British Society for Haematology Guideline Update for the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia – Cancer Therapy Advisor

By daniellenierenberg

The development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) has revolutionized the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).1,2 However, despite effectively inducing remission and prolonging survival in patients with CML, TKI therapy does not eradicate leukemia stem cells (LSCs), which are responsible for drug resistance, relapse, and disease progression.2 Given recent changes to the treatment paradigm, updated clinical practice guidelines are essential to ensure optimal clinical care is provided.2

The British Society for Haematology (BSH) published a guideline update for the investigation and management of CML in adults and children in the British Journal of Haematology.1 Lead author of the guidelines, Graeme Smith, MD, of St Jamess University Hospital in the United Kingdom, and coauthors, developed the evidence-based recommendations to provide clinical practitioners with clear guidance on the diagnosis and treatment of adults and children with CML (Tables 1 and 2).

Diagnosis and Key Investigations

The diagnosis of CML is established based on findings from a peripheral blood smear and bone marrow aspirate showing positivity for BCR-ABL1, and the presence of the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome. The Ph chromosome, or a variant, is present in approximately 95% of CML cases. Other cases include a cryptic BCR-ABL1 fusion, commonly detected by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), or fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Additional findings from bone marrow aspirate include the presence of other cytogenetic abnormalities, including isochromosome 17q or trisomy 19, and trisomy 8, suggesting a higher risk of progression to accelerated phase or blast crisis in adults.

Table 1. Selected Recommendations by the BSH Guideline Panel on the Diagnosis of CML1

Table 2. ELTS Score Calculation1

This article originally appeared on Hematology Advisor

Excerpt from:
British Society for Haematology Guideline Update for the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia - Cancer Therapy Advisor

Related Post


categoriaBone Marrow Stem Cells commentoComments Off on British Society for Haematology Guideline Update for the Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia – Cancer Therapy Advisor | dataOctober 23rd, 2020

About...

This author published 3482 posts in this site.

Share

FacebookTwitterEmailWindows LiveTechnoratiDeliciousDiggStumbleponMyspaceLikedin

Comments are closed.





Personalized Gene Medicine | Mesenchymal Stem Cells | Stem Cell Treatment for Multiple Sclerosis | Stem Cell Treatments | Board Certified Stem Cell Doctors | Stem Cell Medicine | Personalized Stem Cells Therapy | Stem Cell Therapy TV | Individual Stem Cell Therapy | Stem Cell Therapy Updates | MD Supervised Stem Cell Therapy | IPS Stem Cell Org | IPS Stem Cell Net | Genetic Medicine | Gene Medicine | Longevity Medicine | Immortality Medicine | Nano Medicine | Gene Therapy MD | Individual Gene Therapy | Affordable Stem Cell Therapy | Affordable Stem Cells | Stem Cells Research | Stem Cell Breaking Research