237-7431

(Philadelphia)

Analyst/Investor enquiries:

Sarah Elton-Farr

+44 (0) 20 8047 5194

(London)

Danielle Smith

+44 (0) 20 8047 2406

(London)

James Dodwell

+44 (0) 20 8047 2406

(London)

Jeff McLaughlin

+1 215 751 7002

(Philadelphia)

Cautionary statement regarding forward-looking statements

GSK cautions investors that any forward-looking statements or projections made by GSK, including those made in this announcement, are subject to risks and uncertainties that may cause actual results to differ materially from those projected. Such factors include, but are not limited to, those described under Item 3.D 'Principal risks and uncertainties' in the company's Annual Report on Form 20-F for 2018.

Registered in England & Wales:

No. 3888792

Registered Office:

980 Great West Road

Brentford, Middlesex

TW8 9GS

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This was the best health news over the last decade – USA TODAY

By daniellenierenberg

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The 2010s will go down in history as a decade of many newsworthy health-related stories, many of which were not good news -- Ebola, measles, antibiotic resistance. But in the years since 2010 there were also many promising discoveries in medicine, life-saving drugs approved, and great strides taken addressing national health crises. Some of these stories will have lasting effects for generations to come.

24/7 Tempo reviewed multiple news archives and dozens of articles published since 2010 to select 15 of the most positive health news stories that made headlines.

Some of the most talked about stories over the last few years have influenced health guidelines, treatment of serious disease, and even government policy.

Reports of significant research developments in the treatment and prevention of chronic and other conditions gave hope to millions of Americans. Some of the good news broke as recently as just a few months ago these are the 15 biggest health topics of 2019.

Click here for 15 of the best health news over the last decade.

CT scans in high risk patients can reduce overall lung cancer mortality

Year: 2011

Category: Diseases

The tremendous effort by researchers and health institutions to develop a cure for cancer over the decades since the legislation for the War on Cancer was enacted in 1971 will likely continue. Any good news on developments are worth noting. The 2011 National Lung Screening Trial showed a reduction in lung cancer mortality of 20% in high risk patients receiving low-dose CT (LDCT) compared to chest X-ray. The CDC recommends that people at high risk of developing lung cancer -- heavy smokers, people who have smoked as recently as 15 years, and people who are 55 years or older -- undergo annual LDCT scans because of potential risks.

In 2016, there were 218,229 new cases of lung cancer, and 148,869 people died from the disease in the United States, according to the CDC. The American Cancer Society estimates 142,670 deaths from lung cancer in 2019. A major reason for the disease's high mortality rate is that the tumor does not typically cause symptoms until it spreads, making early screening especially crucial to improving survival rates.

Blame SUVs: These 9 cars will be killed in 2020

Pass the ketchup, hold the beef: Americans crave Impossible Burger, Beyond Meat in 2020

Melanoma drug approved

Year: 2011

Category: Treatment

After more than a decade of no new potential drugs for melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, the FDA approved vemurafenib, sold under the brand name Zelboraf, in 2011 for patients with metastatic melanoma with the BRAF(V600E) mutation or for those who have tumors that cannot be surgically removed.

Zelboraf was seen as a major development because it can improve melanoma patients' quality of life -- the drug is a simple pill taken twice a day -- and it may extend survival rate. In a trial, the length of time melanoma patients who received Zelboraf lived without the cancer getting worse was almost double the length of patients who did not take the drug.

Since 2011 several drugs have been approved to treat melanoma, and survival rates of this deadly cancer have improved.

Gene editing is now possible

Year: 2012

Category: Technology

Gene editing is the process of changing an organisms DNA. After decades of research around the world, scientists made a major breakthrough with the discovery of clustered repeats of DNA sequences, known as CRISPR.

First described in 2012, CRISPR, or Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats, is the basis for potentially world-changing gene editing technology, or, as some might say, DNA hacking. It may be used to develop treatments for a range of diseases, including cancer and genetic disorders. In 2015, CRISPR was successfully used for the first time to save a life. Two baby girls, 11-month and a 16-month-old, received gene editing treatment to help them fight leukemia.

While the gene-altering tool is bringing revolutionary change to health fields, it has also raised serious ethical concerns. Misuses and inadvertently harmful uses of CRISPR include those for creating designer babies, and causing environmental ripple effects by eliminating disease-spreading insects.

FDA says trans fat should not be considered 'safe'

Year: 2013

Category: Eating

Trans fats, or partially hydrogenated oils, have been widely used for years, most notably in fast foods. Trans fats can raise the levels of "bad" LDL cholesterol, lower the levels of good-for-you HDL cholesterol, and increase the risk of heart disease, the No. 1 killer in the United States. And now they are on their way out.

In 2013, the FDA officially announced trans fats should not be considered safe in human food. In 2015, the agency gave food manufacturers three years to phase out the use of trans fats in their products. The deadline was June 18, 2018, although the FDA granted a one-year extension in the use of artificial trans fats in some cases. The ban will be fully implemented in Jan. 1, 2020.

HIV prevention pill

Year: 2014

Category: Diseases

About 50,000 Americans are diagnosed with HIV every year, according to the CDC. Despite advancements in treatment and years of research into the infection, HIV does not have a cure. In 2014, the CDC issued new guidelines that recommend a pill to people at high risk of HIV as a prevention method. High risk people include gay or bisexual men, injection drug users, and women with an HIV+ partner.

The agency said that the pill, sold under the brand name Truvada, may lower the risk by as much as 90% when taken consistently. Truvada has been used to treat HIV since 2012 when the FDA approved the drug. Truvada contains tenofovir and emtricitabine, which when used in combination with other antiviral medication may keep the HIV virus from establishing a permanent infection.

A new way to treat cavities

Year: 2015

Category: Treatment

In 2015, the FDA approved a painless new way to treat tooth decay called silver diamine fluoride (SDF). It's a liquid that is applied directly to cavities to stop the decay. The FDA gave it a "breakthrough therapy designation" two years later.

As a non-invasive and fairly cheap method (it costs about $20-$25 per tooth), SDF treatment, which must be prescribed by a dentist, can save people a lot of money. About 91% of American adults have dental decay, and about 27% have untreated tooth decay, according to the CDC. Tooth decay is common among kids as well -- it's the most common chronic disease in children between 6 and 11 years of age.

3D printing of human organs

Year: 2015

Category: Technology

3D printing technology has improved considerably over the past few years. (Today, low-budget 3D printers are available for anyone who can spare $100.) The technology has advanced so much that producing fully functional replacement organs from a person's own cells seems like a not-so-distant possibility. Scientists at Harvard's Wyss Institute have grown a heart tissue that beats just like a normal human heart.

Production for treatment is still years away, however. The technique, called sacrificial writing into functional tissue (SWIFT), has not even been tested on mice yet. But if it works, it can be used to print other organs, too, potentially saving the lives of thousands of people who are waiting for an organ transplant.

Immunotherapy and cancer

Year: 2016

Category: Treatment

Cancer immunotherapy was named the 2016 Advance of the Year by the American Society of Clinical Oncology. The therapy is designed to support and boost the immune systems response to cancer cells, rather than targeting the cancer itself. One of the most successful immunotherapies so far is the checkpoint inhibition. It makes the immune response stronger by keeping immune cells activated, which does not normally happen when a person has cancer.

It may take decades until immunotherapy could replace the current standards in cancer treatment of surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation, but currently hundreds of immunotherapy drugs are being tested in clinical trials on people.

Some benefits of immunotherapy include fewer side effects than radiation or chemotherapy, lower risk of relapse, and making other cancer treatments more effective.

Opioid crisis recognized as national public health emergency

Year: 2017

Category: Public health

Every day over 130 people in the United States die from opioid overdose, including pain medication, heroin, and synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, according to the National Institutes of Health. In 2017, President Donald Trump declared the opioid crisis a national public health emergency, giving hope that the federal government's involvement could help fight the worst drug crisis in U.S. history.

The official designation removed certain administrative requirements for accessing federal funds to fight the epidemic, including the use of taxpayers' money to make addiction treatments and naloxone, a life-saving medication that can reverse an opioid overdose, drug, more accessible.

The Department of Health and Human Services has renewed the opioid crisis' status as a national emergency several times since 2017. Money has been used to speed up a survey on whether and how often doctors prescribe opioids and help launch anti-addiction programs quicker, according to the a 2018 report by the Government Accountability Office.

Early-stage Alzheimer's treatment

Year: 2019

Category: Diseases

Currently, there is no treatment for Alzheimer's disease, the sixth leading cause of death in the United States. Pharmaceutical companies and universities have tried to tackle different aspects of the neurodegenerative disorder, but to no avail. Until just a few months ago.

Biogen, a biotechnology company, announced in October 2019 it would ask the FDA to approve its Aducanumab drug as first treatment for early Alzheimer's disease. The company said that patients in the early stages of the disease who were treated with a high dose of the drug experienced significant improvements in memory, orientation, and language. If Aducanumab is approved, it will be one of a handful of drugs approved to treat the disease.

Smoking rates at all-time low

Year: 2018

Category: Habits

The short and long-term health problems smoking causes have been well-documented for decades. Today cigarette smoking among U.S. adults is at an all-time low -- 13.7% in 2018, according to the CDC.

While smoking regular cigarettes is down, smoking e-cigarettes is on the rise. About 37% of 12th graders reported vaping in 2018, compared with 28% in 2017. A recent Gallup survey found that 20% of 18- to 29-year-olds vape regularly, more than twice the national average for all age groups.

There has been a recent outbreak of lung injury associated with the use of e-cigarettes. At least 47 deaths and 2,290 lung injuries have been confirmed by the CDC as a result of vaping as of Nov. 20, 2019. The agency has identified vitamin E acetate, an additive in some THC-containing e-cigarettes, as the likely cause for the lung injuries.

Cystic fibrosis treatment approved by FDA

Year: 2019

Category: Treatment

About 30,000 Americans live with cystic fibrosis, a fairly common genetic disease that affects the lungs and other organs, limiting one's ability to breathe as the disease progresses. About 1,000 new cases are diagnosed every year.

The FDA approved in 2019 what it called a "new breakthrough" therapy to treat the condition. The medication, sold under the name Trikafta, is available to patients who are 12 years or older and have the F508del mutation, the most common cystic fibrosis mutation. It is found in 90% of the people living with the disease. The treatment can increase the life expectancy of patients, which is now around 44 years.

Second HIV patient goes into remission

Year: 2019

Category: Diseases

A second person since HIV was identified in the 1980s has been said to be in sustained remission. The patient, who was treated in London, has not been given antiretroviral therapy for 18 months, and the virus has remained undetectable. The good news comes more than a decade after the Berlin patient, known as the first person to have been cured from the infection. Both patients received a stem cell transplant.

HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, is one of the most serious global health challenges. Almost 38 million people live with HIV worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. Just over 60% are receiving treatment.

Blood test detects breast cancer 5 years early

Year: 2019

Category: Diagnoses

Even though deaths from breast cancer have declined, the disease remains the second leading cause of cancer death among women in the United States, according to the CDC. More than 40,000 women die from it a year.

Improved rates of early detection have helped drive up survival rates. A recent British study offers hope that the condition could now be detected five years before there are any clinical signs of it. The new method is a blood test that identifies the body's immune response to antigens produced by tumor cells. The test may be available in clinics in about five years.

Finding a cure for arthritis

Year: 2019

Category: Treatment

2019 has been an exciting year in the field of health technology and scientific research. In addition to such technological developments as organ printing and gene editing, recent research has shown promise for a cure for arthritis. Millions of people suffering from joint inflammation -- from osteoarthritis, for example, which is the most common form of arthritis -- may be helped.

A recent study published in the Science Advances journal has found that "cartilage in human joints can repair itself [...] to regenerate limbs." The body was previously believed to be unable to do so. People have a molecule that helps with joint tissue repair, and that molecule is more active in ankles and less active in knees and hips. The findings can help develop treatments that may prevent, slow, or even reverse arthritis.

24/7 Wall Street is a USA TODAY content partner offering financial news and commentary. Its content is produced independently of USA TODAY.

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MZ Skin Replenish and Restore Overnight Face Masque Review – goodhousekeeping.com

By daniellenierenberg

Overall score: 85/100

Tested August 2019

This face mask is formulated with ingredients such as ovine placenta and Phyto stem cells, a blend that claims to repair the skin and boost the production of collagen and elastin. It aims to leave skin hydrated, firmer and looking younger overnight these effects should be long-lasting.

250.00

Available from: net-a-porter.com

As many as 91% of our testers agreed that this product delivered on its claims. It left skin feeling more hydrated by morning and the effects were long-lasting.

It plumped and firmed the skin, especially around the neck and dcolletage. Our testers also noted improvements to the appearance of eye bags and fine lines around the eyes. The face mask absorbed, blended nicely and left the skin feeling soft. The panel described it as an intensive product, which reduced the size of pores and left the complexion smoother and more even.

All product information provided by the manufacturer is correct at time of publication.

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MZ Skin Replenish and Restore Overnight Face Masque Review - goodhousekeeping.com

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GoodCell Oversubscribes Upon Debut, Fueling Expansion of Health Tracking and Personal Biobanking Services; Adds Former Amazon and Microsoft Executive…

By daniellenierenberg

Company closes $5.6 million in funding and secures distinguished board of directors as it seeks to empower individual health ownership with personalized biological analysis and storage

GoodCell ("LifeVault Bio"), the personal biobanking company with the health indicators to inform actionable next steps in your health journey, today announced it has secured a $2.6 million price round under LifeVault Bio and a $3 million convertible note, and brought on renowned technology executive Anthony Bay as its newest board member. The capital will be used to expand GoodCell Diagnostics, the companys commercial application, as it pioneers a cell quality test to measure the DNA damage to somatic cells over time, as well as fuel the formation of strategic partnerships across the healthcare and life sciences sectors, and grow the team at its headquarters in Waltham, Mass.

GoodCell helps individuals take control of their health through personalized biobanking of cells, DNA and blood plasma, with the belief that medical science will continue to progress, bringing forth new ways of preventing, detecting and treating diseases. Research continues to prove that cells are an essential starting material for the treatments of tomorrow. DNA and plasma are widely validated as critical information sources for monitoring and tracking health risk and informing lifestyle decisions. GoodCell aims to empower individuals with personal health information and storage resources to take full advantage of breakthrough medical science as it emerges.

"Stem cells are among the most promising areas of medical research because they are the starting materials from which all other cells originate," said Brad Hamilton, co-founder and chief science officer at GoodCell. "Some of these cells, specifically induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells which can be derived from a persons own skin or blood, can be programmed to produce virtually any type of cell in the human body. This versatility has made them an instrumental tool, helping scientists understand and fight some of the biggest health threats of our time, such as Parkinsons disease, Type 1 diabetes and heart disease. GoodCell exists to help people preserve their access to these potentially lifesaving cells."

After GoodCell sends members a sample collection kit to their doorstep, they are prompted to schedule a convenient blood-draw with a certified phlebotomist, who then safely packages and ships the sample for processing. Once received, GoodCell isolates and preserves three components of the blood sample: cells, DNA and blood plasma. The DNA sample is then tested to inform genetic predisposition to disease, such as metabolic, neurologic and cardiac disorders, as well as certain cancers. Armed with deep insight into a members biology, the GoodCell Dashboard displays their health information as a comprehensive overview, designed to inform the next best action in their health journey. Samples are stored in a state-of-the-art, FDA-registered CLIA/CAP certified lab and biorepository that is trusted by larger biotechnology companies and the National Institutes of Health. Since it is the change in health indicators that indicates risk, recurrent sampling is possible to enable measuring the trajectory of change in plasma components or DNA. Since the samples belong to GoodCell members, they can decide whether or not to share their information with their doctor or allow researchers to use it in clinical studies.

"To me, GoodCell represents the ultimate in personalized medicine. Individuals can now have their own biobank and their own biodata. These wont be owned by a hospital or in the case of your cells, by no one at all. These will be stored for you, accessible only on your instruction. As new tests come online or as cells become a broader therapy source, you will be able to tap into your own earlier, preserved self in the form of your blood," said David Scadden, MD, co-founder and chair of the Scientific Advisory Board at GoodCell. "Imagine two scenarios. First, a new blood test becomes available for Alzheimers disease. You get the test, but just like current tests for things like prostate cancer, it is only meaningful in light of how it is changing. Your doctor will likely advise waiting months or a year to re-test. With a GoodCell sample, we envision the test can be done on your blood from a previous time. Then you can know how things are changing without the prolonged wait and the anxiety it engenders. Second, lets say the stem cell field delivers on the therapies it is currently testing for diabetes, heart failure, Parkinsons disease and macular degeneration. Those therapies will likely be as cells derived from you. Would you want those to be from you at a younger age since we know our cells accumulate genetic damage with age? I think most people would, and would want cells from their blood, which the bones have shielded from radiation, rather than their skin as is currently done. GoodCell will have those blood cells for you and has shown they can be made into stem cells (iPSC) with high efficiency."

Story continues

GoodCell is focused on continuing to grow its customer base and building up its talent pool at its new headquarters in Waltham, Mass. The company, which is poised to expand its headcount in early 2020, will also be exploring strategic partnerships with cell and gene therapy companies and interest groups that could benefit from GoodCell members deciding whether to opt-in to allow access to stored cells, DNA and plasma. GoodCell will also continue to recruit pioneers in business, science and technology to its board positions. Most recently, it welcomed Anthony Bay, former Global Head of Digital Video for Amazon and a veteran senior executive at other technology powerhouses, including Apple and Microsoft.

"Ive devoted my career to creating scalable and differentiated technology platforms and unique digital experiences in many industries, and am excited to lend my expertise and perspectives to GoodCell," said Bay. "I am delighted to play a role in helping the GoodCell team scale and expand to match the size of our opportunity to change peoples lives."

Bay joins an already robust and diverse group of consumer technology and life science leaders, including John Goscha, Lucidity Lights founder and Chairman of the Board of Directors, Finally Light Bulb Company founder and entrepreneur; David Scadden, MD, professor of medicine at Harvard Universitys Department of Stem Cell and Regenerative Biology; Daniel Marshak, principal consultant in therapeutics, diagnostics and medical devices; Avi Ellman, managing partner of Delta Global Investment Services; and Trevor Perry, co-founder and chief executive officer at GoodCell.

"Up until now, existing genetics offerings can only go so far as to inform your genetic makeup. GoodCell is taking that a step further today by combining genetics, health indicator testing and personal biobanking into one solution, and then turning this information right back to the individual so they can understand the story of their health and leverage actionable data at any age," said Perry. "We are taking advantage of leading scientific innovation to help people take control of their health through personalized biobanking of cells, DNA, and blood plasma, and we believe the tremendous amount of support we received during this initial funding round will further allow us to be a true enabler of and partner in this process. Our goal is to set a new standard for personal biobanking as an individual health milestone, and our mission is to ensure our members feel confident and prepared to own their aging experience, and we look forward to accelerating our efforts in the months ahead."

For more information about GoodCell, visit https://www.goodcell.com. To order your starter kit, visit https://www.goodcell.com/shop/.

About GoodCell

GoodCell helps you take control of your health through personalized biobanking of cells, DNA and blood plasma. Leveraging the best science, the technology provides health indicators for a comprehensive and proactive approach to self-care. Through the GoodCell Dashboard, the company informs the next best action in your health journey, offering access for you and for your doctor to actionable data and insights that relate to all aspects of your health through genetic reporting and blood analysis. Driven by mounting evidence in support of cellular therapy and united in the belief that you should be empowered to take control of your health, GoodCell is led by a founding team of scientific advisors with a diverse set of medical research and clinical expertise. By backing up your starting materials, GoodCell is setting a new standard of personal biobanking today for a healthier future. Learn more at: https://www.goodcell.com.

View source version on businesswire.com: https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20191217005485/en/

Contacts

PAN CommunicationsStaci Didner407 734 7325Goodcell@pancomm.com

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GoodCell Oversubscribes Upon Debut, Fueling Expansion of Health Tracking and Personal Biobanking Services; Adds Former Amazon and Microsoft Executive...

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Mother Nature provides new gene therapy strategy to reverse disease – Health Europa

By daniellenierenberg

Though the research was intended as a proof of concept, the experimental gene therapy slowed tumour growth and prolonged survival in mice with gliomas, which constitute about 80% of malignant brain tumours in humans.

The technique takes advantage of exosomes, fluid-filled sacs that cells release as a way to communicate with other cells.

The research was carried out by scientists at the Ohio State University and published in the journal Nature Biomedical Engineering.

While exosomes are gaining ground as biologically friendly carriers of therapeutic materials because there are a lot of them and they dont prompt an immune response the trick with gene therapy is finding a way to fit those comparatively large genetic instructions inside their tiny bodies on a scale that will have a therapeutic effect.

This new method relies on patented technology that prompts donated human cells such as adult stem cells to spit out millions of exosomes that, after being collected and purified, function as nanocarriers containing a drug.

When they are injected into the bloodstream, they know exactly where in the body to find their target even if its in the brain.

Senior study author L. James Lee, professor emeritus of chemical and biomolecular engineering at Ohio State University, said: Think of them like Christmas gifts: the gift is inside a wrapped container that is postage paid and ready to go. This is a Mother Nature-induced therapeutic nanoparticle.

In 2017, Lee and colleagues made waves with news of a regenerative medicine discovery called tissue nanotransfection (TNT). The technique uses a nanotechnology-based chip to deliver biological cargo directly into skin, an action that converts adult cells into any cell type of interest for treatment within a patients own body.

By looking further into the mechanism behind TNTs success, scientists in Lees lab discovered that exosomes were the secret to delivering regenerative goods to tissue far below the skins surface.

The scientists placed about one million donated cells on a nano-engineered silicon wafer and used an electrical stimulus to inject synthetic DNA into the donor cells. As a result of this DNA force-feeding, as Lee described it, the cells need to eject unwanted material as part of DNA transcribed messenger RNA and repair holes that have been poked in their membranes.

The electrical stimulation had a bonus effect of a thousand-fold increase of therapeutic genes in a large number of exosomes released by the cells, a sign that the technology is scalable to produce enough nanoparticles for use in humans.

Essential to any gene therapy is knowing what genes need to be delivered to fix a medical problem. For this work, the researchers chose to test the results on glioma brain tumours by delivering a gene called PTEN, a cancer-suppressor gene. Mutations of PTEN that turn off that suppression role can allow cancer cells to grow unchecked.

For Lee, founder of Ohio States Center for Affordable Nanoengineering of Polymeric Biomedical Devices, producing the gene is the easy part. The synthetic DNA force-fed to donor cells is copied into a new molecule consisting of messenger RNA, which contains the instructions needed to produce a specific protein. Each exosome bubble containing messenger RNA is transformed into a nanoparticle ready for transport, with no blood-brain barrier to worry about.

The testing in mice showed the labelled exosomes were far more likely to travel to the brain tumours and slow their growth compared to substances used as controls.

Because of exosomes safe access to the brain, Lee said, this drug-delivery system has promise for future applications in neurological diseases such as Alzheimers and Parkinsons disease.

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Boy abandoned at the hospital after being born with butterfly skin disease diagnosed with cancer – Herald Publicist

By daniellenierenberg

A Wisconsin boy with a uncommon illness that causes his pores and skin to blister on the slightest contact has now been recognized with most cancers.

Charlie Knuth, 13, from Darboy, was adopted by his mother and father after he was deserted on the hospital as a child, reported WFRV.

He suffers from epidermolysis bullosa (EB), a uncommon genetic tissue dysfunction that causes the pores and skin to blister and burst, leaving uncooked sores which might be inclined to infections.

Charlie has lived most of his life wrapped in bandages and has to take particular baths on daily basis to deal with his sores and maintain them from getting contaminated.

However the teenager is now going through a brand new battle after being recognized earlier this 12 months with lymphoma, a most cancers of the immune system.

Charlie Knuth, 13, from Darboy, Wisconsin, was born with a uncommon pores and skin dysfunction. Pictured: Charlie, proper, along with his father, Kevin

The dysfunction, often known as epidermolysis bullosa, causes the pores and skin to blister and burst on the slightest contact and leaves uncooked sores. Pictured: Charlie within the hospital)

Victims of EB are lacking sort VII collagen, a protein that enables the highest layer of pores and skin to bind with the underside layers.

The slightest motion can causes the pores and skin to instantly and constantly fall off.

The dysfunction could be very uncommon, and is estimated to happen in 20 newborns per a million reside births within the US, based on Stanford Kidss Hospital.

About 87 % of youngsters born with EB die throughout their first 12 months of life.

There isnt any remedy for EB so remedy goals at stopping blisters from changing into contaminated.

Charlies mom, Trisha Knuth, stated she and his father, Kevin, have tried a number of measures to assist deal with her son, together with lotions, lotions and gloves.

He is additionally undergone two stem cell transplants, during which new sheets of pores and skin grown and graft over the injuries.

In 2017, Charlie underwent surgical procedure to revive the usage of his palms, which had been degenerating because of his situation.

With no surgical procedure, his palms can be lined in scar tissue.

The scar tissue will really construct up between all the net areas between every finger, and the palms, and develop proper excessive of the hand so persons are left with simply nothing however mitts, Trisha advised WFRV.

In keeping with the station, throughout the surgical procedure, pores and skin was taken from Charlies thighs to make use of on his palms.

Titanium rods had been additionally inserted intoevery of his fingers, and saved there for 5 weeks, to stop them from curling into his palms.

Charlie (left and proper) was deserted at a hospital earlier than being adopted by his present mother and father. Earlier this month, he was recognized with lymphoma, a most cancers of immune system cells

His mother and father stated theyre touring to Minnesota to determine what stage his most cancers is at and what remedy hell bear. Pictured: Charlie, proper, along with his mom, Trisha

On Wednesday, Trisha posted on Fb that her son was recognized with lymphoma.

Lymphoma is most cancers that begins within the lymphocytes, that are immune system cells that struggle an infection.

There are two kinds of the most cancers, Non-Hodgkins and Hodgkins, nevertheless its not clear which kind Charlie has.

Indicators and signs embody swelling of the lymph nodes, fever, fatigue, shortness of breath and sudden weight reduction.

Therapy varies and may embody chemotherapy, radiation remedy and immunotherapy.

Its estimated that 82,310 folks will likely be recognized with lymphoma in 2019 and that 20,970 will die, based on the American Most cancers Society.

Within the Fb put up, Trisha wrote: My head is spinning and my coronary heart is breaking. My candy boy.

Charlies mom added the household will likely be touring to Minnesota so his most cancers can get staged and so they can assess remedy choices.

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FDA Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) Recommends KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) for the Treatment of Certain Patients with High-Risk, Non-Muscle…

By daniellenierenberg

The ODAC discussions were based on the supplemental Biologics License Application (sBLA), currently under priority review at the FDA, seeking approval of KEYTRUDA monotherapy for the treatment of patients with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-unresponsive, high-risk, NMIBC with carcinoma in-situ (CIS) with or without papillary tumors who are ineligible for or have elected not to undergo cystectomy (removal of bladder). This application is based on results from the Phase 2 KEYNOTE-057 trial.

The positive vote from todays ODAC meeting supports the potential for KEYTRUDA in certain patients with high-risk, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, who currently have limited non-surgical treatment options approved by the FDA, said Dr. Roy Baynes, senior vice president and head of global clinical development, chief medical officer, Merck Research Laboratories. We are encouraged by todays productive discussion and look forward to working with the FDA as they continue their review of our supplemental application for KEYTRUDA in this patient population.

The ODAC provides the FDA with independent, expert advice and recommendations on marketed and investigational medicines for use in the treatment of cancer. The FDA is not bound by the committees guidance but takes its advice into consideration. Merck anticipates a Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA), or target action date, in January 2020, based on priority review.

About Bladder Cancer

Bladder cancer begins when cells in the urinary bladder start to grow uncontrollably. As more cancer cells develop, they can form a tumor and spread to other areas of the body. Bladder cancers are described based on how far they have invaded into the wall of the bladder. NMIBC occurs when the cancer has not grown into the main muscle layer of the bladder. It is estimated that more than 80,000 new cases of bladder cancer will be diagnosed in 2019 in the United States. Approximately 75% of patients with bladder cancer are diagnosed with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). For high-risk NMIBC patients who are BCG-unresponsive with persistent or recurrent disease, treatment guidelines recommend radical cystectomy, a surgery to remove the entire bladder that often requires removal of other surrounding organs and tissues. In men, removal of the prostate is common, and in women, surgeons may also remove the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and cervix, and occasionally a portion of the vagina.

About KEYNOTE-057

The filing was based on data from KEYNOTE-057 (NCT02625961), a Phase 2, multicenter, open-label, single-arm trial in 102 patients with Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG)-unresponsive, high-risk, non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) with carcinoma in-situ (CIS) with or without papillary tumors who were ineligible for or had elected not to undergo cystectomy (Cohort A). In this study, BCG-unresponsive high-risk NMIBC is defined as persistent disease despite adequate BCG therapy, disease recurrence after an initial tumor-free state following adequate BCG therapy, or T1 disease following a single induction course of BCG. Patients received KEYTRUDA 200 mg every three weeks until unacceptable toxicity, persistent or recurrent high-risk NMIBC or progressive disease. Assessment of tumor status was performed every 12 weeks, and patients without disease progression could be treated for up to 24 months. The major efficacy outcome measures were complete response (as defined by negative results for cystoscopy [with transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURBT)/biopsies as applicable], urine cytology, and computed tomography urography [CTU] imaging) and duration of response.

About KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Injection, 100mg

KEYTRUDA is an anti-PD-1 therapy that works by increasing the ability of the bodys immune system to help detect and fight tumor cells. KEYTRUDA is a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the interaction between PD-1 and its ligands, PD-L1 and PD-L2, thereby activating T lymphocytes which may affect both tumor cells and healthy cells.

Merck has the industrys largest immuno-oncology clinical research program. There are currently more than 1,000 trials studying KEYTRUDA across a wide variety of cancers and treatment settings. The KEYTRUDA clinical program seeks to understand the role of KEYTRUDA across cancers and the factors that may predict a patients likelihood of benefitting from treatment with KEYTRUDA, including exploring several different biomarkers.

Selected KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) Indications

Melanoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of patients with melanoma with involvement of lymph node(s) following complete resection.

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic nonsquamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

KEYTRUDA, in combination with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic squamous NSCLC.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with NSCLC expressing PD-L1 [tumor proportion score (TPS) 1%] as determined by an FDA-approved test, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations, and is stage III where patients are not candidates for surgical resection or definitive chemoradiation, or metastatic.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic NSCLC whose tumors express PD-L1 (TPS 1%) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy. Patients with EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations should have disease progression on FDA-approved therapy for these aberrations prior to receiving KEYTRUDA.

Small Cell Lung Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with metastatic small cell lung cancer (SCLC) with disease progression on or after platinum-based chemotherapy and at least one other prior line of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

Head and Neck Squamous Cell Cancer

KEYTRUDA, in combination with platinum and fluorouracil (FU), is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic or with unresectable, recurrent HNSCC whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 1] as determined by an FDA-approved test.

KEYTRUDA, as a single agent, is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) with disease progression on or after platinum-containing chemotherapy.

Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL), or who have relapsed after 3 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Primary Mediastinal Large B-Cell Lymphoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with refractory primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphoma (PMBCL), or who have relapsed after 2 or more prior lines of therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. KEYTRUDA is not recommended for treatment of patients with PMBCL who require urgent cytoreductive therapy.

Urothelial Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who are not eligible for cisplatin-containing chemotherapy and whose tumors express PD-L1 [combined positive score (CPS) 10] as determined by an FDA-approved test, or in patients who are not eligible for any platinum-containing chemotherapy regardless of PD-L1 status. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (mUC) who have disease progression during or following platinum-containing chemotherapy or within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment with platinum-containing chemotherapy.

Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with unresectable or metastatic microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR)

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials. The safety and effectiveness of KEYTRUDA in pediatric patients with MSI-H central nervous system cancers have not been established.

Gastric Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic gastric or gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) adenocarcinoma whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression on or after two or more prior lines of therapy including fluoropyrimidine- and platinum-containing chemotherapy and if appropriate, HER2/neu-targeted therapy. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Esophageal Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 10) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with disease progression after one or more prior lines of systemic therapy.

Cervical Cancer

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer with disease progression on or after chemotherapy whose tumors express PD-L1 (CPS 1) as determined by an FDA-approved test. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Merkel Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients with recurrent locally advanced or metastatic Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC). This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on tumor response rate and durability of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

Renal Cell Carcinoma

KEYTRUDA, in combination with axitinib, is indicated for the first-line treatment of patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

Selected Important Safety Information for KEYTRUDA

Immune-Mediated Pneumonitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated pneumonitis, including fatal cases. Pneumonitis occurred in 3.4% (94/2799) of patients with various cancers receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 1 (0.8%), 2 (1.3%), 3 (0.9%), 4 (0.3%), and 5 (0.1%). Pneumonitis occurred in 8.2% (65/790) of NSCLC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-4 in 3.2% of patients, and occurred more frequently in patients with a history of prior thoracic radiation (17%) compared to those without (7.7%). Pneumonitis occurred in 6% (18/300) of HNSCC patients receiving KEYTRUDA as a single agent, including Grades 3-5 in 1.6% of patients, and occurred in 5.4% (15/276) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with platinum and FU as first-line therapy for advanced disease, including Grades 3-5 in 1.5% of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of pneumonitis. Evaluate suspected pneumonitis with radiographic imaging. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater pneumonitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 or recurrent Grade 2 pneumonitis.

Immune-Mediated Colitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated colitis. Colitis occurred in 1.7% (48/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.4%), 3 (1.1%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of colitis. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater colitis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 or 3; permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 4 colitis.

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis (KEYTRUDA) and Hepatotoxicity (KEYTRUDA in Combination With Axitinib)

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated hepatitis. Hepatitis occurred in 0.7% (19/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.4%), and 4 (<0.1%). Monitor patients for changes in liver function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater hepatitis and, based on severity of liver enzyme elevations, withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Hepatotoxicity in Combination With Axitinib

KEYTRUDA in combination with axitinib can cause hepatic toxicity with higher than expected frequencies of Grades 3 and 4 ALT and AST elevations compared to KEYTRUDA alone. With the combination of KEYTRUDA and axitinib, Grades 3 and 4 increased ALT (20%) and increased AST (13%) were seen. Monitor liver enzymes before initiation of and periodically throughout treatment. Consider more frequent monitoring of liver enzymes as compared to when the drugs are administered as single agents. For elevated liver enzymes, interrupt KEYTRUDA and axitinib, and consider administering corticosteroids as needed.

Immune-Mediated Endocrinopathies

KEYTRUDA can cause hypophysitis, thyroid disorders, and type 1 diabetes mellitus. Hypophysitis occurred in 0.6% (17/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.2%), 3 (0.3%), and 4 (<0.1%). Hypothyroidism occurred in 8.5% (237/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (6.2%) and 3 (0.1%). The incidence of new or worsening hypothyroidism was higher in 1185 patients with HNSCC (16%) receiving KEYTRUDA, as a single agent or in combination with platinum and FU, including Grade 3 (0.3%) hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism occurred in 3.4% (96/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.8%) and 3 (0.1%), and thyroiditis occurred in 0.6% (16/2799) of patients, including Grade 2 (0.3%). Type 1 diabetes mellitus, including diabetic ketoacidosis, occurred in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients.

Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of hypophysitis (including hypopituitarism and adrenal insufficiency), thyroid function (prior to and periodically during treatment), and hyperglycemia. For hypophysitis, administer corticosteroids and hormone replacement as clinically indicated. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2 and withhold or discontinue for Grade 3 or 4 hypophysitis. Administer hormone replacement for hypothyroidism and manage hyperthyroidism with thionamides and beta-blockers as appropriate. Withhold or discontinue KEYTRUDA for Grade 3 or 4 hyperthyroidism. Administer insulin for type 1 diabetes, and withhold KEYTRUDA and administer antihyperglycemics in patients with severe hyperglycemia.

Immune-Mediated Nephritis and Renal Dysfunction

KEYTRUDA can cause immune-mediated nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 0.3% (9/2799) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA, including Grade 2 (0.1%), 3 (0.1%), and 4 (<0.1%) nephritis. Nephritis occurred in 1.7% (7/405) of patients receiving KEYTRUDA in combination with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy. Monitor patients for changes in renal function. Administer corticosteroids for Grade 2 or greater nephritis. Withhold KEYTRUDA for Grade 2; permanently discontinue for Grade 3 or 4 nephritis.

Immune-Mediated Skin Reactions

Immune-mediated rashes, including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) (some cases with fatal outcome), exfoliative dermatitis, and bullous pemphigoid, can occur. Monitor patients for suspected severe skin reactions and based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold or permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. For signs or symptoms of SJS or TEN, withhold KEYTRUDA and refer the patient for specialized care for assessment and treatment. If SJS or TEN is confirmed, permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Other Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur in any organ system or tissue in patients receiving KEYTRUDA and may also occur after discontinuation of treatment. For suspected immune-mediated adverse reactions, ensure adequate evaluation to confirm etiology or exclude other causes. Based on the severity of the adverse reaction, withhold KEYTRUDA and administer corticosteroids. Upon improvement to Grade 1 or less, initiate corticosteroid taper and continue to taper over at least 1 month. Based on limited data from clinical studies in patients whose immune-related adverse reactions could not be controlled with corticosteroid use, administration of other systemic immunosuppressants can be considered. Resume KEYTRUDA when the adverse reaction remains at Grade 1 or less following corticosteroid taper. Permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA for any Grade 3 immune-mediated adverse reaction that recurs and for any life-threatening immune-mediated adverse reaction.

The following clinically significant immune-mediated adverse reactions occurred in less than 1% (unless otherwise indicated) of 2799 patients: arthritis (1.5%), uveitis, myositis, Guillain-Barr syndrome, myasthenia gravis, vasculitis, pancreatitis, hemolytic anemia, sarcoidosis, and encephalitis. In addition, myelitis and myocarditis were reported in other clinical trials, including classical Hodgkin lymphoma, and postmarketing use.

Treatment with KEYTRUDA may increase the risk of rejection in solid organ transplant recipients. Consider the benefit of treatment vs the risk of possible organ rejection in these patients.

Infusion-Related Reactions

KEYTRUDA can cause severe or life-threatening infusion-related reactions, including hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis, which have been reported in 0.2% (6/2799) of patients. Monitor patients for signs and symptoms of infusion-related reactions. For Grade 3 or 4 reactions, stop infusion and permanently discontinue KEYTRUDA.

Complications of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT)

Immune-mediated complications, including fatal events, occurred in patients who underwent allogeneic HSCT after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Of 23 patients with cHL who proceeded to allogeneic HSCT after KEYTRUDA, 6 (26%) developed graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (1 fatal case) and 2 (9%) developed severe hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD) after reduced-intensity conditioning (1 fatal case). Cases of fatal hyperacute GVHD after allogeneic HSCT have also been reported in patients with lymphoma who received a PD-1 receptorblocking antibody before transplantation. Follow patients closely for early evidence of transplant-related complications such as hyperacute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), Grade 3 to 4 acute GVHD, steroid-requiring febrile syndrome, hepatic veno-occlusive disease (VOD), and other immune-mediated adverse reactions.

In patients with a history of allogeneic HSCT, acute GVHD (including fatal GVHD) has been reported after treatment with KEYTRUDA. Patients who experienced GVHD after their transplant procedure may be at increased risk for GVHD after KEYTRUDA. Consider the benefit of KEYTRUDA vs the risk of GVHD in these patients.

Increased Mortality in Patients With Multiple Myeloma

In trials in patients with multiple myeloma, the addition of KEYTRUDA to a thalidomide analogue plus dexamethasone resulted in increased mortality. Treatment of these patients with a PD-1 or PD-L1 blocking antibody in this combination is not recommended outside of controlled trials.

Embryofetal Toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action, KEYTRUDA can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. Advise women of this potential risk. In females of reproductive potential, verify pregnancy status prior to initiating KEYTRUDA and advise them to use effective contraception during treatment and for 4 months after the last dose.

Adverse Reactions

In KEYNOTE-006, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 9% of 555 patients with advanced melanoma; adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation in more than one patient were colitis (1.4%), autoimmune hepatitis (0.7%), allergic reaction (0.4%), polyneuropathy (0.4%), and cardiac failure (0.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were fatigue (28%), diarrhea (26%), rash (24%), and nausea (21%).

In KEYNOTE-002, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 12% of 357 patients with advanced melanoma; the most common (1%) were general physical health deterioration (1%), asthenia (1%), dyspnea (1%), pneumonitis (1%), and generalized edema (1%). The most common adverse reactions were fatigue (43%), pruritus (28%), rash (24%), constipation (22%), nausea (22%), diarrhea (20%), and decreased appetite (20%).

In KEYNOTE-054, KEYTRUDA was permanently discontinued due to adverse reactions in 14% of 509 patients; the most common (1%) were pneumonitis (1.4%), colitis (1.2%), and diarrhea (1%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 25% of patients receiving KEYTRUDA. The most common adverse reaction (20%) with KEYTRUDA was diarrhea (28%).

In KEYNOTE-189, when KEYTRUDA was administered with pemetrexed and platinum chemotherapy in metastatic nonsquamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 20% of 405 patients. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonitis (3%) and acute kidney injury (2%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) with KEYTRUDA were nausea (56%), fatigue (56%), constipation (35%), diarrhea (31%), decreased appetite (28%), rash (25%), vomiting (24%), cough (21%), dyspnea (21%), and pyrexia (20%).

In KEYNOTE-407, when KEYTRUDA was administered with carboplatin and either paclitaxel or paclitaxel protein-bound in metastatic squamous NSCLC, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 15% of 101 patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were febrile neutropenia, pneumonia, and urinary tract infection. Adverse reactions observed in KEYNOTE-407 were similar to those observed in KEYNOTE-189 with the exception that increased incidences of alopecia (47% vs 36%) and peripheral neuropathy (31% vs 25%) were observed in the KEYTRUDA and chemotherapy arm compared to the placebo and chemotherapy arm in KEYNOTE-407.

In KEYNOTE-042, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 19% of 636 patients; the most common were pneumonitis (3%), death due to unknown cause (1.6%), and pneumonia (1.4%). The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia (7%), pneumonitis (3.9%), pulmonary embolism (2.4%), and pleural effusion (2.2%). The most common adverse reaction (20%) was fatigue (25%).

In KEYNOTE-010, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 682 patients with metastatic NSCLC; the most common was pneumonitis (1.8%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were decreased appetite (25%), fatigue (25%), dyspnea (23%), and nausea (20%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with SCLC were similar to those occurring in patients with other solid tumors who received KEYTRUDA as a single agent.

In KEYNOTE-048, KEYTRUDA monotherapy was discontinued due to adverse events in 12% of 300 patients with HNSCC; the most common adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation were sepsis (1.7%) and pneumonia (1.3%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (33%), constipation (20%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-048, when KEYTRUDA was administered in combination with platinum (cisplatin or carboplatin) and FU chemotherapy, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 16% of 276 patients with HNSCC. The most common adverse reactions resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA were pneumonia (2.5%), pneumonitis (1.8%), and septic shock (1.4%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were nausea (51%), fatigue (49%), constipation (37%), vomiting (32%), mucosal inflammation (31%), diarrhea (29%), decreased appetite (29%), stomatitis (26%), and cough (22%).

In KEYNOTE-012, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 17% of 192 patients with HNSCC. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 45% of patients. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in at least 2% of patients were pneumonia, dyspnea, confusional state, vomiting, pleural effusion, and respiratory failure. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue, decreased appetite, and dyspnea. Adverse reactions occurring in patients with HNSCC were generally similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy, with the exception of increased incidences of facial edema and new or worsening hypothyroidism.

In KEYNOTE-087, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 5% of 210 patients with cHL. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 16% of patients; those 1% included pneumonia, pneumonitis, pyrexia, dyspnea, GVHD, and herpes zoster. Two patients died from causes other than disease progression; 1 from GVHD after subsequent allogeneic HSCT and 1 from septic shock. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (26%), pyrexia (24%), cough (24%), musculoskeletal pain (21%), diarrhea (20%), and rash (20%).

In KEYNOTE-170, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 53 patients with PMBCL. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 26% of patients and included arrhythmia (4%), cardiac tamponade (2%), myocardial infarction (2%), pericardial effusion (2%), and pericarditis (2%). Six (11%) patients died within 30 days of start of treatment. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were musculoskeletal pain (30%), upper respiratory tract infection and pyrexia (28% each), cough (26%), fatigue (23%), and dyspnea (21%).

In KEYNOTE-052, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 11% of 370 patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 42% of patients; those 2% were urinary tract infection, hematuria, acute kidney injury, pneumonia, and urosepsis. The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (38%), musculoskeletal pain (24%), decreased appetite (22%), constipation (21%), rash (21%), and diarrhea (20%).

In KEYNOTE-045, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 266 patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma. The most common adverse reaction resulting in permanent discontinuation of KEYTRUDA was pneumonitis (1.9%). Serious adverse reactions occurred in 39% of KEYTRUDA-treated patients; those 2% were urinary tract infection, pneumonia, anemia, and pneumonitis. The most common adverse reactions (20%) in patients who received KEYTRUDA were fatigue (38%), musculoskeletal pain (32%), pruritus (23%), decreased appetite (21%), nausea (21%), and rash (20%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with gastric cancer were similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy.

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with esophageal cancer were similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy.

In KEYNOTE-158, KEYTRUDA was discontinued due to adverse reactions in 8% of 98 patients with recurrent or metastatic cervical cancer. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 39% of patients receiving KEYTRUDA; the most frequent included anemia (7%), fistula, hemorrhage, and infections [except urinary tract infections] (4.1% each). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were fatigue (43%), musculoskeletal pain (27%), diarrhea (23%), pain and abdominal pain (22% each), and decreased appetite (21%).

Adverse reactions occurring in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were generally similar to those in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy, with the exception of increased incidences of ascites (8% Grades 34) and immune-mediated hepatitis (2.9%). Laboratory abnormalities (Grades 34) that occurred at a higher incidence were elevated AST (20%), ALT (9%), and hyperbilirubinemia (10%).

Among the 50 patients with MCC enrolled in study KEYNOTE-017, adverse reactions occurring in patients with MCC were generally similar to those occurring in patients with melanoma or NSCLC who received KEYTRUDA as a monotherapy. Laboratory abnormalities (Grades 34) that occurred at a higher incidence were elevated AST (11%) and hyperglycemia (19%).

In KEYNOTE-426, when KEYTRUDA was administered in combination with axitinib, fatal adverse reactions occurred in 3.3% of 429 patients. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 40% of patients, the most frequent (1%) were hepatotoxicity (7%), diarrhea (4.2%), acute kidney injury (2.3%), dehydration (1%), and pneumonitis (1%). Permanent discontinuation due to an adverse reaction occurred in 31% of patients; KEYTRUDA only (13%), axitinib only (13%), and the combination (8%); the most common were hepatotoxicity (13%), diarrhea/colitis (1.9%), acute kidney injury (1.6%), and cerebrovascular accident (1.2%). The most common adverse reactions (20%) were diarrhea (56%), fatigue/asthenia (52%), hypertension (48%), hepatotoxicity (39%), hypothyroidism (35%), decreased appetite (30%), palmar-plantar erythrodysesthesia (28%), nausea (28%), stomatitis/mucosal inflammation (27%), dysphonia (25%), rash (25%), cough (21%), and constipation (21%).

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FDA Oncologic Drugs Advisory Committee (ODAC) Recommends KEYTRUDA (pembrolizumab) for the Treatment of Certain Patients with High-Risk, Non-Muscle...

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Aspen Neuroscience Receives $6.5M for Parkinson’s Stem Cell Therapy – Parkinson’s News Today

By daniellenierenberg

Aspen Neuroscience, a new biotech company, has raised $6.5 million to develop cell therapies for Parkinsons disease using patients own cells.

The company was co-founded by renowned stem cell scientists Jeanne F. Loring, PhD, and Andres Bratt-Leal, PhD, and initially supported by Summit for Stem Cell, a non-profit organization that provides a variety of services for Parkinsons patients.

Parkinsons hallmark motor symptomsinclude tremor, slowness of movement (bradykinesia), stiffness (rigidity), uncontrollable movements (dyskinesia), and poor balance.

As the disease progresses, patients typically need to gradually increase their dopaminergic therapeutic dose for maximum benefit. Even after that they might sometimes experience reappearance or worsening of symptoms due to diminishing effects of dopaminergic therapy, known was off periods.

Importantly, dopaminergic therapy is delivered to areas of the brain other than the striatum, a key motor control region severely affected in Parkinsons disease. Because of the therapys off-target behavior, patients also may experience side effects such as hallucinations or cognitive impairment.

Aspen wants to combine its expertise in stem cell biology, genomics and neurology and develop the first autologous (self) stem cell-based therapy for Parkinsons disease.

In this type of cell therapy, a patients own cells (usually skin cells) are reprogrammed back into a stem cell-like state, which allows the development of an unlimited source of almost any type of human cell needed, including dopamine-producing neurons, which are those mainly affected by this disorder.

Because these cells are derived from patients, they do not carry the risk of being rejected once re-implanted, eliminating the need for immunosuppressive complementary therapies, which carry serious side effects such as infections and possibly limiting therapeutic potential.

In theory, replacing lost dopaminergic neurons with new stem cell-derived dopamine-producing ones could potentially ease or reverse motor symptoms associated with the disease.

Aspen is developing a restorative, disease modifying autologous neuron therapy for people suffering from Parkinsons disease, Howard J. Federoff, MD, PhD, Aspens CEO, said in a press release.

We are fortunate to have such a high-caliber scientific and medical leadership team to make our treatments a reality. Our cell replacement therapy, which originated in the laboratory of Dr. Jeanne Loring and was later supported by Summit for Stem Cell and its President, Ms. Jenifer Raub, has the potential to release dopamine and reconstruct neural networks where no disease-modifying therapies exist, Federoff said.

The companys lead product (ANPD001) is undergoing investigational new drug (IND)-enabling studies for the treatment of sporadic Parkinsons disease. Aspen experts also are developing a gene-editing treatment (ANPD002) for familial forms of Parkinsons, starting with the most common genetic variant in the GBAgene, which provides instructions to make the enzyme beta-glucocerebrosidase.

The new seed funding round was led by Domain Associates and Axon Ventures, with additional participation from Alexandria Venture Investments, Arch Venture Partners, OrbiMed and Section 32, according to the press release.

With over three years of experience in the medical communications business, Catarina holds a BSc. in Biomedical Sciences and a MSc. in Neurosciences. Apart from writing, she has been involved in patient-oriented translational and clinical research.

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Ana holds a PhD in Immunology from the University of Lisbon and worked as a postdoctoral researcher at Instituto de Medicina Molecular (iMM) in Lisbon, Portugal. She graduated with a BSc in Genetics from the University of Newcastle and received a Masters in Biomolecular Archaeology from the University of Manchester, England. After leaving the lab to pursue a career in Science Communication, she served as the Director of Science Communication at iMM.

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French Transit Brands to Expand their Corporate Social Responsibility Programs in 2020 – Benzinga

By daniellenierenberg

LOUISVILLE, Colo., Dec. 16, 2019 /PRNewswire/ --French Transit, LLC brands MyChelle Dermaceuticalsand CRYSTAL Deodoranttoday announced plans to continue and expand existing partnerships with several key charities and non-profits in 2020. These initiatives are part of an extensive corporate social responsibility program spearheaded by French Transit CEO Martin Floreani.

"It is no longer enough to be 'clean' or 'cruelty-free' in a passive manner," says Floreani. "We also need to be proactive in our stewardship of the planet and its resources. We need to put our time, money and full commitment behind our mission which we define as Clean & Caring." Floreani will be a key panelist during a Natural Products Expo West education seminar in March dedicated to helping other companies define and grow their own corporate social responsibility programs.

"Brands need to embrace cruelty-free research processes, but our company goes beyond by supporting organizations like The Gentle Barn that foster vegan and cruelty-free lifestyles." The Gentle Barn is a non-profit organization dedicated to ending animal cruelty and animal testing that is unfortunately still a reality in the beauty and personal care category. It provides sanctuary for abused and neglected animals and allows inner-city and at-risk children to interact with them, promoting respect and responsibility. MyChelle and CRYSTAL brands supported the Gentle Barn's "Gentle 12 program" for the month of August, and served as title sponsors for the charity's 20th Anniversary Gala in September and have confirmed their renewed commitment for 2020.

MyChelle Dermaceuticals will also continue and expand its support of The Coral Restoration Foundation, the world's largest nonprofit marine-conservation organization dedicatedto restoring our planet's coral reefs to a healthy state. MyChelle was one of the first cosmetic manufacturers to reject marine-toxic ingredients, including oxybenzone, octinoxate, butylparaben, retinyl palmitate and 4-methylbenzylidene camphor. "MyChelle is dedicated not only to creating reef-friendly sun care but also helping organizations such as the Coral Restoration Foundation to preserve and grow reefs," said Floreani. Last July, the company donated 1% of all net proceeds from online sales to the Foundation. This year MyChelle will continue its support of the Coral Restoration Foundation but is also working to be the first brand in its category to incorporate ocean recycled plastic into its packaging.

French Transit is also a recurring sponsor of Breast Cancer Prevention Partners (BCPP), an organization that raises awareness of toxic chemicals used in many personal care products. In 2019, during Breast Cancer Awareness Month, French Transit donated 1% of net sales from their websites to the organization, a commitment that will be repeated in 2020.

"We look forward to building upon our work with these amazing and truly impactful organizations in 2020," said Floreani. "And we are excited and proud to be a leader in a growing community of personal care companies who actively go beyond their claims to foster positive change and real results."

http://www.mychelle.com (PRNewsFoto/MyChelle Dermaceuticals)" alt="Founded in 2000, the Colorado-based skin care company is credited as the first to successfully develop and market natural skin care products using a combination of anti-aging peptides, plant stem cells, and clinically proven dermatological ingredients. Learn more at http://www.mychelle.com (PRNewsFoto/MyChelle Dermaceuticals)">

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Science makes baldness optional (if you can afford it) – The Big Smoke Australia

By daniellenierenberg

However, we may finally have a solution to the First Worlds most enduring problem, baldness, as according to new research, it is certainly possible to create new hair follicles when theyve redeposited themselves to the foot of your shower, through the application of stem-cell technology and 3D printing.

There is a caveat, as the results of the technique are not necessarily long-lasting. When you try to clone hair cells, over time they dedifferentiate and stop producing hair, says Robert Bernstein, a dermatologist in Manhattan who specialises in hair transplantation. For a long time, no one could figure out why. But researchers gradually solved the problem. Over the past few years, they noticed that cells spread out when theyre cultured; the follicular structure essentially melts away. The epiphany was that if you can keep the cells together in their teardrop shape so they continue to signal each other, they continue to grow into hair follicles, Bernstein says.

The next step is to create hair farms, according to an entrepreneur who has started such a thing. Stemson Therapeutics is, per The Atlantic, growing hair from stem cellsnot fetal, but stem cells derived from a persons own skin or bloodand implanting hair follicles rich with dermal papillae into the space around a persons old, shrunken, dormant follicle.

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Cutting through the hype to get to bioprinted human tissue – Livemint

By daniellenierenberg

For the first time ever, Israeli scientists in Tel Aviv made a 3D printed artificial heart using a patients own cells," proclaims a Washington Post story headlined Researchers create 3D printed heart on April 17 this year.

In the scientific paper published two days earlier, the Israeli scientists describe how they made a bioink out of heart cells and other materials from a patient, and then bioprinted the tissue in the shape of a tiny heart, which was kept alive in a nutrient solution. Their paper makes it clear that this 3D printed heart could not function like a real heart. But the way the research that was projected in media shows how the idea of 3D printed organs is hyped.

Biotechnology has made significant advances, but its still a long way from creating organs that can be transplanted into people. The vasculaturethe network of blood vessels that feeds the organis a challenge.

Stem cell engineering to grow all the cells of an organ in a personalised way to avoid rejection by the recipients immune system is another challenge. And finally, researchers will have to show that a lab organ will work with all the other organs in a human body.

At the same time, the development of 3D bioprinters in the last few years has raised the prospects of making tissues and organs in a more affordable and consistent way because of the speed and precision of the machines. Advances in related fields like nanotechnology and gene editing are also pushing the needle.

These are exciting times, but for startups rushing into this nascent field with huge potential, its as important to be prudent as brave. One way is to go after low hanging fruit instead of the holy grail.

Shift to clinical use

Something like skin is easier to translate into a clinical setting," says Alok Medikepura Anil, director and co-founder of Bengaluru-based 3D bioprinting startup Next Big Innovation Lab (NBIL), which has made human skin in the lab. The skin has good regenerative properties and most of the function of bioprinted skin is to keep infections away, provide nutrition for skin to regenerate and stop the scarring of wounds. Replicating this is easier than replicating the function of a critical organ such as the heart."

This approach contrasts with that of another Bengaluru-based 3D bioprinting startup Pandorum Technologies, founded in 2011 by two researchers at Indian Institute of Science. Pandorum first tried its hand with liver tissue and more recently announced that it had bio-engineered corneal tissue.

Organ tissue for clinical use will require FDA and other approvals. So thats a very expensive proposition," says angel investor Venkat Raju, who took an interest in Pandorum but eventually made a bet on NBIL whose proprietary Innoskin also has non-clinical use in cosmetics testing.

The regulatory environment is evolving. This year, FDA released an RMAT (regenerative medicine and advanced therapy) policy that includes tissue engineering. The FDA wants to fast-track tissue-engineered products if they have a lot of benefits," says Pooja Venkatesh, NBIL co-founder.

Raju feels that startups like NBIL gaining traction and validation could bridge the current gap between academic research and business.

Theres tonnes of research happening across the globe on bioprinting. But universities are struggling to commercialize their research. The fact that NBIL is getting receptive audiences in academia is because they see an opportunity to push their research out."

The Wake Forest Institute of Regenerative Medicine in the US is one of the leading institutions for research in this field. Researchers there are growing tissues for over 40 different areas of the body. They were the first to transplant a lab-grown organ into a 10-year-old patient.

Made-to-order organs

Dr Anthony Atala, who is now the director of the institute, had taken a piece of the boys bladder and grown a new one in the lab over the course of two months. The lab-grown bladder was then transplanted into the patient.

That boy, Luke Massella, went on to become the captain of his school wrestling team. Pretty much I was able to live a normal life after that," Massella, who is now 28, said in a recent interview on BBC.

Stories like that of Massella stoke excitement over futuristic scenarios where you could get made-to-order organs. But researchers admit that there are many unsolved problems in tissue engineering before complex organs like the heart, kidney and liver can be bioprinted. The crash of well-funded San Diego 3D bioprinting startup Organovo, which hit a brick wall in commercializing liver tissue, reminds us to keep the hype in check.

Sumit Chakraberty is a contributing editor with Mint. Write to him at chakraberty@gmail.com.

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